J. R. Martin's research while affiliated with The University of Sydney and other places

Publications (50)

Article
In this introductory paper for this series of special issues, we review the development of nominal group description in SFL – focusing on its syntagmatic and paradigmatic modeling, and stepping through a number of the principles that underpin SFL description more broadly. We then explore a number of issues that have arisen in relation to nominal gr...
Chapter
Full-text available
To understand science, students need to learn a large interconnected set of uncommon-sense meanings. But despite decades of research, the precise nature of these meanings has not been made clear. This chapter focuses on the meanings involved in scientific explanations of complex phenomena such as seasons. It synthesises three decades of research in...
Article
This paper explores a potential avenue of dialogue between Systemic Functional Linguistics (SFL) and Cultural Historical Activity Theory (CHAT), namely genre. SFL's approach to modeling genre is briefly introduced, and key discourse analyses informing genre description are reviewed. Subsequently, the approach is illustrated with respect to analysis...
Article
This paper revisits the traditional concept of lexical metaphor from the perspective of SFL work on grammatical metaphor, exploring its interpretation as inter-stratal tension, and commenting on its rhetorical significance from both ideational and interpersonal points of view. Its goal has been to show how two key parameters of SFL theory, stratifi...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract This paper develops a framework for analysing paralanguage, initially inspired by systemic functional linguistic (hereafter SFL) research on early child language development. A distinction is drawn between non-semiotic behaviour (somasis) and meaning (semiosis), and within semiosis between language and paralanguage (using the term paralang...
Chapter
This chapter is concerned with the way Tagalog clauses relate entities to one another, to qualities, and to a range of circumscribing relations (e.g. location in time and place). The analysis is informed by Systemic Functional Linguistics (hereafter SFL), as introduced in Matthiessen and Halliday (2009), Martin and Doran (2015a) and Martin, Wang, a...
Book
Full-text available
Academic discourse is the gateway not only to educational success but to worlds of imagination, discovery and accumulated wisdom. Understanding the nature of academic discourse and developing ways of helping everyone access, shape and change this knowledge is critical to supporting social justice. Yet education research often ignores the forms take...
Chapter
Full-text available
This volume has been designed to illustrate the wholistic perspective on language description afforded by Systemic Functional Linguistic (hereafter SFL) theory. Part 1 focuses on grammatical description, in studies of Mongolian, Classical Tibetan, Chilean Spanish, Brazilian Portuguese and Tagalog. Part 2 focuses on the contextualisation of such des...
Chapter
This chapter considers the range of identities made available for Young Persons and Support Persons at critical stages of conferencing (testimony, rejoinder and admonition), adapting Maton’s work on specialization codes. This involves recontextualizing his Epistemic Relation and Social Relation axes from the perspective of ideational and axiologica...
Chapter
Full-text available
The chapter focuses on the negotiation of feeling in conferencing, drawing on appraisal to analyse expressions of affect, judgement and appreciation. The generally reticent stance of Young Persons as far as expressing feeling is noted, alongside the work done by Convenors and Youth Liaison Officers to extract feeling. Consideration is then given to...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter reviews the way in which Convenors and participants enact conferencing as a staged goal-oriented social process. In doing so, it highlights the fact that there is a range of work to be done, entailing that a number of complementary elemental genres have to be brought together in a macro-genre involving steps and sub-steps alongside the...
Chapter
This chapter explores how the Convenor manages the conferencing macro-genre as a communicative interaction featuring multiple participants. It surveys how exchange structures operate in the conference, in particular focusing on the joint construction of the commissioned recount. The focus on exchange structures reveals that conferencing is best int...
Chapter
Full-text available
The focus of this chapter is the relation of feelings to community. Inspired by Knight (2008, 2010, 2013), the idea that belonging involves enacting bonds is explored, with a bond defined as a shared ‘attitude plus ideation’ coupling. This means that looking at how couplings are negotiated as bonds is crucial for understanding the reintegrative pra...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter introduces the approach to restorative justice, which is the focus of this monograph—namely Youth Justice Conferencing in New South Wales, Australia. In Youth Justice Conferences, adolescent offenders meet with their victim and other relevant members of the community to discuss relatively minor offences and work out some form of commun...
Chapter
This chapter suggests that conference theorists and advocates have been looking in the wrong place when trying to find a way of explaining the transformation that occurs in a conference. Instead of a theory based on personal internal emotional states, the chapter argues for a social semiotic perspective that accounts for the interactive power of th...
Article
In this paper the interpersonal grammar of Tagalog is explored from the perspective of Systemic Functional Linguistics. Following a brief metafunctional profile of Tagalog grammar, a framework for interpreting the discourse function of Tagalog clauses is introduced – exchange structure. Subsequently the systems of mood, polarity, modality, tagging,...
