Julie C. Rusby's research while affiliated with Oregon Research Institute and other places

Publications (50)

Article
Full-text available
Objective There is evidence linking youth use of electronic (e-) cigarettes to subsequent cigarette and marijuana use, raising public health concerns. We examined the sequence of use of e-cigarettes, conventional cigarettes, and marijuana in a longitudinal sample of adolescents, to determine if use of e-cigarettes often preceded use of other substa...
Article
Full-text available
Background Parenting strategies such as communicating clear expectations, providing calm directions, and teaching specific skills can strengthen young children’s social-emotional development. Parenting programs for children with disruptive behavior often emphasize gaining compliance via effective directives, and less on how to facilitate child skil...
Article
Background: Elementary school teachers are often responsible for teaching physical education to their students, with little formal training in that instruction. This study evaluates a trainer in residence professional development program designed to improve physical education instructional attitudes and practices in elementary school generalist te...
Article
Background: This study evaluated whether an evidence-based parenting intervention, when delivered online, could effectively address disruptive behavior problems in young children and yield outcomes comparable to in-person delivery of the same intervention. Methods: Families (n = 334) of children (3-7 years; 63% White, 22% African American, 15% o...
Preprint
Aim: To identify the mechanisms by which social interactions with classmates influence marijuana use in the transition into adolescence.Design: Using four waves of longitudinal social network data collected quarterly during the school year from the spring of 8th grade to the spring of 9th grade (2014-2016), we examine how friendship ties relate to...
Article
Objective: Heavy alcohol consumption has both immediate and longer-term risks for adolescents. Using a dynamic network modeling approach, this study investigated the role of adult supervision and affiliation with heavy drinking friends in predicting the risk of a first heavy drinking episode in a community sample of adolescents. Method: Two coho...
Article
Full-text available
Self-regulation is a foundational skill in childhood and underpins various positive and negative outcomes throughout childhood, adolescence and into adulthood. Parents and the way they parent their children play a key role in the development of young children’s self-regulatory capacity. However, there is limited evidence for the effectiveness of pa...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Experiencing relational victimization (e.g., peer exclusion, untrue rumors) during adolescence can have negative social-emotional consequences, including increased antisocial behavior and substance use. The negative impact of relational victimization may be lessened by spending time with supportive, prosocial peers. Methods: This s...
Article
Objective: To date, research investigating the association between adolescent marijuana use and anxiety is mixed, given differences in how anxiety is measured and the age ranges studied. The research is further limited as many relevant studies have small sample sizes. This investigation examines the association between marijuana use (use in the pa...
Article
Full-text available
The quality of parent–child relationships likely influences many decisions and behaviors made by early adolescents, including their alcohol and marijuana use. We examined how parent–youth relationship quality, parental monitoring, and parent substance use were associated with initiation of alcohol use, binge drinking, and marijuana use by 400 adole...
Article
Studies investigating the impact of medical marijuana legalization have found no significant changes in adolescent use. In one of the few studies focused on recreational marijuana, we investigated how recreational marijuana legalization and community sales policy influenced factors that likely impact youth use (youth willingness and intent to use,...
Chapter
Mass media communication approaches have considerable potential for promoting positive parenting at a population level through their wide reach and powerful messaging. A media strategy can promote engagement in parenting programs, destigmatize parenting assistance, affect community norms, and directly impart parenting information to those who might...
Chapter
Early childhood education and child care settings have the potential to support parents and promote children’s cognitive, social, and emotional development, with likely long-term positive impacts well beyond school readiness. This chapter describes the development and pilot testing of a parallel program to Triple P, the Positive Early Childhood Edu...
Article
Few studies have examined in detail how specific behaviors of close friends put adolescents at risk for specific types of substance use. Using a prospective, longitudinal design, we examined how well the substance use of 248 young urban adolescents was predicted by perceptions of their 3 closest friends’ problematic behaviors: (1) using substances,...
Article
The school environment is extremely salient in young adolescents’ lives. Adolescents who have unfavorable attitudes toward school and teachers are at elevated risk for dropping out of school and engaging in behavioral health risks. Peer network health—a summation of the positive and negative behaviors in which one’s close friend group engages—may b...
Article
Research Findings: This observation study investigated the prevalence and correlates of learning contexts provided to preschool-age children in 133 registered child care homes in below-average-income neighborhoods in the U.S. Pacific Northwest. On average, 30% of the observed proportion of time was spent in structured teacher-led activities, 51% in...
