Kazuhiko Kotani's research while affiliated with Jichi Medical University and other places

Publications (497)

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Purpose Osteopenia typically presents low bone mineral density (BMD) and has recently been reported as a prognostic factor in various cancers. However, the prognostic value of osteopenia in digestive tract cancers remains to be defined. We aimed to review the prognostic value of preoperative osteopenia in patients with digestive cancers. Methods C...
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Background: Vibration-controlled transient elastography (VCTE) is proposed as a second step of examination to assess liver fibrosis in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) after triaging by the fibrosis-4 (FIB-4) index. Recently, VCTE-based scoring systems, including FibroScan-AST (FAST), Agile 3+, and Agile 4, emerged to determi...
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Objective Type 2 diabetes is a risk factor for dementia. We investigated whether serum levels of soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cell 2 (sTREM2), a soluble form of the cell surface receptor TREM2, were predictive of cognitive impairment in type 2 diabetes without obesity. Methods A total of 166 Japanese patients with type 2 diabet...
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Background Laboratory tests, especially point-of-care testing (POCT), and related health information exchange (HIE) are necessary for patient management in the home care setting, where clinic-hospital cooperation and interprofessional collaboration are important. Methods We raised the issues ahead of HIE in relation to POCT in home care in Japan,...
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Background: Lymphomas, including Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma, are one of the differentials for peripheral lymphadenopathy and are difficult to diagnose clinically. Biopsy is essential for diagnosing lymphoma, although it is invasive. Non-invasive methods are required to identify patients with suspected lymphoma who should undergo a b...
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Background/purpose: Metal stents (MS) are recommended for preoperative biliary drainage (PBD) in patients with periampullary cancer, but whether MS are superior in terms of re-intervention and direct cost is debatable. This study aimed to compare the effects of MS and PS on the outcomes of patients with periampullary cancer. Methods: For this ra...
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For athletes, it is important to acquire lean body mass (LBM) involving the skeletal muscle mass during their growth periods; however, the influence of chronotype on LBM gain remains unclear. We therefore aimed to investigate whether chronotype, sleep-wake cycle on weekdays (SWC-W), and their interaction contribute to LBM gain among adolescent male...
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Background/purpose: Previous systematic reviews have shown that radical antegrade modular pancreatosplenectomy (RAMPS) had favorable outcomes including prognosis. However, recent large studies have shown opposite results, thus necessitating clarification of RAMPS efficacy. We aimed to update existing evidence on the clinical outcomes of RAMPS for...
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Background The impact of chronic kidney disease (CKD) on the prognostic utility of cardiovascular biomarkers in high‐risk patients remains unclear. Methods and Results We performed a multicenter, prospective cohort study of 3255 patients with suspected or known coronary artery disease (CAD) to investigate whether CKD modifies the prognostic utilit...
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Postoperative pain is the main reason for delayed recovery after herniorrhaphy. Preoperative glucocorticoid administration may improve postoperative recovery. The present study assessed the efficacy of preoperative glucocorticoids in facilitating recovery after herniorrhaphy. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) conducted up to January 2021 were sea...
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Background: Previous systematic reviews have not clarified the effect of postoperative coffee consumption on the incidence of postoperative ileus (POI) and the length of hospital stay (LOS). We aimed to assess its effect on these postoperative outcomes. Methods: Studies evaluating postoperative coffee consumption were searched using electronic d...
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Background: The prediction of at-home deaths has become an important topic in rural areas of Japan with an advanced aging society. However, there are no well-established predictors to explain how these factors influence intention. This study aims to investigate the possible predictors of at-home death for cancer patients in rural clinics in Japan....
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An 81-year-old woman with a history of hypertension and Alzheimer's disease presented to the emergency department because of impaired consciousness. Physical examination revealed acute progressive generalized flaccid paralysis, hypertension, respiratory failure, and pupillary dilation. Although the patient did not complain of headache, head magneti...
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Background Sarcopenia, as assessed by body composition, can affect morbidity and survival in several gastrointestinal cancer. However, the impact of sarcopenia, referring to both quantity and quality of skeletal muscle, in biliary tract cancer (BTC) is debatable. We aimed to investigate the impact of sarcopenia on morbidity and mortality in patient...
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Oxidative stress is a driving factor in the pathophysiology of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). While paraoxonase 1 (PON1) is an antioxidant enzyme and a potential biomarker of this disease, data regarding the status of PON-1 in COPD are inconclusive. In this regard, to shed light on this issue, we performed a meta-analysis of data on...
