Junxing Yang's research while affiliated with Kunming Institute of Zoology CAS and other places

Publications (92)

Article
Cyanobacterial harmful algal blooms (cHABs) pose a risk to exposed aquatic and terrestrial species. Numerous studies have addressed effects of single toxins while much less attention has been devoted to mixtures of cHAB metabolites that are continually released by living cyanobacteria. Neuro-impairment associated with cHABs has been reported in fis...
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Based on morphological and molecular analysis of Homatula species distributed in the Nanpanjiang River in Yunnan, China, we described a new species, Homatula robusta sp. nov. It differs from its congeners by a combination of the following characters: naked and robust body with well-developed crests (caudal peduncle depth as a percentage of its leng...
Article
Hybridization has been successfully achieved using Dianchi golden-line barbel (Sinocyclocheilus grahami) and barbless carp (Cyprinus pellegrini) as parental species. However, little is known about the crossbreeding feasibility of S. grahami with domesticated common carp (Cyprinus carpio) and crucian carp (Carassius auratus). In this study, we const...
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An adult Sinocyclocheilus maitianheensis, a surface-dwelling golden-line barbel fish, was collected from Maitian river (Kunming City, Yunnan Province, China) for whole-genome sequencing, assembly, and annotation. We obtained a genome assembly of 1.7 Gb with a scaffold N50 of 1.4 Mb and a contig N50 of 24.7 kb. A total of 39,977 protein-coding genes...
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The notorious parasite Ichthyophthirius multifiliis (Ich) has been recorded worldwide in fish species and causes white spot disease, posing major threats and resulting in severe losses to international fish production. Extensively effective strategies for treating Ich are not available yet, and genetic mechanisms of hosts in response to the parasit...
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We describe a new species of Zhangixalus from southern Yunnan of China, Vietnam, and Thailand based on morphological and molecular evidence. The new species had been confused with Zhangixalus smaragdinus (Blyth, 1852) in the past. Zhangixalus pachyproctus sp. nov. can be distinguished from Z. smaragdinus morphologically by the protruding vent in ad...
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Abstract Intermuscular bones (IBs) are widely present in morphologically generalized teleost fishes and are commonly found in the Cyprinidae. Intermuscular bones are small, hard spicules of bone that are formed by ossification in the myosepta between neighboring myomeres. Why fish have IBs, and whether there is any evolutionary pattern to their occ...
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As one economically important fish in the southeastern Himalayas, the giant devil catfish (Bagarius yarrelli) has been known for its extraordinarily large body size. It can grow up to 2 m, while the non-Bagarius sisorids only reach 10 to 30 cm. Another outstanding characteristic of Bagarius species is the salmonids-like reddish flesh color. Both bo...
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A new species of the genus Gracixalus, Gracixalusyunnanensissp. n., is described based on a series of specimens collected from southwestern and southern Yunnan, China. This species is distinguished from all other known congeners by a combination of the following characters: relatively small body size in adult males (SVL 26.0-34.2 mm); dorsal surfac...
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In this study, pure‐breeding and crossbreeding of Sinocyclocheilus grahami were established to test heterosis and expression of growth‐related genes which were examined in the first‐generation (F1). Genetic distances results showed that Muyang river (M) and Sanbaimu reservoir (S) populations had smaller interspecific distances (genetic distance: 0....
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We describe the new species Amolops mengdingensis sp. nov. from southwestern Yunnan, China. It belongs to the Amolops monticola species group and phylogenetically clusters together with Amolops akhaorum and Amolops archotaphus with strong support, although the relationships between these three species are not resolved. Distance between the new spec...
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We record Raorchestes parvulus (Boulenger, 1893) for the first time from China based on six specimens collected from southern Yunnan. Phylogenetically these individuals were placed in a clade with R. parvulus from Southeast Asia and pairwise genetic distances in DNA sequences of the mitochondrial 16S rRNA gene ranged from 0 to 3.1% within the clade...
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Body size is one of the most important attributes of a species, but the basic question of why and how each species reaches a different “right size” is still largely unknown. Herein, three phylogenetically closely related catfishes from Sisoridae, including one extraordinarily large-sized Bagarius yarrelli and two average-sized Glyptothorax macromac...
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Length‐weight relationships (LWRs) were estimated for four cavefish species belonging to the genus Sinocyclocheilus (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) occurring in the Nanpanjiang River and Hongshuihe River, which constitute the upstream of the species, S. angularis, S. furcodorsalis, S. rhinocerous, and S. tileihornes, were collected from 2011 to 2017. T...
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A Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau fish, the Kanglang white minnow (Anabarilius grahami), is a typical “3E” (Endangered, Endemic, and Economic) species in China. Its distribution is limited to Fuxian Lake, the nation’s second deepest lake, with a significant local economic value but a drastically declining wild population. This species has been evaluated as...
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A new species of the genus Kurixalus (Anura: Rhacophoridae) is described from western Yunnan, China. Genetically the new species, Kurixalusyangisp. n. , is closer to Kurixalusnaso than to other known congeners. Morphologically the new species is distinguished from all other known congeners by a combination of the following characters: smaller ratio...
