John Everatt's research while affiliated with University of Canterbury and other places

Publications (93)

Article
Traditionally, the New Zealand Ministry of Education opposed the recognition of dyslexia. However, since 2007, the Ministry of Education’s position has started to change, evidenced by the development of a working definition. In 2021 the Ministry of Education released Three Steps in Screening for Dyslexia (TSSD), an assessment protocol designed to s...
Article
Full-text available
The simple view of reading (SVR) predicts that reading difficulties can result from decoding difficulties, language comprehension difficulties, or a combination of these difficulties. However, classification studies have identified a fourth group of children whose reading difficulties are unexplained by the model. This may be due to the type of cla...
Article
Full-text available
The present research aimed to study the rhetorical patterns in students’ writings, whether they follow a deductive pattern or an inductive pattern, and whether the pattern is similar when writing in English and the Indonesian language. The sample for this study was 20 undergraduate students from the Faculty of Teacher Training and Education majorin...
Article
This article reports on a joint research project across two countries, Germany and New Zealand, where there have been relatively successful measures in curbing the spread of the COVID-19 virus, though using somewhat different strategies given the different contexts with Germany being situated in centre of Europe and New Zealand being an island nati...
Article
Purpose This paper is aims to mentor initial teacher education (ITE) students during their practicum. Design/methodology/approach Informed by a social constructivist theoretical framework, an online survey was used to capture the breadth of quantitative data and the richness of qualitative responses relating to factors impacting student−teachers'...
Article
Innovations in schooling and the architectural design of schools offer the opportunity to re-examine existing pedagogical practices. Graduating teachers need to be ready to teach and conversant with changing school environments and approaches to school organisation. However, there is a dearth of research that explores the student teachers’ percepti...
Research
Two batteries of language and literacy tests in Arabic and English to screen dyslexia in university students. The norms are based on Kuwaiti Samples.
Article
The present study investigates the writing strategies used by 135 Indonesian English Foreign Language undergraduate students with different English proficiency and the relationship between their English proficiency, indicated by students’ receptive vocabulary knowledge, and the quality of text they produced. The writing strategies questionnaire by...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose In New Zealand, Pacific immigrants are among the fastest growing ethnic minorities but, as a group, they are also at most risk of not realising their literacy and educational aspirations critical for achieving their human potential and wellbeing. This may be due, in part, to a misalignment in the shared understanding of academic success bet...
Article
The rise of innovative learning environments, with multiple teachers and larger cohorts of students, can de-privatise practice as teachers have the opportunity to observe each other teaching. However, they also provide the opportunity for collaboratively planning and teaching, and engaging in reflective dialogue about specific pedagogical approache...
Book
Battery of phonological processing tests for students in grades 6 to 9. Samples from Kuwait
Article
Aim Pacific children fare poorly on health and educational outcomes, including literacy. Early interventions are considered critical in reducing educational disparities. A prediction model was constructed to analyse the factors associated with Pacific children's English receptive vocabulary, an important component of English language development....
Article
In New Zealand, school buildings are being remodelled to accommodate several teachers and a large number of learners in one flexible learning space. School leaders’ perspectives were sought on what is happening in the teaching of reading, writing and mathematics. Interviews of the principal and deputy principal at a case study were conducted, and a...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to identify factors associated with the perceptions of academics working in Kuwait towards potential accommodations for university students with disabilities. A focus on students with disabilities is relatively new in Kuwait, but this study considered staff within a university with the stated aim to support students wi...
Article
Previous studies have found significant differences between the classroom behaviour of boys and girls. Most are within a single broad cultural context and little work has been done within an Arabic/Kuwaiti one. The main aim was to investigate the differences in behaviour between boys and girls in Kuwait primary schools. Data were collected that pro...
Book
A number of documents to be used in self-evaluation and inspection for quality of inclusive practices in institutions that offer services to students with learning disabilities.
Book
Motivating Children with Specific Learning Difficulties provides a comprehensive and definitive guide to what teachers need to know about motivation in pupils with Specific Learning Difficulties, including dyslexia, dyspraxia and ADHD. Written by three of the world leaders in research on motivation and classroom learning, this book seeks to provide...
