Jeffrey E. Barnett's research while affiliated with Loyola University Maryland and other places

Publications (90)

Article
The integration of various technologies into clinical services and the provision of tele-mental health can help practices run more smoothly and efficiently, increase access to needed treatment for individuals in remote areas, and expand the reach of the professional services psychotherapists offer. While this brings many potential benefits to pract...
Article
The use of various technologies in the practice of psychology has increased greatly in recent years in concert with increases in the use of these technologies in the lives of most individuals. E-mail, text messaging, chat rooms, and the Internet have greatly changed how many individuals communicate and maintain relationships. The psychotherapy rela...
Book
The second edition of this highly practical and easily understood handbook provides counselors and students with the means to quickly apply the 2014 ACA Code of Ethics to practice and to professional roles and activities. It contains on-point recommendations for each standard of the Code, a decision-making model, and a listing of ethics resources....
Chapter
Counselors facilitate client growth and development in ways that foster the interest and welfare of clients and promote formation of healthy relationships. Trust is the cornerstone of the counseling relationship, and counselors have the responsibility to respect and safeguard the client's right to privacy and confidentiality. This chapter contains...
Chapter
Supervision is an essential aspect of every counselor's training and professional development. Supervisors are responsible for their supervisees' training and professional development. Taking on a supervisee is a significant responsibility. Counselor supervisors must ensure that they dedicate sufficient time to this role so that supervisees' and th...
Chapter
In every counseling relationship, counselors help clients to achieve their goals while minimizing the risk of exploitation or harm. Maintaining appropriate boundaries and exercising caution when entering more than one relationship with a client are ways that counselors can help to prevent harm. Boundary violations (e.g., having sexual manner or rom...
Chapter
Counselors understand that the profession of counseling may no longer be limited to in-person, face-to-face interactions. They actively attempt to understand the evolving nature of the profession with regard to distance counseling, technology, and social media and how such resources may be used to better serve their clients. This chapter contains s...
Chapter
Managed care refers to a range of insurance entities that provide oversight of the utilization of health insurance to pay for needed health care. Although managed care may help reduce some health care costs (costs to the insurance company), it also can bring with it a number of challenges and dilemmas that counselors must be prepared to confront an...
Chapter
Professional counselors behave in an ethical and legal manner. They are aware that client welfare and trust in the profession depend on a high level of professional conduct. This chapter contains several subsections which deal with various aspects of ethics. These are: legal standards; suspected violations; unwarranted complaints; and cooperation w...
Chapter
The ACA Code of Ethics emphasizes that counselors are ethically obligated to work at understanding the diverse cultural backgrounds of the clients they serve. This chapter presents several recommendations for ethical multicultural counseling. The recommendations are: actively seek cultural competence; pursue awareness of your own cultural values an...
Chapter
Counselors aspire to open, honest, and accurate communication in dealing with the public and other professionals. In addition, counselors engage in self-care activities to maintain and promote their own emotional, physical, mental, and spiritual well-being to best meet their professional responsibilities. This chapter contains several subsections w...
Chapter
One of the more stressful experiences a counselor may encounter is learning that he or she has received a subpoena to appear in court, or worse, that he or she has been named in an ethics complaint or lawsuit. Although the vast majority of counselors are never sued or named in an ethics complaint, and although receiving a subpoena may be an infrequ...
Chapter
Counselors are regularly faced with a wide range of dilemmas and situations that are both ethically and clinically challenging. The ACA Code of Ethics is an essential resource for addressing these challenges and dilemmas. This chapter presents a nine-stage model for making good ethical decisions. The nine stages are: define the situation clearly; d...
Chapter
Counselors may integrate a wide range of technologies into their counseling practices. The use of various technologies in counseling practice may be of great benefit to clients. However, both the technology used and the method by which it is applied in counseling come with potential risks and limitations. This chapter presents several important iss...
Chapter
When counselors have concerns about a client's suicide risk, they should remember that there are several known risk factors for suicide. Some of these factors are: sex, age and race of the client; depression; alcohol; impulsivity; and history of attempts. In addition to the risk factors, there are several warning signs of suicide that may manifest...
