Jeremy M. Hutson's research while affiliated with Durham University and other places

Publications (296)

Article
Full-text available
Using a combination of bound-state spectroscopy and loss spectroscopy, we pinpoint eight intrastate Feshbach resonances in K39, as well as six previously unexplored interstate ones. We perform a detailed characterization of four of the intrastate resonances and two of the interstate ones. We carry out coupled-channel scattering calculations and fin...
Preprint
Full-text available
We consider the magnetically tunable Feshbach resonances that may exist in ultracold mixtures of molecules in $^2\Sigma$ states and alkali-metal atoms. We focus on Rb+CaF as a prototype system. There are likely to be Feshbach resonances analogous to those between pairs of alkali-metal atoms. We investigate the patterns of near-threshold states and...
Preprint
Full-text available
We demonstrate the formation of a single RbCs molecule during the merging of two optical tweezers, one containing a single Rb atom and the other a single Cs atom. Both atoms are initially predominantly in the motional ground states of their respective tweezers. We confirm molecule formation and establish the state of the molecule formed by measurin...
Article
Full-text available
Magnetically tunable Feshbach resonances exist in ultracold collisions between atoms in S2 and 3P0 states, such as an alkali-metal atom colliding with Yb or Sr in a clock state. We investigate the mechanisms of these resonances and identify the terms in the collision Hamiltonian responsible for them. They involve indirect coupling between the open...
Preprint
Full-text available
We consider the long-range states expected for complexes formed from an alkali-metal diatomic molecule and an alkali-metal atom. We explore the structure of the Hamiltonian for such systems, and the couplings between the six angular momenta that are present. We consider the patterns and densities of the long-range states, and the terms in the Hamil...
Article
Full-text available
We prepare pairs of $^{133}$Cs atoms in a single optical tweezer and perform Feshbach spectroscopy for collisions of atoms in the states $(f=3, m_f=\pm3)$. We detect enhancements in pair loss using a detection scheme where the optical tweezers are repeatedly subdivided. For atoms in the state $(3,-3)$, we identify resonant features by performing in...
Preprint
Full-text available
Magnetically tunable Feshbach resonances exist in ultracold collisions between atoms in $^2$S and $^3$P$_0$ states, such as an alkali-metal atom colliding with Yb or Sr in a clock state. We investigate the mechanisms of these resonances and identify the terms in the collision Hamiltonian responsible for them. They involve indirect coupling between...
Article
Full-text available
We report the observation of magnetic Feshbach resonances between Yb173 and Cs133. In a mixture of Cs atoms prepared in the (f=3,mf=3) state and unpolarized fermionic Yb173, we observe resonant atom loss due to two sets of magnetic Feshbach resonances around 622 and 702 G. Resonances for individual Yb nuclear spin components mi,Yb are split by its...
Preprint
Full-text available
Using a combination of bound-state spectroscopy and loss spectroscopy, we pinpoint eight intrastate Feshbach resonances in $^{39}$K, as well as six previously unexplored interstate ones. We also perform a detailed characterization of four of the intrastate resonances and two of the interstate ones. We carry out coupled-channel scattering calculatio...
Preprint
Full-text available
We report the first observation of magnetic Feshbach resonances between ${}^{173}$Yb and $^{133}$Cs. In a mixture of Cs atoms prepared in the $(f=3, m_f=3)$ state and unpolarized fermionic ${}^{173}$Yb we observe resonant atom loss due to two sets of magnetic Feshbach resonances around 622~G and 702~G. Resonances for individual Yb nuclear spin comp...
Article
We present a computer program to calculate the quantised rotational and hyperfine energy levels of Σ1 diatomic molecules in the presence of dc electric, dc magnetic, and off-resonant optical fields. Our program is applicable to the bialkali molecules used in ongoing state-of-the-art experiments with ultracold molecular gases. We include functions c...
Article
Full-text available
We obtain the interaction potential for NaCs by fitting to experiments on ultracold scattering and spectroscopy in optical tweezers. The central region of the potential has been accurately determined from Fourier transform spectroscopy at higher temperatures, so we focus on adjusting the long-range and short-range parts. We use coupled-channel calc...
