Irene Rojas Rondón's research while affiliated with Instituto Cubano de Oftalmología Ramón Pando Ferrer and other places

Publications (42)

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Objetivo: Describir las características clínicas y patológicas del carcinoma basocelular. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y retrospectivo de serie de casos en el Servicio de Cirugía Plástica Ocular del Instituto Cubano de Oftalmología “Ramón Pando Ferrer”, desde enero del año 2016 a diciembre de 2018. Se incluyeron todos los pacientes c...
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Objetivo: Determinar la respuesta clínica en pacientes con carcinoma basal palpebral tratados con HeberFERON(. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo en pacientes con carcinoma basal palpebral, a quienes se les aplicó HeberFERON( perilesional en el Instituto Cubano de Oftalmología “Ramón Pando Ferer”, de enero del año 2013 a enero de 2015. La...
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Objetivo: Evaluar la seguridad del HeberFERON⁽ en el tratamiento del carcinoma basal palpebral. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo en pacientes con carcinoma basal palpebral, a quienes se les aplicó HeberFERON⁽ perilesional, de enero del año 2013 a enero de 2018. La muestra quedó constituida por 20 pacientes que cumplieron los criterios de...
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Objetivo: Describir los resultados funcionales de la blefaroplastia superior. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo longitudinal prospectivo de 99 pacientes (198 párpados) con diagnóstico de dermatochalasis de párpado superior, algunos asociados a ptosis palpebral y de la ceja, en el Instituto Cubano de Oftalmología “Ramón Pando Ferrer“, en e...
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To report the case of a 63-years-old female referred to the Oculoplastic Eyelid and Orbit Department of the ICO "Ramón Pando Ferrer" for two lesions in the left upper eyelid, the biggest one, a 20 mm nodule with a central ulcer full of debris and discharge. It was treated with antibiotics without improvement; a biopsy was carried out with a prelimi...
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Canaliculitis is an uncommon infectious disease. It is often misdiagnosed due to its overlapping presentation to other common entities. A 56-year-old female patient is reported. She was referred to Ramón Pando Ferrer Cuban Ophthalmologic Institute, Ocular Plastic Surgery consultation, suffering from punctal swelling, discharge, and epiphora. At ocu...
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Conjunctival papilloma is a benign acquired squamous cell tumor occurring at any age, but more commonly in the third and fourth decades of life. Papillomas are associated to human papillomavirus infection, usually of types 6 and 11. A case is presented of a male smoker patient in his fourth decade of life. The patient attended the Oculoplastics Ser...
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The lax eyelid syndrome is a condition that often goes unnoticed. The symptoms that characterize it are generally very nonspecific, so patients are often misdiagnosed with chronic infectious conjunctivitis, blepharitis, or dry eye syndrome, which can lead to a delay or lack of treatment for months or even years. The case of a 54-year-old patient is...
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The anatomical location of the eyelids predisposes them to be frequently damaged by traumatic causes. The evolution of a patient aged 22 years is reported, who was referred at Ramón Pando Ferrer Cuban Institute of Ophthalmology for presenting severe eyelid trauma in his left eye caused by a wire. The ophthalmological examination showed a large flap...
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Objetivo: Evaluar la concordancia entre el diagnóstico clínico inicial y el histopatológico de tumores palpebrales malignos. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y retrospectivo de pacientes portadores de diferentes tumores palpebrales, atendidos en el Servicio de Cirugía Plástica Ocular del Instituto Cubano de Oftalmología “R...
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Lacrimal sac tumors are extremely rare, and the most common benign primary is squamous papilloma. Clinically, they manifest as a zone of swelling in the medial canthal region, associated with epiphora and chronic-recurrent dacryocystitis. Among the recommended imaging tests are dacryostography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and d...
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Objetivo: Evaluar los resultados quirúrgicos de la técnica de elevación de la ceja transblefaroplastia y las complicaciones presentadas. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo, de corte longitudinal, de 12 pacientes (24 párpados) con ptosis de la ceja asociada a dermatochalasis del párpado superior desde mayo a septiembre del añ...
