Kirati Kunya's research while affiliated with Maharat Nakhon Ratchasima Hospital and other places

Publications (40)

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We describe Gehyra wongchan sp. nov. from Tham Khao Chan (Khao Chan Cave), Tha Luang District, and Wat Khao Wong, Kok Samrong District, in Lopburi Province, central Thailand. The new species differs from all currently recognized Gehyra by the following combination of morphological characters and dorsal color pattern: maximal known snout–vent length...
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A new short-horned lizard species of the genus Acanthosaura from southern Thailand, is described herein. The species was previously recognised as Acanthosaura crucigera and has been reported to present a wide distribution across mainland southeast Asia. The combination of modern morphological studies of Acanthosaura meridiona sp. nov. allows its se...
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We describe Dixonius mekongensis sp. nov. from sandstone formations in Khong Chiam District, Ubon Ratchathani Province, in extreme eastern Thailand along the Laotian border. The new species differs from all currently recognized Dixonius by the following combination of morphological characters and pattern: maximal known snout-vent length of 51.2 mm;...
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A new glossiphoniid leech species, Placobdelloides tridens sp. n., is discovered on the Malayan Giant Turtle (Orlitia borneensis) at the Nakhon Ratchasima Zoo in Thailand. The morphological study of this new species revealed that it is distinguished from P. siamensis, a turtle leech species that can be found commonly in Thailand. Placobdelloides tr...
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In Thailand, five species of Acanthosaura have been recorded so far, including Acanthosaura armata from the southern region, A. cardamomensis from the eastern region, A. crucigera from the western region, A. lepidogaster from the northern region and A. phuketensis from the Phuket Island and south-western region. However, comprehensive studies of di...
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Protobothrops kelomohy sp. nov. is described from dry evergreen forest in Chiang Mai Province, northern Thailand, based on morphology and a molecular phylogeny. It differs from congeners by the following combination of characters: 1) relatively large body size (total length up to 1,310 mm); 2) dorsal scale rows 23-23-17, all keeled; 3) ventral scal...
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Mitochondrial genomes (mitogenomes) of five Cyrtodactylus were determined. Their compositions and structures were similar to most of the available gecko lizard mitogenomes as 13 protein-coding, two rRNA and 22 tRNA genes. The non-coding control region (CR) of almost all Cyrtodactylus mitogenome structures contained a repeated sequence named the 75-...
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Snakes swallow their prey whole and their prey size is thus limited by their maximal gape, with exceptions being three scolecophidian snakes known to be able to decapitate termites, and two mangrove-dwelling snakes (Squamata: Homalopsidae: Gerarda prevostiana and Fordonia leucobalia) that are able to remove and ingest pieces from crabs. Here we pre...
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We describe Oligodon saiyok sp. nov. from Benjarat Nakhon Cave Temple, Sai Yok District, Kanchanaburi Province, western Thailand. It is characterized by a maximal known SVL of 626.1 mm; 13 maxillary teeth, the posterior two enlarged; 8 supralabials; 17-17-15 dorsal scale rows; 181–187 ventrals and 38–43 subcaudals; a single anal; hemipenes extendin...
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We describe a snail-eating turtle, Malayemys isan sp. nov. (Geoemydidae), from the Mekong River Basin in northeastern Thailand (Nong Bua Lamphu, Nong Khai and Udon Thani provinces) and the adjacent Vientiane area in Laos. The new species is readily distinguishable from M. subtrijuga by its two (vs. six to nine) nasal stripes, and from both M. subtr...
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We describe a new lowland forest-dwelling species of the genus Acanthosaura (Squamata: Agamidae) from Phuket Island and the Phuket mountain range in southwestern Thailand. Acanthosaura phuketensis sp. nov., the 11th species in the genus, seems most closely related to A. crucigera from Myanmar and western Thailand and A. cardamomensis from the Carda...