Article
Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine the use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) among adolescents over time, including correlates of lifetime use by eighth grade and trajectories of current use across ninth grade. Methods: Participants (N = 1,091) from seven school districts in Oregon, United States, completed four self-report surv...
Article
Background: This study investigates the association of activity space-based exposure to neighborhood disadvantage with momentary perceived stress and safety, and the moderation of substance use on those associations, among a sample of 139 urban, primarily African American, adolescents. Method: Geospatial technologies are integrated with Ecologic...
Article
This study reported findings from a longitudinal randomized controlled trial of Carescapes, a professional development program for home-based child-care providers in promoting children's social competence. Participants included 134 child-care providers and 310 children, ages 3-5 years, in Oregon. The Carescapes intervention group made significant i...
Article
Full-text available
Limited research is available that explains complex contextual and interactive effects of microsystems such as family relationships, peer networks, and place based influences have on urban adolescent substance use. We contend that research into these complex processes is improved by integrating psychological, social, and geographic data to better u...
Article
Play tasks that use standardized procedures and materials are a practical way to assess parenting skills, child behaviors, and the ways in which parents and children interact. We describe a systematic process for developing the parent-child play task (PCPT) to assess mother-child interactions for a randomized controlled trial of a video-based paren...
Article
Experiential avoidance (EA) consists of efforts to control or avoid unwanted emotions, upsetting memories, troubling thoughts, or physical pain and the contexts that occasion them, even when doing so creates problems over the long run. While substantial evidence finds EA to be a risk factor for diverse psychological problems, most of that evidence...
Article
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Antisocial behavior typically increases during early adolescence, but the possibility of seasonal variation has not been examined. In this study, trajectories of antisocial behavior were estimated for early adolescent boys and girls. Data were obtained from a 3-year longitudinal study of 11 middle schools in the western United States (n = 5,742), w...
Conference Paper
Much of the research investigating early childhood education environments and school readiness has taken place in formal preschool settings, with much less work encompassing home-based child care settings. The quality of family child care varies greatly, and caregivers are likely to have lower levels of education and training compared to those prov...
Chapter
The goal of a public health approach to improving parenting is to increase the prevalence of effective parenting practices in a population. Achieving this goal requires that a large proportion of the population be reached with a spectrum of effective parenting supports, widely accessible in the community, and delivered in a variety of formats, thro...
Article
Home-based child caregivers face unique stressors related to the nature of their work. One hundred and fifty-five home-based child care providers in Oregon, USA participated in this cross-sectional study. We investigated associations between indicators of caregiver stress and child care working conditions, the quality of caregiver practices, freque...
Article
This study investigates the reliability and validity of the Child Care Ecology Inventory (CCEI), a measure of the quality of family child care in the social domain. The CCEI focuses on research-based environmental features and caregiving practices for promoting positive social development in preschool-age children. A total of 198 family child care...
Article
Background Little is known about factors that influence home-based child care providers’ participation in professional development. Factors that predict participation in activities that are designed to promote the utilization and maintenance of skills taught are of particular interest. Objective Our aim was to examine factors in the home-based chil...
Article
A novel version of Snijders's stochastic actor-based modeling (SABM) framework is applied to model the diffusion of first alcohol use through middle school-wide longitudinal networks of early adolescents, aged approximately 11-14 years. Models couple a standard SABM for friendship network evolution with a proportional hazard model for first alcohol...
Conference Paper
Media-based parenting programs show significant promise for improving parenting practices and child behavior across a broad population of families. Media-based approaches can decrease the stigma and cost associated with participation in parenting programs and can dramatically increase program reach to parents who might not otherwise be reached. But...
Conference Paper
This presentation will describe the EMA methodology and results from our study on early adolescent peer affiliations, moods, perceptions of peers, and activities. Participants were 82 youths in the U.S. Northwest. Participating youth were assessed during several 1-week periods in the fall, winter, and spring of 7th grade and in the fall of 8th grad...
Article
Full-text available
This study examines physical and sedentary activities of early adolescent boys and girls using Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA), a method that can link mood and behaviors in specific social situations. Twenty-seven assessments were collected across 7 days from 82 participating adolescents, three times in seventh grade and one time in eighth gr...
Article
Full-text available
High stress and burnout are common for early childhood special educators, contributing to high rates of attrition, diminished educational effectiveness, and high turnover. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) is a promising approach for the prevention and treatment of a wide variety of problems. Using a randomized wait-list control design, this...
