Jennifer J. Waldron's research while affiliated with University of Northern Iowa and other places

Publications (29)

Article
While athletes must be tough and dedicated to sport, many mothers feel pressured to commit to caregiving. A small but growing body of literature has examined how female athletes negotiate these seemingly conflicting roles of mother and athlete. However, the current literature has predominantly focused on heterosexual, cisgender, White women. In thi...
Article
High-quality mentoring is a vital component of graduate education that leads to degree completion. For many students and faculty members, the traditional model of mentorship based on a fixed hierarchy is no longer viable because of the increasing complexity of higher education, diversification of graduate student career paths, and responses to the...
Article
BACKGROUND A statewide 6-month school administrator health and wellness program encouraged participants to use a fitness tracker to self-monitor their physical activity and sleep patterns. The purpose of this study was to examine participants' experience in a school administrator health and wellness program and their perceptions of the impact on he...
Article
We write this article to promote (again) integrating inclusive excellence and social justice to queer sport psychology. We advocate for the interrogation of the functionalist, hegemonic masculinist, and positivist foundation of the discipline of sport psychology which has inhibited attention to multicultural, inclusive, socially just approaches in...
Article
Full-text available
This descriptive study explored the influence of a 6-month well-being intervention on the leadership–life balance of school administrators. After completing the program, 12 administrators participated in a semistructured interview focused on their administrative duties, experience in the program, and changes in health-related knowledge/skills and b...
Article
Hazing is any degrading or abusive behavior required to be socially accepted on a sports team. Theoretically, hazing is a symptom of the hierarchy and social dominance of the sport environment. The current study examined the influence of competitive level, gender, athletic identity, sport type, and team norms on participating in mild hazing, severe...
Article
Through the lens of feminist post-structuralism, identities of sex, gender, and sexuality are socially-constructed and fluid as a result of discourse and language. From this perspective, the purpose of this paper is to examine the negotiated and often complex experiences of lesbian athletes and coaches within sport, primarily in the United States o...
Article
Over the past decade, a growing number of scholars in sport psychology and sport sociology have begun forging inter- and transdiciplinary research lines that attempt to follow Ingham, Blissmer, and Wells Davidson's (1998) call for a coming together of the sport sociological and sport psychological imaginations. This paper presents the results of a...
Article
Framed within the psychosocial context of the sport ethic and social-approval goal orientation, 10 female and 11 male current collegiate or former high school athletes participated in individual interviews about their hazing experiences. Data analysis resulted in seven lower order themes and two higher order themes. The higher order theme of the ge...
Article
Within the environment of sport, athletes must often overlook and ignore pain and injury to be successful. In light of this, the current study, using an open-ended question, explored reasons why collegiate athletes made the decision to play through pain during competition. Male (n = 67) and female (n = 60) collegiate athletes from a variety of spor...
Article
Hazing is a common occurrence on sport teams and many athletes fear isolation if they speak out against it. Additionally, at many schools, prevention efforts are minimal. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to propose the use of the social norms approach to create hazing prevention programs. A five-step process (Berkowitz, 20034. Berkowitz ,...
Article
In the United States, initiation or hazing activities in high school and university sport are increasingly being recognized as a serious issue facing coaches and sport administrators. These events include humiliation, degradation or abuse of new team members, presumed to enhance team bonding. This study is grounded in Waldron and Krane's conceptual...
Article
Because many college students engage in low levels of physical activity, the current study used a qualitative framework to interview 11 college students to examine the meaning physically active college students assign to the practice of fitness and health. Students discussed the importance of healthy eating, but that it was difficult to accomplish...
Article
There has been a growing trend in examining how life skills can be developed through sport programs (Danish, 2002). Four components of life skills central to the current study were interpersonal communication, problem solving, health maintenance, and identity development (Darden & Gazda, 1996). The purpose of this study was to compare the effects o...
Article
Framed within the psychosocial context of the sport ethic and social-approval goal orientation, 10 female and 11 male current collegiate or former high school athletes participated in individual interviews about their hazing experiences. Data analysis resulted in seven lower order themes and two higher order themes. The higher order theme of the ge...
Article
IT IS IMPORTANT THAT ATHLETES ARE COMMITTED TO A STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING PROGRAM, TO GAIN SPEED AND POWER. HOWEVER, FOR MANY STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING COACHES, IT IS DIFFICULT TO FACILITATE THE COMMITMENT OF THEIR ATHLETES TO THE PROGRAM. THE SPORT COMMITMENT MODEL IS A THEORETICAL MODEL THAT CAN HELP COACHES UNDERSTAND THE COMMITMENT LEVELS OF T...
Article
The Model of Competence Motivation (Harteg 1978) higlights how self-perceptions are influenced by individual and socialization fac tors. Using this model the present study investigated, quantitatively with a pretest and posttest design (N=34) and qualitatively via individual interviews (N=8), how involvement in the Girls on Track pogram (GOT) influ...
Article
The present study examined the relationship between aggression and players' names on uniforms in collegiate women's ice hockey. Aggression was defined as mean penalty minutes per game. Information, i.e., win/loss record, penalties, and names on uniforms, about the 2002-2003 season women's ice hockey team was obtained via e-mail from 53 of 72 (74% r...
Article
Objectives: Utilizing an interactionist approach, this study examined the main and interactive effects of the perceived motivational climate and goal perspectives on sportspersonship. Additionally, the perceived motivational climate was explored as a team level variable and multilevel modeling was used to investigate individual and group level effe...
Article
The power and performance model of sport stresses a sport ethic of doing "whatever it takes" to win (Coakley, 2004). Uncritical acceptance of this model may lead to various health-compromising behaviors. Employing achievement goal theory, we examine why female athletes may adopt the power and performance approach. An ego motivational climate and a...

