Julia Kristeva's research while affiliated with Paris Diderot University and other places

Publications (289)

Article
Psychoanalysis is the space of survival The analytic space is a temporary space between exodus and exile before the return : one does not leave Jerusalem when one enters psychoanalysis. But above all, the psychoanalytic space is a temporality of the transference-countertransferential relationship, that of survival. Ultimately it is the space of lis...
Book
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L’identité, tant dans sa dimension individuelle que collective, semble une construction et élaboration continue de mémoires qui sont accueillies dans des lieux qui, en tant que espaces où aller dans un va-et-vient, parcourent les vies des hommes pendant toute la durée. Se retrouver dans les lieux de sa propre mémoire semble une manière originale de...
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Julia Kristeva’s essay looks to yet another form of polyvalent and multilingual universalism: European identity. To address the contemporary malaise and crises that mark the current state of many countries within the European Union, including France, Kristeva proposes an embrace of a European identity that allows for the flourishing of national cul...
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A tribute to Lawrence D. Kritzman, this volume’s honoree.
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In this article the author acknowledges, at present times, an anthropological mutation that makes women an emerging force. She aims at answering if psychoanalysis can and must be heard in this phase of civilization, when much social unrest is present. Considering the feminine has been rejected under the ethics perspective, the author acknowledges t...
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Written originally as part of a Common Knowledge symposium (2007) responding to Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger’s homily against relativism, which was delivered immediately before his election as pope, this essay describes a reactionary German intellectual current that includes not only Ratzinger and the conservative jurist E.-W. Böckenförde but also the...
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Last year I published an autobiographical text in the form of interviews with a young psychologist entitled Je me voyage. The title’s neologism gives a nod to my foreign status in the French language which has largely determined my psychosexual positioning in research and in writing; the psychic experience has been central to my life’s trajectory (...
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Companion volumes 'Classic Readings on Monster Theory' and 'Primary Sources on Monsters' gather a wide range of readings and sources to enable us to see and understand what monsters can show us about what it means to be human. The first volume introduces important modern theorists of the monstrous and aims to provide interpretive tools and strategi...
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Modern medicine is confronted with cultural crossings in various forms. In facing these challenges, it is not enough to simply increase our insight into the cultural dimensions of health and well-being. We must, more radically, question the conventional distinction between the ‘objectivity of science’ and the ‘subjectivity of culture’. This obligat...
Article
From the fiction of a character, Sylvia Leclercq, psychoanalyst, psychotherapist and literary critic like her, Julia Kristeva meets Teresa of Avila’s figure at a critical moment of her own life, who seems to gather in herself the values of the European culture, mainly plural and, among others, Jewish and Christian. The feminine enjoyment that comes...
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Rodrigo Rey Rosa (Guatemala, 1958), autor del volumen de cuentos Ningún lugar sagrado, recorta zonas de Nueva York en las que están presentes las señales de una vida dura y solitaria entrelazadas con la construcción de un lugar caracterizado por la libertad absoluta. En la mayoría de los relatos, el autor dibuja un territorio lleno de contradiccion...
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In this chapter, the author deploys a psychoanalytic hermeneutic to interpret the life of St. Teresa. The author develops three characteristics of Theresa’s thinking: the ideal father, the re-sexualization of the ideal father by the mystic (a pere-version), and the oral gratification of the Eucharist. Teresa’s “incarnated fantasies” of the ideal fa...
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This chapter develops a humanistic hermeneutics of the body that points toward the development of a new “Scotist” ethics based on the incommensurable singularity (haecceitas) of each person. Challenging traditional ontologies in which disability is viewed only in terms of privation, and the disabled primarily as objects of care, the author argues t...
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Une belle histoire de têtes coupées traverse l'Antiquité grecque : celle des Gorgones, trois monstres ailés au corps de femme et à la chevelure de serpents, dont le regard changeait en pierre celui qui se risquait à les contempler – Méduse, Euryalé et Sthéno. Pour commencer, Méduse est une jeune fille qui se fait remarquer : séduite puis violée par...
Article
Une belle histoire de têtes coupées traverse l'Antiquité grecque : celle des Gorgones, trois monstres ailés au corps de femme et à la chevelure de serpents, dont le regard changeait en pierre celui qui se risquait à les contempler – Méduse, Euryalé et Sthéno. Pour commencer, Méduse est une jeune fille qui se fait remarquer : séduite puis violée par...
Chapter
This chapter presents the author's reflections on the desire for a universal abolition of the death penalty. It asks: What motivates the desire for abolition, and what possibilities for a meaningful life—and a meaningful death—does this desire support? The desire for abolition affirms the singularity and inviolability of each and every human life....
