Jackie Smith's research while affiliated with University of Pittsburgh and other places

Publications (24)

Article
To address the most pressing issues of our day, the United Nations must be redesigned to transform global social relations in ways that reduce corporate power and empower civil society and local authorities as global actors. People's movements have made deliberate efforts to advance what I have called human rights globalization, building foundation...
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Work for reparations requires interventions by world historians to bear witness to the brutalities of the past as part of a process that seeks truth and reconciliation, along with some measure of accountability and restitution. Shifting our lens to encompass world history exposes the varied effects of slavery and the slave trade, and it allows us t...
Article
Recent decades have seen dramatic changes in the ways activists cooperate with and challenge other global actors. Here, we argue that activist organizations’ aims and timing of founding influence their connections to the interstate arena. Drawing from a new dataset, we examine patterns of transnational organizing around women’s rights and environme...
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Immanuel Wallerstein, one of the leading founders and promoters of world-systems analysis, died on August 31, 2019. Given the importance of his scholarship to the Journal of World-Systems Research, we plan to publish in future issues research articles based on conferences and symposia that are now being planned to honor Wallerstein’s work and legac...
Article
Social movement, civil society, and world polity scholars use counts of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) to evaluate important theoretical and empirical claims. To construct these measures, researchers often classify NGOs by their goals and/or domains. However, over time, the ways organizations describe and orient themselves change, blurring bo...
Chapter
The contributors to this volume have provided ample evidence to support calls for fundamental, transformative change in the world-system. If there remained any doubts, their analyses show that the capitalist world-system threatens not only the well-being of a majority of the world’s people but also the very survival of our planet. Indeed, the urgen...
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World-systems analysts have drawn our attention to the importance of the long-standing worldwide struggles of subaltern groups to defend their livelihoods and address fundamental conflicts of our times. Climate change, financial volatility, and rising inequality are exposing the existential threats the global capitalist system poses to growing numb...
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Expanding globalization and urbanization have intensified the threats to human rights for many vulnerable groups and have restricted resources available to the primary guarantors of these rights—local authorities. Human rights cities initiatives are bottom-up efforts to advance human rights implementation in local contexts. They are emerging around...
Book
The contributors to this volume have provided ample evidence to support calls for fundamental, transformative change in the world-system. If there remained any doubts, their analyses show that the capitalist world-system threatens not only the well-being of a majority of the world’s people, but also the very survival of our planet. Indeed, the urge...
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Full-text available
A series of citations in the text were missing page numbers. There were a series of quotations in the original text from journal articles and books that have been changed to reflect the exact page that the author is referencing in the article. The author has also attributed the quotations from public figures and politicians to their respective jour...
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Corrections have been made to the first page, including the two quotations that begin the article, and the first full paragraph. The original article can be found via the doi athttp://dx.doi.org/10.5195/jwsr.2016.637
Article
Recent decades have seen dramatic changes in the global political arena, including shifts in geopolitical arrangements, increases in popular mobilization and contestation over the direction of globalization, and efforts by elites to channel or curb popular opposition. We explore how these factors affect changes in global politics. Organizational po...
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The survival of the global capitalist order depends upon its ability to convince people who are disempowered and dispossessed by this system that there is no alternative. Thus, utopias are defined as impossible and nonexistent. Yet Erik Olin Wright’s Real Utopias project upends this dominant logic and highlights actually existing alternatives to ca...
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With the end of the Cold War, military security issues declined on the international agenda as environmental, economic, and social issues rose. As superpower con?ict faded from the international agenda, space was created for new attempts at multilateral problem-solving. How have these changes a?ected the prospects for transnational organizing? Usin...
Article
Global financial and ecological crises have fueled the diffusion of ideas and discourses that challenge US hegemony and global capitalism and support the expansion of counter- hegemonic alliances between states and social movements. Social movements are calling for rights for Mother Earth and for the development of new measures of well-being, putti...
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Review of: Indices of Trade Partner Concentration for 183 Countries, 1980-2008 Author/Compiler: Salvatore Babones and Robin Farabee-Siers Repository: World-Historical Dataverse: http://www.dataverse.pitt.edu, The Archive > JWSR > “Indices of Trade Partner Concentration”
Article
Local manifestations of Occupy Wall Street (OWS) have emerged around the world with enthusiasm for the participatory style used in Zuccotti Park (New York). However, less attention has been paid to earlier lessons about the limits of these techniques for building diverse and sustainable movements. Much of the discussion in the USA ignores how OWS i...
Article
Peace, War and Social Conflict Section members may be interested in this reflection on our local experiences of the Occupy Wall Street Movement. PWSC member Jackie Smith has been researching the connections between local and global activism, and this piece explores some of the possibilities for strengthening these connections while also expanding s...
Article
The 'Arab spring' is part of a growing set of challenges to US hegemony and the capitalist world-system. The global economy is fueling the grievances that motivate protests while also providing tools that aid the spread of global protest movements. The global financial and other crises threaten the legitimacy of the entire system, opening up opport...
Article
The recent upsurge in protests around the world are both a response to rising financial and food insecurity and a sign of growing popular awareness that fundamental changes are needed in our world-system to ensure the survival of our planet and society. In this paper we argue that we are witnessing the emergence of new sphere of transnational activ...

