Joseph Nevo's research while affiliated with University of Haifa and other places

Publications (16)

Chapter
As a member of his father’s court in the Hijaz Abdallah had been familiar with the intricacies of ‘the question of Palestine’ even before he decided to pitch his tent in Amman. Early in 1918, a British envoy had arrived in Jedda to allay his father’s apprehension regarding the Balfour Declaration and to persuade him that the pledges made to the Jew...
Chapter
The congress of Jericho ipso facto altered neither Abdallah’s official nor his practical position vis-à-vis Arab Palestine. De facto annexation had begun in May 1948 when the Arab Legion took over the territory of Arab Palestine; de jure incorporation of that territory into his kingdom was still some sixteen months ahead. Together with the endorsem...
Chapter
Historically speaking, the area that in 1921 became the Amirate of Transjordan had never been a separate, self-contained political or administrative unit. Through the 400 years of Ottoman rule, various parts had fallen under different administrative centres, some governed from Damascus, others from Medina, Tiberias, or Nablus.1 When occasionally te...
Chapter
That Abdallah was successful in implementing his territorial designs — as manifested by the Jericho congress and its aftermath — had much to do with the inability of the Arab states and, of course, the Palestinians to foil them. A third factor which helped make the final stage of Abdallah’s de facto annexation possible was Israel’s acquiescence. Af...
Chapter
The Arab armies that entered Palestine on 15 May 1948 were empowered by an Arab League resolution. Ostensibly, they acted under a unified command coordinated within a joint plan, but in actual fact each army was making its own operational decisions. Still, although the League did not interfere with those decisions or with the military steps as a co...
Chapter
In practical terms, the conclusion of the Rhodes armistice agreement furnished Abdallah with the clearest form of external recognition of his standing in Palestine. He now had to consolidate and formalize that position from within while working to extend and enhance recognition from the outside world. Encouraged by the Rhodes agreement, the King ag...
Chapter
The failure of the London conference and the publication of the May 1939 White Paper marked the official British burial of the partition plan and of derivative ideas suggesting political-territorial ties between Palestine and Transjordan. The White Paper recognized de jure the right of the Arab states to take part in future discussions on Palestine...
Chapter
The first truce ended on 9 July. Within three days Lydda and Ramle had been taken by the IDF. The fall to the Israelis of these two purely Arab towns in the heart of Palestine was a grave setback for Abdallah’s plans, not so much because of their actual loss, but because of the political repercussions. The fall of Lydda and Ramle not only marked a...
Chapter
When news about the horrendous events of the Holocaust began reaching Palestine, the shock deeply traumatized the Jewish community there. As more and more details transpired about the scope and the systematic nature of Nazi atrocities, Jewish demands to have the gates of Palestine thrown wide open to absorb as many survivors as possible gained in s...
Chapter
The UN resolution on Palestine, of 29 November 1947, for Abdallah was a landmark in little more than a symbolic sense — since he had already been acting on the assumption that the UN would endorse partition, there was no need for him to lay out a new course. What is more, once partition had become the internationally accepted solution and a date ha...
Chapter
If Abdallah had thought that the all-Palestine government suggested no imminent danger because the Arab Legion practically controlled most of Arab Palestine which the King considered as de facto annexed, the general manifestations of joy and sympathy the Gaza declaration of independence evoked among the Palestinian Arabs under his control quickly t...
Chapter
On the night of 14–15 May two Arab Legion brigades entered Palestine via the Allenby and Damya bridges. Within forty-eight hours their 5000 soldiers were deployed between Nablus and Hebron. Together with Iraqi units, they occupied most of the territories allocated by the UN to the Arab state, that is, excepting the Galilee, the southern coastal pla...
Chapter
The general strike which broke out in Palestine in April 1936 was, in a way, an emulation of the Syrian nationalist outburst earlier that year. The latter had come in response to French reluctance to conclude a bilateral treaty and Abdallah had not hesitated to try to use it to his own ends. He let it be known to both the British and the French tha...
Chapter
From the moment he put up his tent in Transjordan, in 1921, Abdallah manifested a strong drive for territorial expansion. Almost thirty years later, a British official called him ‘a born land grabber’.1 During the 1920s he had no preference for any particular territory that neighboured Transjordan, though already then Palestine seemed to offer cons...
Chapter
Throughout the early 1930s, the Arab community in Palestine underwent a process of political radicalisation that was directed against both the mandatory authorities and the Yishuv (the Jewish community). This radicalisation stemmed primarily from the inability of the traditional leadership (the Palestinian Arab Executive [PAE]) to meet the challeng...

Citations

... He believed that in such a case, the Jewish state would extend over only a small part of the territory, and the majority of Palestine would be under his rule. 43 In talks which took place in August 1946 between Eliyahu Sassoon and King Abdallah, an understanding was reached to the effect that the solution of partition and annexation of the Arab portion to Transjordan would serve the interests of both parties. The understanding, however, remained unwritten in consideration of the political obstacles, and primarily of the binding weight of the collective Arab position, which ruled out any solution involving partition. ...