Katja Seltmann's research while affiliated with University of California, Santa Barbara and other places

Publications (64)

Article
Full-text available
The reintroduction of endangered plant species is an essential conservation tool. Reintroductions can fail to create resilient, self‐sustaining populations due to a poor understanding of environmental factors that limit or promote plant success. Biotic factors, specifically plant–arthropod interactions, have been shown to affect the establishment o...
Article
Full-text available
Teleasinae are commonly collected scelionids that are the only known egg parasitoids of carabid beetles and therefore play a crucial role in shaping carabid populations in natural and agricultural ecosystems. We review the available host information of Teleasinae, report a new host record, and revise Gryonoides Dodd, 1920, a morphologically distinc...
Preprint
The reintroduction of endangered plant species is an essential conservation tool. Reintroductions can fail to create resilient, self-sustaining populations due to a poor understanding of environmental factors that limit or promote plant success. Biotic factors, specifically plant-arthropod interactions, have been shown to affect the establishment o...
Article
Full-text available
While bees are critical to sustaining a large proportion of global food production, as well as pollinating both wild and cultivated plants, they are decreasing in both numbers and diversity. Our understanding of the factors driving these declines is limited, in part, because we lack sufficient data on the distribution of bee species to predict chan...
Article
Full-text available
A wealth of information about how parasites interact with their hosts already exists in collections, scientific publications, specialized databases, and grey literature. The US National Science Foundation-funded Terrestrial Parasite Tracker Thematic Collection Network (TPT) project began in 2019 to help build a comprehensive picture of arthropod ec...
Article
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One of the main threats to forests in the Anthropocene are novel or altered interactions among trees, insects and fungi. To critically assess the contemporary research on bark beetles, their associated fungi, and their relationships with trees, the international Bark Beetle Mycobiome research coordination network has been formed. The network compri...
Article
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For more than two centuries, biodiversity collections have served as the foundation for scientific investigation of and education about life on Earth (Melber and Abraham 2002, Cook et al. 2014, Funk 2018). The collections that have been assembled in the past and continue to grow today are a cornerstone of our national heritage that have been treate...
Article
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The last 250 years of biodiversity research have produced a wealth of information on the natural world. First locked up in museum drawers or printed publications, in isolated desktop computers or in incompatible digital formats, and in multiple human languages, an increasing proportion is now digitally accessible, thanks to a number of organisation...
Data
Ontology competency questions, user domains or groups, and example use cases
Article
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Insects are possibly the most taxonomically and ecologically diverse class of multicellular organisms on Earth. Consequently, they provide nearly unlimited opportunities to develop and test ecological and evolutionary hypotheses. Currently, however, large-scale studies of insect ecology, behavior, and trait evolution are impeded by the difficulty i...
Article
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Georeferencing is the process of aligning a text description of a geographic location with a spatial location based on a geographic coordinate system. Training aids are commonly created around the georeferencing process to disseminate community standards and ideas, guide accurate georeferencing, inform users about new tools, and help users evaluate...
Article
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The Lepidoptera of North America Network, or LepNet, is a digitization effort recently launched to mobilize biodiversity data from 3 million specimens of butterflies and moths in United States natural history collections (http://www.lep-net.org/). LepNet was initially conceived as a North American effort but the project seeks collaborations with mu...
Article
Areas of endemism are essential first hypotheses in investigating historical biogeography, but there is a surprising paucity of such hypotheses for the Nearctic region. Miridae, the plant bugs, are an excellent taxon to study in this context, because this group combines high species diversity, often small distribution ranges, a history of modern ta...
Article
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A goal of the biodiversity research community is to digitize the majority of the one billion specimens in US collections by 2020. Meeting this ambitious goal requires increased collaboration and technological innovation and broader engagement beyond the walls of universities and museums. Engaging the public in digitization promises to both serve th...
Article
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Despite a large and multifaceted effort to understand the vast landscape of phenotypic data, their current form inhibits productive data analysis. The lack of a community-wide, consensus-based, human-and machine-inter-pretable language for describing phenotypes and their genomic and environmental contexts is perhaps the most pressing scientific bot...
