John H. Humphreys's research while affiliated with Texas A&M University-Commerce and other places

Publications (63)

Article
Purpose Uhl-Bien and Arena (2018) presented a persuasive argument for recognizing the concept of enabling leadership as a critical form of leadership for adaptive organizations. This study aims to narratively explore the concept of enabling leadership in the context of social complexity. Design/methodology/approach To explore how leaders enable ad...
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Full-text available
Scholars have begun calling for broader conceptualisations of moral disengagement processes that reflect the interaction of dispositional and situational antecedents to a predilection to morally disengage. The authors argue that collective leadership may be one such contingent antecedent. While researching leaders from the Gilded Age of American bu...
Article
In the extant literature, transition economies are sporadically addressed under the moniker of emerging economies and often only through calls for more contextualized research. Moreover, not all transition economies are emerging, as attempts at rapid transformation have resulted in economic deterioration as well. Yet, we lack models that approach t...
Article
Maggie Lena Walker arose from humble beginnings as the daughter of an ex-slave to become a prominent banker, entrepreneur, and community leader in the American state of Virginia in the early 1900s. She was the first African American woman in the United States to establish and lead a bank. In addition, Walker played a principal leadership role in a...
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Purpose The purpose of this paper is to proffer a reconstructed theoretic model of entrepreneurial generatively that accounts for personal and social identities in the narrative construction of entrepreneurial identity.. Design/methodology/approach The authors followed general analytically structured history processes using the life of Andrew Ca...
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Our critical examination of James Meredith’s leadership during the racial integration of higher education in the early 1960s reveals an important, missing companion to social endorsement in the leadership construction process: social contestation. Through the lens of moral conviction theory and using a combined ANTi-History/Microhistorical method,...
Article
Drawing from positive organizational behavior, psychological capital has been shown to be a beneficial resource allowing leaders to remain positive and future-oriented. While having hope, optimism, confidence, and resilience are particularly effective in periods of great risk and uncertainty, extreme environments likely affect leaders’ psychologica...
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Purpose We examine the case of Nashoba, a Tennessee-based social enterprise founded in 1824 by Scottish immigrant Frances Wright. The Nashoba venture intended to diminish the institution of slavery in the US through entrepreneurial activity over its five years of operation. Design/methodology/approach Our study methodology entailed mining primar...
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In this article, we refine and extend the conceptualization of collective leadership by examining how institutional work can play a central role in the emergence of collective leadership success or failure through conflict. Specifically, based on historical traces collected from the first African American town in Mississippi, Mound Bayou, which was...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this study is to examine the life and work of Frank Gilbreth using a critical biographical approach to draw connections between his life experiences and the major contributions he made to management history. Design/methodology/approach The research design is critical biography. First, a biography is provided that reveals c...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this study is to narratively explore the influence of leader narcissism on leader/follower social exchange. Moreover, while researchers acknowledge that narcissistic personality is a dimensional construct, the preponderance of extant literature approaches the concept of narcissistic leadership categorically by focusing on the...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the congruencies and incongruences between the moral and entrepreneurial accountabilities of Lillian McMurry to provide insights for entrepreneurs and entrepreneurship. Ms McMurry was the entrepreneurial force behind the founding of Trumpet Records, a unique, Mississippi Delta Blues record label in...
Article
The rugged and individualistic reputation of Samuel Colt and the Colt Company is the stuff of legend in the American psyche. Largely constructed from themes aligned with American exceptionalism and the taming of the Western frontier, this firearm maker built a powerful and pervasive image. In this study, we examine how the Colt Company used rhetori...
Article
This case describes the difficult challenges facing Beverly Matthews as she returned to the workforce after taking time from paid employment in order to spend time with her two children. She desired a workplace that would give her the flexibility to excel in both the work and family domains. Beverly specifically chose the organization because of it...
Article
Although research on the concept of calling has proliferated in recent years, scholars are just beginning to explore potential problematic outcomes associated with calling. Since calling can be an integral part of one’s sense of identity, accepting the call to lead a personally profound mission may also include an unwarranted sense of entitlement....
Article
Despite evidence linking narcissism to leadership, the influence of leader narcissism on leader/follower social exchange remains unclear. Moreover, while researchers acknowledge that narcissistic personality is a dimensional construct, the preponderance of extant literature approaches the concept of narcissistic leadership categorically by focusing...
