Jean-Marc Martel's research while affiliated with Laval University and other places

Publications (91)

Chapter
In this chapter, we shortly describe some outranking methods other than ELECTRE and PROMETHEE. All these methods (QUALIFLEX, REGIME, ORESTE, ARGUS, EVAMIX, TACTIC and MELCHIOR) propose definitions and computations of particular binary relations, more or less linked to the basic idea of the original ELECTRE methods. Beside them, we will also describ...
Article
Information imperfection encompasses different terms such as uncertainty, imprecision, inaccuracy or incompleteness, used in the literature to describe any "weaknessz" in the quality of available information. Many theories or languages such as probability theory, fuzzy set theory, possibility theory or the theory of evidence, handle these imperfect...
Article
We introduce a new distance measure between two preorders that captures indifference, strict preference, weak preference and incomparability relations. This measure is the first to capture weak preference relations. We illustrate how this distance measure affords decision makers greater modeling power to capture their preferences, or uncertainty an...
Article
In a multiple criteria decision context facing inevitable and various kinds of information imperfections (uncertainty, imprecision, ambiguity...), it is rather natural to seek additional information. In this paper, we propose a unified procedure for processing additional information in such a context. It is based on the Bayesian model and the adapt...
Chapter
The implementation of most multi-criteria decision aid methods requires fixing of certain parameters in order to model the decision-maker's preferences. The fixing of these parameter values must be naturally done with the decision-maker’s collaboration. The parameter determination constitutes an important task, which is generally quite delicate and...
Article
Full-text available
The implementation of most multicriteria decision aid methods requires fixing certain parameters in order to model the decision-maker's preferences. The fixing of these parameters' values must be naturally done with the decision-maker's collaboration. The parameters' determination constitutes an important task, which is generally quite delicate and...
Article
Several classifications of the Multiple Objectives Programming (MOP) models have been proposed in the literature. In general, these classifications are based on the timing of introducing the decision-maker's (DM) preferences and the type of the required information about the parameters of the decision-making situation. The DM's preference informati...
Article
The standard Goal Programming (GP) model considers the aspiration levels (goals) as precise and deterministic. However, in practice, there are many decision-making situations where the decision-maker is not able to establish the goal values precisely. The goals fuzziness is more related to the nature of the objectives involved in the decision-makin...
Article
Full-text available
A multiple criteria aggregation procedure for mixed evaluations is designed to deal with different kinds of information imperfections. It leads to a global preference relational system containing the strict preference, the weak preference, the indifference and the incomparability relations. Introducing the weak preference relation allows for more n...
Article
Project selection is a real problem of multicriteria group decision making (MCGDM) where each decision maker expresses his/her preferences depending on the nature of the alternatives and on his/her own knowledge over them. Thus, information, as much quantitative as qualitative, coexists. The traditional methods of MCGDM developed for project select...
Article
AbstractA range of models has been developed for the selection and evaluation of R & D projects. However, few of these models are used in practice. In our paper, we present an approach designed to correct some methodological differences in the literature. For example, special attention is given to the problem of interdependence between R & D projec...
Article
The multi-criteria scheduling problem is one of the main research subjects in the field of multiple objectives programming. Several procedures have been developed to deal with this type of problem where some conflicting criteria have to be optimized simultaneously. The aim of our paper is to propose an aggregation procedure that integrates three di...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In Multi-criteria Decision Making (MCDM) problems dealing with qualitative criteria and uncertain information the use of linguistic values is suitable for the experts in order to express their judgments. It is common that the group of experts involved in such problems have different degrees of knowledge about the criteria, so we propose a multi-gra...
Article
This paper presents a decision support system designed to aid the production planner in choosing the values of the principle parameters governing just-in-time manufacturing. The DSS uses a knowledge base composed of data from simulations of the production of the entire product line under systematically varied conditions. The planners may add data f...
Article
Several group decision-making methods were proposed with the aim to establish, from individual opinions, a collective one. However, the literature review of such methods show that, until now, few of them accept individual preferences expressed in partial pre-orders or, more generally, in preferences relational systems (p.r.s.). In addition, the maj...