Chapter
Counselors aspire to provide high-quality services to their clients. To do so, counselors establish and maintain relevant competence so that clients receive the highest level of counseling services possible. Genuine competence hinges on the values espoused in the ACA Code of Ethics. The ability to effectively implement or apply requisite knowledge,...
Chapter
Counselors who conduct research are encouraged to contribute to the knowledge base of the profession and promote a clearer understanding of the conditions. This chapter contains several subsections which deal with various aspects of research and publication. These are: research responsibilities; rights of research participants; managing and maintai...
Chapter
Counselors should be familiar with laws in their jurisdiction relevant to the release of confidential information obtained through the counseling relationship. Exceptions to confidentiality mandated by the law in the jurisdiction must be included in each client's informed consent agreement. Counselors should remain cognizant of the client and couns...
Chapter
The counseling relationship may end for a variety of reasons. These may include client-motivated reasons and counselor-motivated reasons. Client-motivated reasons for ending the counseling relationship are: client's goals are achieved; insurance benefits are exhausted; financial limitations; moving from the area; transferring to a new counselor; an...
Chapter
Counselors aspire to earn the trust of clients by creating an ongoing partnership, establishing and upholding appropriate boundaries, and maintaining confidentiality. Counselors communicate the parameters of confidentiality in a culturally competent manner. This chapter contains several subsections which deal with various dimensions of confidential...
Chapter
Confidentiality is essential for a successful counseling relationship. Clients share their most personal thoughts in an atmosphere of trust in the hope of receiving much-needed assistance. There are many threats to confidentiality. Counselors must use forethought and vigilance to minimize risks to confidentiality. To reduce the probability of inadv...
Chapter
Professional counselors recognize that the quality of their interactions with colleagues can influence the quality of services provided to clients. They develop positive working relationships and systems of communication with colleagues to enhance services to clients. This chapter contains two subsections which deal with aspects of maintaining rela...
Chapter
Counselors use assessment as one component of the counseling process, taking into account the clients' personal and cultural context. Counselors promote the well-being of individual clients or groups of clients by developing and using appropriate educational, mental health, psychological, and career assessments. This chapter contains several subsec...
Chapter
Counselor supervisors, trainers, and educators aspire to foster meaningful and respectful professional relationships and to maintain appropriate boundaries with supervisees and students in both face-to-face and electronic formats. This chapter contains several subsections which deal with various aspects of supervision, training, and teaching. These...
Article
Full-text available
Professional psychology training programs exert a powerful influence on the ways in which trainees come to appreciate and respond to the ethical mandate to ensure their own professional competence. If training psychologists overemphasize individualistic conceptions of lifelong competence, then trainees may be at risk for professional isolation if a...
Article
Clinical supervision is an essential aspect of every mental health professional's training. The importance of ensuring that supervision is provided competently, ethically, and legally is explained. The elements of the ethical practice of supervision are described and explained. Specific issues addressed include informed consent and the supervision...
Article
Objective: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) both have psychiatric comorbidities and distinctive profiles of executive dysfunction. Although there is evidence that executive function (EF) plays a role in the expression of specific behaviors and psychiatric symptoms, it is not known whether specific...
Article
Sexual intimacies with clients are inappropriate behaviors under all circumstances. Yet, psychologists who adhere to rigid rules about boundaries and multiple relationships in an ill-guided effort to avoid such occurrences may find that they actually harm clients by acting in ways that are inconsistent with clients' treatment needs and goals. Bound...
Article
Full-text available
Responds to the comments by A. M. Pomerantz (see record 2013-31242-013) on the current authors' original article, "The competent community: Toward a vital reformulation of professional ethics" (see record 2012-04007-001). Here, the current authors address Pomerantz's two main questions regarding the size of and admission to competent communities in...
Article
Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) has a long history of use with some modalities being in existence for thousands of years. In recent years there has been a greater awareness of the many benefits of CAM for promoting health and wellness as well as for ameliorating a wide range of conditions and ailments treated by psychologists and other...