Article
Full-text available
This book analyses the Youth Justice Conferencing Program in New South Wales, Australia. Exploring this form of diversionary justice from the perspectives of functional linguistics and performance studies, the authors combine close textual analysis with ethnographic research methodologies. They examine how participants use the discourse semantic re...
Article
Full-text available
Social metadata is an important dimension of social media communication, and closely associated with practices such as curating, tagging, and searching content. This article explores how hashtags are used to coordinate and accentuate the values construed in a corpus of Twitter posts (tweets) about depression. In other words, it explores how people...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents an introduction to how systemic functional linguistics (SFL) and Legitimation Code Theory (LCT) offer complementary insights into education, focusing on key ideas that brought the theories into dialogue over the past decade. It begins with a review of SFL work on field, which foregrounds the role of forms of knowledge in educati...
Article
This paper presents an introduction to how systemic functional linguistics (SFL) and Legitimation Code Theory (LCT) offer complementary insights into education, focusing on key ideas that brought the theories into dialogue over the past decade. It begins with a review of SFL work on field, which foregrounds the role of forms of knowledge in educati...
Article
This article presents an overview and extension of research into one form of diversionary justice, the Youth Justice Conferencing programme in New South Wales, Australia. Conferences are formal procedures organised by a Convenor and typically involving a young offender, their victim or victim’s representative, support persons, the arresting police...
Article
This paper presents a brief history of systemic functional linguistics (hereafter SFL), taking Halliday's 1961 WORD paper, ‘Categories of the theory of grammar’, as point of departure. It outlines the key strands of thought which have informed the development of SFL, focusing on (i) why it is referred to as systemic, as functional and as systemic f...
Preprint
Full-text available
Youth Justice Conferencing is a form of diversionary justice for adolescent offenders introduced in New South Wales, Australia in 1997. In Youth Justice Conferences adolescent offenders meet with their victim and other relevant members of the community to discuss relatively minor offences and work out some form of community service by way of repara...
Chapter
Full-text available
Education and knowledge have never been more important to society, yet research is segmented by approach, methodology or topic. Legitimation Code Theory or 'LCT' extends and integrates insights from Pierre Bourdieu and Basil Bernstein to offer a framework for research and practice that overcomes segmentalism. This book shows how LCT can be used to...
Book
Full-text available
Martin, J. R. and Doran, Y. J. (eds.) (2015) Grammatical Descriptions: Volume II in Critical Concepts in Systemic Functional Linguistics. London: Routledge.
Book
Full-text available
Martin, J. R. and Doran, Y. J. (eds.) (2015) Context: Register and Genre. Volume IV in Critical Concepts in Systemic Functional Linguistics. London: Routledge
Book
Full-text available
Martin, J. R and Doran, Y. J. (eds.) (2015) Grammatics: Volume I in Critical Concepts in Systemic Functional Linguistics. London: Routledge.
Book
Full-text available
Martin, J. R. and Doran, Y. J. (eds.) (2015) Language in Education: Volume V in Critical Concepts in Linguistics. London: Routledge.
Book
Full-text available
Martin, J. R. and Doran, Y. J. (eds. ) (2015) Around Grammar: Phonology, Discourse Semantics and Multimodality. Volume III in Critical Concepts in Systemic Functional Linguistics. London: Routledge
Chapter
Adopting a longitudinal perspective on teaching and learning language from home through school to working life, this paper bring out the inherent complementarity of teaching and learning processes, showing how parents and teachers serve as mentors for learners by modelling meaning for them in dialogic interaction. The paper begins with a focus on l...
Article
Full-text available
At the heart of Youth Justice Conferencing, a form of restorative justice aimed at addressing youth crime, is the notion that young persons who have committed an offence should be ‘reintegrated’ into their communities (Braithwaite in Crime, shame and reintegration. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1989). This paper focuses on the role of pare...
Article
This paper takes as point of departure the register variable field, and explores its application to the discourse of History and Biology in secondary school classrooms from the perspective of systemic functional linguistics. In particular it considers the functions of technicality and abstraction in these subject specific discourses, and their rela...
Article
Full-text available
This paper offers a multimodal perspective on how identities are performed and negotiated in discourse, concentrating on the interaction of language and body language within a particular genre, Youth Justice Conferencing. These conferences operate as a diversionary form of sentencing in the juvenile justice system of New South Wales, Australia. Typ...
Article
Full-text available
This paper considers the discourse of modern history in Australian secondary schools from the perspectives of systemic functional linguistics and social realist sociology of education. In particular it develops work on genre and field in history discourse in relation to knowledge structure, and the role of technical concepts realised as '-isms'. Th...
Article
Full-text available
Youth justice conferencing is one of a number of programs which have been introduced into western legal systems in recent years, typically under the banner of a ‘restorative justice’ reform movement. These conferences bring young people (who have admitted their guilt), victims and other parties into a face-to-face meeting in which the impact of the...