Article
Most of the existing multiple criteria decision-making methods handle one kind of the information imperfections at the same time. Stochastic methods and fuzzy methods constitute typical examples of these methods. However, several multiple criteria modelizations include simultaneously many kinds of the information imperfections. In this work, we pro...
Article
In group decision-making literature, several procedures are proposed in order to establish a collective preference from the different individual ones. The majority of these procedures, however, reveal that the individual preferences are always expressed in total pre-orders (or ranking). Indeed, until now very few have considered individual preferen...
Article
Full-text available
This paper is concerned with the following question: How to choose among Multi-Criteria Decision Aid (MCDA) methods to solve dynamic decision making problems under uncertainty? To address this question, a methodology has been proposed, which is based on a characterization of the MCDA methods. The MCDA methods are characterized according to 1) suffi...
Article
Some concepts are introduced with a view to dealing with the problem of choosing the “best” potential alternative(s) in a multi-attribute ordinal data context. We assume that we know the possibilistic weights of attributes and ordinal evaluations of each potential alternative on all attributes. We define what we refer to as positive/negative coalit...
Article
La notion de signifiance (voir Suppes, 1959) est issue de la théorie du mesurage. Cette théorie (voir Krantz et al., 1971) concerne la manière dont on peut représenter certaines informations (notamment de nature qualitative) ayant trait a une classe de phénomènes donnés par un ensemble de valeurs numériques et cela de telle sorte que cette représen...
Article
In a military context, the process of planning operations involves the assessment of the situation, the generation of Courses of Action (COAs), and their evaluation according to significant points of view, in order to select COA that represents the best possible compromise. To support this process, an advisor tool has been developed to assist a mil...
Article
Full-text available
Facing the differences in the literature concerning the ways uncertainty, imprecision, ambiguity, indetermination, …, are denominated, we adopted the more general designation of information imperfections. The imperfections have various sources and kinds. In the decisional context, particularly in any multiple criteria decision aid process, the pres...
Article
Generally we assume that the decision-maker is able to delimit with precision and without difficulty, the values of the goals associated with the objectives of a decision-making situation. However, such values may be probabilistic in nature. In such situation, the decision-maker does not know with certainty the values of the goals related to the di...
Chapter
In this chapter, we shortly describe some outranking methods other than ELECTRE and PROMETHEE. All these methods (QUALIFLEX, REGIME, ORESTE, ARGUS, EVAMIX, TACTIC and MELCHIOR) propose definitions and computations of particular binary relations, more or less linked to the basic idea of the original ELECTRE methods. Beside them, we will also describ...
Conference Paper
In a military context, the process of planning operations involves the assessment of the situation, the generation of Courses of Action (COAs), and their evaluation according to significant points of view, in order to select the course of action that represents the best possible compromise. Since several conflicting and quite incommensurable criter...
Article
The problem of the quantity discount to encourage ordering in quantities greater than the economic order quantity has led to various formulations. Some of these formulations result in non Pareto optimal solutions, and none of them explicitly incorporates the buyer's and seller's preferences. Moreover, the problem of sharing the savings by the buyer...
Article
In Goal Programming model, the best solution is established in such a way that the sum of the weighted deviations from the goals is minimal. The weight factor of a given objective is composed of two components destined to represent two different roles. The first one is “normalization” meaning to bring all deviations to a common unit of measurement...
Article
In many real decision situations more than one objective has to be considered and different kinds of uncertainty must be handled. The uncertainty is generally of two natures: stochastic uncertainty related to environmental data and fuzzy uncertainty related to expert judgement. This paper proposes a fuzzy chance constrained approach to solve mathem...
Article
In this paper, we propose a model to estimate the market value of residential properties where the selling price is an imprecise estimate of the real value, and when the number of observed residential transactions is small. Thus, the price paid for a property may lie between a lower and an upper limit. The real estate appraiser's experience, judgem...
Article
Multiobjective methods for group decision situations that are proposed in the literature do not generally model power and influence. On the other hand, papers dealing with influence and power in group decision support system (GDSS) are looking for the effects of GDSS on the distribution of power among the group members. This paper proposes an inter...