Chapter
Chapter 119 explores handling money matters and gifts in psychological practice, including the setting and changing of fees, alternative payment arrangements, insurance and managed care and gifts from clients.
Article
Military Psychologists' Desk Reference is the authoritative guide in the field of military mental health, covering in a clear and concise manner the depth and breadth of this expanding area at a pivotal and relevant time. It brings together the field's top experts to provide concise and targeted reviews of the most salient aspects of military menta...
Article
This online resource for mental health practitioners presents a variety of information required in daily practice in one easy-to-use resource. Covering the entire spectrum of practice issues–from diagnostic codes, practice guidelines, treatment principles, and report checklists, to insight and advice from today's most respected clinicians–this peer...
Conference Paper
This study examined the relation between programmatic perceptions of self-care emphasis, self-care utilization, and quality of life among a convenience sample of 262 clinical psychology doctoral students. Specifically, this study proposed that there would be a relation between programmatic perceptions of self-care emphasis and graduate trainee qual...
Article
Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) has a long history of use with some modalities being in existence for thousands of years. In recent years there has been a greater awareness of the many benefits of CAM for promoting health and wellness as well as for ameliorating a wide range of conditions and ailments treated by psychologists and other...
Chapter
Clinical psychologists aspire to achieve the highest ethical ideals of the profession of psychology. To do so they are guided by the principles of the APA Ethics Code (APA, 2010), relevant practice guidelines, ethical standards, laws, and regulations, and consider each in the context of a model of ethical decision making and judgment. While clinica...
Article
Full-text available
Psychologists are ethically obligated to ensure their own competence. When problems of professional competence occur, psychologists must take appropriate steps to regain competence while protecting those they serve. Yet conceptualizations of the competence obligation are thoroughly intertwined with Western ideals of individualism and a model of the...
Article
The use of client information in clinical writings or presentations may be very helpful in advancing the knowledge base of the profession. Yet, the very act of asking a client for permission to use their treatment information in this way may be detrimental to the therapeutic alliance and treatment process. As such, great care must be taken in how s...
Article
Self-disclosure is an ever present and unavoidable aspect of psychotherapy. But, why, how, and when it is done requires careful forethought. The use of self-disclosure is discussed in the context of boundaries, highlighting its ethical and appropriate use in psychotherapy. Rather than avoiding self-disclosure out of a fear of violating ethical and...
Article
When a psychologist is diagnosed with a serious medical condition and faces the prospect of an arduous treatment regimen and perhaps a bleak prognosis, it may be difficult to attend to one's level of professional competence. Like their clients, psychologists are vulnerable to distress and diminished functioning caused by a life-threatening illness....
Article
Recent technological advances in the use of the Internet and video technologies has greatly impacted the provision of psychotherapy and other clinical services as well as how the training of psychotherapists may be conducted. When utilized appropriately these technologies may provide greater access to needed services to include treatment, consultat...
Article
Religion and spirituality are important aspects of the lives of most psychotherapy clients. Unfortunately, many psychotherapists lack the training to effectively and ethically address these issues with their clients. At times, religious or spiritual concerns may be relevant to the reasons clients seek treatment, either as areas of conflict or distr...
Article
Each of the 38 case studies in this book is authored by an expert in psychology, psychiatry, social work, or counseling. The cases have been clustered by work setting under the general headings of psychotherapy, forensics, medical centers, national security, organizations, schools, supervision, religious settings, and public service. Each manuscrip...
Article
The current investigation examines the incidence of clients telling their psychotherapists of committing violent crimes for which they have not been prosecuted. Thirteen percent of the psychologists surveyed indicated that on at least one occasion a client self-disclosed to them during a psychotherapy session that he/she had murdered someone, not i...
Article
Full-text available
The pervasive use of Internet technologies has created new ethical dilemmas for psychology trainees and professionals. In particular, Web sites that allow users to post personal information have sparked controversy regarding the amount of freedom psychologists should have in placing personal information online and how discovering such information m...
