Jekaterina Navickė's research while affiliated with Vilnius University and other places

Publications (18)

Article
This paper evaluates the impacts of 2017’s labour law liberalisation on labour market flexibility in Lithuania. While employment did grow rapidly in 2017–2019, there was little change in labour market flexibility. Against expectations, part-time employment declined as labour relations continued to be administered under path-dependent institutional...
Article
The purpose of this article is to present a methodology and results for nowcasting poverty and inequality indicators during economic growth and the Covid-19 pandemic in Lithuania. Nowcasting combines the techniques of tax-benefit microsimulation and calibration of the survey weights. For the microsimulation, the tax-benefit microsimulation model EU...
Article
Full-text available
This article analyzes the relationship between the social and climate policies of the European Union member states and examines the concept of the eco–social state. In the climate crisis era, the need for a close link between social and climate policies is particularly acute. The European Green Deal and other EU strategies reflect a political agend...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this article is to present the results of cash social assistance (CSA) benefit non-take-up in the context of the CSA system reform in Lithuania. The right to adequate minimum income benefits is one of the 20 key principles under the European Pillar of Social Rights (EPSR). Using the tax-benefit microsimulation model EUROMOD we seek t...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter aims to discuss the link between migration and welfare in Lithuania. We start with presentation of the main characteristics of the Lithuanian welfare system emphasizing the access to social benefits for resident nationals, non-national residents, and non-resident nationals. Later we examine key developments of population migration to a...
Article
This article aims at disentangling the factors behind changes in income inequality and relative poverty in the Baltic states. An evaluation of income, policy, and demographic effects was based on counterfactual scenarios constructed using tax-benefit microsimulation and reweighting techniques. Decomposition showed that income and policy effects wer...
Article
Full-text available
We propose a methodology for estimating the cost of the basic needs and applying it on the data for Lithuania in a decade after the EU accession (2006-2016). The basic food costs account for the minimal nutrition requirements, while the cost of other needs is estimated in relative terms, taking actual consumption patterns in the population into acc...
Article
Full-text available
This paper looks at the effects of tax-benefit systems and social stratification determinants on the probability of poverty among mothers after childbirth and divorce/separation. The analysis was carried out for twelve EU countries, which represent a variety of welfare regimes providing different degrees of defamilialisation. We applied the stress-...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this paper was to analyse distributional implications of the economic development reflected at the macro level in the Baltics. We demonstrated how the concepts of income and its measurement at macro and micro levels can be reconciled using data recorded in the EU Survey on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) and National Accounts. We...
Article
Full-text available
Straipsnyje yra siūlomas socialinės paramos sąlygų griežtumo indeksas, leidžiantis išanalizuoti ir palyginti šalių paramos sistemų griežtumą. Indeksui sukurti naudojami MISSOC ir EUROMOD duomenys. Taip pat analizuotas sukurto indekso ir skurdo, socialinės atskirties bei pajamų nelygybės rodiklių ryšys. Rezultatai parodė, kad Lietuvos socialinės par...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this paper is to evaluate the impact of cash social benefits on work incentives across the income distribution and among selected model family types in Lithuania. The analysis of work incentives was carried out for 2005–2013 based on a combination of measures estimated using the EUROMOD tax–benefit microsimulation model. The analysis rev...
Conference Paper
In this paper we aim to cover the gap in analysis of functional distribution of National income at the macroeconomic level and personal income distribution at the microlevel. We compare the information provided in the National Accounts and in the EU Survey on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) for the three Baltic states and in a wider EU conte...
Article
Full-text available
While Lithuania is among the countries with the highest at-risk-of-poverty rates in the European Union, povertyresearch has so far been dominated by cross-sectional poverty analysis. This paper is aimed at contributing to better understandingof poverty as a dynamic process in Lithuania by examining poverty risk persistence, transitions and triggers...
Article
Full-text available
Santrauka This paper looks into the role the tax-benefit system plays in mitigating widespread socio-economic risks and individual vulnerability to poverty. The drivers behind the changing role of the risk-mitigating social policies are analysed looking through the theoretical lenses of the risk society. The performance of the tax-benefit system i...
Article
Full-text available
The at-risk-of-poverty rate is one of the three indicators used for monitoring progress towards the Europe 2020 poverty and social exclusion reduction target. Timeliness of this indicator is critical for monitoring the effectiveness of policies. However, due to complicated nature of the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The at-risk-of-poverty rate is one of the three indicators used for monitoring progress towards the Europe 2020 poverty and social exclusion reduction target. Timeliness of this indicator is critical for monitoring the effectiveness of policies. However, due in part to the complicated nature of the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Con...
Article
Full-text available
We compare the distributional effects of policy changes presented as fiscal consolidation measures in nine EU countries that experienced large budget deficits following the financial crisis of the late 2000s and subsequent economic downturn, using the EU microsimulation model EUROMOD. The nine countries, Estonia, Greece, Spain, Italy, Latvia, Lithu...
Article
This article is one of the few attempts to assess some of the social justice aspects of higher education in Lithuania. The first part provides an analysis of social justice in higher education from the perspective of political philosophy and sociological theories. Results of an empirical study on the access to and distribution of higher education b...

