Julia Novak's scientific contributions

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The legitimacy of an individual councilmember’s power comes directly from the electorate, but respect and influence cannot be presumed; they have to be earned through action. The manager’s position, however, comes from professional qualifications to manage and provide policy guidance. In contrast with members of the council, the local government ma...

Citations

... Therefore, elected officials rely on managers' professional knowledge and skills to make policy decisions (Zhang & Feiock, 2010;Zhang & Yang, 2009). Novak and Nalbandian (2009) emphasize that "it is critical that the professional manager prepares the council for its work" (p. 24). ...
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