Article
Full-text available
Unlike English, short vowel sounds in Arabic are represented by diacritics rather than letters. According to the presence and absence of these vowel diacritics, the Arabic script can be considered more or less transparent in comparison with other orthographies. The purpose of this study was to investigate the contribution of working memory to vowel...
Chapter
The chapter discusses early literacy education in Arabic for native Arabic speaking children in four Arabic speaking groups: the Palestinian Arab citizens in Israel, the Palestinians in the occupied Palestinian territories, and Arabic native speaking children in two Gulf countries: Kuwait and Saudi Arabia. The chapter aims to provide a representati...
Article
Full-text available
Low metalinguistic knowledge of pre-service and in-service teachers is likely to restrict the provision of evidence-based literacy instruction in the classroom. Despite such concerns, relatively few studies have examined the effects of teacher preparation coursework in building pre-service teachers' language structure knowledge. This study examined...
Conference Paper
Purpose: Most of the research on cognitive-linguistic abilities has focused on monolingual and/or bilingual readers. This study investigated the cognitive-linguistic predictors of reading comprehension levels among Punjabi (the orthography which is very similar to Hindi in transparency) children who learn Hindi (a relatively transparent orthography...
Book
This comprehensive book provides all the information that practitioners need to know about assessment in relation to their pupils with Specific Learning Difficulties. The why, how and what of assessment is addressed, whilst the link between assessment and intervention is also a key focus. Looking at the full range of Specific Learning Difficulties...
Article
This study investigated potential cognitive-linguistic predictors of reading comprehension levels of monolingual Persian-speaking children. Investigations into the Persian orthography are important since features of the orthography, such as the need to use text context to support decoding early in reading acquisition, may lead to skills developing...
Article
The present research investigated the potential link between low literacy acquisition levels and dialectal differences between the non-standard English spoken by many children from lower socio-economic schools in New Zealand in normal day-to-day conversation and the standard English used as the basis of literacy work. The work focused on assessing...
Article
The authors discuss a project aimed at improving Kuwaiti mainstream teachers’ attitudes, knowledge, and teaching practice related to learning disabilities and inclusion. The project involved special school staff providing mainstream primary school teachers with first-hand experiences of inclusive practices that could be implemented in their own sch...
Article
Cross-linguistic transfer can influence the literacy strategies employed by children from multi-linguistic backgrounds when attempting to read or spell in their second language. The simultaneous influence of the three known meta-linguistic predictors of word-level literacy development, however, has not previously been explored in this group. This s...
Book
Full-text available
يلقى هذا الكتاب الضوء علي العمليات الفونولوجية ويعرفها ويشرحها ويوضح العلاقة بينها وبين القراءة والكتابة وصعوباتهما وذلك لتعرف كيفية قياسها وكيفية تعرف المشكلات المحددة المتعلقة بها وكيفية التغلب علي تلك الصعوبات لتحسين عملية القراءة والكتابة والتخلص من الصعوبات الخاصة، يشتمل هذا الكتاب علي
Article
IntroductionThe Reading ProcessLiteracy Characteristics Related to Adult DyslexiaStrategies for SuccessConclusion References
Article
Full-text available
Dyslexic adults completed questionnaires designed to investigate relationships between cognitive functioning, especially executive aspects, and work success. The study was designed to determine whether quantitative support could be provided for the model of adult dyslexic success derived from the work of Gerber and his colleagues (Gerber, Ginsberg,...
Article
This article reports the findings of studies of the relationship between off-task behaviours and measures of educational achievement. The work focused on children from an Arabic-speaking/cultural background rarely studied in the literature. The first study involved children within a mainstream school context and found that measures of literacy and...
Article
Full-text available
Two cohorts of mainstream children (grades 2-5) and one cohort of children with learning disabilities (LD; grades 3-5), all Arabic speaking children in Kuwait, were given measures of reading comprehension fluency and orthographic discrimination to assess the relationship between the two. Additional measures of phonological processing (decoding and...
