James C. Anthony's research while affiliated with Michigan State University and other places

Publications (496)

Article
Full-text available
Liberalized state-level recreational cannabis policies in the United States (US) fostered important policy evaluations with a focus on epidemiological parameters such as proportions [e.g., active cannabis use prevalence; cannabis use disorder (CUD) prevalence]. This cannabis policy evaluation project adds novel evidence on a neglected parameter–nam...
Article
The population relationship between coefficient alpha and scale reliability is studied in the widely used setting of unidimensional multicomponent measuring instruments. It is demonstrated that for any set of component loadings on the common factor, regardless of the extent of their inequality, the discrepancy between alpha and reliability can be a...
Preprint
Full-text available
Liberalized state-level recreational cannabis policies in the United States (US) fostered important policy evaluations with a focus on epidemiological parameters such as proportions [e.g., active cannabis use prevalence proportions; cannabis use disorder (CUD) prevalence]. This cannabis policy evaluation project adds novel evidence on a neglected p...
Article
Full-text available
Background Although nutrients in fruits and vegetables are necessary for proper development and disease prevention, most US children consume fewer servings than recommended. Prescriptions for fruits and vegetables, written by physicians to exchange for fresh produce, address access and affordability challenges while emphasizing the vital role of di...
Article
Low-income Latina/o immigrants are very likely to experience intense contextual challenges in the USA, such as limited exposure to culturally relevant parent training (PT) prevention interventions. This prevention study consisted of an exploratory randomized controlled trial, aimed at empirically testing the implementation feasibility and initial e...
Article
Individuals with PTSD have an increased risk of drug use disorders. Conversely, we aim to evaluate how early onset of alcohol, tobacco and psychoactive drugs use are associated with PTSD later in life. 2,193 brazilian young adults completed modularized assessments: The Trauma History Questionnaire, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Checklist-Civilian...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: For most drugs, age-specific incidence peaks during the mid-adolescent years and then declines. Alcohol is the exception with a viable explanatory theory of heterogeneous subgroups within the US population regarding attention to the law. A natural experiment of this hypothesis is underway as states legalize and regulate cannabis simil...
Article
Research on stage-sequential shifts across multiple latent classes can be challenging in part because it may not be possible to observe the particular stage-sequential pattern of a single latent class variable directly. In addition, one latent class variable may affect or be affected by other latent class variables and the associations among multip...
Preprint
Full-text available
Dopamine (DA) signaling is central in hypothesized causal paths linking the influence of social and environmental variables with cognition, behavior and affective states, including vulnerability to drug dependence. Here, we study whether change in one's social rank induces DA and norepinephrine (NE) changes using a novel pig model with a social-ran...
Article
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It is increasingly accepted that higher levels of excellence and innovation in research can be achieved by organizations that promote equity, diversity, and inclusion across several domains including ethnicity and gender. The purpose of this commentary is to provide an overview of the methods used to increase diversity within ACNP, as well as recom...
Article
Aims Time to first cigarette (TTFC) after waking is a highly regarded and readily measured manifestation of a tobacco dependence process. We aim to estimate short TTFC as it occurs very soon after the onset of cigarette smoking (CS) in a community sample of newly incident smokers, all 12-21 years of age, and to study risk variation with the age of...
Preprint
Full-text available
Analyses of population-based surveys are instrumental to research on prevention and treatment of mental and substance use disorders. Population-based data provides descriptive characteristics of multiple determinants of public health and are typically available to researchers as an annual data release. To provide trends in national estimates or to...
Article
Background: Many people who inject drugs (PWID) lack access to a new sterile syringe each time they inject, with increased risk of injection-related harms, including spread of communicable diseases. In the United States (US), restricted access is largely due to state laws and policies regulating syringe access. Our aim in this US-focused study is...
Article
Background: This project offers new epidemiological estimates for DSM-IV cocaine dependence among sub-groups of newly incident cocaine users in the United States (US), including estimated attack rates for 21 dependence-related cocaine side effect problems and experiences occurring <12 months after onset. Method: In 2002-2016, US National Surveys...