Preprint
Full-text available
We present a computer program to calculate the quantised rotational and hyperfine structure of $^1\Sigma$ diatomic molecules in the presence of dc electric, dc magnetic, and off-resonant optical fields. Our program is suitable for calculating the internal structure of the bialkali molecules used in ongoing state-of-the-art experiments with ultracol...
Preprint
Full-text available
We prepare pairs of $^{133}$Cs atoms in a single optical tweezer and perform Feshbach spectroscopy for collisions of atoms in the states $(f=3, m_f=\pm3)$. We detect enhancements in pair loss using a detection scheme where the optical tweezers are repeatedly subdivided. For atoms in the state $(3,-3)$, we identify resonant features by performing in...
Preprint
Full-text available
We obtain the interaction potential for NaCs by fitting to experiments on ultracold scattering and spectroscopy in optical tweezers. The central region of the potential has been accurately determined from Fourier-Transform spectroscopy at higher temperatures, so we focus on adjusting the long-range and short-range parts. We use coupled-channel calc...
Article
Magnetic fields can be used to change chemical reaction rates by a factor of 100.
Article
The ultracold mixture of Na23 and Rb87 atoms has become an important system for investigating physics in Bose-Bose atomic mixtures and for forming ultracold ground-state polar molecules. In this work, we provide an improved characterization of the most commonly used Feshbach resonance near 347.64 G between Na23 and Rb87 in their absolute ground sta...
Article
Full-text available
We have investigated magnetically tunable Feshbach resonances in ultracold collisions of Rb with Yb in its metastable 3P2 and 3P0 states, using coupled-channel scattering and bound-state calculations. For the 3P2 state, we find sharp resonances when both atoms are in their lowest Zeeman sublevels. However, these resonances are decayed by inelastic...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding ultracold collisions involving molecules is of fundamental importance for current experiments, where inelastic collisions typically limit the lifetime of molecular ensembles in optical traps. Here we present a broad study of optically trapped ultracold RbCs molecules in collisions with one another, in reactive collisions with Rb atoms...
Article
Full-text available
We explore the properties of 3-atom complexes of alkali-metal diatomic molecules with alkali-metal atoms, which may be formed in ultracold collisions. We estimate the densities of vibrational states at the energy of atom-diatom collisions, and find values ranging from 3.9 to 350 K$^{-1}$. However, this density does not account for electronic near-d...
Article
Full-text available
We present measurements of more than 80 magnetic Feshbach resonances in collisions of ultracold ²³ Na ⁴⁰ K with ⁴⁰ K. We assign quantum numbers to a group of low-field resonances and show that they are probably due to long-range states of the triatomic complex in which the quantum numbers of the separated atom and molecule are approximately preserv...
Preprint
Full-text available
We have investigated magnetically tunable Feshbach resonances in ultracold collisions of Rb with Yb in its metastable $^3$P$_2$ and $^3$P$_0$ states, using coupled-channel scattering and bound-state calculations. For the $^3$P$_2$ state, we find sharp resonances when both atoms are in their lowest Zeeman sublevels. However, these resonances are dec...
Article
Full-text available
Quantum states with long-lived coherence are essential for quantum computation, simulation and metrology. The nuclear spin states of ultracold molecules prepared in the singlet rovibrational ground state are an excellent candidate for encoding and storing quantum information. However, it is important to understand all sources of decoherence for the...
Article
Full-text available
We report coherent association of atoms into a single weakly bound NaCs molecule in an optical tweezer through an optical Raman transition. The Raman technique uses a deeply bound electronic excited intermediate state to achieve a large transition dipole moment while reducing photon scattering. Starting from two atoms in their relative motional gro...
Preprint
Full-text available
Understanding ultracold collisions involving molecules is of fundamental importance for current experiments, where inelastic collisions typically limit the lifetime of molecular ensembles in optical traps. Here we present a broad study of optically trapped ultracold RbCs molecules in collisions with one another, in reactive collisions with Rb atoms...
