Jeffrey R. Shapiro's scientific contributions

Publications (43)

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This chapter explains how to configure the hypervisor (Hyper-V) environment and install an operating system as a guest on a Windows 10 Hyper-V host. It introduces the following points: running Hyper-V; specifying a virtual machine (VM) server; creating virtual switches; and creating a VM. Once Hyper-V is enabled on users' host computer, they must s...
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This chapter is about connecting, installing, and removing hardware. A typical computer consists of hardware, firmware, and software. This chapter discusses each of these components with a focus on installing and removing hardware in Windows 10. A device driver is a program that serves as an intermediary between a piece of hardware and an applicati...
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This chapter looks at how user experience user accounts. Windows 10 provides several sign-in options, available from the Accounts panel in Settings. The chapter talks about techniques for creating, managing, and password-protecting user accounts and provides some basic information on passwords in general. Windows 10 offers five basic types of user...
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Default programs are programs that start automatically when user opens a document or use an Internet protocol such as e-mail or the web. This chapter discusses several methods of choosing default programs that offered by Windows 10. Setting default programs using the Open With dialog box is just one way to do it. To assign a default program to a fi...
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This chapter helps user troubleshoot problems with programs running on Windows 10. Most programs have their own built-in Help feature for a reason, because every program is unique. The only ways to get information about a specific program are from the Help that came with that program or from the support website for that program. The whole concept o...
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Remote Assistance and Remote Desktop Connection provide a means to both view and remotely control other computers. This chapter covers both of these topics. Before users allow a trusted expert to take over their computer online, they need to agree on a time. When connected, the trusted expert sees users' screen and options for chatting, requesting...
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This chapter discusses ways to troubleshoot user's computer when they are experiencing problems. Some fixes are easy, and others may require user to reinstall Windows 10. The Windows 10 Advanced Startup options include a System Restore item that enables user to restore the system to a previous state if System Protection is turned on. To recover the...
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Hyper-V is a Windows feature that users can enable using the Windows Feature tool of the Programs and Feature applet. Hyper-V runs on the host operating system, on which users can install an additional operating system. The host environment manages the guest Hyper-V environment, and in turn the guest environment manages the virtual system (VM). Thi...
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This chapter discusses the Windows 10 desktop and covers the Start menu. It points out the name and purpose of many elements that can be seen on the screen. Together, these bits of information provide basic knowledge about how they use a computer to get things done. It all starts with logging in. The desktop can have any number of icons on it. Jump...
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This chapter focuses on techniques for getting older programs to work in Windows 10. Windows 10 offers several tools to help with compatibility issues. A couple of types of programs can be considered “old” in the context of the chapter: Disk Operating System (DOS) programs; and 16-bit Windows programs. DOS commands are included as part of the Windo...
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This chapter is about installing and configuring Bluetooth devices and Bluetooth networks. Bluetooth devices provide an excellent alternative to many commonly wired devices. They are usually fast and easy to set up and can provide a great way for users to communicate between computers without relying on more complex networking. The chapter summariz...
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Group policies provide a way to configure settings for a group of users or computers and have those settings replicated throughout an organization or enterprise. This chapter introduces the following points: understanding Windows 10 group policies; editing group policies; deploying group policies; and viewing new Windows 10 group policies on a clie...
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This chapter explains how printing works, how to stop printing the document, and how to print from Windows 10 apps. Each document user print becomes a print job that waits its turn in line if other documents are already printing, or waiting to be printed. A program called a print spooler makes a special copy of the document containing instructions...
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The Windows 10 Task Manager is a handy tool for terminating hung programs and for monitoring computer resource usage. Task Manager also provides detailed information that's of interest only to programmers and network administrators. The Performance tab in Task Manager provides both graphical and numeric summaries of CPU, memory, disk, and network h...
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Cortana is a digital personal assistant tool built into Windows 10. It provides a way to access information by typing search criteria or by speaking commands. This chapter introduces the following points: understanding Cortana; setting up Cortana; using Cortana; modifying Cortana; and using Cortana on mobile devices. By default, Cortana is installe...
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In this chapter, user learns about working in the cloud with Microsoft OneDrive, an online file sharing and file storage tool. Windows 10 provides a good platform for using the Microsoft OneDrive cloud service. In Windows 10, OneDrive functionality is fully integrated with the operating system and the service appears as a separate drive or device t...
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This chapter is about controlling exactly which programs and services do, and don't, start automatically when users first start their computer and Windows. By controlling these programs, they can streamline the Windows startup and fix problems with performance or function. The chapter focuses primarily on legacy Windows programs rather than new Win...
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Windows 10 includes native features for virtualizing the user's desktop using the Windows 10 hypervisor (Hyper-V) features. This chapter introduces the following points: understanding Hyper-V in enterprises; migrating virtual machines (VMs); upgrading VMs; understanding Hyper-V checkpoints; exporting VMs; and importing VMs. VMs are one way administ...
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Windows 10 includes features that remove the complexities commonly associated with network configurations. This chapter describes how to configure Windows for different types of hardware setups. To create a local area network (LAN), user needs a plan and special hardware to make that plan work. For one thing, each computer needs a device known as a...
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Windows 10's sharing and discovery make it relatively easy to share resources and discover them. This chapter focuses on the “sharing” part. Windows 7, Windows 8, and Windows 10 include a public folder from which files are shared automatically. Windows 10 includes three methods for sharing resources, each of which has its own advantages. These meth...