Citations

... Partly by utilizing this developing body of international human rights law, heretofore marginalized ethnoracial minorities via effective struggle acquire greater aggregate political space to act collectively and autonomously. Expanding awareness of the historical legacy of slavery contributes to increasing self-identification with international, anticolonial /or antiracist identity pan-movements (Murphy et al. 2020). International human rights law impacts the modern domestic social contract, which has had critical assumptions in the prevailing romanticized images of hierarchical superiority in the dominant core culture group in society (Gordon 1964;Gottardi 2020). ...
... Instead of the network as an alternative to hierarchical modes of organization, the network structure could be reproducing a state-like hierarchy among NGOs. 2 Research on TANs and NGOs has frequently used networking terminology, but actual network analysis has been limited. Empirical work on NGO-to-NGO networking has almost exclusively focused on organizations within a specific issue area or small set of issue areas, despite growing concerns about many issue-specific categorization systems (Plummer, Hughes, and Smith 2020). 3 Existing work has predominately captured just a single snapshot in time, leaving us unable to examine how network structures emerge. ...
... 16 McAdam's review is problematic insofar as it is framed around a question about the lack of grassroots climate activism. By narrowing his analysis to groups focused primarily on global warming/emissions reduction, McAdam overlooks the many frontline environmental justice movements that are tackling a range of interconnected injustices (see Smith and Patterson 2019). 17 Jamieson (2014, 81-93) maintains that his intervention responsibility model can help theorists focus on what firms can do to reduce emissions, but he stresses that it does so in a forward-looking way that avoids blaming them. ...
... 693) Furthermore, some authors argue that most sceptics' organisations are funded by businesses with a common interest in advancing natural resource exploitation (Antilla, 2005;Rahmstorf, 2012). A more conservative ideology's hegemony over climate change should be read in relation to its counter-hegemony, which seeks to redefine power relations in climate change governance (Smith et al., 2018). To that end, the second section of the article discusses (1) the concept of hegemony and the media, (2) perceptions of climate change with a focus on the UK context, and (3) some hypotheses. ...
... Activists, scholars, and community members have a long history of confronting environmental and social harms brought by global EUE relationships, with various degrees of success , Smith & Patterson, 2019. Some researchers in this area argue that environmental justice (EJ) groups have the potential to create transformative change (Temper, Walter, Rodriguez, Kothari, & Turhan, 2018b). ...
... Andrew Kirby, Sallie Marston, and Kenneth Seasholes see this as an expression of a Habermasian 'public sphere.' In the social movement literature, a related concept is that of a 'Human Rights City' in which municipal institutions amplify the voices of movements promoting human rights and challenging neoliberal globalization (Smith 2017). For these local institutions to become transnational, municipalities must be connected as a network. ...
... Researcher Jackie Smith and her colleagues have highlighted the fact that there is an increasing number of movements based in the Global South and a growing number of political and activist groups that condemn neoliberalism and offer alternative perspectives (Smith et al., 2016). Without a doubt, the IPA is a clear example of this trend. ...
... For example, using some additional unproductive labor might help to reduce the time and thereby costs it takes for a commercial capitalist to undertake a transaction. Yet even though these costs are reduced and profits increased, no new surplus value has been generated by employing unproductive labor (Smith 2010a). What is therefore unproductive labor for productive capital can in fact be the opposite for unproductive capital. ...
... Scholarship in the neo-Gramscian tradition, for example, has focused attention on the microlevel strategic actions of coalitions of the transnational capitalist class to maintain their business interests (Newell & Paterson, 1998;Levy & Egan, 2003). Others have looked to understand the strategies and influence of counter-hegemonic actors seeking justice (Ford, 2003;Ciplet, 2014Ciplet, , 2015Ciplet, , 2017Smith, 2014). Toward the goal of further adding complexity and nuance, the case of climate finance also suggests that world-systems theory should continue to evolve to account for a system in which a plurality of actors and interests compete with and act alongside dominant economic interests and macro-structures of exploitation. ...
... At the same time, local activism continues to play a constitutive role in such coalitions by empowering grassroots struggles to strengthen movements from the bottom up (Pieterse 2000). Hence, in addition to providing collective intellectual leadership, transnational activist coalitions can create decentralised infrastructures for consolidating counter-hegemonic struggles transnationally (Smith & Duncan 2012). ...