Citations

... By studying nuanced language in media sources, tensions of motherhood, sport and racialized identity were identified, along Future Research Directions 9 with broader cultural links to maternal health and risk. Waldron and Mullin (2021) also expanded mainstream media work, by exploring stories of queer athletes who became co-mothers and how motherhood was discussed in news discourses. Findings showed the value of exploring digital media stories of athletes who are non-biological mothers, and destabilizing 'mono-maternalism' and biological assumptions about who is a 'mother'. ...
... Thus, calls in the SEP community to better direct attention to these factors in both research and practice have existed for decades, and continue today (e.g. Bejar et al., 2021;Blodgett et al., 2015;Duda & Allison, 1990;Hall, 1988;Krane & Waldron, 2021;Ram et al., 2004). While acknowledging the importance of all diversity, here we specifically focus on participant gender. ...
... Schools are an ideal place to promote health and facilitate wellness in the staff and students, because they are well-equipped with resources, facilities, and a unique set of experts. 2,8,12 School administrators serve as leaders who have the responsibility to model healthy behaviors and develop a healthy school climate. 12 Schools that have a culture promoting health and wellness have strong leaders who also support high academic standards and collegiality. ...
... In some studies on participation in sports activities and exercise, it is emphasized that when individuals do physical activities regularly, there are significant benefits for them both psychologically and physically (Barnett, Smoll & Smith, 1992). Individuals participating in any sportive recreational activity can be more socially competent and improve in physical appearance, as well as having a more positive perspective on physical activity after completing the recreational activity exercise program (Waldron, 2009). In addition, some studies in the literature have reported that participating in sportive recreational programs reduces anxiety and tension in individuals, increases body image, and improves psychological well-being (Donger, Ozkartal & Sarigoz, 2016;Kim, June, & Rhayun, 2002;Mavrovouniotis, Argiriadou & Papaioannou, 2010). ...
... For example, research conducted in the United Kingdom, Canada, and United States has found that between 42% and 74% of college athletes reported engaging in at least one hazing behaviour (Allan & Madden, 2013;Allan et al., 2019;Hamilton et al., 2016;Johnson et al., 2018). Further, Waldron (2015) reported that 27% of high-school athletes experienced mild hazing (e.g., being cursed at or having food thrown at you), and 31% experienced severe hazing (e.g., being hit, being kicked, or engaging in sexual acts). Under-reporting is generally accepted within the bullying literature given the pressures on athletes to stay silent; otherwise, negative repercussions are incurred. ...
... Whereas there exists some investigations about gay and lesbian athletes' experiences in organized sports in the US (Anderson, 2011;Waldron, 2016;Petty & Trussell, 2018), the UK (Caudwell, 2006;, Spain (Vilanova et al., 2020) and the Netherlands (Elling & Janssens, 2009), there is little empirical research on the sports club experiences of gay and lesbian athletes in Germany. Accordingly, Krell and Oldemeier (2018, p. 27) conclude: 'Sport is an area in which empirical findings on the experiences of non-heterosexual persons in Germany are particularly scarce'. ...
... Such inspections should always be carefully and thoroughly documented Peterson (2008). ...
... Cuando se analizan los medios de comunicación especializados en deporte, se sigue observando que las mujeres siguen apareciendo de una manera estereotipada, en menor cantidad que los hombres y, casi siempre, en situaciones no deportivas (Fink & Kensicki, 2002), aunque en ocasiones estas publicaciones no busquen trivializar o subestimar sus logros deportivos (Rightler-MCDaniels, 2014). En general, las mujeres que aparecen heterosexualmente femeninas son privilegiadas sobre las mujeres que son percibidas como masculinas, recibiendo mayor atención social y mediática (Waldron, 2007). ...
... The aim of this special edition was to open conversations about the potential and politics of working at the intersection between these two disciplines. But whilst this special edition gave me hope for interdisciplinary discourse that sought to provide a more cultural and relational understanding of injured athletes' psychological experiences and offered several ideas for collaborative projects on how to do just that (see e.g., Butryn, LaVoi, Kauer, Semerjian, & Waldron, 2014;Markula, 2014), from examining the literature and conference abstracts since this special edition I have seen little evidence of interdisciplinary research between these two professions (and others). Mainstream research in sport injury psychology remains an individual focused and single, scientific discipline, which I find to be such a shortcoming of the literature. ...
... & Young, 1999;Kirby & Wintrup, 2002;Waldron & Kowalski, 2013). ...