Kathryn M. Gow's research while affiliated with Queensland University of Technology and other places

Publications (29)

Article
Depression, anxiety and paranoia are commonly listed as part of the constellation of psychological symptoms seen in Holocaust survivors; these three symptoms are common reactions to many forms of trauma. In this chapter, our focus will be on the results of a meta-analytic review of the assessment of depression among Holocaust survivors. The review...
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Conventional accounts of the McCollough Effect (ME) have focused on strictly bottom-up processing accounts of the phenomenon, most commonly involving the fatiguing of orientation-selective neurons; although association-learning mechanisms have also gained acceptance. These lower order accounts do not take into account higher order variables related...
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One of the most harrowing experiences reported in the last century was that of the Nazi Holocaust in Europe. How people managed to survive these experiences and get on with their lives is a testament to the resilience of the human spirit. This chapter conducts a detailed review of the current state of evidence for the moderating role of age, nature...
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This chapter focuses on the identification of a range of competencies that entry level workers, and thus graduating students, will need to acquire to be successful in the 21st Century of work. While core or basic competencies will still form the prerequisite generic skills that all entry level workers must demonstrate, as the first year progresses,...
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The relationship between posttraumatic growth and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, depression, anxiety, and vulnerability, as well as demographic differences in growth was examined in a group of 23 Holocaust survivors. The posttraumatic growth aspect of spiritual change was found to correlate positively and significantly with the PTSD...
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Purpose: In response to both the increasing concern of the declining rates of apprentices and the limited research in this area, the purpose of this paper is to investigate the individual processes involved in apprentices’ decisions to remain in their apprenticeship.----- Design/methodology/approach: Specifically, five individual domains were inve...
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This study examined the current trade shortage in Australian industry from the perspective of fewer young people entering the trades. We investigated the extent to which certain variables (relationship with their boss/supervisor; relationship with their co-workers; extrinsic motivation within the compensation subscale; the use of emotion-focused co...
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While the main emphasis of the chapter is on the ways that emergency services (ES) volunteers cope, it also explores the concept that ER protocols, or the lack thereof, may reinforce resilience, or during critical incidents add sufficient strain to produce burnout among ES volunteers. While the overall findings of our reaearch reveal an ongoing and...
Article
The emphasis in this chapter is on bushfires as a representative of hazards/disasters affecting communities/regions due to the total loss category of major bushfire events in the past decade (Blue Mountains 2001 ; Canberra 2003 ; lesser known regions in South East Queensland 2002-2005; Victoria, New South Wales, South Australia, Tasmania, 2006/2007...
Article
This text has addressed a number of aspects of resilience, coping and recovery at the individual and community levels. the apprach in this final chapter, by distilling the contents of the main chapters in this book, is to determine the contributions in terms of what methods and types of preparedness, that the experience of service organisations - t...
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Australia experiences a range of disasters, but during the prolonged drought, one of the most common and devastating natural disasters has been that of bushfires; even when floods were covering some parts of Australia, fire was destroying other areas. Does awareness of one’s level of risk make a difference to our preparedness to combat future fire...
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The aim of the current study was to examine the psychological impact of employment status, locus of control and attribution stability in the Vietnamese community in a Queensland sample. It was hypothesised that employment status, locus of control and stability of attributions regarding employment status would contribute significantly to the predict...
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In this article, in-depth examination of a number of cases in eating behaviours and hypnotisability has been undertaken to emphasise the complexity of some of the issues involved in self-defeating eating. These case studies further highlight the fact that no single measure, used in isolation, can accurately reflect the complex attitudes and capacit...
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The literature suggests that aspects of hypnotizability may be involved in the etiology and maintenance of self-defeating eating. However, interpretation of the published research findings has been complicated by the use of instruments that appear to have measured different or, at best, only related facets of the underlying constructs. This article...
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State Emergency Service (SES) volunteer members are a unique group of individuals who are often exposed to varying degrees of adversity. This study enquired into their individual utilisation of coping abilities and deliberate adjustment strategies following stressful and/or critical incident activations (call-outs). The main findings were that SES...
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In this Australian study, 126 Protestant Christian participants, 52 females and 74 males, were assessed for their beliefs about the importance of 26 causal variables and 25 treatment variables for two mental disorders: Major Depression and Schizophrenia. Factor analysis revealed four causal factors, common to both conditions, labelled as religious...
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This study investigates the role of hypnosis-like and imagery processes in the self-regulation of eating behavior. Eighty participants were assessed on measures of eating behaviour (EAT), body image (CDRS), trait measures of hypnotic ability (HGSHS:A) and imaginative ability (CIS) as well as process measures (ICMI, SIPI and PCI) spanning both domai...
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The delay in child rearing on the part of Holocaust survivors and its impact on the psychological health of their children was examined using meta-regression techniques. A negative relationship was found between anxiety and depression and delay in child rearing. Specifically, a longer time lapse appears to relate to lower levels of depression and a...
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One of the most noticeable changes to the university student profile over the last decade is the increasing number of mature-age students. This study examined the relationship between previous academic performance, psychological characteristics of the student, learning strategies, and the first year academic performance of school leavers and mature...
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This study investigated the relationship between reported out-of-body experiences, certain psychological variables and personality characteristics. One hundred and sixty-seven participants completed a series of questionnaires to investigate differences amongst those participants reporting out-of-body experiences and those who were classified as bel...
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The purpose of this research was to develop and test a multicausal model of the individual characteristics associated with academic success in first-year Australian university students. This model comprised the constructs of: previous academic performance, achievement motivation, self-regulatory learning strategies, and personality traits, with end...
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This study attempted to address the psychological correlates of near-death experience (NDE) reports. A sample of 239 participants (30 NDE experiencers, 120 NDE believers, and 89 controls) was drawn from the general population. Participants were assessed on the variables of fantasy proneness, paranormal beliefs, spiritual beliefs, and the intuition...
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Introduction. This is a pilot study of quantitative electro-encephalographic (QEEG) comodulation analysis, which is used to assist in identifying regional brain differences in those people suffering from chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) compared to a normative database. The QEEG comodulation analysis examines spatial-temporal cross-correlation of spe...
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Full-text available
While many training and educational institutions and government agencies have delineated the competency standards required of professionals and trades persons in Australia, the changes in the nature of work mean that postcompulsory education (secondary schools, vocational colleges and universities) graduates need to be able to demonstrate additiona...
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Severe bushfire events in Southeast Queensland over recent seasons have highlighted significant risks and potential impacts from this hazard faced by rural and rural-urban fringe properties. Although levels of preparedness are a known key component of vulnerability assessment and hazard management, there has been little research to date that invest...