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Previous phylogenetic analyses of the Chinese sisorid catfishes have either been poorly resolved or have not included all the 12 sisorid genera. Here, we successfully assembled the first complete mitochondrial genome of the sisorid fish Glyptothorax macromaculatus. Based on this novel mitochondrial genome and previously published mitochondrial geno...
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Homatula coccinocola, new species, is described from a Red River affluent in Honghe Prefecture, Yunnan, China. The combination of a fully scaled body, a notched lower jaw, 4+42–44 vertebrae, 11 pectoral-fin and 8 pelvic-fin rays, and a color pattern of 16–19 brown, somewhat straight and vertically solid bars on a beige background distinguishes the...
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Few empirical studies have compared coalescent-based methods to distance-based methods for delimitation of less divergent species. In this study, we used two coalescent-based (BFD and BPP) and two distance-based barcoding (ABGD and jMOTU) methods to delimit closely related species in the Kurixalus odontotarsus species group. Phylogenetic analyses r...
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Cyanobacterial blooms drive water-quality and aquatic-ecosystem deterioration in eutrophic lakes worldwide, mainly owing to their harmful, secondary metabolites. The response of fish exposed to these cyanobacterial chemicals, however, remains largely unknown. In this paper, we employed an endangered fish species (Sinocyclocheilus grahami) in Dianch...
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A new species of the genus Kurixalus (Anura: Rhacophoridae) is described from Yunnan, China based on morphological and molecular evidence. The new species, Kurixalus lenquanensis sp. n., is distinguished from other congeneric species by a combination of (1) smaller body size (SVL in males ranges from 25.0 to 28.9 mm), (2) obtusely pointed snout wit...
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Karstodiaptomus sheni n. gen., n. sp. is a new stygobiotic species of Calanoida (Crustacea: Copepoda), described from a cave in Yunnan Province, China. It is the first record of stygobiotic calanoids from China and the fourth species from Asia. To accommodate the new species, a new genus, Karstodiaptomus n. gen., was erected. The new species is dis...
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In our previous work, we reported comparative genomics studies on 3 Sinocyclocheilus fishes, including the surface-dwelling S. graham (Sg), the semi-cave-dewlling S. rhinocerous (Sr) and the cave-restricted S. anshuiensis (Sa). Here, we performed a genomic survey on the immunity differences among the 3 fishes by combination of the genome and transc...
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Nemacheilid loaches are a common element of fish assemblages of Southeast Asian streams. In particular, streams in tropical and subtropical regions with a gravelly to rocky substrate and a swift current are typically inhabited by several species of nemacheilid loaches. Up to six different species are reported to occur syntopically (Kottelat 1990)....
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The catfish genus Pseudexostoma (Sisoridae) currently contains three species: P. yunnanensis from the upper Irrawaddy River (Dayingjiang), and P. brachysoma and P. longipterus from the upper Salween River (Nujiang). We adopted an integrative approach combining both morphology-based (traditional measurements, truss-based and geometric morphometrics,...
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Background An emerging cavefish model, the cyprinid genus Sinocyclocheilus, is endemic to the massive southwestern karst area adjacent to the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau of China. In order to understand whether orogeny influenced the evolution of these species, and how genomes change under isolation, especially in subterranean habitats, we performed wh...
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The horned Golden-line barbel, Sinocyclocheilus rhinocerous (Cypriniformes, Cyprinidae) is a species of ray-finned fish of the genus Sinocyclocheilus with specific features. For example, its forehead protrudes forward like a rhinoceros horn. Here, we first reported the complete mitochondrial genome of this semi-caved teleost. The whole mitochondria...
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Sinocyclocheilus anshuiensis is a special cavefish that lives in the Southwestern China with many specific regressive features, such as rudimentary eyes and scales, and loss of pigmentation. In this study, we performed sequencing and assembly of its complete mitochondrial genome. We confirmed that total length of the mitochondrion is 16 618 bp with...
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Cyzicus altus n. sp. and Leptestheria kunmingensis n. sp. are described and diagnosed from Yunnan Province, China. Cyzicus altus can be distinguished from all other species of Cyzicus by the form of the telson and cercopods, and the lack of carapace setation. Leptestheria kunmingensis is separated from all other known Leptestheria by the form of th...
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During a zooplankton study in southern China, Streptocephalus specimens were collected from ephemeral ponds located in the Yunnan Province and the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. We determined that the specimens from both locations are Streptocephalus sirindhornae Sanoamuang, Murugan, Weekers, and Dumont, 2000. This documents are the first record...
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Seasonal and daily migration behavior of Black-necked Cranes Grus nigricollis was observed from October 9, 2006 to May 19, 2007 at Dashanbao National Nature Reserve, NE Yunnan, China. An average of 947 Black-necked Cranes were recorded from November 19, 2006 to March 17, 2007 at the reserve, while a peak number of 1,199 occurred after March 17 duri...
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Stenorynchoacrum xijiangensis, a new genus and a new species of Cyprinidae, is described from a tributary of the Zhujiang River (Pearl River) in Guangxi Province, China. It can be distinguished from other genera of Labeoninae by the following characters: middle part of rostral cap undeveloped, narrow, only covering the base of the upper jaw, both s...