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Windows Update in Windows 10 builds on one of the most essential components in the OS engine: its self-healing and self-patching ability. In Windows 10, Microsoft has installed the technology that may once and for all end the idea of an “upgrade”. Automatic updates are an important part of users' overall security. Automatic updates keep their syste...
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Windows 10 melds the best of the modern Windows interface with the familiar desktop interface. The interface introduced in Windows 8 and fine-tuned in Windows 8.1 represented a shift toward touch-based interaction with the Windows operating system and applications, driven in large part by the growth of the tablet and handheld device markets. Althou...
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This chapter explains why Windows 10 security is important and shows how to protect Windows 10 against malicious software. Several forms of malicious software (malware) exist, including viruses, worms, spyware, and adware. Windows products have been the subjected to security breaches and attempted security breaches. These breaches come in the form...
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This chapter looks at how user find and use shared resources from computers within the network. It looks at opening documents from remote resources, moving and copying files between networked computers, using remote printers, and ways of using shared media. The chapter also looks into methods for accessing network resources and a topic that will he...
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This chapter explores the common methods and issues user may experience when installing programs for Windows 10. Before user begin installing and upgrading from a disk, user must have administrative privileges to install a program. Most programs that users purchase are delivered on a CD, DVD, or via an Internet download. Always follow the installat...
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This chapter is mostly about searching for programs, folders, files, and messages that are inside, or directly connected to, user's computer. Understanding how searches work in Windows 10 is critical to performing quick, successful searches. Most searches are performed on an index. The index is like the index at the back of this or any other book....
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This chapter discusses the components of the computer and addresses some common problems and their solutions. It provides information for troubleshooting Bluetooth connectivity and general performance issues. Whenever user has a hardware problem that's causing a device to misbehave or not work at all, finding an updated driver is usually the best b...
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This chapter first focuses on what is new in Windows 10, compared to previous editions of Windows (Windows 7 and Windows 8.x). Windows 10 is available for a variety of Internet of Things (IoT) devices. Windows 10 IoT Core supports universal apps and drivers, the same development tools as for all Windows 10 devices, and the key features that Windows...
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This chapter looks at different ways of installing printers, including using the Windows 10 Devices tool, which user can run from Settings, as well as techniques for managing installed printers using the legacy Devices and Printers tool in Control Panel. Windows 10 includes support for wireless printing and far easier and more efficient support for...
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This chapter explores Windows Firewall and looks at the Security and Maintenance Control Panel program. This program is a single point of notification for most of the PC's security. Windows 10 comes with a built-in firewall that's turned on and working from the moment users start their computer. The chapter explains how to configure Windows Firewal...
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This chapter explains how to back up both user's personal files and system files. It discusses System Protection, which creates restore points to keep copies of some files around temporarily. This feature helps user fix minor mishaps on the spot without fumbling around with external disks. A simple way to back up items from user account is to copy...
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This chapter discusses the techniques for managing installed programs. It explains how to change or repair programs as well as how to remove programs that user no longer need or want. User need administrative privileges to change, repair, or remove programs. The first step to changing or repairing a program is to get to the Programs and Features ap...
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This chapter explores how users can change all the elements of the Windows 10 interface and customize it to suit the way they work and play. It explains how to add and remove tiles from the Start screen, as well as the Windows taskbar. In the Windows 10 interface, live tiles are ones that display data dynamically. Examples include the Weather, Mail...
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The components of the computer system that most affect performance are its CPU and memory, but hard drive performance also affects overall system performance. One of the best things user can do to improve the computer's performance is to ensure that it has plenty of memory. Windows 10 includes a great selection of tools to help the monitor and tune...
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This chapter describes Windows 10 imaging, how to use the system preparation tools, and how to deploy and modify images. Imaging provides a way to install Windows 10 on devices in a way that lets system administrators duplicate installs on multiple computers in a pseudo-automated way. User use the Windows Assessment and Deployment Kit (ADK) to acce...
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This chapter is all about the many ways users can customize the Windows desktop, Start menu, and taskbar to set up their screen in a way that works for them. It shows users how to use the personalization options to fine-tune the look and feel of Windows 10 on their screen. ClearType is a technology that makes fonts look clearer and smoother on a di...
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This chapter explores how to access the Windows Store, how to navigate it, how to install apps, how to look for and install app updates, and how to remove apps. The Windows Store is a new feature of Windows 8 and Windows 10. It provides an online area where user can download Windows 10 apps for the computer, tablet, or Windows phone. The Windows St...
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Windows 10 searches use an index of filenames, properties, and file contents to make searches quick and nimble. They also look only at files in the search index because that's much faster than slogging through the entire file system to look at every file in every folder. The information about files that's in the index comes from each file's propert...

Citations

... Furthermore, the achievement of an excellent fermentation process to a large extent depends on anaerobic and low pH conditions. The low pH is usually accomplished throughthe fermentation of sugars in the crop to lactic acid bylactic acid bacteria, which decreases plant enzymeactivity and prevents the proliferation of detrimentalanaerobic microorganisms, especially clostridia andenterobacteria (Yang, Huang et al. 2004 (Saun 2000). Silage can bekeptforupto3yearswithoutdeteriorating.Silageisverypalatabletolivestockandcanbe fed at any time. ...