Preprint
Full-text available
We explore the properties of 3-atom complexes of alkali-metal diatomic molecules with alkali-metal atoms, which may be formed in ultracold collisions. We estimate the densities of vibrational states at the energy of atom-diatom collisions, and find values ranging from 2.2 to 350~K$^{-1}$. However, this density does not account for electronic near-d...
Article
Full-text available
The beyond-mean-field Lee-Huang-Yang (LHY) correction is ubiquitous in dilute ultracold quantum gases. However, its effects are often elusive due to the typically much larger influence of the mean-field (MF) energy. In this work, we study an ultracold mixture of Na23 and Rb87 with tunable attractive interspecies interactions. The LHY effects manife...
Preprint
We measure the binding energies of weakly bound Feshbach molecules formed between \Na and \Rb atoms in their lowest hyperfine Zeeman levels. We form molecules at the Feshbach resonance near 347.64 G and dissociate them by magnetic field modulation. We use the binding energies to refine the singlet and triplet potential energy curves, using coupled-...
Article
Full-text available
We study inelastic collisions between CaF molecules and ⁸⁷Rb atoms in a dual-species magneto-optical trap. The presence of atoms increases the loss rate of molecules from the trap. By measuring the loss rates and density distributions, we determine a collisional loss rate coefficient k 2 = (1.43 ± 0.29) × 10⁻¹⁰ cm³ s⁻¹ at a temperature of 2.4 mK. W...
Article
Full-text available
We report the preparation of exactly one ⁸⁷Rb atom and one ¹³³Cs atom in the same optical tweezer as the essential first step towards the construction of a tweezer array of individually trapped ⁸⁷Rb¹³³Cs molecules. Through careful selection of the tweezer wavelengths, we show how to engineer species-selective trapping potentials suitable for high-f...
Preprint
Full-text available
The beyond-mean-field Lee-Huang-Yang (LHY) correction is ubiquitous in dilute ultracold quantum gases. However, its effects are often elusive due to the typically much larger influence of the mean-field energy. In this work, we study an ultracold mixture of $^{23}$Na and $^{87}$Rb with tunable attractive interspecies interactions. The LHY effects m...
Preprint
We study inelastic collisions between CaF molecules and $^{87}$Rb atoms in a dual-species magneto-optical trap. The presence of atoms increases the loss rate of molecules from the trap. By measuring the loss rates and density distributions, we determine a collisional loss rate coefficient $k_{2} = (1.43 \pm 0.29) \times 10^{-10}$ cm$^{3}$/s at a te...
Article
We prepare mixtures of ultracold CaF molecules and Rb atoms in a magnetic trap and study their inelastic collisions. When the atoms are prepared in the spin-stretched state and the molecules in the spin-stretched component of the first rotationally excited state, they collide inelastically with a rate coefficient k2=(6.6±1.5)×10−11 cm3/s at tempera...
Preprint
Full-text available
We report the preparation of exactly one $^{87}$Rb atom and one $^{133}$Cs atom in the same optical tweezer as the essential first step towards the construction of a tweezer array of individually trapped $^{87}$Rb$^{133}$Cs molecules. Through careful selection of the tweezer wavelengths, we show how to engineer species-selective trapping potentials...
Preprint
Full-text available
We present measurements of more than 80 magnetic Feshbach resonances in collisions of ultracold $^{23}$Na$^{40}$K with $^{40}$K. We assign quantum numbers to a group of low-field resonances and show that they are due to long-range states of the triatomic complex in which the quantum numbers of the separated atom and molecule are approximately prese...
Preprint
Full-text available
Quantum states with long-lived coherence are essential for quantum computation, simulation and metrology. The nuclear spin states of ultracold molecules prepared in the singlet rovibrational ground state are an excellent candidate for encoding and storing quantum information. However, it is important to understand all sources of decoherence for the...
Preprint
We prepare mixtures of ultracold CaF molecules and Rb atoms in a magnetic trap and study their inelastic collisions. When the atoms are prepared in the spin-stretched state and the molecules in the spin-stretched component of the first rotationally excited state, they collide inelastically with a rate coefficient of $k_2 = (6.6 \pm 1.5) \times 10^{...