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One new species is added to the genus Sinocyclocheilus, the largest cyprinid genus in China and the largest cavefish genus in the world. Sinocyclocheilus gracilicaudatus sp. nov. is similar to S. donglanensis but differs to other congeners in having normal eyes and scaled body, curved lateral line with 59-64 lateral-line scale rows, half-hard dorsa...
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Material of Branchinella (Branchinellites) yunnanensis Shen, 1949 collected from within the range originally reported for this species were examined and analysed. Branchinella yunnanensis is shown to be a junior synonym of B. (B.) kugenumaensis (Ishikawa, 1895). The subgenus Branchinellites is reviewed briefly and a key to species is provided.
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We investigated the phylogeny of the viviparid genus Margarya, endemic to Yunnan, China, using two mitochondrial gene fragments (COI and 16S rRNA). The molecular phylogeny based on the combined dataset indicates that Margarya is polyphyletic, as two of the three well-supported clades containing species of Margarya also comprise species from other v...
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Phylogeny of Rhacophoridae is constructed using two mitochondrial (12S rRNA and 16S rRNA) and two nuclear (tyrosinase and Rag-1) genes in an attempt to test for the taxonomic status of Rhacophorus appendiculatus and Kurixalus species from Tam Dao. All phylogenetic analyses demonstrate that specimens from Tam Dao are nested in Kurixalus bisacculus,...
Data
Networks of the 58 haplotypes from cytochrome b , control region, tRNA-Phe, and 12S rRNA sequences of T. shanjing . (TIF)
Data
Estimations of the empirical theta values and effective population size. (DOC)
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Factors that determine the genetic structure of species in southwestern China remain largely unknown. In this study, phylogeography and demography of Tylototriton shanjing was investigated from a mitochondrial perspective to address the role of the Quaternary ice ages in shaping phylogeographic history and genetic diversity of Yunnan. A total of 14...
Data
Primers used in this study to amplify and sequence. (DOC)
Article
The taxonomic status of red knobby newt (Tylototriton shanjing) is under dispute. Molecular phylogenetic tree of Tylototriton verrucosus group was reconstructed based on 753 bp of partial mitochondrial cyt b gene sequence to determine species boundaries among the species in T. verrucosus group. The phylogeny result indicates that four major clades...
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A new species of the cyprinid genus Placocheilus Wu 1977, is described from the Dulong River drainage (in the upper reach of the Irrawaddy River), northwestern Yunnan Province (China). Placocheilus dulongensis sp. nov. can be distinguished from the other three congeners, namely P. caudofasciatus, P. robustus and P. cryptonemus, by the following com...
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This study re-examined the taxonomic status of the sisorid catfishes usually identified as Glyptothorax zanaensis using a combination of morphometric and molecular data. Our results resurrect Glyptothorax longinema from the synonymy of G. zanaensis, and we describe two previously unnamed species as Glyptothorax granosus sp. nov. and Glyptothorax fu...
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Factors that determine genetic structure of species in southwestern China remain largely unknown. In this study, sequences of two mitochondrial genes (COI and cyt b) were determined to investigate the phylogeography and demography of Babina pleuraden, a pond frog endemic to southwestern China. A total of 262 individuals from 22 populations across t...
Data
Results of hierarchical analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA). (DOC)
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The Tibetan Plateau is not only the highest and largest plateau on earth; it is also home to numerous freshwater lakes potentially harbouring endemic faunal elements. As it remains largely unknown whether these lakes have continuously existed during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM), questions arise as to whether taxa have been able to exist on the pl...
Data
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List of studied specimens including specimen code, taxon, locality and voucher details as well as GenBank accession numbers; voucher materials are deposited at the Systematics and Biodiversity Collection of the University of Giessen (UGSB). (PDF)
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Glyptothorax Blyth (1860) is the most species-diverse and widely-distributed genus in the Sisoridae, but few studies have examined monophyly of the genus and phylogenetic relations within it. We used the nuclear RAG2 gene and mitochondrial COI and Cyt b genes from 50 of the approximately 70 species to examine monophyly of Glyptothorax and phylogene...
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Habitat change has major effects on wildlife and it is important to understand how wild animals respond to changing habitats. Dashanbao National Nature Reserve, in north-east Yunnan, China, which was established for the protection of the black-necked crane Grus nigricollis, other wintering waterbirds and the upland wetland ecosystem, recently began...
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Lake Xingyun is a major body of water in Yunnan Province, China. Previous investigations suggested that the lake contained native populations of carp of the genus Cyprinus, but it is believed that these native populations disappeared due to overfishing. However, one or more Cyprinus species are currently abundant in Lake Xingyun but their identity...
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We construct the phylogeny of the Kurixalus odontotarsus species group using two mitochondrial (12S rRNA and 16S rRNA) genes in an attempt to delimit species boundaries within the Chinese K. odontotarsus group. With strong support values, three major clades are obtained, and all phylogenetic analyses reject monophyly of K. odontotarsus. The Tibetan...