Citations

... For Lithuania, Navickė (2020), besides the policy and income effect, also added the demographic effect via re-weighting following DiNardo et al. (1996) to decompose the changes in the Gini index. The findings suggest that while the income effect dominated the increase in the Gini index, the rising income inequality was partly offset by the policy effects. ...
... A full understanding of the policies that influence compensation and independence, and how they work in different contexts, would therefore require further study. One possibility is the simulation study, in which incomes are simulated under existing and hypothetical policies using tools like Taxsim or Euromod (Popova & Navicke, 2019). In the European context, a recent adaptation of the German Socio-Economic Panel for usage with Euromod provides a promising avenue for doing so (Bartels et al., 2021). ...
... It is an integral part of a democratic state. Social support is described as a tool [41,42]. The study of the concept of social security is inseparable from the concept of the welfare state. ...
... Additionally, this estimate may cause problems when comparing households across countries, since the size of the shadow economy is particularly large in Lithuania. Second, as has been already pointed out various times, EU-SILC undersamples the income of rich individuals in all countries (especially capital income (Navickė & Lazutka, 2018))something that the survey weights do not correct for. Including the rich will result in higher measures of equivalised income inequality in Lithuania. ...
... The calculation of the difference between welfare state payments and the financial rewards from employment became one of the tools used by both the OECD (Tax and Benefit Systems: OECD Indicators) and the European Commission Tax and benefits indicators database/EUROMOD when assessing the effectiveness of its member states' labour market regulations. The microsimulation models based on the notion that 'work must pay' had been used in analyses evaluating the impact of welfare reforms on the financial incentives of employment, pointing to some important problems in the construction of welfare support (Bargain et al., 2010;Blundell, 2001;Danziger et al., 2002;Figari, 2010;Immervoll and Pearson, 2009;Kurowska et al., 2015;Martin and Immervoll, 2007;Navickė and Lazutka, 2016 ;Pearson and Scarpetta, 2000) (and for CEE countries, a particularly interesting analysis of the costs of the formalization of employment by Koettl and Weber, 2012). The financial incentive for employment is usually measured through household simulation techniques that compare the situation of households that are receiving welfare benefits with those that are employed. ...
... As social inclusiveness can mitigate the societal risks which are associated with unemployment, increased income and health inequalities, educational opportunity deprivation and failure of support system (i.e. formal and informal) (Taylor- Robinson and Gosling, 2011;Navicke, 2014). While social exclusive growth creates social and income inequalities in society. ...
... Este devenir podríamos entenderlo como un ajuste de las escuelas a las características que plantea el capitalismo tardío (Habermas, 1973), el cual persigue la dominación del todo. Primero, le llamamos globalización (Bazzul, 2012;Dale & Robertson, 2009;Torres & Schugurensky, 2001), como movimiento de diseminación de fronteras o transnacionalización económica de los países, que ha implicado sumergir las identidades locales dentro de procesos totalizadores (Potrafke, 2019;Willem, 2005;Zajda, 2010;), para luego atenuar estas implicancias desde la noción de mundialización, que considera la posibilidad de existencias de diversos mundos relacionados entre sí. El proceso globalizador contemplaría dispositivos de normalización (Bank-Mikkelsen, 1975), vale decir, la aplicación de ortopedias para ajustar al individuo a un estándar (Foucault, 1980(Foucault, , 1993(Foucault, , 2012. ...
... Nowcasting has been already applied to GDP too [7], however the developed model uses a statistical approach that is intractable for a high number of variables, thus affecting the quality of results. Other examples can be found focusing on the Eurozone [8], or on different targets such as poverty risk [9] and income distribution [10]. ...
... More recently, nowcasting techniques have been applied to produce current estimates of poverty and income inequality. Some research has used inflation indexation and proportional adjustment of industry-specific employment rates combined with a tax-benefit simulator to evaluate the policy impact of various tax-benefit rules (Navicke et al., 2014). Previous studies have demonstrated the applicability and transferability of this technique across countries (Kuzmenko and Roienko, 2017) and the technique's usefulness in incorporating newer data. ...
... Hence, Heimberger (2020) conducting a research for 17 OECD for a long period of time show that most often fiscal consolidation episodes lead to an increase in income inequality, so the impact of an episode marks a 0.4% increase in the GINI coefficient in the short term and a 0.6% increase in the medium term. Avram et al. (2013) conducted a study on the countries with the largest deficit after the crisis in the late 2000s and the results reveal that in Greece, Spain, Italy, Latvia, Romania and in the United Kingdom the richest lost a higher proportion of their income than the poor, in Estonia the effects of distribution were reversed and the poor lost a higher proportion of their income than the rich and in Lithuania and Portugal the negative effects of fiscal consolidation were felt more on those with medium incomes. ...