Conference Paper
In this article, we refine and extend the conceptualization of collective leadership by examining how institutional work can play a central role in the emergence of collective leadership success or failure through conflict. Specifically, based on historical traces collected from the first African American town in Mississippi, Mound Bayou, which was...
Conference Paper
The rugged and individualistic reputation of Samuel Colt and the Colt Company is the stuff of legend in the American psyche. Largely constructed from themes aligned with American exceptionalism and the taming of the Western frontier, this firearm maker built a powerful and pervasive image. In this study, we examine how the Colt Company used rhetori...
Article
Full-text available
Although much has been written about the seeming paradox of servant leadership, scholars have yet to reach consensus on a theoretical model. In an attempt to resolve this conceptual confusion, van Dierendonck (2011) recently offered a broad framework emphasizing the antecedents, processes, and outcomes of servant leadership. Regrettably, we still l...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to extend the body of knowledge of authentic leadership in extreme contexts by developing a framework grounded in the Sartrean existentialist perspective on authenticity and illustrating this framework using the works of Xenophon. Design/methodology/approach – The authors use Sartre’s existential view of auth...
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Extant theory suggests that paternalistic leadership is not a unified construct and that benevolent paternalistic and exploitative paternalistic leader styles are independent. However, this representation ignores the emerging concept of libertarian paternalism. In order to explore this prospective style of leader paternalism, we performed a histori...
Article
While scholarly interest in artful perspectives of leadership seems to be on the rise, research efforts toward conceptualizing such perspectives are still in the early stages of development. As a result, there have been calls for more examinations of artistic leaders and further development of aesthetic leadership constructs. A review of the extant...
Article
While scholarly interest in artful perspectives of leadership seems to be on the rise, research development of these concepts is still at a nascent stage. As a result, there have been calls for more examinations of artistic leaders and further development of aesthetic leadership constructs. A review of the extant literature, however, reveals no bro...
Article
We introduce the concept of social justice entrepreneurship based on the complementary natures of social justice and social entrepreneurship. First, we explain how social justice activities and entrepreneurial activities both utilize resource convergences to mobilize constituents and foster amendments to inequitable practices and policies. Then we...
Article
DeRue and Ashford (2010) proposed a social process of leadership identity construction, asserting that leadership identity is co-constructed by way of claims and grants of leader and follower identities. In addition, these authors suggested that the collective endorsement of the broader social context might serve as a catalyst to initiate the leade...
Article
Purpose ‐ The purpose of this article is to broaden our understanding of the relationship between footholds and feints, particularly within a context of judo strategy, and propose a framework whereby organizational decision makers might differentiate foothold attacks from strategic feints as competitive moves. Design/methodology/approach ‐ The pape...
Article
Purpose ‐ Although communal forms of leadership are being called for to provide contemporary organizations with more responsive leadership platforms, the paper can find no compelling description as to how such leadership might develop in a world of hierarchy. The purpose of this paper is to fill this void. Design/methodology/approach ‐ Attempting t...
Article
Purpose ‐ The purpose of this paper is to derive practical recommendations from Follett's conceptualization of the student-teacher relations. Design/methodology/approach ‐ The paper employs a narrative historical interpretation of Follett's speech, which was originally given at the Boston University in the late Fall of 1928, but for the first time...
Article
Purpose ‐ The purpose of this paper is to take a look at significant contributions of Follett through the lens of critical biography to put her work in the context of her life events, her mentors, and the other major influences on her work. Design/methodology/approach ‐ Critical biography is a qualitative method with which social historians researc...
Article
Purpose ‐ The purpose of this article is to develop a moral identity perspective on Barnard's conceptualization of executive responsibility. Design/methodology/approach ‐ The paper uses a prospective study design, as an alternative to a transitional grounded approach, to develop a theory-based framework to compare textual patterns in Barnard's writ...
Article
Although interest in ethical stewardship and corporate social responsibility (CSR) is mounting, research development of these concepts is still at a nascent stage. Regrettably, current research has focused solely on macro concerns, largely ignoring the significant micro level leadership questions. In addition, the preponderance of the emerging lite...
Article
Purpose ‐ Based upon an analysis of 30 historic narrative accounts of mutinies, Coye, Murphy, and Spencer recently extended voice theory to clarify the ontological status of the concept of upward defiance. The purpose of this article is to extend the framework of Coye et al. and illustrate the process of escalation towards hostility to offer practi...