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Background: Whether diabetes mellitus (DM) modifies the relationship between soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1), a vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) antagonist, and cardiovascular (CV) events in patients with suspected or known coronary artery disease (CAD) are unclear. Methods: Using data from a multicenter, prospective cohort of...
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Background: Frailty is a complex clinical syndrome associated with ageing and chronic illness, and is common in heart failure (HF). Vascular endothelial dysfunction including maladaptive angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis is involved in the pathogenesis of HF, and is also considered to be the causes of frailty. We investigated the association of va...
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Background Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) plays a key role in regulating low-density lipoprotein levels in plasma. While PCSK9 variants are causatively associated with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH), additional genotyping methods for FH targeting PCSK9 variants are required in a clinical setting. Loop-mediated isothermal...
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Background The lymphatic system has been suggested to play an important role in cardiovascular (CV) diseases including heart failure (HF). Vascular endothelial growth factor C (VEGF-C) and VEGF-D are key regulators of lymphoangiogenesis. Purpose To investigate the association of VEGF-C and VEGF-D with prognosis in patients with chronic HF (CHF)....
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Introduction: Previous studies indicate that professional identity formation (PIF), the formation of a self-identity with the internalised values and norms of professionalism, may influence self-regulated learning (SRL). However, it remains unclear whether a PIF-oriented intervention can improve SRL in clinical education. The aim of this study was...
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High-speed information and communication technology (ICT) networks stretch all over Japan. However, their utility in facilitating rural healthcare remains uncharacterized. A nationwide questionnaire survey was sent by mail to 1,018 rural clinics constructed in a public manner in municipalities throughout Japan. ICT use was classified by type, inclu...
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Background Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH), an autosomal dominant genetic disease with the elevated levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (LDL-C), increases the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD). The proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) gene is associated with FH. There is a positive relationship between circul...
Preprint
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Introduction: Coffee, a popular and cheap beverage worldwide, may have an important effect on postoperative ileus (POI). However, previous systematic reviews have not clarified whether the effect is due to caffeine or coffee itself, or shortening hospital stay. We will aim to assess the effect of postoperative coffee consumption on POI. Methods: St...
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Hepcidin-25 is suggested as a surrogate iron status marker in athletes who show exercise- induced anemia; however, the implications of hepcidin concentration in this population remain poorly understood. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between hepcidin and body fat levels in rugby football players. We included 40 male university rug...
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Background: Japan has established comprehensive education-scholarship programs to supply physicians in rural areas. Their entrants now comprise 16% of all medical students, and graduates must work in rural areas for a designated number of years. These programs are now being adopted outside Japan, but their medium-term outcomes and inter-program di...
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Aims: Endothelial cell vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR-2) plays a pivotal role in angiogenesis, which induces physiological cardiomyocyte hypertrophy via paracrine signalling between endothelial cells and cardiomyocytes. We investigated whether a decrease in circulating soluble VEGFR-2 (sVEGFR-2) levels is associated with poor...
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Background Arterial stiffness is an important predictor of cardiovascular events; however, indexes for measuring arterial stiffness have not been widely incorporated into routine clinical practice. This study aimed to determine whether the cardio‐ankle vascular index (CAVI), based on the blood pressure–independent stiffness parameter β and reflecti...
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Background Primary care physicians have diverse responsibilities. To collaborate with cancer specialists efficiently, they should prioritise roles desired by other collaborators rather than roles based on their own beliefs. No previous studies have reported the priority of roles such clinic-based general practitioners are expected to fulfil across...
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Guillain–Barré syndrome (GBS) usually has a good prognosis; however, patients may develop sequelae without prompt treatment. We herein describe an 81-year-old woman who developed acute-onset excruciating thigh pain and weakness in her lower extremities after spinal surgery. We diagnosed acute inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy by a n...
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Background High-dose intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) is the mainstay of treatment for Kawasaki disease (KD). Usually, 2 g/kg of IVIG is administered over 10–24 h, depending on the institution or physician, but the association between infusion speed and effectiveness has not been reported. In this study, we evaluated the differences in efficacy an...
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The western pattern diet is rich not only in fat and calorie but also in phosphate. Negative impacts of excessive fat and calorie intake on health are widely accepted, whereas potential harms of excessive phosphate intake are poorly recognized. Here we show the mechanism by which dietary phosphate damages the kidney. When phosphate intake was exces...
