J.P. van der Sluijs's research while affiliated with University of Bergen and other places

Publications (135)

Preprint
Full-text available
In addressing the local pandemics science has never seemed more needed and useful, while at the same time limited and powerless. The existing contract between science and society is falling apart. A new covenant is urgently needed to navigate the days ahead. Co-authors: © David Waltner-Toews, Annibale Biggeri, Bruna De Marchi, Silvio Funtowicz, Mar...
Article
Full-text available
Freshwater systems provide various resources and services. These are often vulnerable to climate change and other pressures. Therefore, enhancing resilience to climate change is important for their long term viability. This paper explores how management options can be evaluated on their resilience implications. The approach included five steps: (1)...
Article
Full-text available
The side effects of the current global use of pesticides on wildlife, particularly at higher levels of biological organization: populations, communities and ecosystems, are poorly understood (Kohler and Triebskorn 2013). Here, we focus on one of the problematic groups of agrochemicals, the systemic insecticides fipronil and those of the neonicotino...
Article
Full-text available
Since their discovery in the late 1980s, neonicotinoid pesticides have become the most widely used class of insecticides worldwide, with large-scale applications ranging from plant protection (crops, vegetables, fruits), veterinary products, and biocides to invertebrate pest control in fish farming. In this review, we address the phenyl-pyrazole fi...
Chapter
Full-text available
This case study assessed the degree of uncertainty in various potential health effects of climate change in the Netherlands. Key lessons learned were that: • Potential health effects due to climate change were associated with large uncertainties and knowledge gaps. • Analysing and characterising uncertainty by means of a typology combining a scale...
Book
Full-text available
This Guidance addresses the many aspects of uncertainty assessment and communication. After identifying the most critical uncertainties, it provides information on how to manage the choices related to these issues. Analysts are encouraged to reflect on the choices that need to be made during all assessment phases. This will lead to a better foundat...
Book
Full-text available
The quality of the indoor environment has been a matter of concern for some considerable time, because people spend a good deal of their time indoors, and the indoor environment affects their health. The government has tackled detrimental influences by means including the introduction of legislation on the composition of building materials, and the...
Technical Report
Full-text available
De komende decennia verandert het klimaat, landgebruik en de manier van landbouw en natuurbeheer. Wat betekent dit voor grondwater, landbouw en natuur die afhankelijk zijn van voldoende water van de juiste kwaliteit? De waterbeheerders hebben behoefte aan kwantitatieve inzichten en bijkomende onzekerheden zodat zij de komende jaren goed op de veran...
Article
Full-text available
In het kader van het Nationaal Modellen- en Datacentrum (NMDC) is in 2011 het NMDC innovatieproject 'Integraal waterbeheer - van kritische zone tot kritische onzekerheden' gestart (www.nmdc.eu). Dit project heeft tot doel om de modellen voor bodem, water, vegetatie en klimaat(verandering) door samenwerking beter op elkaar aan te laten sluiten, daar...
Article
Three trials of tight glucose control (TGC) found clinical benefit of normalization of blood glucose levels in the intensive care unit (ICU). Implementation of TGC was imperfect in subsequent trials, since attained blood glucose levels (BGLs) never reached the targets as in the original trials of TGC. We investigated whether implementation of the T...
Article
Full-text available
One of the major issues hampering the formulation of uncontested policy decisions on contemporary risks is the presence of uncertainties in various stages of the policy cycle. In literature, different lines are suggested to address the problem of provisional and uncertain evidence. Reflective approaches such as pedigree analysis can be used to expl...
Article
Stikstof is noodzakelijk voor alle vormen van leven. Het is bijvoorbeeld een belangrijke bouwsteen van eiwitten. Planten, dieren en mensen nemen het op als reactief stikstof. Dat moet uit stikstof in de buitenlucht worden gevormd. In de natuur wordt reactief stikstof slechts op beperkte schaal gevormd, hoofdzakelijk door micro-organismen. De kunstm...
Article
In the coming years the international debate on commitments for the second commitment period under the Kyoto Protocol will intensify. In this study, the Global Triptych approach is put forward as an input for international decision-making concerning the differentiation of commitments by 2020. It is a sector- and technology-oriented approach, and we...
Article
Full-text available
Klimaatverandering kan verschillende risico's met zich meebrengen, zoals toename van hittestress en wateroverlast.
