Jennifer M Scarlett's research while affiliated with State University of New York Upstate Medical University and other places

Publications (6)

Article
Full-text available
Investigators sponsored by the National Council on Pet Population Study and Policy interviewed people who relinquished dogs and cats at 12 shelters in 4 regions of the USA. We collected similar data from a sample of US households with companion animals. Data collected included non-human animal characteristics such as age, sex, and frequency of sele...
Article
Full-text available
Relinquishing a nonhuman animal to a shelter is a complex decision that, it is often believed, ultimately may represent a breakdown of the human-animal bond. The result of such a breakdown is an animal companion surplus in the United States, which is no better evidenced than by the statistics documenting the millions of animals euthanized at shelte...
Article
Full-text available
The Regional Shelter Relinquishment Study sponsored by the National Council on Pet Population Study and Policy (NCPPSP) is a US research project designed to explore the characteristics of relinquished dogs and cats, their owners, and the reasons for relinquishment. The NCPPSP Regional Shelter Study, which was conducted between February 1995 and Apr...

Citations

... The reasons that would lead interviewees to abandon their own animals represented hypothetical situations. However, individuals who surrendered their animals to shelters also reported these reasons or potential risk factors (MILLER et al., 1996;NEW et al., 1999NEW et al., , 2000DIESEL et al., 2008;CASEY et al., 2009;ELLIOTT et al., 2010), suggesting that interviewees can identify in advance intolerable situations in their cohabitation with their animals. Thus preventive programs focused on the preacquisition of animals and on ethological approaches to understand and manage some behaviors, may help to reduce abandonment rates. ...
... Indeed, feeling autonomous and in control has been tied to improved wellbeing and reduced stress among both humans and other animals (14,15). Second, pets whose welfare is maximized and whose needs are cared for are less likely to display problematic behaviors and to be relinquished (16,17). Third, creating more equal relations between humans and pets could reverberate positively onto human-pet relations, and have benefits for humans as well. ...
... Unwanted or problematic behavior is a remarkable welfare issue in pet cats (Felis catus). Problematic behavior is a common reason for cat relinquishment to an animal shelter (Salman et al., 2010;Stella and Croney, 2016) and may indicate that the cat is experiencing distress or anxiety, which has several negative impacts on welfare (Amat et al., 2009). Fearfulness and aggressiveness are common problematic behaviors (Tamimi et al., 2015;Wassink-van der Schot et al., 2016). ...
... Svoboda and colleagues reported that 10 to 12 year-old dogs are more likely to be socially isolated, thus ending up being euthanized [44], because they generally have to cope with several age-related dysfunctions, and become a burden on owners in terms of daily life management. Indeed, alongside medical issues arising over time, including cardiovascular diseases, renal failure, joint fractures and poor mobility [45], a not-negligible percentage of aged dogs is relinquished because they very often develop emotional and cognitive problems, associated with aggressiveness, excessive vocalization, disobedience, biting, escape or hyperactivity [46]. Interestingly, although it is still an initial study, we might reasonably state that the educational program carried out in the present work produced a beneficial effect on the older dogs, who had more chances to be adopted than the age-matched untrained animals. ...
... Our results reveal a troubling element, which is that teachers are not technically prepared for such a task, at least at present. This is confirmed by two other studies (New et al., 2000;Scarlett et al., 2002) that show that guardian with less education or income are more likely to abandon their animals. Therefore, educating children can contribute decisively to reducing pet abandonment. ...