Article
Full-text available
Despite a large and multifaceted effort to understand the vast landscape of phenotypic data, their current form inhibits productive data analysis. The lack of a community-wide, consensus-based, human- and machine-interpretable language for describing phenotypes and their genomic and environmental contexts is perhaps the most pressing scientific bot...
Article
Full-text available
Despite a large and multifaceted effort to understand the vast landscape of phenotypic data, their current form inhibits productive data analysis. The lack of a community-wide, consensus-based, human- and machine-interpretable language for describing phenotypes and their genomic and environmental contexts is perhaps the most pressing scientific bot...
Data
RGB values recovered from point analysis of images
Article
Full-text available
Encyclopedia of Life (EOL) is a resource for community-driven biodiversity data, focusing on species information and images. Research into blue flowers to compare color ('blueness') at different elevations revealed that data content providers describe flowers as blue for any color hue in the range from blue to magenta. We propose methods for standa...
Article
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Hymenopterans have evolved a rich array of morphological diversity within the maxillo-labial complex. Although the character system has been extensively studied and its phylogenetic implications revealed in large hymenopterans, e.g. in Aculeata, it remains comparatively understudied in parasitoid wasps. Reductions of character systems due to the sm...
Conference Paper
Phytophagous insects attack all of the nearly 20,000 species in the North American flora. Some of the insects are known generalists, while others tend to be more specific, associating with only one species or only closely related host plants. This aspect of phytophagous insect natural history has historically been of great interest to plant bug spe...
Article
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A new figitid species, Alloxysta chinensis Fülöp & Mikó sp nova, based on females, is described from China and South Korea. The functional morphology and the phylogenetic implication of some anatomical structures frequently used in Charipinae and the validity of the genus Carvercharips is discussed. This manuscript is the first of its kind linking...
Data
The specific JHR BHL article list, list of terms present in the mx database, and R-scripts used in analysis are supplied in this combined file. These files, and all resulting trees, are additionally archived in the Dryad data repository (doi:10.5061/dryad.3g57k). (ZIP)
Article
Full-text available
Hymenoptera, the insect order that includes sawflies, bees, wasps, and ants, exhibits an incredible diversity of phenotypes, with over 145,000 species described in a corpus of textual knowledge since Carolus Linnaeus. In the absence of specialized training, often spanning decades, however, these articles can be challenging to decipher. Much of the...
Data
The most recent version of mx code, including the Proofer tool, is available through SourceForge (http://purl.oclc.org/NET/mx-database). The specific version of mx used during analysis is archived on SourceForge and in this combined file. (ZIP)
Article
Full-text available
Matching is an important step for increasing interoperability between heterogeneous ontologies. Here, we present alignments we produced as domain experts, using a manual mapping process, between the Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology and other existing arthropod anatomy ontologies (representing spiders, ticks, mosquitoes and Drosophila melanogaster). The...
Article
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Pinned insect specimens stored in museum collections are a fragile and valuable resource for entomological research. As such, they are usually kept away from viewing by the public and hard to access by experts. Here we present a method for mass imaging insect specimens, using GigaPan technology to achieve highly explorable, many-megapixel panoramas...
Article
Full-text available
Hymenoptera exhibit an incredible diversity of phenotypes, the result of ~240 million years of evolution and the primary subject of more than 250 years of research. Here we describe the history, development, and utility of the Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology (HAO) and its associated applications. These resources are designed to facilitate accessible a...
Data
Observed muscles. URI = Uniform Resource Identifier. (DOCX)
Article
Full-text available
A spectacular hypothesis was published recently, which suggested that the "helmet" (a dorsal thoracic sclerite that obscures most of the body) of treehoppers (Insecta: Hemiptera: Membracidae) is connected to the 1st thoracic segment (T1; prothorax) via a jointed articulation and therefore was a true appendage. Furthermore, the "helmet" was interpre...
