Joseph K. DeRosa's research while affiliated with MITRE and other places

Publications (14)

Article
This paper defines Plan to Replan, a design pattern useful in the systems engineering of complex systems. It is based on the successful experience of seasoned systems engineers involved in the development of information-intensive systems. It is a step in the process of establishing methods for the systems engineering of complex systems. We define t...
Conference Paper
The objective of this effort was to discover patterns of success in the systems engineering of information-intensive systems in a government acquisition environment using the method of positive deviance. Thirty government programs were identified, each with some notable success in the acquisition of IT-intensive capabilities. Twelve were selected f...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this effort was to discover patterns of success in the systems engineering of information-intensive systems in a government acquisition environment using the method of positive deviance. Two large-scale success patterns were observed, each with several recurring sub-patterns. “Balancing the Supply Web” addresses “social” interdepen...
Conference Paper
This paper describes how to use a positive deviance-inspired process for improving the practice of systems engineering, and how positive deviance fits into an evolutionary improvement strategy. It illustrates the process with examples from both systems engineering and cases studies outside of systems engineering. In particular we cite the experienc...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Several research questions are addressed in this thought piece on the need for research in the engineering of complex systems. What are the classes of problems for which complexity science and the engineering of complex systems represents the best solution? What are the classes of problems for which this is not the case? What elements of complexity...
Article
An enterprise is a complex adaptive social system that should maximize stakeholder, not shareholder, value-value to employees, customers, shareholders and others. We expand upon Russell Ackoff's direction to distribute value among stakeholders, to propose a schema of rules that guide the interactions among autonomous agents in the transactional env...
Conference Paper
Many modern systems consist of a dynamic network of interconnected people, processes and technologies. The evolution of such complex adaptive systems is governed by multiple stakeholders with varying value propositions and equities. Enlightened systems engineering and management must deal holistically with these systems using interacting processes...
Conference Paper
The systems engineering community is increasingly facing challenges of engineering enterprises that consist of many interrelated systems without a single hierarchical control authority. Although there are technical papers describing such complex adaptive systems as well as some early papers contributing to the theory of systems engineering of enter...
Article
The INCOSE (ANSI/EIA 632) systems engineering model may not be adequate for an enterprise environment, in which environmental influences and the interaction of people, processes, and technology are not taken into account. This paper considers some “systems thinking” concepts and applies them to develop an expanded model that may be more appropriate...
Article
This paper addresses the importance of process in enterprise systems engineering. It relates process to the balance between complexity and order in a complex adaptive system, and it extends the rationale for process from efficiency to both efficiency and effectiveness in enterprise adaptation. It develops several enterprise principles based on the...
Article
In this paper, we describe how traditional systems engineering processes, such as those delineated in the ANSI//EIA 632 standard, are becoming inadequate for today's complex systems, in which there is a rich set of interconnections and interrelationships between all of the systems in an enterprise. We further suggest that a new discipline (or an ex...
Article
This paper illustrates the benefits of inserting a semantic layer into information systems that use N-Tier architectures. By introducing the Ontology and Semantic services above the data tier, we succeed in not only specifying semantics but also in integrating software components into the enterprise. This design allows us to integrate legacy system...

Citations

... ESE is therefore responsible for identifying the 'outcome spaces', shaping the development environment and coupling development to operations. In order to close the gap between ESE and TSE, [10][11][12]23] include the following process areas in the ESE approach: ...
... The problem is even more acute in dealing with systems at an enterprise scale that requires cooperative behaviour of multiple independent organisations of people, processes and technology working towards a common goal. It is argued that applying the foundations and thinking that guide ESE in complex enterprises can create a balance between complexity and order, and turn it into effectiveness and efficiency, while at the same time drives adaptation of the enterprise [45]. This paper presented two examples from two very different enterprise domains: to guide and ground enterprise strategic technical planning at a national government level and new product planning for an large multi-sector company in the telco environment. ...
... For the definition of the model, the following must be taken into account: (a) alternative selection algorithms, (b) model of planning and communication, (c) response time, (d) implementation based on events, (e) software reuse, (f) agility [2]. This standard has not provided methodologies or guidelines to design FB networks so, some works have proposed design patterns to them: the well known proxy pattern [8] or the failure management one [9], as examples. The IEC-61499 has been a breakthrough in the design of control systems because, among other features, enables the design of distributed systems and has an execution model based on events. ...
... The DISCO Model incorporates Positive Deviance (PD) that has shown to be effective in social sciences. More recently, Rebovich and DeRosa[1], have applied PD to SE research. The intent of this research is to provide an approach that can supplement current methods of identifying nextgeneration best practices; thereby allowing Systems Engineers to be knowledgeable of the latest SE advances earlier in their evolution. ...
... The system ontologies are not complete until they have been mapped to their respective web services. This is accomplished by translating the Web Service Description Language (WSDL) [8] file for each web service into its own WSDL ontology, and web service upper ontology [9]. The web service upper ontology is mapped to the system ontology, and serves a similar purpose as that of the OWL-S Service Profile [10]. ...
... In our previous work [1,3], to enable the information flow between legacy systems or web services in the enterprise, we demonstrated how to create a third web service that implements this integration. The created web service implemented a common data model comprised of attributes that are shared between the legacy schemas or legacy services, and attributes that need to be migrated from the legacy schemas into the common data model. ...
... Further steps like e.g. creating an augmented domain ontology E+ should be performed best by using mapping rules as described in [9]. ...
... An enterprise can be defined as a complex, adaptive, sociotechnical system (of systems) comprising purposeful interdependent, interacting entities (organisations), processes and resources (e.g. people, funding, information and technology) that interact with each other and their environment to support a common mission and/or a single bottom line aimed to maximise stakeholder value [1][2][3][4][5][6]. ...
... It requires coordination across a distributed accountability and effective communication between actors to improve their capacity to make more informed decisions while protecting our infrastructure and responding to events [57]. The concept of cybersecurity as a shared mission and the reality that "no single management entity has control over the whole" [58] has encouraged partnerships such as ISACs to form. A gradual building of long-term relationships, starting small and cooperating in a network of trust, allows an understanding of shared risks and supports continuous learning and adaptation to the latest situation. ...
... The Sternin's [6] later updated their early definition to a generalized form which described PD as "Identifying individuals with better outcome than their peers (positive deviance) and enabling communities to adopt the behaviors that explain the improved outcome are powerful methods of producing change." Others such as Seidman and McCauley [7,8] and Spreitzer & Sonenshein [9] built upon their Sternin's work and extended it into other disciplines. Rebovich, DeRosa, and Norman [8] using case studies showed how PD could be used to improve SE practices. ...