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Purpose – The aim of this paper is to propose an action-interaction-process framework to extend research on institutional entrepreneurship. The framework examines an actor's characteristics, interactions in an institutional context, and the process by which entrepreneurial action is accomplished. Design/methodology/approach – Via a sociohistorical...
Article
Purpose – This paper aims to trace the historical roots of African American management by examining managerial practices and experiences described in the letters of Benjamin Thornton Montgomery, a former slave who eventually became manager and, ultimately, owner of the Hurricane plantation. Design/methodology/approach – The method used is the histo...
Article
The Red Tops, an African-American dance orchestra that performed in southern states during the period spanning two decades before and after the U.S. civil rights movement, might seem a rather unexpected source for the study of effective leadership. Nonetheless, Walter Osborne's management of the group provides an exceedingly appropriate case for ju...
Article
This article discusses process management concepts that are essential to improvement initiatives such as strategic quality management, total quality management, Six Sigma, and lean manufacturing. One critical element to understand is 'process' because processes must be documented, and process owners must be identified before processes can be valida...
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The current literature is replete with calls for greater discernment of more positive forms of leadership. In particular, leader authenticity has been proposed as a significant predictor of follower satisfaction and performance and proponents have suggested researchers attempt to theoretically integrate the construct of authentic leadership with ot...
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This research reports results from an exploratory study that examined the relationship between salespersons' self-perceived leadership styles, behavioral and emotional coping abilities, and ob-jective sales performance. The direct sales staff of a financial services firm provided the data for the study. The self-rater version of the Multifactor Lea...
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Although the emerging construct of authentic leadership has received considerable attention recently, there are still diverse and competing theoretical perspectives. Common with nascent theory, many have suggested that researchers attempt to craft expanded and more nuanced conceptions of current and potential components, antecedents, and outcomes a...
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Case Description: The primary subject matter of this case is organizational transformation, along with the leadership and management theories that are necessary for success. The setting is a Texas plant that builds good products but has many personnel and operations problems that need to be resolved rapidly if it is to be competitive in the short r...
Article
Mergers are intended to create more robust firms, but history shows such combinations routinely fall short of expectations, often due to inadequate employee identification with the new organization. While leadership is crucial to the implementation of any significant organizational change, follower perceptions of leadership generally determine post...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to further fill the void of American slavery within management history and leadership studies by presenting the unique case of Joseph E. Davis's paternalistic leadership. Design/methodology/approach – This case was selected because of Davis's attempt to transplant Robert Owen's utopian practices of social harm...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to provide a comprehensive definition of green management. In the quest to systematically develop an inclusive definition, it seeks to take an exploratory approach to investigate the existing literature on green management from three different perspectives: first, tracing the history of how this concept emerge...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to describe and analyze Alfred Chandler's ideological shift from American exceptionalism to transnational history in research assumptions to identify significant corollaries for the study of management history. Design/methodology/approach – Using the determinism-indeterminism classifying framework proposed by...
Article
The first thing that people think about when the term "corporate casualties" is mentioned is layoffs. However, layoffs may actually be one of the lesser problems with corporate giants. The worst problem may be the people who are prisoners of work (POWs) and who feel helpless because they are captured in bad processes. This article confronts the POW...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the need for and propose a more aligned and integrated standard for performance evaluation to enhance effective strategic control. Design/methodology/approach – The paper reviews the various issues creating discontent with the performance appraisal systems within many organizations and demonstra...
Article
In this article, we offer guidance for the potential advance of developing-country transnational corporations (TNCs), often referred to as third-world multinational corporations. After reviewing the topical literature and establishing the soundness of the case approach for model construction, we examine the case of Perusahaan Otomobil Nasional Berh...
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Mary Edie Mobley and John Humphreys When Bob Carlton decided to expand OptiMotors, the Alabama engine-parts manufacturer he had founded, he knew he'd have to take on a lot of debt. So he followed a headhunter's advice and hired Galen McDowell to bring new energy to sales. No question, Galen knew how to sell. He quickly hooked a big-league outfit, K...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to determine whether there is historical support for the proposal of Smith, Montagno and Kuzmenko that the specific cultures associated with transformational and/or servant leadership would be more or less applicable, based on context. Moreover, its purpose is also to demonstrate that a historical approach can...