Preprint
We report coherent association of atoms into a single weakly bound NaCs molecule in an optical tweezer through an optical Raman transition. The Raman technique uses a deeply bound electronic excited intermediate state to achieve a large transition dipole moment while reducing photon scattering. Starting from two atoms in their relative motional gro...
Article
Full-text available
We study three-atom inelastic scattering in ultracold K39 near a Feshbach resonance of intermediate coupling strength. The nonuniversal character of such resonance leads to an abnormally large Efimov absolute length scale and a relatively small effective range re, allowing the features of the K39 Efimov spectrum to be better isolated from the short...
Article
Full-text available
We investigate the effects of static electric and magnetic fields on the differential ac Stark shifts for microwave transitions in ultracold bosonic Rb87Cs133 molecules, for light of wavelength λ=1064nm. Near this wavelength we observe unexpected two-photon transitions that may cause trap loss. We measure the ac Stark effect in external magnetic an...
Article
Full-text available
We investigate Feshbach resonances in collisions of high-spin atoms such as Er and Dy with closed-shell atoms such as Sr and Yb, using coupled-channel scattering and bound-state calculations. We consider both low-anisotropy and high-anisotropy limits. In both regimes, we find many resonances with a wide variety of widths. The wider resonances are s...
Preprint
Full-text available
We study three-atom inelastic scattering in ultracold \textsuperscript{39}K near a Feshbach resonance of intermediate coupling strength. The non-universal character of such resonance leads to an abnormally large Efimov absolute length scale and a relatively small effective range $r_e$, allowing the features of the \textsuperscript{39}K Efimov spect...
Article
Full-text available
Radiofrequency (rf) -dressed potentials are a promising technique for manipulating atomic mixtures, but so far little work has been undertaken to understand the collisions of atoms held within these traps. In this paper, we dress a mixture of Rb85 and Rb87 with rf radiation, characterize the inelastic loss that occurs, and demonstrate species-selec...
Preprint
Full-text available
We investigate the effects of static electric and magnetic fields on the differential ac Stark shifts for microwave transitions in ultracold bosonic $^{87}$Rb$^{133}$Cs molecules, for light of wavelength $\lambda = 1064~\mathrm{nm}$. Near this wavelength we observe unexpected two-photon transitions that may cause trap loss. We measure the ac Stark...
Article
We demonstrate the formation of a single NaCs molecule in an optical tweezer by magnetoassociation through an s-wave Feshbach resonance at 864.11(5) G. Starting from single atoms cooled to their motional ground states, we achieve conversion efficiencies of 47(1)%, and measure a molecular lifetime of 4.7(7) ms. By construction, the single molecules...
Article
Polar molecules are an emerging platform for quantum technologies based on their long-range electric dipole–dipole interactions, which open new possibilities for quantum information processing and the quantum simulation of strongly correlated systems. Here, we use magnetic and microwave fields to design a fast entangling gate with >0.999 fidelity a...
Article
We report the observation of microwave coherent control of rotational states of ultracold $^{85}$Rb$^{133}$Cs molecules formed in their vibronic ground state by short-range photoassociation. Molecules are formed in the single rotational state $X(v=0,J=1)$ by exciting pairs of atoms to the short-range state $(2)^{3}\Pi_{0^{-}} (v=11, J=0)$, followed...
Preprint
We demonstrate the formation of a single NaCs molecule in an optical tweezer by magnetoassociation through an s-wave Feshbach resonance at 864.11(5)G. Starting from single atoms cooled to their motional ground states, we achieve conversion efficiencies of 47(1)%, and measure a molecular lifetime of 4.7(7)ms. By construction, the single molecules ar...
Article
Full-text available
Characterizing quasibound states from coupled-channel scattering calculations can be a laborious task, involving extensive manual iteration and fitting. We present an automated procedure, based on the phase shift or S-matrix eigenphase sum, that reliably converges on a quasibound state (or scattering resonance) from some distance away. It may be us...