Article
Full-text available
This study uses ecological momentary assessment (EMA) to simultaneously capture youths' perceptions of peer affiliates and social contexts to determine their association with youths' current and future mood states. A sample of 82 seventh grade students (36 at risk for developing or escalating rule breaking and substance use and 46 randomly selected...
Article
The quality of experiences in childcare has significant, lasting impact on children&s social development. With the growing number of young children being served in family childcare settings, it is imperative that the care provides a quality environment that nurtures children&s social development. Empirically supported interventions that specificall...
Article
Within a public health approach to improving parenting, the mass media offer a potentially more efficient and affordable format for directly reaching a large number of parents with evidence-based parenting information than do traditional approaches to parenting interventions that require delivery by a practitioner. Little is known, however, about f...
Article
This article describes the use of an observation system to measure middle school staff practices, environment characteristics, and student behavior in the school common areas. Data were collected at baseline from 18 middle schools participating in a randomized controlled trial of school-wide Positive Behavior Support. The observations were reliable...
Article
The quality of the child care environment and caregiver practices can potentially have significant, lasting impact on children’s social development. This study involves the development and a small-scale efficacy trial of the Carescapes program, a video-based training program that focuses on promoting positive social development in young children at...
Article
School discipline referrals (SDRs) may be useful in the early detection and monitoring of disruptive behavior problems to inform prevention efforts in the school setting, yet little is known about the nature and validity of SDRs in the early grades. For this descriptive study, SDR data were collected on a sample of first grade students who were at...
Article
Full-text available
Confirmatory factor analysis of 25 items on the Child and Adolescent Disruptive Behavior Inventory (CADBI, Version 2.3; G. L. Burns, T. K. Taylor, & J. C. Rusby, 2001) was conducted on teacher ratings of 824 kindergarten children and replicated on 534 children. Model fit was improved when correcting for 2 method effects: (a) adjacent items and (b)...
Article
Concurrent and predictive relationships between peer harassment and problem behavior were examined for middle and high school students as well as gender differences in these relationships. Students recruited in fifth through seventh grades (n = 223) and their parents provided quarterly questionnaire data and were followed up into high school. As hy...
Article
The quality of experiences in child care has significant, lasting impact on children's development. With the growing number of young children attending child care homes, it is imperative to provide a safe environment which nurtures their development. In efforts to offer family child care providers with useful education and resources, this descripti...
Article
Full-text available
This paper describes the evaluation of a consultative approach to assisting middle schools in implementing empirically based school-wide behavior management practices. The Effective Behavior Support program involved working with school staff to clarify rules, teach appropriate social behavior, increase positive reinforcement for positive behavior,...
Article
High stress and burnout are common for early childhood special educators, contributing to high rates of attrition, diminished educational effectiveness, and high turnover. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) is a promising approach for the prevention and treatment of a wide variety of problems. Using a randomized wait-list control design, this...
Article
At elementary school, aggression and bullying most frequently occur on the playground. The Playground Atmosphere Rating (PAR) assesses playground characteristics that may impact student behavior, such as quality of supervision and physical features. A description of the PAR and associations between playground features and student behavior is presen...

Citations

... Compared with the Oracle database, its installation and operation are relatively easy, and the Microsoft exit database can improve the performance and functionality of the system. Web 2.0 website technology is one of its greatest advantages to allow users to participate directly in the creation of website content [21]. It can also be said that it has a large degree of technical difference with the general website information release processing method; first of all, some of the main content information in the website is directly by the website users to participate in the creation of content information release processing; to some extent, it has increased a lot of website user interactivity and increased a great degree of website user interactivity, so that the website users at the same time also. ...
... Previous studies have examined the effects of online training, but they targeted families of children with diagnoses other than IDD (e.g., autism, down syndrome, speech delay, developmental delay) and focused on the effects of the intervention on parental satisfaction with the tool or in the knowledge acquired (Dai et al., 2018;Heitzman-Powell et al., 2014;Lee et al., 2022;Pennefather et al., 2018;Suess et al., 2016). In more recent work (Prinz et al., 2021), while the authors demonstrated the effectiveness of an online-delivered intervention in decreasing young children's oppositional and disruptive behaviors, the children in this study did not have a diagnosis for IDD. Thus, an online support for parents to assist with problems behaviors for their child with IDD is an interesting contribution to the limited knowledge on web-based services for this population. ...