Article
Full-text available
rised in educational settings. We make the case for reinstating the teaching of knowledge, including knowledge about language, at the forefront of consid - erations of educational practice and policy, and, more specifically, of teaching and researching language and literacy. Through this discussion we attempt to contribute to the line of effort rep...

Citations

... Esta propuesta busca describir los recursos semióticos disponibles para la evaluación desde una visión sistémico-funcional del lenguaje. Desde esta óptica, estos recursos se agrupan en 3 sistemas: la actitud (attitude), el compromiso (engagement) y la gradación (graduation) (Martin y Maton, 2017). Estos tres sistemas aluden a la expresión de sentimientos y juicios respecto a lo que se evalúa, al posicionamiento de la voz del autor en relación con otras voces y a la matización o intensificación de los sentimientos expresados, respectivamente. ...
... This study adopts the theoretical and analytical frameworks of Systemic Functional Linguistics (SFL) (Halliday, 1978;Halliday & Matthiessen, 2004;Martin, 1992) and its adaptations to image (Kress & van Leeuwen, 2006) and gesture (Ngo et al., 2021;Martin & Zappavigna, 2019). According to SFL, every instance of language simultaneously conveys three kinds of meanings: ideational (i.e. ...
... En coherencia con la jerarquía de estratificación de la LSF, los patrones de secuencia, realizados léxicogramaticalmente, ofrecen criterios para distinguir actividades a nivel del campo. La Tabla II esquematiza cuáles son las correlaciones 'no marcadas' entre las unidades en el registro, la semántica discursiva y la léxico-gramática, de acuerdo con las recientes descripciones del significado ideacional a través de los estratos (Doran y Martin 2021;Hao 2020a Más allá de estas correlaciones, existen otras posibilidades. Gracias a que el modelo de la LSF comprende el 'plano de contenido' (cf. ...
... Furthermore, we pay attention to the role of suffixes in nominalizations, which work simultaneously as both, grammatical and lexical metaphors. For doing this analysis we subscribe to a perspective that considers the inter-stratal tension (Martin, 2020;Taverniers, 2017) in the realization of interpersonal and ideational meanings, offering a stratified approach to resources of graduation in Spanish written language. ...
... A Tagalog example of this is presented in (56) below. This nominal group is the Value in an identifying relational clause (Martin and Cruz 2019) and is marked as a thematic participant by its Function Marker ang. The embedded clause in this example has been analyzed as being embedded within the Thing function in the nominal group. ...
... Semantic profiles offered the Teacher Choices in Action module a visual way of introducing preservice teachers to the logics of sequencing lesson steps. Differently shaped semantic profiles can be used to consider what combination of upshifts, downshifts and high and low flatlines would be appropriate for the knowledge itself and the purpose of the pedagogical activity (Maton, 2020). Designing coherent learning pathways over time requires a teacher to recruit knowledge and make a whole series of choices (Rusznyak & Bertram, 2021). ...
... Tables 2 to 4 present a simplified version of the kind of exchange structure analysis we have adopted in our work in order to keep track of both regulative and integrative moves in conferencing discourse (for more detailed analysis and explanation of notation see Martin, Zappavigna and Dwyer 2009b). This approach to exchange analysis considers dialogue in terms of what is being negotiated by speakers, that is, whether they are initiating or responding to information or knowledge (K) (for instance, asking what the time is), or whether they are offering or demanding action (A) (for instance, asking for a drink of water) (Martin and Rose 2007). ...
... We undertake the analysis of body language presented here not only because the meanings negotiated in a conference cannot be fully interpreted on the basis of one modality alone, but because body language gives us an important insight into the bonding process flagged by Knight (2010). The model of body language that we have used in this study arose out of previous work investigating the co-patterning of gesture and phonological structure, viewed as sibling systems on language's expression plane (Zappavigna et al. 2009). Analysis of body language is a new region in SFL-based multimodal discourse analysis, although it is relatively well established in other disciplines such as anthropology and cognitive science (Efron 1941;Morris 1979;McNeill 1992;Goldin-Meadow and Singer 2003;Kendon 2004). ...
... The core sequence of symbolic reparation suggests that it is imperative for an offender to feel 'genuine' remorse and for the victim to express 'genuine' forgiveness. However, much of the empirical research suggests that such sincerity occurs less often than one might like (Choi & Severson, 2009;Martin & Zappavigna, 2018). For example, Strang (2002) found that while 39 per cent of victims said they felt forgiving after their conference, researchers observed forgiveness in around two-thirds of the cases, suggesting that victims were performing something that they may not have genuinely felt. ...
... This study adopts the theoretical and analytical frameworks of Systemic Functional Linguistics (SFL) (Halliday, 1978;Halliday & Matthiessen, 2004;Martin, 1992) and its adaptations to image (Kress & van Leeuwen, 2006) and gesture (Ngo et al., 2021;Martin & Zappavigna, 2019). According to SFL, every instance of language simultaneously conveys three kinds of meanings: ideational (i.e. ...