Karen Connelly's research while affiliated with University of Technology Sydney and other places

Publications (12)

Article
Full-text available
The Cyber-Racism and Community Resilience (CRaCR) project included an examination into features of online communities of resistance and solidarity. This work formed a key part of the project’s focus on resilience and produced a deeper understanding of a range of types of actors working in this space and how they might individually contribute effect...
Book
Full-text available
This book highlights cyber racism as an ever growing contemporary phenomenon. Its scope and impact reveals how the internet has escaped national governments, while its expansion is fuelling the spread of non-state actors. In response, the authors address the central question of this topic: What is to be done? Cyber Racism and Community Resilience...
Chapter
This chapter provides an in-depth examination of the pathways to resilience, bringing together theoretical models of community development with resilience building and exemplars from a range of situations and countries around the world in relation to online racism. It explores strategies and responses from within communities experiencing racist har...
Chapter
This chapter explores what happens to communities or members of ethnic or religious groups when they are targeted by online racist abuse. Two key dimensions are reported. Firstly, the dynamics of response are outlined among six highly targeted Australian communities regarding their first-hand experiences of managing racism and hate online. Secondly...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter offers a broad description of how the pathway from disciplinary framework to research question, to method, to research outcome operates in the study of cyber racism. That is, how scholars have sought to define the particular characteristics of the Internet and social media in relation to race-targeting hate speech. This is then put in...
Chapter
This chapter provides a framework for building successful online communities that offer solidarity to their members in the face of online racism. The framework looks at the eight different types of online communities, the types of stakeholders driving or empowering them and a range of proactive and reactive strategies they can adopt to tackle cyber...
Chapter
This chapter reports on the framework of legal and regulatory channels in place to deal with cyber racism (with specific reference to Australia), to identify how this issue can be tackled more effectively. It offers insights on how to approach the issue of regulation in the future and argues for the strengthening of administrative remedies over cri...
Chapter
This chapter details the main findings of a survey conducted in December 2013 as a part of the Australian online Cyber Racism and Community Resilience (CRaCR) Project. Over 2,000 Internet users across Australia were surveyed regarding their encounters with cyber racism, the impact of these encounters and their responses to them. This group included...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter shows how the Internet has become a dangerous place for encounters with racism. It analyses how racists behave online, recognising that not all racism has been constructed by people with overt racist agendas or a conscious sense of antipathy to other races or ethnic groups. It also identifies a range of elements that constitute racist...
Chapter
This chapter lays out the broad political economy of race and the Internet. It explores the emergence of the transnational super-corporations within whose structures and through whose products and services racism occurs. It explores how processes of regulation form, are resisted and transform. It also looks at how the cyber world has changed since...
Chapter
The first part of this chapter uses the Australian example to demonstrate the development of contrasting national identity narratives and their interpretation on social media. This includes contextualising the narratives in terms of the historical and political development of Australia as a multicultural nation. The second part of this chapter uses...
Article
The use of social media has become pervasive across many aspects of our lives. We now depend on social media platforms more than ever before. Our dependence on social media has created a greater demand for a higher quality of service, but also for this quality to apply in new areas. As the social media experience and 'real world' experience merge,...

Citations

... The system is designed to calibrate members of the ground against experts and other members of the crowd who have already been assessed as being of similar quality to the experts for a given type of content. The system can be built into a larger eco system for realtime data-sharing between the public, civil society groups and other stakeholders, allowing the data to also serve as input to further AI based tools [53]. ...
... Similarly, there is room for a comprehensive definition of 'hate speech'. For instance, it is not clear whether the terms such as 'hate speech-trolling', 'anti-Muslim sentiments' (Jakubowicz et al.,2017), verbal aggression in Trolling (Veszelszki, 2017) can be used synonymous with cyber hate speech. Therefore, the following future research directions are proposed to close the above research gaps: ...
... While descriptive research conducted in online contexts has examined the frequency and forms of discrimination that occur on social networking sites (Anderson, 2016;Cleland, 2014;Jakubowicz et al., 2017;Johns & McCosker, 2015), research has yet to examine how confronting these instances of racial discrimination might shape racial minorities' perceptions of racism online, and how this shapes attitudes towards individuals who confront. The aim of the present research is to examine how confrontation of racial discrimination through online interactions might impact perceptions of online prejudice and attitudes toward those who confront. ...
... Connotations of 'resilience,' however, can differ from one context to another. For example, networking and data studies discuss resilience as a form of community support following cyber bias and discrimination (Jakubowicz et al., 2017). Meanwhile, in participatory theater, resilience takes on the form of interaction, empathy, and experience that solves conflicts and social problems (Brown et al., 2017). ...
... However, our approach is designed to uncover hate discourse on Facebook, particularly the ''unmistakable'' manifestations of hatred posted as remarks on divisive topics (e.g., immigration, religion, and race). The study in [29] highlights future issues that Facebook and Twitter would face in identifying hate speech on their respective platforms. Their tool was crowd-sourcing. ...