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The pathophysiology of sarcopenia is complex and must be further explored. While metabolic acidosis may be a risk factor for sarcopenia, it remains unclear whether acidic urine is related to sarcopenia. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the association between sarcopenia and urine pH in the elderly.An elderly population (n = 123 [...
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BACKGROUND The traditional radial approach (RA) is recommended as the standard method for coronary angiography (CAG), while a distal RA (DRA) has been recently used for CAG. AIM To assess the efficacy and safety of the DRA vs RA during CAG. METHODS The following databases were searched through December 2020: MEDLINE, the Cochrane Central Register...
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Introduction This study evaluated the impact of a telephone support programme with telemonitoring on changes in healthy eating and active exercise in adults with prediabetes using the stage of change framework. Methods We performed a post hoc analysis using data from the Japan Diabetes Outcome Trial-1. A total of 2607 participants aged 20–65 years...
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Background: Hepcidin-25 is a 25 amino acid hepatokine and a key regulator of iron metabolism related to iron deficiency anemia. Recent studies have suggested that an elevated hepcidin level is correlated with low energy availability. Leptin is an appetite-suppressing adipokine and has been reported to stimulate hepcidin production in animals and cu...
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To the Editor: We read the study by Frerichs et al.1 concerning a culturally sensitive colorectal cancer (CRC) screening decision aid campaign targeting American Indians (Native Americans) with great interest in light of the increase in CRC-related deaths worldwide.2 Culture is basically associated with environmental and lifestyle factors as well a...
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Oxidative stress is involved in the pathophysiology of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). However, reliable biomarkers of NAFLD in relation to oxidative stress are not available. While paraoxonase 1 (PON1) is an antioxidant biomarker, there appears to be mixed data on PON-1 in patients with NAFLD. The aim of this meta-analysis was to assess...
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Introduction: Takayasu arteritis (TA) is a chronic vasculitis associated with an increased cardiovascular risk. The measurement of pulse wave velocity (PWV), carotid artery intima-media thickness (CIMT) and flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) are generally used for evaluating the cardiovascular risk. The application of these measurements to TA patients...
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Diabetic polyneuropathy (DPN) and endothelial dysfunction are prevalent complications of diabetes mellitus. Currently, there are two non-invasive markers for endothelial dysfunction: flow-mediated dilation and reactive hyperaemia peripheral arterial tonometry (RH-PAT). However, the relationship between diabetic small fibre neuropathy and macroangio...
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Introduction Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a bacterium that causes chronic gastroduodenal infection and affects various systemic diseases. An increase in the blood level of C-reactive protein (CRP; a systemic inflammatory marker), at a low-grade chronic inflammation level, is observed in cases of infection. However, the effect of H. pylori era...
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Introduction: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection is positively associated with cardiovascular diseases, but the involvement of lipids in this association remains unclear. The present study reviewed the changes in circulating lipid levels following H. pylori eradication. Methods: A PubMed database was searched until December 2020 to identify...
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Background: Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) is a disease with wheals and/or angioedema. Some drugs, especially antibiotics for Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication and the sulfone antibiotic dapsone, may be candidates for treating CSU. The present study assessed the efficacy of these antibiotic therapies for CSU. Methods: Databases (M...
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Patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) show dyslipidemia and a high risk for coronary heart disease (CHD). However, conventional atherosclerotic lipids are found at low levels in NAFLD patients with advanced fibrosis, in whom the risk for CHD is extremely high. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the levels of oxidized high...
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Objective Coffee consumption can be expected to reduce mortality due to cardiovascular diseases and cancer. This study tested the hypothesis of an inverse association between coffee intake and all-cause mortality and mortality due to cancer, coronary heart disease, or stroke. Study design Prospective cohort study. Methods We analyzed data from th...
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Several studies have shown that dual-axis rotational coronary angiography (DARCA) reduces contrast medium volume and radiation exposure compared to conventional coronary angiography (CCA). However, there are no studies comparing the safety and usefulness of DARCA in primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for patients with ST-elevation myo...
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Objectives: Frequent self-weighing is associated with weight loss and maintenance, but the relationship between frequent self-weighing and the incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) remains unclear. The study aim was to examine the association between self-weighing frequency and the incidence of T2D in people with impaired fasting glucose (IFG). Resu...
