Jeffrey J. Froh's research while affiliated with Hofstra University and other places

Publications (37)

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Gratitude is important for social and emotional health. Research suggests that there is a relation between experiencing and expressing gratitude and happiness. The aim of this chapter is to review current research regarding gratitude development and happiness, adolescent gratitude development, and to discuss future recommendations. This chapter als...
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Despite decades of research on materialism, there are few viable strategies for reducing materialism in younger consumers. In this paper, we present two studies conducted among over 900 adolescents that reveal a promising strategy for decreasing materialism: fostering gratitude. In Study 1, results from a nationally representative survey showed tha...
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Is gratitude developmentally related to improvements in social behavior? This study examined 566 adolescents (51.6% female, M age = 11.95 years at baseline, 68.0% White, 11.0% African-American, 9.9% Asian-American, 1.9% Hispanic, 8.8% ‘Other’) from middle school to high school for 4 years. Controlling for social desirability, age, SES, and gender,...
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Though positive psychology continues to gain recognition within the field of psychology, school psychology has mostly followed a disease-oriented model. Thus, there is still much to be done to promote its presence within the schools. School psychologists should continue to focus on promoting a science that denotes equal attention to curing patholog...
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Gratitude has been conceptualized in many different ways. There is evidence to support that gratitude is “a moral virtue, an attitude, an emotion, a habit, a personality trait, [and] a coping response” (Emmons & McCullough, 2003, p. 377). Emmons (2004, p. 554) defines it as “a sense of thankfulness and joy in response to receiving a gift, whether t...
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This chapter attempts to clarify when and where gratitude is apparently negative, with the aim of building a more balanced study of gratitude within psychology. It discusses the positive clinical psychology (PCP), which aims to transform the discipline into one where the understanding and fostering the positive is given equal attention as understan...
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Gratitude is a disposition or mood that enables people to respond positively for the benefits they receive from people, nature, or a moment of peaceful bliss. Past research has recognized gratitude as one of the most important virtues a person can have. It has been demonstrated that there are psychological, interpersonal, personality, and physical...
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People with a grateful disposition tend to experience the attitude of appreciating life as a gift more frequently, more intensely, toward more people, and for more things in their life at any given moment. This chapter begins with a brief review of basic research on gratitude, focusing first on adult populations and then on youth populations. It th...
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Gratitude is essential to social life and well-being. Although research with youth populations has gained momentum recently, only two gratitude interventions have been conducted in youth, targeting mostly adolescents. In the current research, we tested a new intervention for promoting gratitude among the youngest children targeted to date. Elementa...
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A body of research has emerged during the past three decades focusing on how students engage in the schooling process and the broader positive developmental outcomes associated with high levels of engagement and lower involvement in high-risk behaviors. This chapter suggests that gratitude might offer a unique contribution for understanding how aff...
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A body of research has emerged during the past three decades focusing on how students engage in the schooling process and the broader positive developmental outcomes associated with high levels of engagement and the lower involvement in high-risk behaviors. This chapter suggests that gratitude might offer a unique contribution for understanding how...
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Materialistic youth seem to be languishing while grateful youth seem to be flourishing. High school students (N=1,035) completed measures of materialism, gratitude, academic functioning, envy, depression, life satisfaction, social integration, and absorption. Using structural equation modeling, we found that gratitude, controlling for materialism,...
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Before the developmental trajectory, outcomes, and related interventions of gratitude can be accurately and confidently studied among the youth, researchers must ensure that they have psychometrically sound measures of gratitude that are suitable for this population. Thus, considering that no known scales were specifically designed to measure grati...
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Although gratitude is important to the good life, little is known about factors that enhance gratitude. Some have suggested that traumatic events such as near-death experiences and life-threatening illnesses might enhance gratitude. If reflecting on death causes one to appreciate life as a limited resource, this might enhance gratitude. This study...
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This study is a content analysis of a random selection of 20% (N = 1,168) of articles from School Psychology Quarterly, Psychology in the Schools, the Journal of School Psychology, and School Psychology Review. Across the four journals, 27% of the articles had a positive focus, and the percentage of articles focused on the positive has been between...
