Kenneth R. Chien's research while affiliated with Karolinska Institutet and other places

Publications (455)

Article
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The dysregulated physical interaction between two intracellular membrane proteins, the sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ ATPase and its reversible inhibitor phospholamban, induces heart failure by inhibiting calcium cycling. While phospholamban is a bona-fide therapeutic target, approaches to selectively inhibit this protein remain elusive. Here, we...
Article
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The contribution of the epicardium, the outermost layer of the heart, to cardiac regeneration has remained controversial due to a lack of suitable analytical tools. By combining genetic marker-independent lineage-tracing strategies with transcriptional profiling and loss-of-function methods, we report here that the epicardium of the highly regenera...
Article
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Heart regeneration is an unmet clinical need, hampered by limited renewal of adult cardiomyocytes and fibrotic scarring. Pluripotent stem cell-based strategies are emerging, but unravelling cellular dynamics of host–graft crosstalk remains elusive. Here, by combining lineage tracing and single-cell transcriptomics in injured non-human primate heart...
Article
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Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is the most common cyanotic heart defect, yet the underlying genetic mechanisms remain poorly understood. Here, we performed whole genome sequencing analysis on 146 non-syndromic TOF parent-offspring trios of Chinese ethnicity. Comparison of de novo variants and recessive genotypes of this dataset to a European cohort iden...
Article
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Background The human L39X phospholamban (PLN) cardiomyopathic mutant has previously been reported as a null mutation but the detailed molecular pathways that lead to the complete lack of detectable protein remain to be clarified. Previous studies have shown the implication between an impaired cellular degradation homeostasis and cardiomyopathy deve...
Article
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Heart failure (HF) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, highlighting an urgent need for novel treatment options, despite recent improvements. Aberrant Ca ²⁺ handling is a key feature of HF pathophysiology. Restoring the Ca ²⁺ regulating machinery is an attractive therapeutic strategy supported by genetic and pharmacological proof...
Article
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Embryonic development is largely conserved among mammals. However, certain genes show divergent functions. By generating a transcriptional atlas containing >30,000 cells from post-implantation non-human primate embryos, we uncover that ISL1, a gene with a well-established role in cardiogenesis, controls a gene regulatory network in primate amnion....
Article
Epigenetic barriers need to be surmounted in order to increase the efficiency of cardiac reprogramming. A new study now reports that the histone reader PHF7 enhances cardiac reprogramming via recruiting the chromatin remodelling SWI/SNF complex and key transcription factors to the cardiac super enhancers.
Article
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The combination of population and single-cell RNA sequencing analysis using human embryonic stem cell (hESC) differentiation and developmental tissues is a powerful approach to elucidate an organ-specific cellular and molecular atlas in human embryogenesis. This protocol describes (1) cardiac-directed differentiation and isolation of hESC-derived c...
Article
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Bone has a remarkable potential for self-healing and repair, yet several injury types are non-healing even after surgical or non-surgical treatment. Regenerative therapies that induce bone repair or improve the rate of recovery are being intensely investigated. Here, we probed the potential of bone marrow stem cells (BMSCs) engineered with chemical...
Article
A family of multipotent heart progenitors plays a central role in the generation of diverse myogenic and nonmyogenic lineages in the heart. Cardiac progenitors in particular play a significant role in lineages involved in disease, and have also emerged to be a strong therapeutic candidate. Based on this premise, we aimed to deeply characterize the...
Preprint
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The signaling network governing the formation of the primitive streak is well understood in mice, but largely unexplored in primates. Advances in single-cell technology and in vitro embryo culture have enabled to characterize the major cell populations involved. However, a detailed map of this process and insights into its regulatory networks are l...
Article
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Intradermal delivery of AZD8601, an mRNA designed to produce vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF‐A), has previously been shown to accelerate cutaneous wound healing in a murine diabetic model. Here, we develop population pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic models aiming to quantify the effect of AZD8601 injections on the dynamics of wound he...
Article
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Cardiac progenitor formation is one of the earliest committed steps of human cardiogenesis and requires the cooperation of multiple gene sets governed by developmental signaling cascades. To determine the key regulators for cardiac progenitor formation, we have developed a two-stage genome-wide CRISPR-knockout screen. We mimicked the progenitor for...