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RESUMEN Objetivo: Describir las características clinicopatológicas de los pacientes con diagnóstico de melanoma de la úvea. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y retrospectivo de serie de casos, en el Instituto Cubano de Oncología y Radiobiología de Cuba, desde enero del año 2011 hasta junio de 2016. El universo del estudio, en coincidencia...
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Objective: To describe the clinical and pathological characteristics of patients diagnosed with uveal melanoma. Methods: A retrospective, descriptive and case series study was performed from January 2011 to June 2016 in the Institute of Oncology and Radiobiology of Cuba (INOR). The universe of study was the sample of 41 patients, all of them diagno...
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Ankyloblepharon is the partial or total fusion of eyelid margins. According to its location, it may be classified as medial or internal and lateral or external. This congenital malformation is a very rare condition. Though it may be genetically determined, its exact cause or development mechanism is not clearly known. The first case is a 57-day-old...
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Digital literature review was made to review Spanish and English articles that were significant in the study subject, with the objective of identifying the theoretical referents on low vision and visual rehabilitation. Low vision is a condition that results in significant reduction of a person´s vision and thus it represents a challenge worldwide....
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A female patient with a history of surgical treatment for eyelid ptosis is reported. Two years before, she was operated on for correction of upper eyelid due to right eyelid ptosis, but now she presented left eyelid retraction, apparently secondary to ptosis surgery, which exposed a filtering bleb caused by previous traveculectomy. This condition c...
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Congenital anophthalmia and microphthalmia are infrequent ocular defects at the time of birth as a result of alterations in the organ genesis of the eye caused by the action of genetic and/or environmental factors during the embryonic development. These anomalies bring about serious visual impairment to people who suffer it and have great impact on...
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Cancer is once again the first cause of death in Cuba, and currently among the Latin-American countries and the third world, thus according to estimates, our country has the highest incidence rate of non-melanoma skin cancer. The Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most frequent and specifically the BCC palpebral, occupies 90% of ocular malignancy. S...
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Cryptophthalmos comes from a congenital defect in the neural crest migration that gives rise to abnormal development of eyelids and of the anterior ocular structures. Here is the case of a male 6 months-old infant with cryptophthalmos. The ophthalmological exam revealed eyelid agenesis. The infant´s skin went down from the forehead, passing over th...
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Introducción: En el adulto mayor conservar la visión constituye un elemento fundamental, es responsable de alrededor de 80% del total de las sensaciones que recibimos. Objetivo: Caracterizar a pacientes adultos mayores con diagnóstico de miopía degenerativa y baja visión, y exponer los resultados de su rehabilitación visual. Material y Métodos: Se...
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The objective of this review was to expand knowledge on skin aging and restorative treatments used in ocular plastic surgery, especially cutaneous biostimulation with platelet-rich plasma, as a novel alternative of periocular rejuvenation. A comprehensive literature search was performed in updated databases that Infomed provides such as Ebsco, Hina...
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Erythematosus lupus is an inflammatory dermatosis of chronic, acute or subacute nature that occurs in outbreaks. It can affect all the body organs, but mainly the skin. Here are two patients with plaque-form lesions located in the internal middle area of the free inferior palpebral border, thick contours, central depression with scabby bottom and l...
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Objective: to describe the behavior of atypical anophthalmic cavities. Methods: aprospective and descriptive study was conducted in patients with atypical anophthalmic cavities seen in the ocular plastic surgery service from January 2009 to July 2010. The analyzed variables were sex, age, cavity abnormalities, and surgical treatment. Results: of al...
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Objectives: to describe the clinicopathological features of malignant eyelid. Method: A descriptive, retrospective study of patients with histopathologic diagnosis of basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell and adenocarcinoma of sebaceous glands, assisted in the service of oculoplasty the Cuban Institute of Ophthalmology January 2005 to December 2010....
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Objective: to characterize the clinical and pathological correlation of eyelid tumor lesions. Methods: a retrospective and descriptive study was conducted in patients with eyelid tumors surgically treated at the Ocular Plastic Surgery Department of "Ramón Pando Ferrer" Cuban Institute of Ophthalmology in the period from January to September 2011. T...