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Full-text available
The case involves leadership and management concepts that relate to strategic and tactical decision making and actions. Specifically, Ross, a new executive vice president and plant manager, initiates organizational transformation through empowerment of employees and use of their ideas to improve key performance indicators. The initiatives are very...

Citations

... Instead of constituting a means for transforming existing systems of exploitation, domination and oppression, ironically the prescriptions offered by transformational leadership function to reinforce those very systems (Ford et al. 2008;Grint et al. 2016;Liu 2020;Wilson 2016). The exclusion from leadership of those already missing or marginalised is thus sustained, with those whose identities intersect these markers facing a compounded level of disadvantage (Lugar et al. 2019;Liu 2020). Notwithstanding these concerns, a discourse of mastery has potent appeal to those aspiring to render themselves into 'success stories' as defined by dominant ways of thinking, meaning there is a plethora of candidates desirous of becoming transformational leaders and all that that implies for career success. ...
... Recently microhistory has drawn the attention of management and organizational scholars (Maclean et al., 2015;Mills, 2017). While Novicevic et al. (2019) examine a series of letters sent to Civil Rights activist James Meredith to study expressions of leadership, our case is the memoir of Harold Bixby and what it can tell us about CQ development. Thus, through microhistory, we are exploring the micro aspects of social life (namely, Bixby's memoir) to throw light on the larger, macro aspects of social life (namely, the cultural learning process). ...
... El número de estas investigaciones es relativamente bajo, lo que se explica por la creciente pérdida de poder de los sindicatos y porque su análisis ha quedado circunscrito al campo de la sociología del trabajo. De la misma forma, son poco numerosas las investigaciones sobre formas abiertas de macrorresistencia, tales como los motines (Humphreys et al., 2013) y las rebeliones (Rossman, 2005), las cuales parecen ser cada vez menos frecuentes en la organización contemporánea, basada en otro tipo de mecanismos de control (Fleming, 2014). ...
... Positive leadership traits like realistic positivism (Baur et al., 2018) and simplism (Imam et al., 2020) is much needed for dealing with challenges in the constantly changing world of work. ...
... While the lens of discrimination helped to rationalize the job opportunities created through these enterprises, at the same time they failed to uphold the notion of justice by distorting the personal identity of black women. Along similar lines, Murphy et al. (2018) described the journey of Nashoba, fighting against slavery in the state of Tennessee in the 1820 s. It explores the relationship between the entrepreneur and the contextual constituencies as it evolved over the lifetime of the enterprise. ...
... For example, Friedrich et al. (2014) used 'collectivistic' leadership theory to develop a list of generic constructs (such as leader structuring and maintenance of the group) that can be used to assess the attributes and behaviours of a leader of teams, regardless of sector. (The study by Novicevic et al. 2016 cited in the supplementary table used the constructs to analyse the leadership of the founders of an African American community in Mississippi.) Researchers might consider how the list of constructs and associated sub-dimensions developed by Friedrich et al. might be altered if promotion of public value and public values were considered a prime concern of leadership. ...
... Successful operation of the five elements Humphreys et al. (2012) if they are able to balance their loyalties to their niche organization while meeting the expectations of the outside world through their adoption of a dual identity. Thus, to satisfy internal members and external stakeholders, "organizations must continually carve out a coherent identity and distinct mission that represents the emergent interests of their constituent groups" (Furuyama and Meyer, 2011: 102). ...
... While some researchers refer to their approach as memory (e.g. Foroughi, 2019;Nissley and Casey, 2002), others refer to it as (rhetorical) history (Poor et al., 2016), but these scholars do not seek to reconstruct a historical account of the past as a researcher, but instead study how organizational actors use the past. (Ybema, 2014) defines history as a field of discursive struggle over the meaning of the past (see Table 5). ...
... The study of time began in the first half of the 20th century through studies carried out by Frederick Winslow Taylor (1856-1915) whose purpose was to determine the standard times of processes, but it was applied only in industries [2,17,18]. ...
... Furthermore, in terms of leadership effectiveness, having a bold vision about the future is a quality that makes narcissistic leaders pursue their goals and overcome any issue that the organization may face, sometimes by underestimating the needed resources (Galvin et al., 2010). Narcissistic leadership can manifest through constructive vision orientation and communication, depending on the self-deceptive form of narcissism (Humphreys et al., 2016). For example, the bold vision allows narcissistic leaders to demonstrate their ambitions and great plans. ...