Data
Anatomical terms used in our description, cross-referenced to an ontological definition. URI = Uniform Resource Identifier. (DOCX)
Data
Full-text available
Interactive three-dimensional PDF: Micro-computed tomography of Stictocephala bisonia (Membracidae) showing the relationships between skeletal structures and muscles in T1 (surface rendering of 3D-reconstrution). (PDF)
Conference Paper
This session will include several talks that highlight recent advances in research on Hymenoptera, as well as presentations relevant to the International Society of Hymenopterists.
Article
Scientists use labels to reference complex anatomical entities that could, in practice, be represented by spelling out their circumscription in excruciating detail. The referential approach, however, potentially limits the utility of the work by forcing the consumer to interpret the underlying meaning sought by the author. These problems of interpr...
Article
Full-text available
Hymenoptera is an extraordinarily diverse lineage, both in terms of species numbers and morphotypes, that includes sawflies, bees, wasps, and ants. These organisms serve critical roles as herbivores, predators, parasitoids, and pollinators, with several species functioning as models for agricultural, behavioral, and genomic research. The collective...
Conference Paper
The Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology (HAO, http://hymao.org) is a structured controlled vocabulary of hymenopteran morphology. We illustrate the various public and private (curator) interfaces to the projects data. The HAO is also accessible through several other ontology portals that have a larger scope, these portals and their use are highlighted.
Conference Paper
The Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology project has been in progress a year and a half. This talk serves as an update on our progress, philosophy, and outreach efforts, as well as the utility of ontologies more generally in entomology (e.g., in mark-up and information extraction).
Conference Paper
We discuss the status, development and alignment of the various arthropod anatomy ontologies, with specific reference to our ongoing work with the Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology (HAO; http://hymao.org). We address common issues and solutions involved in developing such ontologies, and present congruences between the existing arthropod anatomy ontolog...
Conference Paper
We discuss our ongoing effort to extract terms from existing publications to populate the Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology (http://hymao.org/). Articles from the Journal of Hymenoptera Research were accessed through the Biodiversity Heritage Library, parsed, and vetted against the present ontology. The applicability and coverage of the ontology is illu...
Article
Full-text available
Oroceguera andersoni n. gen. and n. sp., an apterous braconid in the subfamily Doryctinae is described from Costa Rica. Portions of the diagnostic keys from Marsh (1997; 2002) are combined and updated to include this new genus. Diagnos-tic features are presented to distinguish it from other Doryctinae; its unusual morphology is discussed and conjec...

Citations

... Metabarcoding is now widely applied in characterising the species composition and diversity of fungal communities associated with insects. In the specific case of fungal communities associated with bark beetles, metabarcoding usually detects dozens of species of fungi isolated from a single insect specimen (Bálint et al. 2014;Miller et al. 2016, 2019, Malacrinò et al. 2017Johnson et al. 2018;Hulcr et al. 2020). ...
... Despite the scarce metadata, historical specimens are of great importance in studies of different biological disciplines and processes including taxonomy (e.g., typification; Wagenitz, 2001;Vorontsova & Knapp, 2010;Borges & al., 2018), biogeography and climate change biology (Case & al., 2007;González-Orozco & al., 2016), biodiversity (Nelson & This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made. 2018), phenology (Jones & Daehler, 2018;Yost & al., 2019;Pearson & al., 2020), nature conservation (Nualart & al., 2017), invasiveness of species (Crawford & Hoagland, 2009), population genomics (e.g., loss of genetic diversity; Cozzolino & al., 2007), as well as historical sciences, e.g., in studies about botanical collecting practices, biographies of certain botanists and the practice of specimen exchange and acquisition in the past (Groom & al., 2014;Ghorbani & al., 2018). Especially the steady advances in high-throughput sequencing and ancient-DNA extraction protocols increase the applicability of historical specimens in DNA-based studies (Bieker & Martin, 2018). ...
