Johanna Birckmayer's research while affiliated with Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation and other places

Publications (9)

Article
A number of data collection systems designed to monitor selected substance abuse behaviors and consequences are in place in the United States. Some of these systems provide only national-level data, while others provide data disaggregated by state and in some cases by sub-state units such as counties or communities. Less progress has been made in i...
Article
Full-text available
Little research exists on effective strategies to prevent methamphetamine production, distribution, sales, use, and harm. As a result, prevention practitioners (especially at the local level) have little guidance in selecting potentially effective strategies. This article presents a general causal model of methamphetamine use and harms that reflect...
Conference Paper
Complex community systems produce substance use and related problems, and prevention practice can benefit from understanding and applying features of these systems to enhance effectiveness. What do we know from research literature about these systems to guide innovation and effectiveness in alcohol, tobacco, and other drug (ATOD) prevention practic...
Conference Paper
Alcohol-related situational violence is interpersonal physically and/or sexually violent behavior associated with drinking events outside the home. Although the positive alcohol-violence correlation is well established and accepted, there has been little systematic effort to develop a model that describes the relationships among the various factors...
Conference Paper
Based on a general causal model for substance abuse prevention, a logic model was developed for methamphetamine-related harm. The model is designed to specify major causal variables and their relations to one another and to methamphetamine use and harm. The model's purpose is to help guide the planning of effective prevention strategies by identify...
Conference Paper
In an age of data for decision making, policy makers and practitioners need to consider and use epidemiological data and other information to make informed decisions for public health. Yet data alone are insufficient for strengthening prevention systems. Deliberate strategies for synthesizing, interpreting, and presenting multiple indicators from d...
Conference Paper
Since 2004, 62 States, Jurisdictions, and tribal organizations have received federal funding from SAMHSA/CSAP to establish epidemiological workgroups, a network of people/organizations bringing analytical and other expertise to strengthen outcome-based thinking for substance abuse prevention. Epidemiological workgroups are involved in describing an...
Article
To explore associations of state retail alcohol monopolies with underage drinking and alcohol-impaired driving deaths. Surveys on youth who drank alcohol and binge-drank recently and their beverage choices; census of motor vehicle fatalities by driver blood alcohol level. Regressions estimated associations of monopolies with under-21 drinking, bing...
Article
The problems associated with the use of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs (ATOD) extract a significant health, social, and economic toll on American society. While the field of substance abuse prevention has made great strides during the past decade, two major challenges remain. First, the field has been disorganized and fragmented with respect to...

Citations

... Nearly a decade ago, SAMHSA introduced the newly formulated SPF to address the substance abuse prevention needs for state and local communities (Arthur, Hawkins, Brown, Briney, Oestrerle, and Abbott 2010, 246; Flewelling, Birckmayer, and Boothroyd 2009, 388; Piper, Stein-Seroussi, Flewelling, Orwin, and Buchanan 2012, 68). The SPF is grounded in a public health approach to prevention that examines a constellation of risk and protective factors across multiple systems such as individual/peer, family, school/work, and community (NIDA 2003, 6), which may either impede or promote population-level change (Community Anit-Drug Coalitions of America (CADCA) 2009a, 5). ...
... In the absence of clear guidance, local teams reverted to past experience. This failure was also noted as a symptom of the literature, where there is considerable focus on developing systems-thinking concepts, but very little attention on Reviews, calls for action 60 Includes reviews of systems broadly, or specific methodologies, how they might apply to particular areas of public health, or broadly argues for uptake in public health Analytical lens 9 [23][24][25][26][27][28][29][30][31] These articles use systems, to varying degrees, as a lens to which they bring to their analysis of data Best practice/benchmarking 17 23,[32][33][34][35][36][37][38][39][40][41][42][43][44][45][46][47] These articles use elements of systems science to benchmark or evaluate public health practice Modelling 36 5,16,[35][36][37] These articles undertake advanced systems modelling of different types (from causal loop diagrams, to agent-based and dynamic models), to provide insight into problems and how to address them the attributes of a system-level intervention, and how it could be delivered and evaluated. BeLue et al 34 also commented that further training and support in systems-thinking techniques would be required to enhance community capacity. ...
... The 4-session leadership program is completed by the SGM cohort and POL allies together, building on existing school climate literature [102] and the Thapa et al. [87] school climate model. During the training, students follow the SAMHSA-and CDC-endorsed strategic prevention framework [103], learning how to use principles of community organizing [104,105] to review the school's needs assessment data (i.e., findings from annual climate survey, policy documents), determine their capacity needs, and develop a strategic plan with the support of the school liaison. Given our emphasis on community-based participatory action [106], the development of the plan is student led. ...
... Due to their relatively direct control of alcohol sales, advertising and promotion, jurisdictions with whole or partial alcohol monopolies (more common to Scandinavia and North America) are well-placed to implement multi-component interventions. All else being equal, alcohol monopolies have lower rates of alcohol-related injuries than those with free market systems [139]. Studies which have modelled potential impacts of disbanding retail monopolies in Sweden, for example, have estimated increases in alcohol-related injury deaths of between 18% and 28% annually [140]. ...