Article
Background and objectives: Among newly incident cannabis users, fewer than 4% develop cannabis dependence syndromes within 12 to 24 months, but earlier cannabis side effect (SE) incidence and early syndrome formation remains understudied. We estimate cannabis SE incidence within ~1 to 90 days after first use, and estimate odds ratios (OR) for SE p...
Article
Background: In this study of cannabis use in large nationally representative samples of United States (US) women aged 12-44 years, we evaluate variation by pregnancy month and by trimester. We also evaluate cannabis dependence, which might explain why some women continue using cannabis during pregnancy. Methods: Large nationally representative s...
Article
Background: A comprehensive epidemiology of dependence on prescription opioid pain relievers requires evidence about age-specific female-male differences, possibly manifest during adolescent and early adult years. In this study, we identified newly incident extra-medical users of prescription pain relievers (EMPPR), all observed with onsets before...
Article
Objective: Studying adolescent-onset brief depressive spells, we saw a chance to adapt a cross-cohort approach for successive cross-sectionally gathered epidemiological estimates on birth cohorts. Methods: The United States (US) study population estimates are for noninstitutionalized community-dwelling 17- to 18-year-olds, sampled, recruited, an...
Chapter
This chapter describes seventeen important mental disorders and reviews studies of the prevalence of the disorders from around the world, presenting median and interquartile ranges for more than four hundred research studies. The range of prevalences is below 0.5% for eating disorders and schizophrenia, and above 5% for attention deficit hyperactiv...
Article
Background: It is unclear whether cannabis use in humans plays a role in the regulation of inflammatory responses. This study aimed to examine cannabis-attributable immunomodulation as manifested in levels of fibrinogen, C-reactive protein (CRP), and interleukin-6 (IL-6). Methods: The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) stu...
Article
Background: Pre-clinical studies indicate increased food intake and weight gain as cannabinoid effects. Cross-sectional epidemiological studies, however, indicate lower prevalence of obesity among cannabis users. Here, we aim to study the weight-gain research question in the prospectively conducted National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Rela...
Article
Full-text available
Background There is limited evidence about the effects of United States (US) nation-level policy changes on the incidence of alcohol drinking and tobacco smoking. To investigate the potential primary prevention effects on precocious drug use and to clarify lag-time issues, we estimated incidence rates for specified intervals anticipating and laggin...
Article
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Background Prescription pain reliever (PPR) overdoses differentially affect ‘American Indian/Alaskan Natives’ in the United States (US). Here, studying onset of extra-medical PPR use in 12-24-year-olds, we examine subgroup variations in rates of starting to use prescription pain relievers extra-medically (i.e., to get ‘high’ or for other reasons ou...
Article
Among young people who start using prescription pain relievers (PPRs) for feeling-states such as "to get high" or otherwise beyond boundaries intended by prescribers, the most recent epidemiological incidence estimates show 2%-9% with rapid-onset opioid dependence. In this work, we study recently active underage alcohol dependence as a susceptibili...
Article
Background: Globally, there is a male excess in the occurrence of heavy drinking once alcoholic beverages are consumed and some new evidence that this 'gender gap' might be null among underage drinkers. Here, we estimate age-specific male-female differences in heavy drinking episode (HDE) incidence across the first eight calendar-quarters after fi...
Chapter
This chapter focuses on international trends. Mainly, the chapter provides estimates that illustrate generally stable recent trends in the frequency and occurrence of use in most countries for which survey data have been distributed, with some noteworthy exceptions to this stability. The chapter offers a first approximation of a global tour of cann...
Article
Some 30 to 50 US residents die of heroin overdoses each day.¹ By comparison, an estimated 300 to 520 individuals start heroin use each day.² For first-time users, these odds of overdose death might seem remote. For this reason, clinicians and public health practitioners deserve more compelling evidence to share with people who contemplate trying he...
Article
Background: A prevailing epidemiological theory about drug use occurrence among secondary school students is that trends in perceived risk of drug-related harms can drive use. If so, cannabis risk perceptions during one school year should predict newly incident cannabis use in the same school the following year. We aimed to study trends in inciden...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Validity of responses in surveys is an important research concern, especially in emerging market economies where surveys in the general population are a novelty, and the level of social control is traditionally higher. The Randomized Response Technique (RRT) can be used as a check on response validity when the study aim is to estimate...