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Across five studies and three samples of early and late adolescents from suburban areas (N = 2198), this research provides a theoretical and empirical examination of a new construct, engaged living, which consists of social integration and absorption. Engaged living, as we define it, is having a passion to help others and be completely immersed in...
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The contributions of Albert Ellis to the understanding of human happiness including his suggestions for living a happier life have not been represented in the field of positive psychology. This article presents Ellis’ theoretical constructs associated with his conception of happiness (dual nature of human psyche, self-actualization, purpose and goa...
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Gratitude, a positive response to receiving a benefit, may contribute more to youth than just momentary happiness. It may ignite in youth a motivation for “upstream generativity” whereby its experience contributes to a desire to give back to their neighborhood, community, and world. We tested this notion by longitudinally examining early adolescent...
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This paper presents a new model of gratitude incorporating not only the gratitude that arises following help from others but also a habitual focusing on and appreciating the positive aspects of life", incorporating not only the gratitude that arises following help from others, but also a habitual focusing on and appreciating the positive aspects of...
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This study utilized a stepwise multiple regression analysis to investigate predictors of women's sexual addiction, including an initial investigation of father bonding. It contains the largest sample of sexually addicted women in an empirical study utilizing the W-SAST. Participants included 99 self-identified sexual addicts, who completed numerous...
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To date, nearly half of the work supporting the efficacy of gratitude interventions did so by making contrasts with techniques that induce negative affect (e.g., record your daily hassles). Gratitude interventions have shown limited benefits, if any, over control conditions. Thus, there is a need to better understand whether gratitude interventions...
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Previous work suggests women might possess an advantage over men in experiencing and benefiting from gratitude. We examined whether women perceive and react to gratitude differently than men. In Study 1, women, compared with men, evaluated gratitude expression to be less complex, uncertain, conflicting, and more interesting and exciting. In Study 2...
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ParagonsPeacePenn Resiliency ProgramPerseverancePersonal Growth InitiativePersonal ResponsibilityPersonalityPerson-Environment FitPeterson, ChristopherPhysical HealthPlayPleasurePositive AffectivityPositive EmotionsPositive EthicsPositive ExperiencesPositive IllusionsPositive Law and PolicyPositive Organizational BehaviorPositive Organizational Sch...
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Haidt, JonathanHappinessHardinessHarmonyHealth PsychologyHeart-Brain ConnectionHedonicsHeroesHolistic HealingHonestyHopeHumanistic PsychologyHumilityHumorReferences
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Gratitude was examined among 154 students to identify benefits from its experience and expression. Students completed measures of subjective well-being, social support, prosocial behavior, and physical symptoms. Positive associations were found between gratitude and positive affect, global and domain specific life satisfaction, optimism, social sup...
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The development and manifestation of gratitude in youth is unclear. We examined the effects of a grateful outlook on subjective well-being and other outcomes of positive psychological functioning in 221 early adolescents. Eleven classes were randomly assigned to either a gratitude, hassles, or control condition. Results indicated that counting bles...
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Reviews the book, "Thanks! How the new science of gratitude can make you happier" by Robert A. Emmons (2007). This book is the first book I know of about the science of gratitude that is geared for public consumption. This book is divided into seven chapters. Gratitude is an interpersonal emotion and is linked with stronger social relationships and...
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This study examined the association among interpersonal relationships, irrational beliefs, and life satisfaction. Twenty-eight psychotherapy clients and 207 college undergraduates completed measures of interpersonal relations (Outcome Questionnaire; Lambert et al., 1996), irrationality (Rational Behavior Inventory; Shorkey & Whiteman, 1977), and li...
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This study investigated the roles of coping and masculinity in higher rates of depressive symptoms among adolescent girls, as compared to boys. A model was designed and tested through path analysis, which involved the variables of sex, gender, problem-focused coping, rumination, and distraction. The Reynolds Adolescent Depression Scale and the Bem...
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Traditional approaches for working with children and families in the schools focus on problems and disturbance. The concept of positive psychology as a way to change this focus is offered through exploration of its integration within school psychology. Specifically, the application of positive psychology can form the basis of preventive practices w...
