K.R. Kirtikar's scientific contributions

Citations

... A similar study in Bidar demonstrates an equal portion of ginger paste mixed with the tuber and administered to the concerned area of the skin. Its pods, tuber, and leaves are used to treat the infection caused by liver fluke, guinea worms, roundworm, tapeworm, schistosomes (causing bilharzia) as well as filarial (Kirtikar and Basu, 1935). However, all portions of the plants are exceedingly poisonous and can be lethal if consumed (Lal and Mishra, 2011). ...
... Different parts of the plant have medicinal values. 20) Coccinia indica (C. indica, Wight & Arn) is a member of "Cucurbitaceae" family and distributed widely all over India. ...
... The study further revealed that majority of the medicinal plant species are mostly distributed between 2900 to 3200 meters altitude in this relatively unexplored valley. [14,15,16,11,17,18]. The rural households in developing countries depend on forests for their subsistence needs. ...
... The plants of Pluchea genus (family: Asteraceae) have been used traditionally as astringent, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective, diaphoretic in fevers, smooth muscle relaxant, nerve tonics, laxatives and for the treatment of dysentery, lumbago, leucorrhoea, dysuria, haemorrhoids, gangrenous ulcer and disorders causing cachexia (Chaturvedi and Singh, 1965;Farnsworth and Bunyapraphatsara, 1992;Khare, 2007;Kirtikar and Basu, 1975;Ahmad et al., 1991). The phytochemical fractionation of plant extracts from this genus revealed the presence of phenolic compounds including flavonoids, tannins, phenolic acids, phenyl propanoids and chalcones in addition to eudesmane-type sesquiterpenoids, monoterpenes, protein, carbohydrates, lignin, glycosides and triterpenoids (Prasad et al., 1966;Chiang et al., 1979;Ahmad, 1987;Ahmed, 1990;Chawla et al., 1991;Uchiyama et al., 1991;Chakravarty and Mukhopadhyay, 1994). ...
... Fenugreek (also known as Trigonella foenum-graecum of Fabaceae family) is used widely over the world, particularly in India, Egypt, China, and Middle Eastern nations, for both cooking purposes and the treatment of T2DM [3][4][5]. For its effectiveness in the diabetic population, several mechanisms have been proposed. ...
... Mustard oil and powdered fruit in the ratio 2:1 are used in southern Chattisgarh in burn treatment [1]. Ripe fruit juice extract helps to cure chronic gastrointestinal disorder, piles treatment, and rectum inflammation, alongwith it reduces blood sugar levels owing to its bitter flavor [32,33]. There is a great advantage of A. marmelos and its various parts that it can be preserved only by drying means; there are no chemicals are used alongwith and no costs are there to preserve for long time; really this advantage is profitable for the production of its processed food and medicines. ...
... The current lack in regimen of management and therapy of renal tissue calcification, the side-effects of synthesized allopathic medicine and importance of natural products derived molecules in therapeutics, shifted the focus of scientists towards the traditional system of herbal therapy. Bergenia ligulata (family, Saxifragaceae) is one such perennial herb commonly used in South Asia and has been shown to possess antidiabetic, diuretic, astringent, cardiotonic, wound healing, antipyretic and anti-hemorrhoidal activities (Kirtikar and Basu, 1933;Zhang et al., 2011). It grows against rocks and popularly known as Pashanbheda (dissolve the stone), signifying its use in herbal formulations for urolithiasis (Garimella et al., 2001). ...
... Its leaves are eaten as raw or mixed with other green vegetable. In traditional medicine, the leaves are commonly used in the treatment of dysentery, cholera, tuberculosis, common cold, urinary tract infection, leprosy, psoriasis and eczema, bronchitis and asthma, wound healing and gastrointestinal problem [17,18]. The plant has been described in Ayurvedic medicine to improve cognitive function and to treat mental and neurological disturbances [19]. ...