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We describe a new lowland forest-dwelling Cyrtodactylus from Suk Samran District, Ranong Province, southern peninsular Thailand, having a blotched dorsal pattern, a continuous series of poreless enlarged femoral and precloacal scales, 18–20 regularly arranged dorsal tubercle rows, no precloacal groove, no transversely enlarged subcaudal plates and...
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We describe a new forest-dwelling Cyrtodactylus from Doi Inthanon, Chiang Mai Province, northern Thailand. Cyrtodactylus inthanon sp. nov. is characterized by a maximum known SVL of 87.3 mm; 18 to 20 longitudinal rows of dorsal tubercles; a continuous series of 34 to 37 enlarged femoro-precloacal scales, including four to six pitted (female) or por...
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We describe a new forest-dwelling Cyrtodactylus (Gekkonidae) from Doi Suthep, Chiang Mai Province, northern Thailand. Cyrtodactylus doisuthep sp. nov. is characterized by a maximal known SVL of 90.5 mm; 19 or 20 longitudinal rows of dorsal tubercles; a continuous series of 34 or 35 enlarged femoro-precloacal scales, including six or seven pitted sc...
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A new sylvicolous Cyrtodactylus is described from Phuket Island, southwestern peninsular Thailand. Cyrtodactylus phuketensis sp. nov. has a banded pattern, precloacal groove, continuous series of enlarged pore-bearing femoro-precloacal scales, and strongly developed tuberculation - characters that distinguish it from all congeneric taxa except C. m...
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A new species of Parachute Gecko, Ptychozoon kaengkrachanense sp. nov., is described from montane evergreen forest in Kaeng Krachan National Park, western Thailand. It differs from all known Ptychozoon species by having three dark dorsal chevrons between limb insertions, homogeneous dorsal scalation without enlarged scales, original tail without lo...
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The Parachute Gecko Ptychozoon trinotaterra, known so far only by its type series which includes specimens from two geographically distant localities in northeastern Thailand and central Vietnam, has been rediscovered in Thailand, in Ubon Ratchathani Zoo compound. The morphological observations made on the new specimens confirm that the Vietnamese...
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A single specimen of a legless skink in the genus Isopachys Lönnberg, 1916 was identified as I. roulei (Angel, 1920). The specimen described here was found living in a different habitat far from the type locality. The new location is recorded as a new locality for this species.
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A new species of pitviper, Trimeresurus (Popeia) phuketensis sp. nov., is described from Phuket Island, southwestern Thailand. Males of the new species are most similar to males of Trimeresurus (P.) fucatus of the Thai-Malay Peninsula and of T. (P.) buniana of Tioman Island in color pattern, but male pattern is however clearly distinct, and females...
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A new species, Gekko lauhachindai sp. nov. is described from Saraburi Province in central Thailand. It is a member of the mid-sized Gekko petricolus group and within this group it is probably most closely related to G. grossmanni Günther, 1994, G. scientiadventura Rösler et al., 2005, G. russelltraini Ngo et al., 2009, and G. takouensis Ngo & Gambl...
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A taxonomic revision of Cnemaspis siamensis (Smith, 1925) revealed it to be a complex composed of four species: Cnemaspis siamensis which occurs on Ko Tao Island, Surat Thani Province and on the peninsula ranges from Khao Mod, Surat Thani Province in the south, northward east of the Tenasserim Mountains to Kaeng Krachan National Park, Phetchaburi P...
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A new cave-dwelling species of Cyrtodactylus is described from Phabartmaejon Cave, Ban Thakilek, Chiang Dao District, Chiang Mai Province in northern Thailand. Cyrtodactylus dumnuii sp. nov. may be distinguished from all other congeners by the possession of a series of enlarged femoral scales, disjunct precloacal and femoral pores in males (minute...
Article
A new cave-dwelling species of Cyrtodactylus is described from Chiang Mai Province in northern Thailand. Cyrtodactylus dumnuii sp. nov. may be distinguished from all other congeners by the possession of a series of enlarged femoral scales, disjunct precloacal and femoral pores in males (minute precloacal pores variably present in females), a relati...