Book
Full-text available
يتناول هذا الكتاب موضوع عسر القراءة (الدسلكسيا)، وهو من الموضوعات ذات الأهمية العظمى في مجال العلوم التربوية والنفسية ولاسيما صعوبات التعلم الخاصة، فقد ركز الكتاب علي العديد من القضايا المرتبطة بعسر القراءة، ويتكون هذا الكتاب من أربعة أجزاء.
Article
Full-text available
This work examines the role of morphological awareness in contrast to phonological processing in reading comprehension amongst two groups of native Arabic children: a group with learning disabilities (LD) and a mainstream group who were matched to the LD group in age or reading level. Measures of reading comprehension fluency, phonological skills,...
Article
Full-text available
This paper investigates the incidence of dyslexia among young offenders in Kuwait. A total of 91 children/young adults from 8 juvenile delinquent welfare centres across Kuwait were interviewed and tested. A measure of non-verbal reasoning ability was used to exclude those with low general ability. The remaining 53 participants were tested on their...
Article
This chapter will consider recent debates about educational psychology assessments. Although work in the UK will form the basis of the discussion, the arguments should be seen to be relevant to educational practices around the world and the evidence covered will be multinational. The discussion focuses on issues related to literacy development and...
Chapter
This chapter ■ provides the reader with an overview of the research conducted on typically achieving and reading disabled/dyslexic Arabic speakers ■ reports on studies focusing on phonological, orthographic and morphological processing ■ suggests that focusing on the word level literacy may not be the most productive way of assessing variations in...
Article
Full-text available
Groups of Grade 3 children were tested on measures of word-level literacy and undertook tasks that required the ability to associate sounds with letter sequences and that involved visual, auditory and phonological-processing skills. These groups came from different language backgrounds in which the language of instruction was Arabic, Chinese, Engli...
Article
A total of 83 children with different special educational needs (SEN) assessments were contrasted with a control group (N = 40) without special needs on measures that aimed to identify potential areas of strengths as well as weaknesses in these SEN groups. Carefully selected groups of dyslexics, dyspraxics, children with specific language difficult...
Article
This paper investigates the relationship between phonological processing and reading ability amongst grade 4 and grade 5 Arabic speaking children in Egypt. In addition to measuring reading level, the study assessed the children’s ability to identify rhymes, delete individual phonemes from words, retain and manipulate sequences of digit names and ra...
Article
Full-text available
Despite advancements in empirical studies of developmental dyslexia, progress on methods of dyslexia assessment have been hampered by ongoing debate concerning diverse issues such as the role and validity of IQ in the assessment process, labelling and definitions (Miles, 1994; Stanovich, 1991, 1992). With the emergence of cross-linguistic studies o...
Article
The research reported in this talk involves comparisons of verbal and spatial memory tasks across groups of children (and adults) with different types of learning difficulties. The research focuses on children with literacy acquisition problems and investigates whether such problems are related to specific areas of deficit. In the first piece of re...
Article
This paper reports a study of the reading and spelling skills of grades 1-3 Arabic-speaking children in Bahrain. Children were tested on their literacy skills (single word reading and spelling), their ability to decode letter strings (non-word reading) and measures of phonological awareness, short-term memory, speed of processing and non-verbal abi...
Article
In the last decade, there has been a growing interest, both in the UK and abroad, in developing early screening tests for dyslexia that can be used with very young children. In addition to measures of literacy achievement, such screening tests typically aim to identify underlying difficulties, such as phonological deficits, that might hinder a chil...
Article
This research investigates the relationship between dyslexia traits and nurse performance on a laboratory task designed to assess one of the key cognitive skills involved in drug administration. The potential moderating role of perceived performance control was also assessed, based on previous work demonstrating the importance of self-belief as a f...
Article
This paper reports a study contrasting dyslexic children against a control group of children without special educational needs (SEN) and a group with varied SENs. Children's abilities were compared on tasks assessing phonological processing, visuo-spatial/motor coordination and executive/inhibitory functioning; being targeted for assessment based o...
