James Midgley's research while affiliated with University of California, Berkeley and other places

Publications (6)

Article
Because social development is primarily concerned with practical matters, little attention has been paid to the ideas, concepts and theories that inform social development interventions. Most publications on social development make little reference to theoretical issues, and most practitioners are unaware of the conceptual derivation of their activ...
Article
Following South Africa's transition from apartheid to majority rule, the country's new government declared its intention to implement a macro-development approach, known as the Reconstruction and Development Programme, which would promote economic growth and, at the same time, raise the standards of living of the country's impoverished majority. Th...
Article
Although the notion of developmental welfare is not new, it is only in recent times that its central premises have again attracted attention in social policy circles. Since developmental welfare offers an opportunity to challenge the neo-liberal claim that social expenditures harm the economy, and that economic development requires retrenchments in...
Article
It has long been claimed that social welfare programmes harm economic development. These programmes, it is alleged, depress work incentives, divert scarce investment resources to ‘unproductive’ social services and create a large underclass of dependent individuals. Welfare reform in the United States intends to reverse these allegedly negative econ...
Article
Ideological beliefs are of central importance in current debates about the marketization of social security. However, developments in Chile and China suggest that the conventional individualist-collectivist dichotomy, which has framed ideological debates on social security, fails to capture the complexities of ideological differences as well as the...
Article
Despite their impressive economic development achievements, East Asian governments have not formulated coherent social policies or created comprehensive social welfare programs. Instead, they have relied on rapid economic growth, high employment, occupational provisions, familial obligations, and limited public social services to meet social needs....

Citations

... Although the state in the earlier years after achieving independence had tried to live up to Mr. Rajaratnam's view of restricting help to the handicapped or the elderly, in more recent years, there has been a recognition, both here and other East Asian countries that its social compact requires the ample protection of a growing population of the working class (Tang and Midgley 2002). As the Singapore economy restructures up the value chain in the midst of fierce global competition, lower-educated and lower-skilled workers are being displaced by structural unemployment and wage stagnation. ...
... Although no uniform definition for neoliberalism exists, many scholars agree that it represents underlying values that support and maintain the status quo, promotes individualism, market fundamentalism, and privatization (Hasenfeld & Garrow, 2012;Midgley, 2001;Mullaly, 2007;Ritzer, 2008). While neoliberalism provides stability and support to societal systems, it also promotes economic inequality, dependency, and individualistic values; all of which can be restricting to community organizing and social change (Choudry & Shragge, 2011;Pyles, 2010). ...
... Nonetheless, this book does not contemplate the economic laws of harmony. Harmony and social well-being are interrelated concepts that characterize both the economic well-being of individuals and their social well-being [46][47][48]. The following studies are the closest to this study since they regard harmony and disharmony in a particular structure from different points of view. ...
... In line with this summit's mandate, South Africa developed the White Paper for Social Welfare (RSA, 1997b), which addresses the implementation of the SDA and introduces the transformation of social welfare services (Nicholas, 2014;Noyoo, 2015;Patel, 2015). This White Paper empowered social workers to enforce the developmental agenda and community work as the dominant mode of intervention and emphasised welfare pluralism, partnerships and collaborations (Gray & Lombard 2008;Midgley, 2003;Patel, 2015). ...
... Authors such as Sen (1993) focus our attention on the struggle for human freedoms and in providing them with the opportunities for self-development. The social concept of development suggests that people participate in improving their circumstances through the development of healthcare, education, environment and community services (Apthorpe, 1999;Arce, 2003;Hamelink, 2002;Midgley, 2003). This has political ramifications in that foreign policies dominated by political interests drive decisions related to aid, governance and trade (Sewell, 1999). ...