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We update the knowledge on the distribution of the rare mountain stream dweller snake Amphiesma khasiense in Thailand, including the first records from northern Thailand, in Chiang Mai (Doi Inthanon) and Chiang Rai provinces. Morphological data are provided for these specimens. Our biological observations confirm the species' riparian and nocturnal...
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The aquatic natricid snake Sinonatrix yunnanensis, so far known only from Yunnan Province, China, is recorded for the first time from Thailand based on a specimen from Chiang Rai Province, extending the species' known distribution more than 370 airline kilometers southwards. This addition brings the number of Thai natricid species to 21 and of Thai...
Article
A new cave-dwelling species of Cyrtodactylus Gray is described from Mae Hong Son Province in northern Thailand. The new species, C. erythrops sp. nov., is characterized by its moderate size (snout-vent length to at least 78 mm), relatively large, closely-spaced, flattened tubercles in 18–20 irregular rows at midbody, low number of ventral scales ac...
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The cave-dwelling Cyrtodactylus erythrops sp. nov. is described from Tham Lod, Pangmapha District, Mae Hong Son Province, northern Thailand. It is characterized by its moderate size (snout-vent length to at least 78 mm), relatively large, closely-spaced, flattened tubercles in 18-20 irregular rows at midbody, low number of ventral scales across mid...
Article
Full-text available
The aquatic natricid snake Sinonatrix yunnanensis, so far known only from Yunnan Province, China, is recorded for the first time from Thailand based on a specimen from Chiang Rai Province, extending the species' known distribution more than 370 airline kilometers southwards. This addition brings the number of Thai natricid species to 21 and of Thai...
Data
FIGURE 5. Dorsal view of a juvenile specimen (not collected) of Cyrtodactylus erythrops sp. nov. showing a less bold body patterning than the adult holotype but a strongly contrasting caudal pattern.
Article
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We provide the first record of the Small-scaled Montane Forest Lizard Pseudocalotes microlepis (Agamidae) from Chiang Rai Province, northern Thailand.
Data
FIGURE 4. Dorsal view of the holotype of Cyrtodactylus erythrops sp. nov. in life illustrating the reddish iris and pale yellowish borders of the dark dorsal markings.
Data
FIGURE 2. Dorsal pholidosis of Cyrtodactylus erythrops sp. nov. (THNHM 15377) showing closely packed, flattened dorsal tubercles in irregular rows. Anterior to left, scale bar = 2 mm.
Data
FIGURE 1. Adult male holotype of Cyrtodactylus erythrops sp. nov. (THNHM 15377) from Tham Lod, Pangmapha district, Mae Hong Son Province, Thailand. Scale bar equals 20 mm.
Data
FIGURE 3. Ventral view of groin and thighs of holotype of Cyrtodactylus erythrops sp. nov. illustrating the discontinuous series of precloacal and femoral pores (positions indicated by black dots) and series of enlarged femoral scales. Scale bar = 5 mm.
Data
FIGURE 6. Map of Thailand showing Mae Hong Son Province in the extreme northwest of the country in black. The position of Tham Lod, the type locality of Cyrtodactylus erythrops sp. nov. is indicated by the small white circle.
Article
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We describe the first known case of albinism in the colubrid genus Oligodon based on an adult albino Oligodon fasciolatus caught in Khorat Zoo, Muang District, Nakhon Ratchasima Province, Thailand.
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We provide field observations and new locality records for the rare Jarujin's Bent-toed Gecko Cyrtodactylus jarujini (Gekkonidae) and Phu Wua Lizard Mantheyus phuwuaensis (Agamidae) in Nong Khai Province, northeastern Thailand. Citation: SUMONTHA, M., KUNYA, K. & PAUWELS, O.S.G. 2008. Took-kae-pa Jarujin (Cyrtodactylus jarujini) nai thammachat [Jar...