Technical Report
Full-text available
This document is intended to provide an overview of the wide variety of terms and concepts that are being used when discussing uncertainty. This document has been written in response to an expressed need by the Knowledge for Climate theme 2 consortium to get some clarity on the terminology that is being used when discussing uncertainty in various s...
Article
Nanotechnologieën en nanomaterialen hebben in onze maatschappij een hoge vlucht genomen. In bijvoorbeeld de consumentensfeer zijn allerlei producten met nanomaterialen op de markt, waaronder elektronica en producten voor persoonlijke verzorging. In 2006 heeft de Gezondheidsraad het advies ‘Betekenis van nanotechnologieën voor de volksgezondheid’ ui...
Article
De aanvraag en het dossier voldoen niet aan de laatste stand van wetenschappelijke en technische kennis. Een groot aantal relevante studies en oude en nieuwe inzichten uit de wetenschappelijke literatuur over de emissieroutes en de ecotoxicologische impacts van imidacloprid is buiten beschouwing gelaten.
Technical Report
Full-text available
Climate change may have a range of diverse effects on human health, ranging from increased heat-related disease and mortality to effects on vector-borne diseases and allergic disorders such as hay fever. Assessments for the Netherlands have indicated a number of effects that are considered relevant for the country, but indicate many knowledge gaps...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Resultaten van onderzoek en meetprogramma’s kunnen zonder adequate aandacht voor de rol en betekenis van onzekerheden verkeerd worden geïnterpreteerd en tot verkeerde conclusies en beleidsbeslissingen (met mogelijk grote gevolgen) leiden. Echter, niet-technisch publiek lijkt niet altijd prijs te stellen op deze detailinformatie: men wil geen “docum...
Article
Internationally but also within countries, large differences exist regarding how environmental health risks (EHRs) are governed. Despite these differences, at a meta-level some general trends can be discerned that may point to a convergence of EHR governance regimes. One, EHR governance regimes are increasingly taking into account cost-benefit cons...
Article
To study current clinical practice in blood glucose (BG) control in adult intensive care units (ICUs) in the Netherlands. We performed a national survey focusing on blood glucose targets, insulin administration, BG control guidelines, and opinions regarding BG control aiming for normoglycaemia (known as intensive insulin therapy, IIT). The complete...
Chapter
Full-text available
The present chapter describes how the Dutch written media has reported about the topic of climate change in the last four years. This comprises the period from 2006 up to 2009, which we identified in Chapter 2 as phase 5: implementation of the Climate Convention, Copenhagen phase. We analyse articles about climate change from four Dutch newspapers...
Article
Full-text available
Debates on causality are at the core of controversies as regards environmental changes. The present paper presents a new method for analyzing controversies on causality in a context of social debate and the results of its empirical testing. The case study used is the controversy as regards the role played by the insecticide Gaucho®, compared with o...
Chapter
Full-text available
Dit hoofdstuk beschrijft hoe de Nederlandse geschreven media de afgelopen vier jaar over het onderwerp klimaatverandering hebben bericht. Het gaat hier om de periode 2006 tot en met 2009, die we in hoofdstuk 2 hebben aangeduid als fase 5: uitvoering van het Klimaatverdrag, fase Kopenhagen. We analyseren de artikelen over klimaatverandering van vier...
Technical Report
Full-text available
In 2000 concludeerde de Nederlandse Gezondheidsraad op basis van de gepoolde analyses van Ahlbom et al. (2000) en Greenland et al. (2000) dat er sprake is van ‘een redelijk consistente associatie tussen het vóórkomen van leukemie bij kinderen en het wonen in de nabijheid van bovengrondse elektriciteitslijnen’ (Gezondheidsraad, 2001). Gebruikmakend...
Chapter
Full-text available
Dit hoofdstuk biedt een historisch perspectief op de politieke discussie rondom klimaatverandering. We beschrijven op welke wijze het politieke debat zich de afgelopen vier decennia heeft ontwikkeld. Met name kijken we naar de rol van wetenschap binnen het politieke debat. Hoe is de politiek omgegaan met wetenschappelijke onzekerheden en dissidente...
Chapter
Full-text available
The present chapter offers a historical perspective on the political discussion surrounding climate change. We describe the way in which the political debate has developed in the last 40 years, taking a closer look at the role of science within the political debate. How have politics dealt with scientific uncertainties and dissident voices? We also...