Article
The essence of this paper is to present a strategy for integrating geographical information systems (GIS) and multicriteria analysis (MCA), a family of operational research/management science (OR/MS) tools that have experienced very successful applications in different domains since the 1960s. In fact, GIS has several limitations in the domain of s...
Article
The "Ministère des transports du Québec" has a fleet of equipment to maintain the roads of the province of Quebec. The management of the fleet is the responsibility of the "Centre de Gestion de l'équipement Roulant". They decide whether an old item of equipment will be sold, replaced or maintained. Several factors, sometimes conflicting, come into...
Article
Full-text available
The essence of this paper is to present a strategy for integrating geographical information systems (GIS) and multicriteria analysis (MCA), a family of operations research/management science (OR/MS) tools that have experienced very successful applications in different domains since the 1960s. In fact, GIS has several limitations in the domain of sp...
Article
The public participation on integrated forest management process is a privileged orientation of many governments within their sustainable forest policy. Generally, this participation involves a complex decision making process. A multicriteria approach, where stakeholders agreed on interests arbitration process, is of great potential to integrate th...
Article
According to the conventional theory of finance, maximizing return with minimum risk should be a hallmark of every successful investor. However, contrary to the theoretical expectations of the conventional theory, the tests achieved on most financial markets have revealed the existence of other variables. Morever, behavioural aspects, like the inve...
Article
This paper addresses the problem of the assignment of an action in the particular case where the categories defined a priori are not ordered. In multicriteria literature, it is the nominal sorting problematic. We propose a simple and easy method to understand the procedure of assignment to tackle this problematic. Afterwards, we shall illustrate th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Autrefois la mise en place d'une infrastructure nouvelle était accueillie de façon beaucoup plus positive par les populations locales. Que ce soit une nouvelle autoroute, une ligne ferroviaire ou un équipement ponctuel, ce nouvel équipement était synonyme de progrès, de désenclavement et d'amélioration de la qualité de la vie. Les populations mesur...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
La production d'électricité à partir du vent est devenue un secteur industriel profitable et créateur d'emplois dans plusieurs pays d'Europe. Sa technologie n'est pas nouvelle. Ce qui est nouveau c'est la maîtrise des technologies qui nous permet d'installer une capacité supérieure à 1 MW pour une seule éolienne. De plus, les problèmes environnemen...
Article
A group decision-making approach can be seen as a two stage process. The first stage allows for multi-cirteria evaluation of the alternatives and the second aims at deriving a collective weak ordering from the partial orderings supplied by the members after the first stage. The problem of combining the weak orderings to form a collective ranking is...
Article
In this paper, a multiple criteria ranking procedure based on distance between partial preorders is proposed. This method consists of two phases. In the first phase, the decision maker is asked to rank alternatives with a preorder (complete or partial) for each criterion and provide complete or partial linear information about the relative importan...
Article
Very often, in multicriterion analysis, the actions to be compared are evaluated according to a set of conflictual and heterogeneous criteria. Also these evaluations can contain elements difficult to quantify. In this case, dominating informations are often noncardinal or mixed. Several procedures of multicriterion aggregation (MCAP) are implemente...
Article
Very often, in multicriterion analysis, the actions to be compared are evaluated according to a set of conflictual and heterogenous criteria. Also these evaluations can contain elements difficult to quantify. In this case, dominating informations are often noncardinal or mixed. Several procedures of multicriterion aggregation (MCAP) are implemented...
Article
In this work we propose a ranking procedure. This procedure uses an ordinal information about the criterion weights and a non-cardinal or mixed information for the potential actions evaluation. The advantage of this procedure is that it uses the linear programming software packages to compute the intervals of relative proximities from where the...
Article
The expected value of information in classical (monocriterion) decision analysis has been well covered in the literature. One cannot say the same thing about the multicriterion analysis, particularly when one is in the presence of multicriterion aggregation procedures based on outranking relations for a ranking problematic. The objective of this pa...