Preprint
We report the observation of microwave coherent control of rotational states of ultracold $^{85}$Rb$^{133}$Cs molecules formed in their vibronic ground state by short-range photoassociation. Molecules are formed in the single rotational state $X(v=0,J=1)$ by exciting pairs of atoms to the short-range state $(2)^{3}\Pi_{0^{-}} (v=11, J=0)$, followed...
Article
Full-text available
Polar molecules in superpositions of rotational states exhibit long-range dipolar interactions, but maintaining their coherence in a trapped sample is a challenge. We present calculations that show many laser-coolable molecules have convenient rotational transitions that are exceptionally insensitive to magnetic fields. We verify this experimentall...
Article
Full-text available
We discuss how the internal structure of ultracold molecules, trapped in the motional ground state of optical tweezers, can be used to implement qudits. We explore the rotational, fine and hyperfine structure of $^{40}$Ca$^{19}$F and $^{87}$Rb$^{133}$Cs, which are examples of molecules with $^2\Sigma$ and $^1\Sigma$ electronic ground states, respec...
Preprint
Full-text available
Polar molecules are an emerging platform for quantum technologies based on their long-range electric dipole-dipole interactions, which open new possibilities for quantum information processing and the quantum simulation of strongly correlated systems. Here, we use magnetic and microwave fields to design a fast entangling gate with $>0.999$ fidelity...
Preprint
Full-text available
Radiofrequency (RF)-dressed potentials are a promising technique for manipulating atomic mixtures, but so far little work has been undertaken to understand the collisions of atoms held within these traps. In this work, we dress a mixture of 85Rb and 87Rb with RF radiation, characterize the inelastic loss that occurs, and demonstrate species-selecti...
Preprint
Characterizing quasibound states from coupled-channel scattering calculations can be a laborious task, involving extensive manual iteration and fitting. We present an automated procedure that reliably converges on a quasibound state (or scattering resonance) from some distance away. It may be used for both single-channel and multichannel scattering...
Preprint
We report our experimental results on the collisional physics between non-S-state atoms (ytterbium (Yb), effectively a two-electron system, in the metastable ${}^3\mathrm{P}_2$ state) and S-state atoms (lithium (Li), an alkali metal, in the ground state). At low magnetic fields, by measuring inelastic interspecies collisional losses in the double q...
Article
We investigate the use of microwave radiation to produce a repulsive shield between pairs of ultracold polar molecules and prevent collisional losses that occur when molecular pairs reach short range. We carry out coupled-channels calculations on RbCs+RbCs and CaF+CaF collisions in microwave fields. We show that effective shielding requires predomi...
Preprint
Full-text available
We have investigated Feshbach resonances in collisions of high-spin atoms such as Er and Dy with closed-shell atoms such as Sr and Yb, using coupled-channel scattering and bound-state calculations. We consider both low-anisotropy and high-anisotropy limits. In both regimes we find many resonances with a wide variety of widths. The wider resonances...
Article
Full-text available
We study the behavior of the Eisenbud-Wigner collisional time delay around Feshbach resonances in cold and ultracold atomic and molecular collisions. We carry out coupled-channel scattering calculations on ultracold Rb and Cs collisions. In the low-energy limit, the time delay is proportional to the scattering length and so exhibits a pole as a fun...
Preprint
Full-text available
Polar molecules in superpositions of rotational states exhibit long-range dipolar interactions, but maintaining their coherence in a trapped sample is a challenge. We present calculations that show many laser-coolable molecules have convenient rotational transitions that are exceptionally insensitive to magnetic fields. We verify this experimentall...
Article
We investigate magnetically tunable Feshbach resonances in ultracold collisions between ground-state Yb and Cs atoms, using coupled-channel calculations based on an interaction potential recently determined from photoassociation spectroscopy. We predict resonance positions and widths for all stable isotopes of Yb, together with resonance decay para...
Preprint
We investigate the use of microwave radiation to produce a repulsive shield between pairs of ultracold polar molecules and prevent collisional losses that occur when molecular pairs reach short range. We carry out coupled-channels calculations on RbCs+RbCs and CaF+CaF collisions in microwave fields. We show that effective shielding requires predomi...