Article
Full-text available
An abstract is unavailable. This article is available as HTML full text and PDF.
Article
Full-text available
Background: Exposure to fine ambient particulate matter (PM) has consistently been associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The relationship between exposure to ultrafine particles (UFP) and health effects is less firmly established. If UFP cause health effects independently from coarser fractions, this could affect health impact assessme...
Article
Full-text available
Daily interruption of continuous infusions of sedatives (wake-up calls (WC)) has been found previously to promote more rapid withdrawal of ventilatory support in ICU patients. Bispectral index (BIS) monitoring has been reported to adequately describe the depth of sedation in critically ill patients. We compared the effectiveness and safety of both...
Book
Full-text available
In the perception, knowledge production and policymaking on complex issues (‘wicked problems’), such as climate change, frames and framing play an important but often hidden role. Frames relate to one’s ‘schemas of interpretation’; the conceptual images, values, starting points, and mental models that one may have of an issue. This can include, for...
Article
Because of the political, social and environmental problems associated with dependency on fossil fuels, there is considerable interest in alternative energy sources. Hydrogen is regarded as a promising option, particularly as a fuel for road vehicles. The Dutch Energy Research Centre (ECN) recently published a vision of the future, in which it sugg...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This project (IC10; Communicating climate change: tools for framing climate risks and benefits) was carried out in the framework of the Dutch National Research Programme Climate changes Spatial Planning.
Article
Full-text available
Les évaluations scientifiques des risques complexes tels que le changement de climat, la perte de biodiversité, l’épuisement des ressources naturelles, les nanotechnologies ou les perturbateurs endocriniens, par exemple, sont confrontées à un certain nombre d’incertitudes qui revêtent des formes diverses, difficilement appréhendables, de manière ef...
Article
Full-text available
Cet article propose une vision des démarches d’évaluation de l’adéquation de la connaissance scientifique dans des situations d’incertitude forte et irréductible en recourant à des processus délibératifs élargis. Dans l’optique de la Science Post-Normale, la démarche s’appuie, d’un point de vue épistémologique, sur l’articulation des approches scie...
Article
Full-text available
De afhankelijkheid van fossiele brandstoffen – met zijn politieke, maatschappelijke en milieunadelen – zorgt ervoor dat alternatieve energiebronnen volop in de belangstelling staan. Het gebruik van waterstof wordt als een veelbelovende optie gezien, in het bijzonder voor het wegverkeer. Volgens een toekomstvisie van het Nederlandse ECN zou in 2050...
Article
Full-text available
This document contains three parts: (1) an introduction, (2) an overview with building blocks and methodological suggestions for a formal expert elicitation procedure; and (3) a literature list with key sources of information used and suggestions for further reading. A glossary is provided in Appendix 1. Part one starts with the scope and aim of th...
Article
It is increasingly recognized that adaptation to climate change has become unavoidable. It is the only response available for the impacts that will occur over the next several decades before mitigation measures can have an effect. Societies, organisations and individuals have been adapting to changing conditions for centuries but the advent of clim...
Article
Full-text available
Cet article propose une vision des démarches d’évaluation de l’adéquation de la connaissance scientifique dans des situations d’incertitude forte et irréductible en recourant à des processus délibératifs élargis. Dans l’optique de la Science Post-Normale, l’emphase est mise sur le rôle des communautés élargies de pairs pour évaluer cette adéquation...
Article
Full-text available
The goal of this checklist is to assist in the quality control process for environmental modelling. The point of the checklist is not that a model can be classified as 'good' or 'bad', but that there are 'better' and 'worse' forms of modelling practice. We believe that one should guard against poor practice because it is much more likely to produce...
Article
Full-text available
Scientific assessment of the risks of anthropogenic climate change has shown that there is a reasonable concern for the possibility of irreversible large-scale adverse effects on the long term. Examples of such effects are a severe reduction or shut down of the Gulf Stream and the North Atlantic current, accelerated species extinction and extreme s...
Article
Full-text available
This method is intended to assist in characterizing uncertainties in emissions data for the Mileubalans and to identify critical issues related to uncertainty. The method assesses both quantitative and qualitative dimensions of uncertainty. Quantitative uncertainties are expressed by assigning probability distributions to the main emissions paramet...