Article
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The mammalian hearts have the least regenerative capabilities among tissues and organs. As such, heart regeneration has been and continues to be the ultimate goal in the treatment against acquired and congenital heart diseases. Uncovering such a long-awaited therapy is still extremely challenging in the current settings. On the other hand, this des...
Article
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The advent of pluripotent stem cell biology and facile genetic manipulation via CRISPR technology has ushered in a new era of human disease models for drug discovery and development. While these precision "super models" hold great promise for tailoring personalized therapy, their full potential and in vivo validation have remained elusive.
Article
Background Mice lacking muscle LIM protein (Mlp/Cspr3 −/−) develop dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Previous work established this model to be amenable to improvements in cardiac function by genetic ablation of phospholamban (PLN). Purpose To test the hypothesis that therapeutic reductions of PLN would similarly improve cardiac function, Mlp KO mice...
Article
Synthetic chemically modified mRNAs (modRNA) encoding vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) represents an alternative to gene therapy for the treatment of ischemic cardiovascular injuries. However, novel delivery approaches of modRNA are needed to improve therapeutic efficacy in the diseased setting. We hypothesized that cell-mediated modRNA de...
Article
The morphogenetic process of mammalian cardiac development is complex and highly regulated spatiotemporally by multipotent cardiac stem/progenitor cells (CPCs). Mouse studies have been informative for understanding mammalian cardiogenesis; however, similar insights have been poorly established in humans. Here, we report comprehensive gene expressio...
Article
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Chemically modified mRNA is an efficient, biocompatible modality for therapeutic protein expression. We report a first-time-in-human study of this modality, aiming to evaluate safety and potential therapeutic effects. Men with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) received intradermal injections of modified mRNA encoding vascular endothelial growth facto...
Article
The retraction of >30 falsified studies by Anversa et al. has had a disheartening impact on the cardiac cell therapeutics field. The premise of heart muscle regeneration by the transdifferentiation of bone marrow cells or putative adult resident cardiac progenitors has been largely disproven. Over the past 18 years, a generation of physicians and s...
Article
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Abstract Capable of mediating efficient transfection and protein production without eliciting innate immune responses, chemically modified mRNA holds great potential to produce paracrine factors at a physiologically beneficial level, in a spatiotemporally controlled manner, and with low toxicity. Although highly promising in cardiovascular medicine...
Article
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Understanding stage‐specific molecular mechanisms of human cardiomyocyte progenitor formation and subsequent differentiation are critical to identify pathways that might lead to congenital cardiovascular defects and malformations. In particular, gene mutations in the TGF‐β superfamily signaling pathways can cause human congenital heart defects, and...
Article
Objectives With emergence of targeted cell transplantation and gene therapy, there is a need for minimally invasive tissue access to facilitate delivery of therapeutic substrate. The objective of this study is demonstrate the suitability of an endovascular device able to directly access tissue and deliver therapeutic agent to the heart, kidney, and...
Article
Despite the continuous discovery of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) with critical developmental roles, our knowledge of lncRNAs that control cardiac lineage commitment is still limited. In this issue, Guo et al. (2018) report a novel lncRNA-mediated multiprotein complex assembly that directly regulates the key transcriptional programs of murine cardi...
Article
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mRNA can direct dose-dependent protein expression in cardiac muscle without genome integration, but to date has not been shown to improve cardiac function in a safe, clinically applicable way. Herein, we report that a purified and optimized mRNA in a biocompatible citrate-saline formulation is tissue specific, long acting, and does not stimulate an...
Article
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The generation of human pluripotent stem cell (hPSC)-derived ventricular progenitors and their assembly into a 3 dimensional in vivo functional ventricular heart patch has remained an elusive goal. Herein, we report the generation of an enriched pool of hPSC-derived ventricular progenitors (HVPs), which can expand, differentiate, self-assemble and...
Conference Paper
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Diabetic wounds are known to have a delayed course of wound healing. We have recently demonstrated that injection of a synthetic modified RNA (modRNA) that enhances VEGF-A protein expression accelerates healing of full-thickness cutaneous wounds in db/db diabetic mice. Here, we compare two different computational modeling approaches to explore how...