Article
Introduction: A mosaic of evidence links risk perceptions with drug use in adolescence, including population summaries to guide public health campaigns, as well as subject-specific estimates on preventing an adolescent's drug use by manipulating that individual's prior risk perceptions. We re-visit these issues with a public health perspective, as...
Article
Grant et al¹ have previously reported what they call “substantial increases” in 12-month prevalence estimates of alcohol use and alcohol use disorders, as defined by the DSM-IV based on a comparison of 2 surveys of the US adult population conducted about 10 years apart. They found that the prevalence of alcohol use increased from 65.4% to 72.7% of...
Article
Age-specific incidence estimates are important and useful facts in psychiatric epidemiology, but incidence estimation can be challenging. Methods artifacts are possible. In the United States, where the minimum legal drinking age is 21 years, recent cross-sectional field research on 12- to 25-year-olds applied conventional “age-at-assessment” approa...
Article
Full-text available
Background Cannabis use and cannabis regulatory policies recently re-surfaced as noteworthy global research and social media topics, including claims that Mexicans have been sending cannabis and other drug supplies through a porous border into the United States. These circumstances prompted us to conduct an epidemiological test of whether the state...
Data
NSDUH sample size according to census region, age, and sex distributions, by year, for 2002–2011, as well as participation levels (‘response rate’) Data from United States National Surveys on Drug Use and Health for the years 2002–2011.
Data
State-specific cannabis incidence rate estimates by regions among 12–24 year olds (% per year) Data from United States National Surveys on Drug Use and Health 10-Year Restricted Data Analysis System, 2002–2011 (Unweighted n ∼ 420, 000 12–24 year olds).
Data
Estimated state-specific incidence rates for the 50 States and the District of Columbia in the United States. Data from the National Surveys on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), 200-2-2001 Footnotes: (1) Our research team is responsible for the calculations and estimates for 12-to-24-year-olds as shown in this table. We produced these estimates using th...
Data
Table of z-tests for each region proportioncompared with that of the Mexico Border region Footnote: The individual z-tests are based on a null hypothesis that the two sample proportions are equal with a significance level of 0.05. Each state SE was taken from the R-DAS output and the region SE was calculated as follows: SEregion = √((SEstate1)2 + (...
Article
Full-text available
This article proposes a new type of latent class analysis, joint latent class analysis (JLCA), which provides a set of principles for the systematic identification of the subsets of joint patterns for multiple discrete latent variables. Inferences about the parameters are obtained by a hybrid method of expectation-maximization and Newton–Raphson al...
Chapter
Full-text available
Although drug use is common in adolescence, only some adolescents experience drug dependence. This chapter reviews the neurobiological mechanisms that make addictive drugs appealing and that can ultimately lead to symptoms of drug dependence, in which drug use is motivated more by its ability to relieve the stress associated with withdrawal than by...
Poster
Background: Survey response validity is of special concern in any survey of sensitive behaviors. Randomized Response Technique (RRT) was developed as a research approach for the estimation of the population prevalence of sensitive behaviors such as drug use and socially maladaptive or illegal behavior. Aims: To evaluate the feasibility and applica...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Early-onset drunkenness is associated with an increased risk of developing an alcohol use disorder (AUD), which predicts excess mortality risk. Here, we estimated mortality risk for drinkers with and without early drunkenness. Methods: For 14,848 adult participants interviewed about drinking, drunken episodes, and AUD in 1981-83 for...
Article
Introduction: Among United States teens during the 1990s, increasing cigar use coincided with increasing use of tobacco cigar shells filled with cannabis, called "blunts." Cigar smokers are more likely to use cannabis, and we hypothesized that starting to smoke cigars might be a probabilistic "trigger" of blunt smoking. We turned to the case-cross...
Data
Forest plot of time-specific estimated percentages of children indicating the frequent conflict with their parents in the past month: Non-Hispanic African Americans
Article
Full-text available
Background Chronically escalated parent–child conflict has been observed to elicit maladaptive behavior and reduced psychological well-being in children and youth. In this epidemiological study, we sought to estimate the occurrence of escalated parent–child conflict for United States (US) adolescent subgroups defined by (a) ethnic self-identificati...