Citations

... To address the inadequacies of the present models the author has developed the AKS model of cultural competence that clarifies some of these issues.Bean, 2006; Gopalkrishnan, 2006; Graf, 2004) The nature of this paper does not allow for a lengthy analysis of this model but a brief summary is presented for clarity. This model begins with the affective dimension as there is considerable scholarship to show that the right attitude is central to the development of cultural competence (Bean, 2006; Gow, 1999; Landis, 2008). While the literature suggests that appropriate attitudes have to be developed through training, I would recommend that attitude be a starting point, a part of the process as well as an end point. ...
... Entrepreneurial orientation determines whether individuals can utilize their skills and connections to create employment which can improve their employability Moreland, 2006). Gow and McDonald (2000) posit that individuals with entrepreneurial orientation possess the knowledge on how to network effectively and market their ideas as well as themselves. Proactivity refers to various anticipatory activities in which individuals participate to impact themselves or the work environment. ...
... Thus, they face time constraints and continuous distractions from study (Tompkins et al., 2019). Consequently, prior research finds that these learners significantly benefit from time management and learning strategies that improve their learning efficiency (MacCann et al., 2012;McKenzie and Gow, 2004). Participation in online discussions is an efficient way to quickly catch key learning points in a course, learn from peers and also obtain motivational/ emotional support from peers. ...
... This is a big topic in Germany, too, to maintain a large number of honorary persons (German: Ehrenamt) [69][70][71]. The mental health of caregivers [72] or coping and trauma is another field of research covered quite well [73], but in Germany, there is less research on this [74] and the related field of human factors [75]. Satisfaction studies of professionals include medical doctors in relation to disaster relief and humanitarian assistance [76]. ...
... Bangladeshi universities, like other international universities, make university entrance decisions largely from previous academic performance along with the admission test scores of the applicant (McKenzie, et al., 2004). Previous academic performance is considered as one of the determinants of individual academic success at university. ...
... Hier sind eine Reihe von beobachteten Symptomen, unter anderem auch zu einem Syndromkomplex vereint (z.B. Eitinger, 1961, Niederland, 1968 Neben der bereits oben angeführten Symptome der PTSD, können zusätzlich noch folgende Symptome das Bild der Folgeerscheinungen bei Shoah-Überlebenden beherrschen (nach Friedmann, 2004;Joeffe, 2003;Beck, 2006): auch, durch Gefühle der "Überlebensschuld" (Levi, 1947;in Friedmann, 2004, S28) und nicht bewältigtes Trauern, auftreten (Beck et al., 2005). ...
... Several other more recent reviews have confirmed the efficacy of using hypnosis, in particular as an adjunct to cognitive behavioural therapy in weight reduction programmes, including Allison et al (2001), Hutchinson-Phillips andGow (2005), and Pittler and Ernst (2005). This same conclusion was reached by Byrom (2009) in a study comparing CBT alone with CBT plus hypnosis, whilst Prag (2007) in her single case study found this combination useful also for improving self-and body image, even in the absence of significant weight loss. ...
... Other studies on perceived OBEs reported higher rates of participant endorsements for experiencing the actual sensation of leaving the body. For example, De Foe et al. (2012) reported 39%, Alvarado and Zingrone (1999) reported 43%, Gow et al. (2004) reported 56.9%. However, all three of those studies seem to have had much higher percentages of self-induced and/or non-38 life-threatening perceived OBEs considered in their statistical outcomes than this study, so their higher percentages may be at least partially due to this reason. ...
... While many factors account for this treatment gap, one influence comes in the form of mental illness and help-seeking stigma unique to those communities. Common religious beliefs, particularly among the Abrahamic traditions, indicate that the main causes of mental illness are moral weakness, sin, or unfaithfulness with religious practices such as praying, reading scripture, or worshiping (Hartog & Gow, 2005;Trice & Bjorck, 2006). In this chapter, this stigma will be referred to as religious mental health stigma. ...
... That is, it asks individuals to rate how frequently certain experiences occurred in childhood (e.g., "When I was a child I lived in a make- believe world", and "When I was a child, I would spend at least half of my waking day imagining") and then how often certain other experiences occur presently (e.g., "As an adult I live in a make-believe world" and "My dreams tend to be at least as vivid as actual life experiences"). Scores can be summed to create a total score ranging from 0 to 180, with the higher the score, the greater the proneness to fantasy and/or imagination (Hutchinson-Phillips, Jamieson, & Gow, 2005). However, based on an exploratory factor analysis first conducted by Klinger, Henning, and Janssen (2009), it is suggested that the ICMI is more factorially complex than previous investigators envisaged. ...