Article
Full-text available
This paper focused on the assessment of phonological skills amongst children with developmental dyslexia. Findings from assessments of English and Hungarian monolingual children with and without literacy deficits and bilingual Filipino children with and without literacy deficits in English indicated that performance on phonological-based tasks ofte...
Article
Children with literacy acquisition deficits in English, Hungarian and Chinese were compared with normally achieving peers on a series of short-term memory tasks. Good and poor literacy groups in each language cohort were matched on age, sex ratio, educational background and non-verbal reasoning; however, they differed on measures of spelling and re...
Article
The abstract for this document is available on CSA Illumina.To view the Abstract, click the Abstract button above the document title.
Article
This article discusses some of the issues related to the provision of appropriate support for the dyslexic multilingual child. Such issues concern the development of international (governmental) and local (school/institution-based) policies that set out, within a human rights framework, the requirements for support. Specific international issues di...
Article
Full-text available
This article discusses issues related to the assessment (and hence support) of the individual who shows difficulties in learning to read and write in different languages. Findings from studies performed in several countries and language contexts will be briefly reported as part of the discussion of literacy difficulties and to highlight some factor...
Article
In order to assess the efficacy of phonological versus surface dyslexia subtyping within an adult dyslexic population, 45 adult dyslexics were assessed on the Castles and Coltheart (1993) irregular word and non-word reading tasks. Based on the performance of a matched group of 28 non-dyslexics, between 62 and 75% of the dyslexics were divided into...
Article
This research investigated the impact of linking teaching approaches to cognitive profiles in two children with poorly developed literacy skills but with differing patterns of cognitive deficit. One child presented average ability levels but specific deficits in spelling and poor scores on tasks related to motor skills. The second child showed more...
Article
In order to assess the effects of individually selected learning programmes groups of year 2 and 3 mainstream school children used individualised techniques for learning new spellings. Techniques ranged from phonic to visualisation to multi-sensory methods. Each child was directed to use a particular technique based on the findings of a trial phase...
Article
Covert shifts of attention have been shown to improve detection and discrimination thresholds for a range of visual stimuli. Although there is some evidence to suggest that the allocation of attention to a particular region of interest occurs in a retinotopic frame of reference, the importance of an allocentric, or object-based, framework has gaine...
Article
A series of measures used in a number of dyslexia screening tests was administered to groups of 7-8-year old English monolinguals and Sylheti/English bilinguals. Within these groups a subgroup of children was distinguished by poor spelling and reading in the absence of general ability, sensory, emotional or behavioural problems, i.e. specific liter...
Article
This article describes a series of studies investigating the relationship between developmental dyslexia and creative talents. Tasks performed by the subjects included: finding alternative uses for objects, producing drawn objects from basic shapes, completing a self-report inventory which assessed innovative styles of thinking, and the solving of...
Article
This article describes a series of studies investigating the relationship between developmental dyslexia and creative talents. Tasks performed by the subjects included: finding alternative uses for objects, producing drawn objects from basic shapes, completing a self-report inventory which assessed innovative styles of thinking, and the solving of...
Article
Magnocellular-pathway deficits have been hypothesized to be responsible for the problems experienced by dyslexic individuals in reading. However, research has yet to provide a detailed account of the consequences of these deficits or to identify the behavioural link between them and reading disabilities. The aim of the present study was to determin...
Chapter
This chapter explores the effects of reading ability upon eye movement control. In terms of linguistic influences, it presents evidence for initial fixations within words being affected by the informativeness /distinctiveness of sections within those words. It further explores evidence of a relationship between the initial fixation location effect...
Article
This study investigates the effects of a prior spelling task on the performance of subsequent tasks by adult dyslexics and non-dyslexics. The findings suggest that dyslexics' performance in a non-verbal memory task and, to a lesser extent, a spatial reasoning task are detrimentally affected by the prior spelling task. The implications of these find...
Article
This study examines the relationship between individual reading subprocesses and general reading ability in college students. The reading measures included eye movements while reading a passage, lexical decision latencies, comprehension, and vocabulary size. The results indicate that a distinct relation exists between reading speed and fixation beh...