Article
We investigate Cs+Cs scattering in excited Zeeman and hyperfine states. We calculate the real and imaginary parts of the s-wave scattering length; the imaginary part directly provides the rate coefficient for two-body inelastic loss, while the real part allows us to identify regions of magnetic field where three-body recombination will be slow. We...
Preprint
We study the behavior of the Eisenbud-Wigner collisional time delay around Feshbach resonances in cold and ultracold atomic and molecular collisions. We carry out coupled-channels scattering calculations on ultracold Rb and Cs collisions. In the low-energy limit, the time delay is proportional to the scattering length, so exhibits a pole as a funct...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding and controlling collisions is crucial to the burgeoning field of ultracold molecules. All experiments so far have observed fast loss of molecules from the trap. However, the dominant mechanism for collisional loss is not well understood when there are no allowed 2-body loss processes. Here we experimentally investigate collisional los...
Preprint
Full-text available
We investigate magnetically tunable Feshbach resonances in ultracold collisions between ground-state Yb and Cs atoms, using coupled-channel calculations based on an interaction potential recently determined from photoassociation spectroscopy. We predict resonance positions and widths for all stable isotopes of Yb, together with resonance decay para...
Preprint
We investigate Cs+Cs scattering in excited Zeeman and hyperfine states. We calculate the real and imaginary parts of the s-wave scattering length; the imaginary part directly provides the rate coefficient for 2-body inelastic loss, while the real part allows us to identify regions of magnetic field where 3-body recombination will be slow. We identi...
Preprint
Full-text available
Understanding and controlling collisions is crucial to the burgeoning field of ultracold molecules. All experiments so far have observed fast loss of molecules from the trap. However, the dominant mechanism for collisional loss is not well understood when there are no allowed 2-body loss processes. Here we experimentally investigate collisional los...
Preprint
MOLSCAT is a general-purpose package for performing non-reactive quantum scattering calculations for atomic and molecular collisions using coupled-channel methods. Simple atom-molecule and molecule-molecule collision types are coded internally and additional ones may be handled with plug-in routines. Plug-in routines may include external magnetic,...
Article
The bound program calculates the bound states of a complex formed from two interacting particles using coupled-channel methods. It is particularly suitable for the bound states of atom–molecule and molecule–molecule van der Waals complexes and for the near-threshold bound states that are important in ultracold physics. It uses a basis set for all d...
Article
molscat is a general-purpose program for quantum-mechanical calculations on nonreactive atom–atom, atom–molecule and molecule–molecule collisions. It constructs the coupled-channel equations of atomic and molecular scattering theory, and solves them by propagating the wavefunction or log-derivative matrix outwards from short range to the asymptotic...
Article
We study the two-body bound states of a model Hamiltonian that describes the interaction between two field-oriented dipole moments. This model has been used extensively in the many-body physics of ultracold polar molecules and magnetic atoms, but its few-body physics has been explored less fully. With a hard-wall short-range boundary condition, the...
Preprint
MOLSCAT is a general-purpose program for quantum-mechanical calculations on nonreactive atom-atom, atom-molecule and molecule-molecule collisions. It constructs the coupled-channel equations of atomic and molecular scattering theory, and solves them by propagating the wavefunction or log-derivative matrix outwards from short range to the asymptotic...
Preprint
The BOUND program calculates the bound states of a complex formed from two interacting particles using coupled-channel methods. It is particularly suitable for the bound states of atom-molecule and molecule-molecule Van der Waals complexes and for the near-threshold bound states that are important in ultracold physics. It uses a basis set for all d...
Article
Full-text available
Polar molecules offer a new platform for quantum simulation of systems with long-range interactions, based on the electrostatic interaction between their electric dipole moments. Here, we report the development of coherent quantum state control using microwave fields in 40Ca19F and 87Rb133Cs molecules, a crucial ingredient for many quantum simulati...
Article
We use microwaves to engineer repulsive long-range interactions between ultracold polar molecules. The resulting shielding suppresses various loss mechanisms and provides large elastic cross sections. Hyperfine interactions limit the shielding under realistic conditions, but a magnetic field allows suppression of the losses to below 10−14 cm3 s−1....