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Lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) are risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Individuals with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) have a risk for CVD due to a high LDL-C value. Lp(a) also increases the CVD risk in FH individuals; thus, the Lp(a) value should be carefully managed. The LDL-C value may partl...
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Background: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for gastric cancer is increasingly performed worldwide due to its efficacy and safety. This study aimed to assess the evidence of the impact of early vs. delayed feeding after ESD on quality of care, which remains to be fully determined. Methods: Electronic databases (PubMed, the Cochrane Central R...
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Background Whether circulating growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF‐15) levels differ according to smoking status and whether smoking modifies the relationship between GDF‐15 and mortality in patients with coronary artery disease are unclear. Methods and Results Using data from a multicenter, prospective cohort of 2418 patients with suspected or...
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Background: Smoking is a risk factor for mortality in the general population and in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Vascular endothelial growth factor D (VEGF-D) is a secreted glycoprotein that can act as lymphangiogenic and angiogenic growth factors. Recently, we demonstrated that circulating VEGF-D levels are associated with the risk...
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Background: High circulating levels of galectin-3 are associated with all-cause mortality, cardiovascular (CV) mortality, and/or major adverse CV events (MACE) in patients with CV diseases such as heart failure and coronary artery disease (CAD). However, the impact of sex on the prognostic value of galectin-3 in patients with suspected or known CAD...
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Background: Growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF-15) is a stress responsive cytokine of the transforming growth factor superfamily. Circulating levels of GDF-15 are elevated in various conditions including anemia and stable coronary artery disease (CAD), and associated with the risk of mortality in patients with stable CAD. However, whether anemia...
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Background: The impact of chronic kidney disease (CKD) on the association of cardiovascular (CV) and renal biomarkers with the presence and severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients with suspected CAD are unclear. Methods: Using data from a multicenter, prospective cohort of 2324 patients with suspected but no history of CAD undergoing...
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Introduction: Soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (sVEGFR-2) acts as an endogenous inhibitor of VEGF, a key regulator of angiogenesis and lymphoangiogenesis. However, little is known about the critical role of sVEGFR-2 in heart failure (HF). Methods: We performed a multicenter prospective cohort study (PREHOSP-CHF Study) to determ...
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Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is still significantly associated with the risk of mortality in the general population. Higher circulating growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF-15) levels are associated with the risk of mortality in the general population, in patients with DM, and in those with coronary artery disease (CAD). However, whether GDF...
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Objectives The role of point-of-care testing (POCT) out of hospital, especially in home care and ambulatory care settings, is an issue meriting further research. We reviewed studies reporting cardiovascular events as a result of the implementation of B-type natriuretic peptide or N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide POCT (BNP/NT-proBNP POCT) f...
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Background Vascular endothelial growth factor D (VEGF-D) is a secreted glycoprotein that can act as lymphangiogenic and angiogenic growth factors through binding to its specific receptors, VEGFR-3 and VEGFR-2. VEGF-D signaling via VEGFR-3 plays an important role in lipoprotein metabolisms which may contribute to coronary artery disease (CAD). We re...
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A 60-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with bilateral post auricular masses, first noticed 1 year earlier. Blood tests showed eosinophilia and high immunoglobulin E (IgE) levels, and cervical computed tomography showed 10-mm soft tissue masses with scattered lymphadenopathy. The tumors showed intermediate and high signal intensity on T1- an...
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Background Cervical lymphadenopathy is commonly seen in general practice, and its etiology is diverse. Establishing the diagnostic strategy for lymphadenopathy would be desirable to avoid overlooking neoplasms or other critical conditions. This study aims to identify the useful laboratory parameters for cervical lymphadenopathy that require clinica...
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Objective: We examined the effect of different energy information displayed with food on psychological or physiological responses in young female consumers. Methods: In this randomized crossover study, we prepared French toast (466 kcal) with two types of cards that displayed different energy information (500 kcal or 1,000 kcal) as test meals. Twel...
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Background: Oxidized high-density lipoprotein (oxHDL), unlike native HDL, is characterized by reduced cholesterol efflux capability and anti-inflammatory properties. The ratio of oxHDL to apolipoprotein A-I (oxHDL/apoAI) is a possible marker of dysfunctional HDL. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between oxHDL/apoAI and coronar...
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Early feeding after percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) placement is an accepted practice in the treatment of adult patients and the knowledge is clinically extrapolated in the treatment of children. To verify this treatment in children-as there are some specific features of PEG-related practices in children-the present study aimed to review...