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We review the geographic distribution of the rare Thai endemic skink Riopa haroldyoungi and present new records from Nakhon Ratchasima and Loei provinces. Based on its know distribution within Thailand we predict that the species will be found in Myanmar, Laos and Cambodia.
Article
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We provide the first record of the Kanchanaburi Four-clawed Gecko Gehyra lacerata (Gekkonidae) from Khon Khaen Province, northeastern Thailand, based on individuals found on a limestone hill at Hin Chang See, Ban Fang District. They were found in syntopy with Gehyra mutilata.

Citations

... They all are diurnal and arboreal species inhabiting forested areas and rang from southern China to northeastern India and southward to the tip of the Malay Peninsula (Ananjeva et al., 2008;Manthey, 2008;Grismer, 2011). The genus Acanthosaura currently contains 18 species (Ananjeva et al., 2020;Liu et al., 2020;Trivalairat et al., 2022;Uetz et al., 2022). Most of them were described recently, and the diversity of this genus may still be underestimated. ...
... We are currently studying the taxonomic status of three additional populations of Gehyra that probably represent additional new species from central and peninsular Thailand. We expect a much higher diversity in the genus Gehyra in the Indochinese Peninsula and the Thai-Malay Peninsula, and possibly a high level of endemism within karstic landscapes, as shown by other gecko genera such as Cnemaspis Strauch, Cyrtodactylus Gray and Dixonius Bauer, Good & Branch (Grismer et al. 2014(Grismer et al. , 2021Pauwels et al. 2021). ...
... Glossiphoniid leeches are the most commonly reported parasites of freshwater turtles, particularly those that occupy quiet water settings such as sluggish streams and rivers, lakes, bogs and ponds lakes (e.g., Say 1824; Esch and Gibbons 1967;Hulse 1976;Sawyer 1972Sawyer , 1986Siddall and Gaffney 2004;McKenna et al. 2005;McCoy et al. 2007;Oceguera-Figueroa and Siddall 2008;Readel et al. 2008;Fediras et al. 2017;Chiangkul et al. 2018Chiangkul et al. , 2021Unger et al. 2019;Trivalairat et al. 2020). A variety of leech taxa, including Haementeria, Helobdella, Placobdelloides, and Placobdella have been reported on the shells of turtles (Sawyer 1972(Sawyer , 1986Siddall and Gaffney 2004;Siddall et al. 2005;McCoy et al. 2007;Marrone et al. 2016;Domínguez and Villarán 2017;Santana et al. 2019Santana et al. , 2020Neely et al. 2020) (Figs. 9, 10). ...
... presence (1) Comparative morphological data were taken from original descriptions and subsequent studies (Hardwicke and Gray 1827;Cuvier 1829;Günther 1861Günther , 1864Boulenger 1885Boulenger , 1900Werner 1904;Vogt 1914;Lönnberg 1916;Smith 1935;Taylor 1963;Orlov et al. 2006;Ananjeva et al. 2008Ananjeva et al. , 2011Wood et al. 2009Wood et al. , 2010Pauwels et al. 2015;Nguyen et al. 2018;Liu et al. 2019;Nguyen et al. 2019;Trivalairat et al. 2020). ...
... In recent years several snake species hitherto undescribed or unknown from the country have been found within Thailand's political boundaries Pauwels et al., 2017;Hauser, 2018;Smits and Hauser, 2019;Vogel and David, 2019;Sumontha et al., 2020;David et al., 2021;Pawangkhanant et al., 2021;Hauser et al., 2022). The addition of O. annamensis continues this trend of new discoveries and emphasizes that knowledge of the country's snake fauna is still far from complete, even in areas that have historically received attention from herpetologists. ...