Article
La revue de la littirature sur l'analyse multicrithre montre l'existence d'une panoplie de procidures d'agrigation multicrithre (PAMC) basies sur des hypothhses, des primisses et des perspectives ipistimologiques diffirentes. De plus, il est itabli que ces PAMC ne sont pas applicables a toutes les situations decisionnelles. Ces constats nous ont co...
Article
Full-text available
An important activity of the Air Operation Center (AOC) is the elaboration, mitigation and evaluation of different Courses of Actions (CoAs) in order to respond to emergency situations. Defense Research Establishment Valcartier (DREV) initiated a research activity to provide the AOC Commander and his senior staff, with advisory tools. The Commande'...
Article
This paper introduces the application of the multicriteria method PROMETHEE II to the selection of a portfolio manager. Such application involves four main steps: (1) defining the list of potential actions or solutions to the problem; (2) defining the list of relevant criteria; (3) evaluating the performance of each action based on each criterion;...
Article
The goal programming (GP) model is probably the best known in mathematical programming with multiple objectives. Available in various versions, GP is one of the most powerful multiple objective methods which has been applied in much varied fields. It has also been the target of many criticisms among which are those related to the difficulty of dete...
Article
We propose a new approach for modelling preference structures in multi-objective decision-making (MODM) problems. The basic idea of the approach is to first develop PROMETHEE-influenced objective functions and then to use these to reformulate the problem as a distance-based goal–programming (GP) model. Three basic functional forms are proposed and...
Article
We propose a new approach for modelling preference structures in multi-objective decision-making (MODM) problems. The basic idea of the approach is to first develop PROMETHEE-influenced objective functions and then to use these to reformulate the problem as a distance-based goal-programming (GP) model. Three basic functional forms are proposed and...
Article
The present work is concerned with showing how a fuzzy bag construct along with the concept of a positive outstandingness predicate and that of a strict t-norm operator can be used to resolve conflicts and aggregation problems in decisions invoking multiple judgements and non-cardinal data. It is also shown how the differential expertness degrees o...
Article
Deals with the issue of weighting decision-makers in a group decision context as well as the issue of obtaining a group ranking. We argue that decision-makers' weights are a combination of two factors: a subjective factor, which is based on subjective beliefs and an `objective' factor, grounded on individual preferences. An approach, based on outra...
Article
The corporate loan decision making process is a central concern in financial literature and amongst practitioners. The process, though entails many difficulties. There is, for example, no consensus in the literature on the choice or on the relative weight of the potentially relevant aspects (the macro-economic, financial, and management assessment...
Article
VOLVOX is a consortium composed of six leading canadian firms in the field of information technology and decision making aid. The CGI group acts as manager in this project whose goal is to develop, in collaboration with several partners especially from university milieu, and to commercialize systems of decision making aid DSS in the environmental f...
Article
The goal programming model is probably the most known in mathematical programming with multiple objectives. Available in various versions, this model has been applied in much varied fields. It has also been the target of many criticisms among which are those related to the difficulty of determining precisely the goals as well as those concerning th...
Article
Dans ce papier, nous proposons une methode interactive d'aide a la decision de groupe en contexte multiobjectif qui utilise l'agregation a priori et a posteriori des preferences.
Article
The recent studies suggest that mathematical programming could be a good alternative to the conventional statistical analysis methods as the least squares method and the least absolute method. In fact, the mathematical programming models provide more flexibility for modelling the estimation context. This flexibility gives to the analyst a platform...
Article
Traditionally, in the literature on the modelling of decision aids one notes the propensity to treat expected utility models and outranking relation models as rivals. It may be possible, however, to benefit from the use of both approaches in a risky decision context. Stochastic dominance conditions can be used to establish, for each criterion, the...
Article
In general, it is difficult to articulate the decision-maker's (DM) preference structure, specially in taking into account several criteria. Most synthetical approaches (single synthetical criterion approach, synthetical outranking approach,…) are based on some a priori information. In this paper, we attempt to analyze such a structure through a de...