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Popular uprisings, indignant youth, toppled dictators, oligarchic presidents dismissed, hopes dashed, liberties crushed in prisons, fixed trials, and bloodbaths. How are we to read these images? Could revolt, or what is called “riot” on the Web, be waking humanity from its dream of hyperconnectedness? Or could it just be a trick played on us so tha...
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Despite its tragic dimension, the challenge of disability has the power to serve as the catalyst towards a ‘new humanism.’ This article argues that attention to disability can reveal again the irreducible singularity that is each person, and from this, open a possibility in terms of a reconstruction of the social bond. Reflecting on the inherent mo...
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I will then uphold that new political actors are incarnating and realizing this refoundation of humanism which the globalized world direly needs. I take as examples two of these experiences which cruelly lack a means of expression in today’s codes of humanism: adolescents in want of ideals and maternal passion at the cross-roads of biology and mean...
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Metamorphoses of parenthood While the maternal is always considered in thirdness involving the paternal function and the bond with the child, the author regrets that the paternal, isolated as a principle in itself, should be deprived of the body and erotism, and she suggests considering it from the outset in the intermediate space of parenthood. Tw...
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What can depressed or depressive speech reveal to us? Can language function as an “antidepressant”, in the sense of its being able to lead us through or even deconstruct bipolarity itself? We can think about these questions by starting from two theoretical reference points: one, the distinction that the author makes, inspired by Lacan but different...
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The author suggests thinking about a specific maternal erotism that she terms reliance. Neither repression, nor sublimation, but to be considered in the light of enigmatic primal repression, reliance makes the establishment of both the life drive and the death drive problematic and accessible. The representation of reliance mobilises religions. In...
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L’auteur rend hommage à Daniel Widlöcher pour ses travaux interdisciplinaires et l’éclectisme du groupe qui, avec et autour de lui, a animé le DRAPS et publié pendant neuf ans La Revue internationale de Psychopathologie. Avec Pierre Fedida et Julia Kristeva, Daniel Widlöcher a animé un groupe d’experts en sciences humaines et en sciences de la vie,...
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On Reliance, or Maternal Eroticism This article is an invitation into the specific impulse economy of the ‘multiverse’ of maternal eroticism, what the author calls ‘reliance’. Both passion and vocation, maternal eroticism designates above all a state of urgency of life, a quality of energy that is always already psycho-somatic within human beings,...
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Published in 1949, today The Second Sex is a youthful sixty-year-old woman who has created a scandal, but also a school of thought: She marks a decisive stage in women's liberation and continues to accelerate it. Let's try to place ourselves in that year, 1949: The world has barely dressed its wounds from World War II and onto the scene steps a you...
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« Beauvoir and Psychoanalysis : a Reciprocal Challenge » Although critical in her existentialist and essentially cursory reading of Freud, Simone de Beauvoir acknowledged her debt to psychoanalysis in The Second Sex when she introduced her conception of « Sex » as a « subjective experience ». For the first time, Julia Kristeva offers her reading of...
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Disabilities are multiple—motor, sensory, psychical, mental—and singular. Each disabled person is a singular person experiencing his or her situation in a specific, different, unique way. Yet whatever the disabilities, they confront us with incomparable exclusion, different from the others: the disabled person opens a narcissistic identity wound in...
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A speech delivered at the Universite populaire du Musee des Arts premiers in Paris, on September 27, 2006. Kristeva analyses the notion of 'barbarism', investigating its applications in the perspective of afterthought on identity, making use of psychoanalytical inspirations; she considers the reasons for deliveries of barbarism when perceived as pr...
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Julia Kristeva's recent interest in the work of Simone De Beauvoir stems from a concern to identify transformative possibilities in the “society of the spectacle”—a term Kristeva appropriates from Guy Debord to diagnose contemporary society's reduction of personal identity, sociality, and meaning to the status of mere representation. Over the last...
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La figura de Santa Teresa constituye el máximo exponente femenino de la mística católica, siempre menospreciada o sospechosa a ojos de la Iglesia. Sus inciertos orígenes familiares, sus experiencias como fundadora de la Orden de las Carmelitas Descalzas, así como su ambigua relación con la Inquisición y las autoridades religiosas del siglo XVI han...
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This guest column suggests that we should follow Hannah Arendt in resisting the urge to expound doctrines or systems and, instead, should disclose the processes of our thought as they are “in motion.” While we should not hesitate to express judgments, our aim in intellectual work should be to occasion (and experience) surprise. Like Arendt, we...