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Objective: to evaluate the surgical outcomes of the Crawford technique through the use of silastic and polypropylene 4.0 materials and the identified complications. Methods: a prospective and descriptive study of 12 patients (16 eyelids) with congenital ptosis conducted from January 2009 to December 2010 in the oculoplasty surgery in "Ramón Pando F...
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The dermoid cyst is a type of choristoma resulting from congenital development anomaly. A 2-year transitional dermoid cyst from birth was discovered by the mother when she noticed increased volume at the tail of the right eyebrow, defined edges, soft, movable, free orbital rim, no color changes with rapid clinical and ultrasonographic growth in mon...
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The sebaceous gland carcinoma is a highly malignant tumor and potentially lethal; it may masquerade inflammatory diseases such as blepharitis, blepharoconjunctivitis, meibomitis, tarsitis and recurrent chalazion. Hence, the presence of palpebral injury of recurrent or atypical presentation imposes a complete resection with oncological margin for pa...
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Objective: to describe the surgical outcomes in elderly patients diagnosed with senile palpebral diseases. Methods: Aadescriptive study conducted in patients treated in the Ocular Plastic Surgery in the period of January to July 2011. The sample included 174 patients with palpebral involutional diseases during this period. The surgical patients wer...
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Objective: To determine the behavior of eyelid surgery with CO2 laser. Methods: A prospective, longitudinal, observational and descriptive study whose sample consisted of 136 eyes from 93 patients, who underwent carbon dioxide laser surgery at the oculoplasty service of "Ramón Pando Ferrer" Cuban Institute of Ophthalmology from January to October,...
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Objective: To determine the most frequent refractive errors on low vision patients. Methods: a descriptive and prospective study was conducted in patients who attended to “Ramón Pando Ferrer” Cuban Institute of Ophthalmology during 2008. A sample of 265 selected cases out of the total number was taken. Results: Myopia was present in 69.8% of patien...
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Congenital ptosis is malpositioning of the eyelids that, when moderate or severe, can negatively affect visual development during its critical period, resulting in amblyopia: diminished visual acuity with no apparent organic cause. Early diagnosis and timely treatment are essential for preventing amblyopia. Congenital ptosis is uncommon but poses a...
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OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the situation of retinopathy of prematurity, to determine the most common refractive disorders as well as the most used optical aids in visual rehabilitation and to evaluate the achieved visual outcomes. METHODS: A descriptive study was conducted in patients with retinopathy of prematurity seen at the Low Vision Service of "...
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Anophthalmic patient exhibit a great physical, psyckic, and social effect, this disease must be treated in a multidisciplinary way, our effects must be targeted at accomplishing the best aesthetic and funtional results so that patient s can join societyagain as soon as posible. The lack or loss of the eye ball from whatever etiology becomes a very...
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Evisceration is the surgical technique selected for the treatment of many serious ocular illnesses such as endophthalmitis, painful blind eye due to chronic trauma, absolute glaucoma, chronic retinal detachment, chronic uveitis, pthisis bulbi, buphthalmos and for aesthetic reasons. A 21 years-old patient went to the doctor's office to request some...
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OBJECTIVE: To describe the behaviour of iris rubeosis after using intravitreal triamcinolone. METHODS: A longitudinal descriptive study was performed on 25 patients for a total number of 32 eyes with several ocular diseases. Statistical tests were made with the study variables; sign comparison for paired data and Chi square tests were applied. The...
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Se realizó una revisión de la literatura científica publicada sobre la técnica novedosa del electrorretinograma multifocal, los mecanismos celulares involucrados y algunos de los factores que modifican sus resultados, así como la forma de su presentación. La caracterización básica de este registro electrofisiológico obtenido en varias regiones de l...

Citations

... La capacidad de dar metástasis tanto regionales como a distancia, a pesar de ser posible, se ha considerado como extremadamente poco habitual en los tumores palpebrales. (3,4) Tiene un origen multifactorial; en el 95 % de los afectados se presenta en personas entre 40-79 años y como promedio el diagnóstico se produce a los 60 años. Por lo general, la lesión está presente muchos meses antes del diagnóstico. ...