Article
A variety of issues that impact the viability of the profession of psychology, psychologists' livelihoods, and the ability to provide essential services to those most in need are directly affected by legislative and regulatory decisions (Barnett, 2004). These include licensure laws and laws regulating who may provide psychological services, laws af...
Article
When one is reflecting on a career as a practitioner, a number of important influences, themes, and elements that contribute to being a successful practitioner are evident. The achievement of this success is not a solitary activity. Many role models and mentors serve as important influences and guides for developing as a professional over the cours...
Article
Increased awareness of advocacy in support of our profession is relevant for all psychologists and psychologists-in-training. How advocacy awareness and training in professional psychology doctoral programs are being addressed was explored through the National Council of Schools and Programs of Professional Psychology’s 2005 Self-Study. This articl...
Article
Psychologists are vulnerable to the effects of distress, which if left unchecked may lead to burnout, vicarious traumatization, and impaired professional competence. Smith and Moss (2009) provide a convincing call to action for the profession of psychology to give adequate attention to these important issues. This commentary adds to their excellent...
Article
Clinical supervisors and teachers have a profound influence on the professional development of mental health professionals in training. This paper presents the personal views and experiences of a supervisor and teacher, a supervisee, and a student. Each presents their views and experiences on the training process and the significant role the clinic...
Article
Psychotherapists confront a myriad of ethical dilemmas as they endeavor to provide effective services. This issue of the Journal of Clinical Psychology: In Session on Ethics in Psychotherapy provides psychotherapists with thoughtful reviews, case examples, and practical guidance in the major areas of ethics. Following this brief introduction, the s...
Article
The successful termination of the psychotherapy relationship is each psychotherapist's goal. Yet, a number of circumstances may arise that interfere with the successful completion and termination of treatment. This article addresses both termination and abandonment and illustrates the applicable guidelines and standards from the American Psychologi...
Article
Most students and early career professionals desire mentoring relationships. Mentors can provide numerous added benefits to their protégés beyond what they typically obtain from classroom and other formal training experiences. Yet, despite the many potential benefits of mentoring relationships, the very nature of successful mentoring relationships...
Article
The Ethics desk reference for psychologists is an easy-to-use pocket guide that aids psychologists in identifying and avoiding ethical dilemmas. Barnett and Johnson provide a jargon-free summary of each section of the APA Ethics Code, note common dilemmas and conflicts that are associated with each section, and offer practical suggestions for prev...
Article
For many independent mental health practitioners, having a profitable business and being an empathic clinician may seem mutually exclusive. In graduate training, little emphasis is placed on learning, refining, and mastering the business aspects of private or group practice. In fact, very few clinical doctoral programs provide any business or finan...
Article
Full-text available
The practice of psychology can be demanding, challenging, and emotionally taxing. Failure to adequately attend to one's own psychological wellness and self-care can place the psychologist at risk for impaired professional functioning. An ongoing focus on self-care is essential for the prevention of burnout and for maintaining one's own psychologica...
Article
Competence is an issue of vital importance for all practicing psychologists, and each spends his or her career seeking to develop it, achieve it, maintain it, and enhance it. But just what is competence, how is it best achieved, what are the factors that may adversely impact it, and what are each psychologist's ethical obligations with regard to cl...
Article
Psychologists regularly struggle with boundary issues and multiple relationships. Knowing which boundary crossings are acceptable, when a behavior becomes a boundary violation, and which multiple relationships are acceptable and which are not can present great challenges for practicing psychologists. Furthermore, for those who work with diverse pop...
Article
Full-text available
Every psychologist participates in clinical supervision during various aspects of his or her training. Many psychologists also provide supervision to less experienced colleagues and to those in training. But what makes for an effective and competent supervisor? Psychologists need to know because substandard or ineffective clinical supervision may h...
Article
Full-text available
Informed consent is an essential aspect of the establishment of every professional relationship in which psychologists participate. When done effectively, it helps promote other individuals' autonomy, engages them in a collaborative process, and helps to reduce the likelihood of exploitation or harm, among a number of potential benefits. Yet, a num...