Article
This paper outlines an interactive aid that facilitates consensus in cooperative decision making or policy recommendation. The approach draws on a previous result which shows that a multiple ranking can be derived from a single relational preference system. In other words, the preferences expressed individually by each member of a group may lead to...
Article
This paper presents a multiattribute analysis using stochastic dominances. These dominances are proposed in relation with separate utility models for gains and for losses. Two classes of utility functions, DARA-INARA, will be suggested for each of these domains on each attribute. These models allow us to identify the “transparent” category of stoch...
Article
RésuméLa littérature financière permet de penser que l'existence de certaines anomalies empiriques pourrait être attribuable à la nature non diversifiable du facteur risque d'estimation. L'effet cours-bénéfices, l'effet taille, l'effet des firmes négligées et l'effet de janvier seraient en particulier associables à un effet d'information; ces varia...
Article
RÉSUMÉ Dans cet article nous présentons une méthode multicritère permettant de sélectionner des portefeuilles indiciels internationaux formés à partir des indices boursiers de seize (16) pays. La première version de cette méthode (ELECTRE IS) permet d’identifier les portefeuilles candidats pour le choix final (noyau) et de les comparer à ceux de la...
Article
The important aerien trafic demand involves the construction of the new airports. The site selection for these airports involves many incommensurable and conflictuel objectives as: minimize the construction and total cost, minimize the noisy for the nearst community, minimise the site access time, have an adequate capacity to satisfy the demand,… M...
Article
Many algorithms have been developed for multiple-criteria decision-making problems. Goal programming (GP) is one of these algorithms. This model is a special extension of linear programming. Usually, it is not easy for the decision-maker to choose his aspiration levels a priori. Moreover, the incommensurability of the measurement units of the vario...
Article
This paper documents a particularly important enomenon in the monthly pattern of holding period and returns in Canada during the period 1950-1983: bond arns appear to follow a double exponential distributioner than the normal or log-normal distributions that often taken for granted. The double exponential is mmetric distribution function considered...
Article
Most portfolio selection models found in the financial literature rely on an estimate of the probability distribution of returns to describe risk. Recent controversy over the appropriate description of risk, the psychological (and controversial) nature of probabilistic estimates and the potential bias introduced by estimation errors has raised doub...
Article
It frequently happens that a decision maker must establish a ranking within a finite set of alternatives with respect to multiple criteria. The subjective evaluation of each alternative according to each criterion is expressed in the form of a distributive evaluation. To capture the preferences of one alternative over another, a concept of fuzzy ou...
Article
This paper considers an actual case study, where the “best” projects have to be chosen from a set A of n projects. Each projects Pi of A is evaluated by Ki experts according to a set of m criteria or points of view. These evaluations lead to the distributive evaluation, i.e. to the calculation of the distribution of the anticipated performance of e...
Article
The neo-classical economic theory of the consumer behavior defines a utility function in terms of a global number of characteristics a product process or the result of several purchase activities. Every consumer can be in the context of aninefficient consumption function if the choice of the product bought doesn't fit with the state of preferences...
Article
Résumé. On présente un modèle multicritère d'évaluation de demandes de subven-tions. Il intègre des règles visant à minimiser l'arbitraire dans les décisions tout en restant souple et facile à utiliser. L'évaluation des demandes y est fondée sur des variables économiques et sociales approuvées par l'organisme subventionnaire. Comme le jugement des...
Article
Full-text available
RÉSUMÉ: Le Ministère des Transports du Québec dispose d'une flotte d'équipements pour l'entretien des routes de la province du Québec. L'unité responsable de la gestion de ce parc est le Centre de Gestion de l'Équipement Roulant qui doit décider pour chaque unité ou équipement soit de continuer à l'entretenir, le vendre ou le remplacer. Plusieurs f...
Article
Full-text available
Over the last five years our work has focused on applying the concept of Stochastic Dominance (SD) to multiattribute problems. However, we have found that a large number of alternatives still remain incomparable if SD is the only source of preference information. For this reason, we suggest combining the SD concept with the concept of Probabilistic...