... Delivering parenting programs through self-administered approaches (e.g., interactive online programs, mobile phone-or tablet-based apps, DVD or streamed videos, podcasts) allow parents more control and flexibility, greatly increase the potential reach of parenting interventions, and reduce delivery costs, logistical barriers to program access, and potential stigma associated with in-person delivery. Parents can tailor program intensity to match their needs, concentrate on areas of interest, work through the materials in private, and control the time, place, and pace of learning (Bennett and Glasgow 2009;Metzler and Rusby 2017;Ritterband et al. 2009). Although some families need the more intensive supports of a face-to-face intervention, self-directed and technology-based interventions can be a valuable option as part of a larger system of supports, provide a supplement to intensive programs, reach those who might not otherwise be reached, and provide sufficient dosage for many (Metzler and Rusby 2017). ...
... Friendships and other peer relationships in childhood are significantly related to various aspects of social and cognitive development, and general well-being. These included intellectual ability, coping and adjustment capacities, delinquency, criminality, physical activity, substance abuse, sleep, suicide, sexual behavior, and mental health (Andrews, Hanish, & Santos, 2017;Hamilton, Warner, & Schwarzer, 2017;Li, Kawachi, Buxton, Haneuse, & Onnela, 2019;Light, Mills, Rusby, & Westling, 2019). ...
... Socially, children's self-regulation is influenced by their parents as models of regulatory behaviors, as well as through parenting behavior (Morris et al., 2017). Empirical studies show that children's self-regulation is strengthened by warm, consistent, and responsive parenting and undermined by overly directive and critical parenting (e.g., Morawska et al., 2019). Likewise, higher trait self-regulation in children is associated with parents' encouragement and guidance, as well as setting boundaries (Karreman et al., 2006;Piotrowski et al., 2013). ...
... First, as a positive and supportive peer relationship, PPA could provide emotional and behavioral support for adolescents, which can help compensate for the negative impact of adverse experiences such as cybervictimization (Han and Margolin, 2016;Healy and Sanders, 2018). For example, Rusby et al. (2019) have found that the negative impact of relational victimization may be lessened by spending time with prosocial peers. Moreover, a systematic review showed that positive peer interaction was a very strong protective factor against being a victim of cyberbullying (Zych et al., 2019). ...
... One study was identified that examined affective flexibility in parent-child dyads in a clinical sample of autism spectrum disorder (Guo et al., 2017); this study was excluded as the lack of other studies examining similar samples prevented any conclusions from being drawn. Additionally, studies that examined affective variability or flexibility in relation to substance use were excluded (Piasecki et al., 2016;Pugach et al., 2013;Rusby et al., 2019;Shadur et al., 2015;Weinstein & Mermelstein, 2013;Weinstein et al., 2008). As substances are actively mood-altering, the implications would be sufficiently different from associations with internalizing and broadband externalizing symptoms, warranting independent consideration. ...
... This study specifically investigated sex/gender differences in the role of social support and found a stronger protective relationship of social support in women as compared to men 102 . Additionally, our results extend previous findings on cannabis use in adolescence that suggest a stronger influence of environmental factors in girls as compared to boys [103][104][105][106] . A twin study found that the overall contribution of environmental factors for predicting cannabis use levels, as compared to individual predictive factors, was larger in adolescent girls versus boys 103 . ...
... For example, use prevalence are known to be higher in select jurisdictions with severe punitive control (such as in the US) compared to those with more liberalized policies (e.g., the Netherlands) (Barratt et al., 2005;MacCoun et al., 2009;Reinerman et al., 2004;Simon-Morton et al., 2010). On the other hand, some increase in the levels of use among specific sub-groups and the intention by substantial proportion of non-users to use under legalization indicates that criminalization could have some deterrent effect (Cerda et al., 2020;Melchior et al., 2019;Rusby et al., 2018). The general deterrence effect of criminalization, which has led to lower consumption in some groups (Hall et al., 2019;Smart & Pacula, 2019), has reinforced support for this policy approach even as an increased number of jurisdictions and countries decriminalize or legalize cannabis. ...
... It refers to the selective interactions with peers who engage in deviant behavior, such as cheating, violence, and substance abuse, and may pose a significant threat to individuals' growth and adaptation [30,31]. Specifically, the social learning theory suggests that children and adolescents will imitate deviant behaviors from peers [32,33], and deviant peer affiliation has been identified as a key predictor of adolescents' tobacco and alcohol use [34,35]; simultaneously, a study found that adolescents with peers engaging in deviant behavior are more likely to engage in substance use [36]. ...