Citations

... Before the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, and the disruption that it unleashed on ways of 8 thinking about, relating to, and being with one another and ourselves (Kristeva, 2021), there 9 was no notion of a support bubble. The concept that later emerged was a product of a 10 previously unthinkable reality: a COVID-19 concept, introduced in New Zealand in March 11 2020, and later taken up in various forms in other countries to denote "an exclusive social 12 unit whose members are allowed physical contact amongst themselves but not with others" 13 (Trnka and Davies, 2021, p. 167). ...
... Scholars addressing human right issues (e.g., Crenshaw, 1989;hooks, 1990, 2000Lugones, 2010) have focused on systems of discrimination and on exposing how power works subtly, implicitly, or overtly in norms-favoring, for example, White, male, heterosexual, Western, industrialized people-and is reflected in colonization behavior toward non-Western societies, rural areas (Fors, 2018b), animals (e.g., Donaldson & Kymlicka, 2011), and nature. Contributors to this literature include, among others, feminist scholars investigating power in language (e.g., Kristeva, 2004;J. Gentile & Macrone, 2016), postmodern feminist writers (e.g., K. Gentile, 2013Gentile, , 2017, intersectional scholars (e.g., Crenshaw, 1989;hooks, 1990, 2000, queer theorists (e.g., Butler, 1990), and writers addressing critical whiteness (e.g., Yancy, 2015) or critiquing norms on ableism (e.g., McRuer, 2006;Vaahtera, 2012). ...
... The inbetween, the ambiguous, the composite." 39 That is, the abject is comprised of the revolting (yet necessary) features of physicality-the fluids, the seepage, the general messiness of being alive-aspects of the operations of the body that we need but reject. We reject and expulse the abject, yet it is us, too; we establish our sense of self through our primal repression of the abject, yet it always haunts us, reminding us of death and threatening to dismantle the division between subject and object. ...
... Language is also indicated not only as tools of communication, but also how people move in everyday life. The term of language has become so cultural that reflects habitual deeds in how every person sits, stands, walks, and even runs (Kristeva, 2018). Identities are the main key factors to understand the language. ...
... The aim of this article is to focus on the use of the term 'aspiration' in current British government education policy, and to draw on what Agamben (1998), Kristeva (1982), Butler (2004) and others have said about abjection and precariousness, in order to identify the role of 'aspiration' in the transition from stability to precariousness, and to suggest how precariousness is propagated and maintained in the lives of students and teachers. ...
... Abject artworks, as defined by the Tate gallery, are: 'artworks which explore themes that transgress and threaten our sense of cleanliness and propriety particularly referencing the body and bodily "functions"' (Tate Gallery 2018), and according to the psychoanalytic theorist and critic Julia Kristeva, literature is one of the privileged places for exploring the abject, because it makes it possible to examine what happens when boundaries break down, such as the distinction between the self and the other, the subject and the object (Kristeva, 1982). ...
... In my last novel, The Enchanted Clock, I try to sublimate in fiction these complex subjective temporalities. 5 2) The reordering of sexual difference. Psychic bisexuality is omnipresent but articulated in different ways. ...
... In medical practice and healthcare, expectations around individual responsibility are expressed through concepts such as health literacy and self-management. 31,32 The implication is that patients should have knowledge about their own illness and should manage their health problems on their own. 33 In line with this, the findings in our study, show how the patients meet requirements of responsibility 32 Here, patients' success in legitimizing their claim to treatment was found to depend on selfpresentation and identity work that (re)produced individual responsibility as a dominant moral category. ...
... It appears that leaders do not completely understand or reflect on what contexts can mean for the practice of leadership in interaction with their employees. Robert and Bradley (1988) and Arnulf (2018) illustrate the importance of the insight that a leader cannot copy his or her leader style or previous success from one context to another, an issue that is little discussed in the literature and that has been little researched. As I understand these perspectives, leaders are shaped both consciously and unconsciously by the contexts in which they live and work. ...
... 36 30 On the unresolved narcissism and atomism of secular culture she adds: "On the contrary, by turning all our attention on the biological and social aspects of motherhood as well as on sexual freedom and equality, we have become the first civilization which lacks a discourse on the complexity of motherhood." (Kristeva 2013 33 It is very clear that Kristeva is not ready to embrace Christian reliance (connection or participation) but she writes: "Between biology and sense, attachment and expulsion, love and hate, violent influence and generous transmission, maternal reliance is a surprising and necessary version of ethics we might call a herethic." She thinks that maternal passion understood as "reliance" is perhaps the only passion that is not virtual and subject to spectacular manipulation. ...