Citations

... 6 Fuzzy goal programming Narasimhan 1980 Kornbluth andSteuer (1981); Sakawa and Yano (1988); Gen et al., (1989); Martel and Aouni (1990); Dhingra (1992); Gen et al.,(1993); Pal and Basu (1995); Mohamed (1997); Ravi and Reddy (1998); Tamiz et al., (1998); Lee and Kim (2000); ...
... TOPSIS (Technique for order preference similarity to ideal solution) method was introduced for the first time by Yoon and Hwang and was appraised by surveyors and different operators. As large number of potential available vendors in the current marketing environment, a full ANP (Analytic Network Process) decision process becomes impractical in some cases [13]. To avoid an unreasonably large number of pair-wise comparisons, we choose TOPSIS as the ranking technique because of its concepts ease of use. ...
... We will explain constructively with the decision-maker of the satisfaction functions for deviations from the fixed targets. We present to him the six suggested functions provided by Martel and Aouni (1992) in order to help him explain his satisfaction functions. Thus, the decision-maker is required to identify a level, sometimes two, for each criterion according to the way with which his preference increases with the difference between these targets and the real performance of the purchase function. ...
... In this category, we switch from selecting amongst pre existing organisations to designing a possibly one shot model of organisation adapted to a specific context. The reader may find in Bertrand and Martel (2002) or Habermas (1987; some examples of these approaches. Out of this vast literature, we have identified five recurrent variables considered as the determinants of Organisational Design in participatory contexts. ...
... L'analyse de la signifiance des PAMC conduite dans les sections 3 et 4 a mis en évidence l'intérêt des différents niveaux de mesurage présentés en sections 2. Pour que ces PAMC puissent jouer le rôle qui leur est dévolu en aide à la décision, il importe non seulement que l'information disponible soit fidèlement représentée mais aussi que cette représentation (numérique) soit bien chargée du sens que présupposent les opérations arithmétiques effectuées dans le cadre de la PAMC considérée (cf. Rebai et Martel, 2001). Appliquer des outils mathématiques à un ensemble de données sans s'interroger sur certaines propriétés de ce qu'elles représentent peut facilement aboutir à des résultats non justifiés. ...
... Notre objectif est plutôt de pouvoir donner au lecteur un bon aperçu de la philosophie globale de chaque méthode. Pour plus de détails, le lecteur pourra consulter les références suivantes (Mammeri 2013;Tzeng & Huang 2011;Martel & Roy 2006). ...
... In this paper, we focus on Cat-SD (Categorization by Similarity-Dissimilarity) ), a recently proposed MCDA nominal classification method (see Al-Obeidat et al. 2010;Belacel and Boulassel 2004;Léger and Martel 2002;Zopounidis and Doumpos 2002, for related research on nominal classification in MCDA). This paper's main objective is to provide tools for supporting the application of this method in real-world cases. ...
... Si les évaluations selon le critère j sont ordinales, alors • = ( = 0. Pour effectuer un traitement uniforme des évaluations ordinales et cardinales, (Rousseau, et Martel., 1994) suggère de modifier légèrement le calcul de l'indice de concordance pour les évaluations ordinales (lorsque le nombre d'échelons est >3) à la manière de l'expression suivante. Dans le premier cas (non pertinence), la procédure cherche à faire en sorte que les «trous» ne puissent avantager ni désavantager les actions concernées. ...
... In the MELCHIOR method, the basic information is a family F of pseudocriteria, that is, criteria gj with indifference threshold qj and a preference threshold pj (pj > qj ≥ 0) in such a way that, j ε J and a, b ε A [25]: ...
... Multiple criteria decision making (MCDM), one of the very fast growing areas of operational research, has been successfully applied to many domains for solving problems including multiple conflicting criteria (Mardani et al. 2015a). In real-life MCDM, problems it is common the presence of incomplete, imprecise and uncertain information for both criteria evaluations and the decision makers (DMs) preferences (Stewart 2005;Ben Amor et al. 2015). Consequently, many MCDM methods dealing with uncertainty have been proposed in the literature, such as the family of SMAA (stochastic multicriteria acceptability analysis) methods. ...