John M. Wardwell's scientific contributions

Publication (1)

The reversal of relative growth rates of metropolitan and nonmetropolitan U.S. countries between 1970-75 is analyzed in the context of: metropolitan expansion; changing demographic composition; and preference for residential location. (Author/JC)


... In the case of Spain, the rural exodus to the cities was particularly strong between 1950 and 1980 ( Figure 3). However, as Camarero (1993) points out, the net migration of rural municipalities since the mid 1980s tends to zero, balancing inputs with outputs, and therefore verifying the hypothesized equilibrium of Wardwell (1977). In the 1990s, the Spanish rural municipalities (population under 10,000) were already growing (García Sanz, 1997), a trend which is more evident in the new millennium. ...