...  Causas locales, como: chalazión, síndrome del párpado laxo y dermatitis de contacto (6,16,17). ...
... Entre los más modernos y eficaces se encuentra el láser de CO2. 4 El láser de CO2 Unipulse TM Col -1040 «NIDEK» es un equipo de moderna tecnología de 10,6 µm de longitud de onda. Se utiliza como fuente de luz en la cirugía para coagulación o corte, para eliminar capas superficiales de la piel y en cauterizaciones puntuales. ...
... En ella se producen modificaciones prácticamente en todos sus componentes, como el adelgazamiento cutáneo, debido a la reducción del colágeno de la dermis, por disminución de los fibroblastos; en menor medida, al aplanamiento de las papilas de la unión dermoepidérmica y a la atrofia de la epidermis, lo que da lugar a la disminución de la capacidad regenerativa de la piel. (2) El descenso de los tejidos blandos y la distensión de la aponeurosis de sostén dan lugar a desinserciones musculares; la herniación progresiva de paquetes grasos del contenido orbitario también facilita la aparición de malposiciones palpebrales y de ptosis. (3) El reconocimiento de las diferentes afecciones palpebrales relacionadas con el envejecimiento es fundamental para un diagnóstico correcto y, en función de este, elegir la mejor opción clínica o quirúrgica para los pacientes. ...
... 10 Ramírez García y otros en una investigación en el Instituto cubano de Oftalmología muestran resultados similares a los nuestros, 11 mientras que Rojas y otros reportan resultados equivalentes en otra investigación del propio instituto. 12 También Arias Soto y otros comunican datos análogos a los nuestros en el oriente del país, 3 mientras que en un reporte del Instituto Nacional de Oncología y Radiobiología, en una serie de 61 pacientes durante el año 2011, el grupo etario más afectado fue el de 61-70 años con el 37,1 %, seguido del grupo 51-60 años con el 27.5 %. 13 Gutiérrez y otros 14 plantean que en su muestra encontraron una incidencia mayor después de los 50 años de edad. 13 asimismo, Malagón reporta una media de 52 años para la aparición de la lesión tumoral en el párpado inferior. ...
... Estos resultados no se corresponden con lo planteado por algunos autores, los que describen que las ptosis graves se muestran con mayor frecuencia; según opinión de los autores del presente artículo, esto puede atribuirse a que las muestras presentan características distintas, principalmente relacionadas con la edad, puesto que en edades geriátricas las ptosis intensas superan las leves y moderadas. 16,17 Al existir una diferencia estadísticamente significativa en cuanto a los valores promedios pre-y postoperatorios de hendidura palpebral, se demuestra que las técnicas utilizadas fueron efectivas. La eficacia de la técnica para cada caso se demostró con significación estadística al comparar la apertura palpebral promedio antes de la cirugía y después de ella; se observó que esta variable alcanzó valores muy aceptables después de la cirugía en la mayoría de los pacientes. ...
... Human skin is an organ structured by many tissues, designed to develop multiple functions such as thermoregulation, vitamin D metabolization, detection of sensory stimuli, as well as reacting to mechanical trauma, chemical reagents, and pathogens [1,2]. However, to maintain its functionality, it is necessary to preserve its structural integrity. ...
... The universal aging of the population is a global concern because of its association with degenerative diseases, which can cause disabilities in humans, limit their productivity in society, and negatively affect their quality of life [1][2][3][4][5]. ...
... En cuanto al tabaquismo, prevalecieron pacientes no fumadores, afirmación contraria a lo reportado a la literatura 15 . La explicación de lo anterior puede ligarse al hecho de que en este estudio fueron mayormente mujeres las encuestadas. ...
... Además de los cambios refractivos relacionados con la edad, las personas mayores son particularmente susceptibles a desarrollar patologías oculares como cataratas (50-60 %), glaucoma (10-15 %) y degeneración macular (5-8 %) (67,70). Esto conlleva a deficiencia visual y pobre feedback del medio circundante, lo que disminuye la habilidad para evitar obstáculos. ...