Jonas Beste's research while affiliated with Institute for Employment Research and other places

Publications (11)

Presentation
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With the increasing availability of both new large scale data sources as well as computational power, specific algorithms for the analysis of these data have seen widespread use and many refinements. Certain major developments in this area stem from computer science and computational statistics and are known as machine / statistical learning approa...
Article
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Record linkage has become an important tool for increasing research opportunities in the social sciences. Surveys that perform record linkage to administrative records are often required to obtain informed consent from respondents prior to linkage. A major concern is that nonconsent could introduce biases in analyses based on the linked data. One s...
Article
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Results of poverty analyses based on survey data are subject to statistical uncertainties and could be affected by systematic bias. Potential error sources occur in the pre data collection phase (e.?g. sampling), the data collection phase (e.?g. unit non response or item non response) as well as in the post data collection phase (e.?g. weighting or...
Article
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Für die Sozialberichterstattung sowie für Planung und Evaluation im Bereich der Sozialpolitik sind empirische Befunde über die soziale Lage von Personen und Familien im Grundsicherungsbezug von besonderer Bedeutung. Mit dem seit 2006 jährlich durchgeführten Panel „Arbeitsmarkt und soziale Sicherung“ (PASS) lassen sich nicht nur die materielle und s...
Article
The aim of the Panel Study “Labour Market and Social Security” (PASS) is to provide a database which allows analysing the dynamics of welfare benefits receipt after the introduction of the Unemployment Benefits II in Germany in 2005. This entails the take up and ending of benefits receipt as well as the social situation of households and individual...
Article
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Die Arbeitsbereitschaft von Langzeitarbeitslosen, die Grundsicherungsleistungen nach dem SGB II erhalten, wird in der öffentlichen Diskussion immer wieder in Frage gestellt. Das IAB untersucht ihre Arbeitsmotivation und Konzessionsbereitschaft im Kontext alltäglicher Erwerbs, Such- und Betreuungsaktivitäten. Der Kurzbericht will zwei zentrale Frage...
Article
"Linking survey data with register data can combine the advantages of both types of data and increase the possibilities for analysis compared to the use of the single data sets. The exact linkage of records from the same individual is only legal with the content of the respondent. Moreover, not all consenting persons can actually be merged with the...
Article
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"Im Zeitraum von Februar bis Juni 2011 werden ca. 12.000 Haushalte und etwa 20.000 Personen in Deutschland zu ihrer sozialen Sicherung und Lebensqualität befragt. Es handelt sich hierbei um die fünfte Befragungswelle der IAB-Panelstudie PASS. Der größte Teil der Haushalte wurde bereits viermal befragt und hat das Einverständnis für ein weiteres Int...

Citations

... The works that emphasize this proposal have ICT as the main actor and point out that they should be used to make the student's experience more attractive and capture their interest in learning. In addition, the basis of the proposal they make takes as background that the duality of ICT in education is an opportunity to optimize learning time [14,15]. The contribution of these works to our proposal is mainly because, when moving from a traditional educational model to a model that includes ICT in its execution, a change in pedagogy is necessary. ...
... We use data from the Panel Labour Market and Social Security (Trappmann et al. 2019). The PASS is a large-scale panel study of German households that has been surveying approximately 10,000 households with approximately 15,000 individuals since 2006. ...
... Its purpose in nonprobability sampling surveys is to reduce selection bias and to estimate population characteristics. Another application of statistical matching is to overcome the problem of missing data created when some persons do not consent to having their survey responses linked to administrative databases (Gessendorfer et al., 2018). ...
... The PASS data are particularly suitable for our analyses because they focus on potential beneficiaries living in low-income households. Beste et al. (2018) find that 5 All models are estimated with the Stata command "gsem." 6 The sampling in wave five involved several steps. ...
... The introduction of these benefits led to huge public protests, demonstrations and political agitation that argued that the new social assistance benefits imply "poverty by law" (Armut per Gesetz) ( for an overview of the reform, see Promberger, 2015). Although the low amount, the means-tested character, and the association with deprivation (Christoph and Lietzmann, 2013) and reduced social integration (Beste et al., 2014) make the receipt of the reformed social assistance benefits a good indicator of poverty, the state of research concerning transitions into this form of poverty is limited. ...
... Approximately 50% of the initial sample encompassed households receiving welfare benefits, and~50% of the initial sample did not. Households were assigned to one of the two subpopulations only (population subsample or UB-II subsample) [16]. With respect to panel attrition, the sample population was refreshed in 2005 and 2011. ...
... So far relevant experiences have been sparse [9,13,54,55]. On the other hand, linking other social data such as data provided by the Federal German Labor Office (BA) or the German Pension Fund (DRV) has become common practice [56][57][58][59]. Recently, there have been efforts to combine primary data with a host of secondary data sources [9,13,60,61]. ...
... Voneinander unabhängige Untersuchungen ergeben, dass nur 1 % bis 3 % der Arbeitslosen Sozialleistungsmissbrauch begehen (Henkel & Pavelka, 1982;Wogawa, 2000) bzw. circa 95 % der ALG II Empfänger in Deutschland ernsthaft daran interessiert sind, einen Job zu finden (Beste et al., 2010). ‚Freiwillige Arbeitslosigkeit' ist demzufolge eher ein seltenes Phänomen, wobei anzumerken ist, dass der Missbrauch von Arbeitslosengeld in Deutschland unzureichend untersucht ist. ...