Article
Full-text available
Psychologists are regularly confronted by a wide range of ethical challenges for which no clear solution is apparent. Although the "Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct" (American Psychological Association, 2002) is of some help when one faces such dilemmas, it cannot provide definitive guidance or all needed answers. The process...
Article
Most, if not all, psychologists have served as teaching or research assistants during graduate school, been instructed by teaching assistants, or both. As both faculty and students themselves, graduate assistants are faced with several dilemmas for which they typically have little preparation or guidance. These issues are explored in the context of...

Citations

... For example, addressing the patient's prejudicial comment could result in the patient becoming angry and prematurely terminating therapy. Conversely, Grodin (2011) stated "at the patient's expense, [we can] rationalize, intellectualize and justify over sensitivity and defense in order to avoid addressing prejudiced statements. Under the guise of neutrality, [we can] become paralyzed" (p. ...
... Therefore, the ideal distracter would require an optimal amount of attention involving multiple sensory modalities (visual, auditory and kinesthetic), active emotional involvement and participation of the patient to compete with the signals from the noxious stimulus. (91) Distraction is a simple practical inexpensive psychological pain management technique that has the potential to remain effective over several repeated procedures. The aim of technique is to capture the child's interest during the procedure. ...
... Military environment and sleep deprivation have a direct relationship, thereby resulting in poor coping, impulsive decision making and less cooperation in members. [14] It can also lead to non-compliance to precautionary measures and travel restrictions, which have detrimental consequences on public health. Ensuring physical fitness by making sure of a routine and timely sleep, along with the prevention of substance abuse tend to be helpful. ...
... Applications can be used to treat brain injuries, stroke, and movement disorders among other neurological afflictions. Pertinent to this work, acute psychological disorders such as PTSD (Barnett et al., 2014;Taylor & Elwy, 2014) [4,36] . Neuro feedback Therapy is a brain-body practice using auditory, visual, or both types of stimuli while consequent responses are monitored in live time (Barnett et al., 2014) [4] . ...
... The objective is to orient practitioners to view yoga not as an alternative treatment for mental health conditions but rather as a tool to complement treatment in hopes of reducing the overall frequency and intensity of symptoms associated with various mental health diagnoses. about what the experience might entail (Barnett, Shale, Elkins, & Fisher, 2014). ...
... For example, a decision to commit suicide typically includes an articulated plan. 24 Insofar as philosophical counselors have a duty of due care toward incompetent, suicidal clients, they have a duty to recognize the signs and symptoms of an impending suicide. ...
... Rigid adherence to boundaries may be just as harmful to a client and the therapeutic relationship as a boundary violation (Barnett & Johnson, 2010). Examples of such rigidity include never touching a client under any circumstances, refusing every small gift, or refusing to extend a session for any reason. ...
... Supporting this view, studies found varying subtype prevalence, with inconsistent occurrence of restricted and repetitive behaviours, extreme demand avoidance, and systemising (Chowdhury et al., 2010;Gillberg et al., 2015;and Vanegas & Davidson, 2015 respectively). In research studies related to EDR, subtypes of flexible thinking are not always delineated but an association with the broad construct is reported (Lawson et al., 2015;Ozsivadjian et al., 2020), and Sullivan et al. (2019) identified a link with sameness. The strongest evidence for a systemising-EDR link comes from parents who report children experiencing significant distress in response to things being moved or removed. ...
... The search identified 135 articles. Twelve articles met inclusion criteria (48)(49)(50)(51)(52)(53)(54)(55)(56)(57)(58)(59). (A flow diagram of the identification process is available in the online supplement.) ...
... n, as cited in Bracher, et. al (1998), is an experiential learning activity that stimulates curiosity and interest, encourages exploration and integration of concepts and provides students with a novel way of demonstrating understanding. Thus, it is a condition where the presenter combines text and graphics to make a visually pleasing presentation (Kiefer, et. al, 2012). This presentation can take place in one large room, several smaller rooms, or even on a balcony. ...