... Furthermore, advances are being made to expand the research potential of specimens in programmes such as the Extended Specimen Network (Lendemer et al. 2020), which link data types including genetic, phenotypic, and environmental data. Taxonomic and ecological data are crucial for water quality monitoring and assessment programmes and biodiversity inventories, including those overseen by federal agencies [e.g., U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA), U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)], state and local agencies, tribal governments, and academic researchers. ...
... The presented idea goes towards Digital Extended Specimen (DES) [62] conce respect of developed functionality as well as following FAIR principles (findability, a sibility, interoperability, and reuse) of specimen metadata. The DES concept was d oped through an open community consultation led by GBIF [63] and is a result of a gation of the open digital specimen concept developed under DiSSCo initiative [64 the extended specimen concept developed by Lendemer [65] and implemented by B versity Collections Network [66]. Presently, the AMUNATCOLL IT system supports or partially the Extended Specimen Network extensions: Primary, Secondary, and Interactivity with biodiversity data is an important feature of the system because the AMUNATCOLL mobile application allows users to document observations directly in the natural environment and send them, including the digitized data, to their portal account for further analysis. ...
... Ontologies are built and improved through collaborations between subject-specific experts (e.g., ecologists, developmental biologists, morphologists, and taxonomists) and ontology curators, many of whom are eager to improve ontologies by actively seeking input from experts (Stucky et al., 2019;Walls et al., 2019). The lack of detailed ontologies for geophytic traits, for example, comes from having few geophytic model organisms to pull terms from, a lack of agreement of how terms are defined by individuals and in the literature, and/or a lack of community buy-in for the use of ontologies in organismal studies. ...
... This general result may be partially due to pollinators being highly mobile and being able to locate habitat that best provides for species-specific needs (Rotchés-Ribolta et al. 2018). A • 51 positive response by pollinators to restoration has been documented in numerous studies where plant species richness increased following restoration (Winsa 2016, Breland et al. 2018, Lettow et al. 2018, Rotchés-Ribolta et al. 2018, Luong et al. 2019. ...
... Both approaches reduce sampling bias by rarefying occurrences according to a given criteria. Another possible solution is to assign accuracy to data points and then build a model that takes these assignments into account and is capable of excluding questionable sites [74][75][76] . Other methods that consider spatial relationships exist, but their usage is not as straightforward as those presented here, as they require specifying further assumptions. ...
... Because of this presence of pollen on curated insects, natural history museums are an important tool for recording taxonomic diversity. They can provide insight into native pollinator communities across spatial and temporal gradients (Colla et al., 2012;Titeux et al., 2017;Seltmann et al., 2017). Museums and their collections are also a key part of efforts to document and predict the consequences of habitat loss, fragmentation, invasive species, and climate change. ...
... Endemicity analysis through NDM/VNDM software (Goloboff 2018) is a suitable method for searching for AoE that allows finding biotas with spatial congruence and exploring different spatial scales because it evaluates spatial congruence of taxa over a set of cells (Szumik et al. 2002;Szumik and Goloboff 2004;Ocampo et al. 2019) and considers the general concept of areas of endemism. This analysis identifies nested, overlapping and disjoint areas (Casagranda et al. 2009(Casagranda et al. , 2012 and allows a variety of analytical possibilities (see Escalante et al. 2013;Weirauch et al. 2016). Therefore, the resulting areas of endemism (biogeographic patterns) can be used as surrogates of biodiversity for identifying conservation priorities based on the diversity of co-occurring endemic species, because when used as surrogates for biodiversity, both, species richness of the areas, and historical richness, are preserved (Lamoreux et al. 2006;Luna-Vega et al. 2010). ...
... Northwestern Polytechnical University, 127 West Youyi Road, 710072 Xi'an, China variances and biological process activities. Advanced phenotype data analysis have played an important role in explaining gene function and understanding biological mechanism in biomedical research [8][9][10][11]. One of the key steps in phenotype data analysis is to precisely measure the similarity between phenotypes, and combine this knowledge with the disease diagnosis process to improve disease diagnosis efficiency. Therefore, a formal and controlled vocabulary is required to unify the representation of phenotypes and phenotype attributes. ...