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This study evaluated the relationship between specific cognitions and state anger. Clinical outpatients (23%), workplace recruits (37%), and college students (40%) (N = 236, mean age = 31.68) completed a questionnaire, the Anger Episode Record (AER), which asked them to describe an experience that elicited feelings of irritation, annoyance, anger,...

Citations

... As suggested in prior literature (e.g., Gottlieb & Froh, 2019, Halberstadt et al., 2016, another way in which parents highlighted the value of what children received was through downward social comparison, where the child was presented as being lucky and having a privilege that others did not possess. However, children's messages that the everyday nature of some gifts and opportunities prevented them from being grateful, suggests that emphasizing the unique and special nature of the gift may encourage children to be potentially dismissive of everyday gifts. ...
... Gratitude interventions enhance positive emotions and interpersonal trust (Drążkowski et al. 2017). Fostering gratitude reduces materialism in children and adolescents (Chaplin et al. 2019). ...
... Shame has also been found to predict longitudinal decreases in prosocial behavior in early adolescence (Roos et al., 2014) and deter bystander intervention, as shame may make youth afraid of behaving inappropriately in front of their peers (Mazzone et al., 2018;Olthof, 2012). Research on compassion and gratitude in youth has focused on examining their phenomenological nature, adolescents' experiences of these emotions across contexts, and how these emotions might underlie prosocial behavior (see Bausert et al., 2018;e.g., Peplak & Malti, 2021). Although work on these emotions in youth is scant, researchers have situated gratitude and compassion at the crux of kindness and encourage additional work to dissentangle their social functions. ...
... Feeling strong gratitude alleviates various types of internalizing problems, such as anxiety, depression, and stress (Valikhani et al. 2019;Wood et al. 2008). Additionally, gratitude reduces behavioral problems (Bono et al. 2019). Writing gratitude diaries was reported to be an effective method to improve elementary students' externalizing behavioral problems, such as yelling, violating rules of conduct, aggressive behaviors, and swearing (Lim 2012). ...
... School engagement is another concept that is closely linked to the school environment and, although it is quite distinct from school belonging, it is especially relevant within the belonging literature (Allen & Boyle, in press;Furlong et al., 2014). As a multidimensional construct, different types of engagement have been recognised. ...
... Despite the omnipresence of gratitude in our past and present lives, psychological scientists have started studying gratitude relatively recently. Yet, gratitude research has multiplied in recent years [3]. ...
... Support for PS school-based programs and curricula, called positive education, continues to grow [24]. The PS approach, studied among both youth and adults [25], proved effective in increasing youth well-being, using a variety of methods, such as schoolbased interventions to increase the emotion of gratitude [26]. Meta-analyses demonstrated that gratitude interventions among adolescents were the most effective of all PS interventions [27]. ...
... Researchers have focused on the negative consequences of materialism instead of its antecedents [10]. However, based on an emergent amount of studied in psychology, we theorized that gratitude-a key construct within positive psychology and positive organizational psychology [11][12][13]-might decrease workplace materialism. Indeed, a few scholars have found significant negative associations between gratitude and materialism in general life and educational settings [14][15][16][17], leading to hypothesize that it is very hard for a grateful person to be materialistic. ...
... Although gratitude is itself a positive emotion [43], several studies have shown that gratitude letter interventions can induce higher levels of other positive emotions, such as happiness and enjoyment, relative to controls [8,27,28,44]. Pausing to acknowledge the goodness in the world and the fact that other people cared enough to help may elicit a surfeit of positive feelings. ...
... In particular, a number of studies have focused on psychological constructs such as school belonging (also referred to in the literature as school connectedness and engagement)that is, feeling part of and accepted by a school community (Furlong, Froh et al., 2014) and its links to positive health outcomes. Findings document a number of developmental advantages for individuals who experience a sense of belonging in their school, such as reduced mental health difficulties (Gaete et al., 2016), increased experiences of gratitude (Froh et al., 2008), better educational outcomes (Goodenow, 1993), as well as acting as a protective factor against highrisk behaviours (Marraccini & Brier, 2017). ...