... Bilateral scale counts were given as left/right. The methodology of measurements and meristic counts followed Liu and Rao (2021a, b): Morphological comparisons were based on the original descriptions of each species (Hoang et al. 2007;Bauer et al. 2009Bauer et al. , 2010Ngo and Grismer 2010;Nguyen et al. 2010Nguyen et al. , 2015bNguyen et al. , 2017Sumontha et al. 2010;Luu et al. 2011;Ngo 2011;Ngo and Chan 2011;Kunya et al. 2014;Nazarov et al. 2014;Nguyen et al. 2014;Schneider et al. 2014Schneider et al. , 2020Le 2016;Pham et al. 2019;Liu and Rao 2021a;Liu et al. 2021;Zhang et al. 2021). ...
... Measurements were taken with Mitutoyo ® dial callipers to the nearest 0.1 mm, we followed Grismer et al. (2012) by measuring 11 external body characters: snout-vent length (SVL), measured from the tip of snout to the cloaca opening; tail length (TailL), measured from the cloaca opening to the tip of the original tail; axilla to groin length (AGL), measured from the arm to groin, specimen in supine position; head length (HeadL), measured from the posterior margin of the retroarticular process of the lower jaw to the snout; head width (HeadW), maximum wide measured the angle of the jaws; head depth (HeadD), the maximum height of head measured from the top-tobottom side; eye diameter (EyeD), the greatest horizontal diameter of the eyeball; eye to ear distance (EyeEar), measured from the anterior edge of the ear opening to the posterior edge of the eyeball; eye to snout distance (EyeS), measured from anterior margin of the eye ball to the snout; eye to nostril distance (SnEye), measured between the anterior margin of the eyeball to the posterior margin of the nares; interorbital distance (InteroD), measured between the anterior edges of the orbit; ear length (EarL), the greatest length of the ear opening; and internarial distance (IN), measured between the nares. We counted the number of supralabials (SuL), number of infralabials (InL), number of dorsal tubercles (DT), number of paravertebral tubercles (PVT), number of ventral scales between lateral body folds at midbody (VS), number of pores at femoral (FP), number of pores at precloacal (PP), number of precloacal and femoral pores which continuous arranged (PFP), and number of subdigital lamellae under 4 th toe were counted following Bauer et al. (2010) under a stereoscope (AmScope, magnification 10x to 60x). All measurements and counts were taken on the right side. ...
... The control region can be divided into three domains: the extended termination associated sequences (ETAS) domain adjacent to the tRNA Tyr gene, where synthesis of the heavy (H) strand pauses at the level of the ETAS; the central conserved domain; and the CSB domain adjacent to the tRNA Phe gene, which contains the origin of the H strand replication, the two promoters, and the CSBs associated with initiation of H strand synthesis [71,72]. Our estimates of genetic diversity values in Asian elephants were high for CSB1, with approximately one-third of the variable sites between two haplogroups, similar to those of the snapping turtle (Chelydra serpentina, Linnaeus, 1758), Thai bow-fingered gecko (Cyrtodactylus peguensis, Boulenger, 1893), and European mink (Mustela lutreola) [73][74][75]. This region also contains a specific nucleotide that differentiates between the α and β clades. ...
... They would therefore be considered as "piercing" specialists in the classification scheme as described in (Crofts et al., 2020), and should be associated with a restricted diet composed of soft invertebrates and small fish. Yet, as previously mentioned, snakes show a broad variety of diets, but also a wide variety of feeding behaviors that involve their teeth such as 'chewing' (Tumlison & Roberts, 2018), ripping (Bringsøe et al., 2020;Jayne et al., 2002;Noonloy et al., 2018), slicing (Cundall & Greene, 2000;Kojima et al., 2020), or swallowing without piercing (e.g. Dasypeltis sp. ). ...
... Our observa tions of the same specimen confirm the presence of deep ly bilobed hemipenes. In some later works Sumontha et al. 2017), O. macrurus was considered as part of the O. cinereus group, however such an alloca tion was not confirmed by any data and was an accidental mistake (P. David, pers comm). ...