Data
Forest plot of time-specific estimated percentages of children indicating the frequent conflict with their parents in the past month: Non-Hispanic Asians
Data
Forest plot of time-specific estimated percentages of children indicating the frequent conflict with their parents in the past month: Hispanics
Data
Forest plot of time-specific estimated percentages of children indicating the frequent conflict with their parents in the past month: Non-Hispanic Whites
Article
Full-text available
PurposeWe seek answers to three questions about adolescent risk of starting to drink alcoholic beverages: (1) in new United States (US) data, can we reproduce a recently discovered female excess risk? (2) has a female excess risk emerged in European countries? and (3) might the size of country-level female–male differences (FMD) be influenced by ma...
Chapter
As proposed and applied to all life forms, an “envirome” encompasses the total ensemble of environmental circumstances, conditions, and processes required for life form viability and successful adaptation. As applied to the human species, the “human envirome” encompasses the total ensemble of environmental circumstances, conditions, and processes r...
Article
Full-text available
Exposures to antioxidants (AO) are associated with levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), but the pattern of evidence is mixed, due in part to studying each potential AO, one at a time, when multiple AO exposures might affect CRP levels. By studying multiple AO via a composite indicator approach, we estimate the degree to which serum CRP level is asso...
Article
Introduction Once smoking starts, some tobacco cigarette smokers (TCS) can make very rapid transitions into tobacco dependence syndromes (TCD). With adjustment for smoking frequency, we posit female excess risk for this rapid-onset TCD. In a novel application of functional analysis for tobacco research, we estimate four Hill function parameters and...
Article
Background: Globally, the most widely used set of compounds among the internationally regulated drugs is cannabis. Objective: To review evidence from epidemiological research on cannabis, organized in relation to this field's five main rubrics: quantity, location, causes, mechanisms, and prevention/control. Method: The review covers a selectio...
Article
Background: To study male-female and age differences in estimates of rapid transition from first full drink to alcohol dependence among youthful newly incident drinkers in the United States (US). Method: The study population included 12-to-25-year-old non-institutionalized US civilian residents, sampled for US National Surveys on Drug Use and He...
Article
Measured as elapsed time from first use to dependence syndrome onset, the estimated "induction interval" for cocaine is thought to be short relative to the cannabis interval, but little is known about risk of becoming dependent during first months after onset of use. Virtually all published estimates for this facet of drug dependence epidemiology a...
Article
Full-text available
. State-level ‘age 21’ drinking laws conform generally with the United States National Minimum Drinking Age Act of 1984 (US), and are thought to protect young people from adverse drinking experiences such as heavy episodic drinking (HED, sometimes called ‘binge drinking’). We shed light on this hypothesis while estimating the age-specific risk of t...
Article
Objective: This study sought to discover recent age-specific and cohort-specific patterns of newly incident drinking of alcoholic beverages among young people in the United States, with identification of age at peak risk, cohort by cohort, and age by age. Method: Data are from the U.S. National Surveys on Drug Use and Health 2002-2013, with 12 i...
Article
Background: This research extends prior epidemiological estimates for the United States and re-examines a previously described male excess in alcohol drinking. Its aim was to estimate fine-grained age-specific incidence of becoming a drinker among 12- to 24-year-old U.S. males and females, and to compare incidence estimates with prevalence proport...
Article
Objective: Taking a step beyond prior alcohol research on pregnancy trimesters, we produced pregnancy month-specific drinking estimates for women in the United States in order to shed light on time variations of alcohol drinking during pregnancy, as might be determined by alcohol dependence. We posited that (a) pregnancy might prompt cessation of...
Article
Recent changes in cannabis policy in the United States have prompted increased interest in cannabis use estimates, and replicability of these estimates. Here, we compare prevalence estimates from two concurrent approaches: (1) standard social survey with audio computer-assisted self-interviews at respondent's home (ACASI-H), derived from the Nation...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: We investigated whether nonmedical opioid pain reliever use is associated with higher mortality in the general US population. Methods: We assessed the history of nonmedical opioid pain reliever use among 9985 people interviewed at baseline of the Epidemiologic Catchment Area Program initiated in 1981 to 1983 in Baltimore, Maryland; S...