Article
The heart has a markedly limited capacity for regeneration. Reporting in Nature, Bassat et al. (2017) and Morikawa et al. (2017) have uncovered a new mechanism of Yap inhibition by the dystrophin glycoprotein complex (DGC) that is released by the extracellular matrix protein Agrin in order to promote cardiac regeneration.
Article
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Background: -Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) volume and coronary artery disease are strongly associated, even after accounting for overall body mass. Despite its pathophysiological significance, the origin and paracrine signaling pathways that regulate EAT's formation and expansion are unclear. Methods: -We used a novel modified mRNA (modRNA)-ba...
Article
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Nature Communications 7: Article number: 10774 (2016); Published: 8 March 2016; Updated: 19 July 2016. The affiliation details for Boon-Seng Soh, Lei Bu and Ronald A. Li are incorrect in this Article. The correct addresses of these authors are listed below: Boon-Seng Soh Cardiovascular Research Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, 185 Cambridge...
Data
List of growth factor in wk 11 right atrium
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List of growth factor in wk 11 left ventricle
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List of growth factor in wk 11 right ventricle
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List of growth factor receptor in ISL1 positive cells (above 1.2 fold)
Article
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Coronary arteriogenesis is a central step in cardiogenesis, requiring coordinated generation and integration of endothelial cell and vascular smooth muscle cells. At present, it is unclear whether the cell fate programme of cardiac progenitors to generate complex muscular or vascular structures is entirely cell autonomous. Here we demonstrate the i...
Data
List of growth factor-receptor interaction pairs
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List of growth factor in wk 11 outflow tract
Article
Academic biomedical research and clinical studies are increasingly funded by and conducted in collaboration with partners from industry, patient organizations, charities, and philanthropists. These new partnerships are a much‐needed source of funds and expertise to advance translational medical research.
Article
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The latest discoveries and advanced knowledge in the fields of stem cell biology and developmental cardiology hold great promise for cardiac regenerative medicine, enabling researchers to design novel therapeutic tools and approaches to regenerate cardiac muscle for diseased hearts. However, progress in this arena has been hampered by a lack of rep...
Article
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During development, cardiogenesis is orchestrated by a family of heart progenitors that build distinct regions of the heart. Each region contains diverse cell types that assemble to form the complex structures of the individual cardiac compartments. Cardiomyocytes are the main cell type found in the heart and ensure contraction of the chambers and...
Article
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There is increasing interest in transplantation of human stem cells for therapeutic purposes. It would benefit future application if one could achieve their long-term acceptance and functional differentiation in allogeneic hosts using minimal immunosuppression. Allogeneic stem cell transplants differ from conventional tissue transplants insofar as...
Article
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Diabetic cardiomyopathy is a complication of type 2 diabetes, with known contributions of lifestyle and genetics. We develop environmentally and genetically driven in vitro models of the condition using human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived cardiomyocytes. First, we mimic diabetic clinical chemistry to induce a phenotypic surrogate of diabeti...
Article
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The cardiac progenitor cells (CPCs) in the anterior heart field (AHF) are located in the pharyngeal mesoderm (PM), where they expand, migrate and eventually differentiate into major cell types found in the heart, including cardiomyocytes. The mechanisms by which these progenitors are able to expand within the PM microenvironment without premature d...
Article
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The heart has a limited capacity for regeneration following injury. Recent strategies to promote heart regeneration have largely focused on autologous and allogeneic cell-based therapy, where the transplanted cells have been suggested to secrete unknown paracrine factors that are envisioned to promote endogenous repair and/or mobilization of endoge...
Article
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Over the past two decades, a host of new molecular pathways have been uncovered that guide mammalian heart development and disease. The ability to genetically manipulate these pathways in vivo have largely been dependent on the generation of genetically engineered mouse model systems or the transfer of exogenous genes in a variety of DNA vectors (p...
Article
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Cardiogenesis is one of the earliest and most important steps during human development and is orchestrated by discrete families of heart progenitors, which build distinct regions of the fetal heart. For the past decade, a lineage map for the distinct subsets of progenitors that generate the embryonic mammalian heart has begun to lay a foundation fo...