Igor de Lazari's research while affiliated with Federal University of Rio de Janeiro and other places

Publications (13)

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Este artigo possui por objeto, a partir da abordagem institucionalista, a investigação dos níveis de deferência dos Poderes Legislativo e Judiciário à Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária (ANVISA). Metodologicamente, serão analisadas decisões judiciais e legislativas que preterem as prerrogativas da ANVISA no que se refere à permissão de acesso...
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RESUMO: Este artigo possui por objeto, a partir de abordagem multidisciplinar, a investigação das decisões colegiadas, das premissas que incentivam sua instituição, dos problemas que podem provocar e dos requisitos necessários para que realmente produzam melhores resultados. Pretende-se, a partir disso, indicar as precauções e informações que dever...
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In recent years, the US Supreme Court (SCOTUS) and the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (STF) have similarly decided numerous issues relating to the rights of gay and lesbian individuals...
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O presente artigo propõe uma comparação entre Brown vs. Board of Education (1954) e Obergefell vs. Hodges (2015). A primeira decisão, por ser sensivelmente abstrata e influente no direito constitucional norte-americano, passou por um processo marcante de mitificação acerca de seu caráter contramajoritário. A segunda também protegeu uma minoria soci...
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Both the United States and Brazil have recently taken clear positions on the laws that regulate merchants charging different amounts for goods depending on the method of payment. It is thus instructive to look at the similarities and differences between the two countries’ laws on surcharges.
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So far, 2016 has been a bad year for Brazil. Despite the impeachment of President Dilma Rousseff, all the political instability resulting therefrom and revelations of major corruption schemes, Brazil is undergoing the worst economic recession of the last three decades. In an attempt to make up for the budget deficit, the Executive Branch (along wit...
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The basic structures of the democratic state are placed in the current Republican Constitution. If, on the one hand, practically nothing can be done concerning the modification or replacement of large scale institutions, on the other, small-scale interventions are always necessary for the improvement of the institutional framework in order to addre...
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The Alagoas (a Brazilian northeastern state) House of Representatives has recently overruled a governor’s veto to pass the Educational Neutrality Act (ENA) (“Programa Escola Livre”), a law on public education allegedly restrictive of teachers’ rights to freedom of expression. The bill’s proponent, State Representative Ricardo Nezinho, argued on his...
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Impeachment proceedings of President Dilma Rousseff have begun in Brazil, but the Brazilian National Congress will not decide alone, nor will its decision be final. The Brazilian Supreme Court (STF) recently heard a Claim of Breach of Fundamental Precept (ADPF no. 378; In re Brazilian Communist Party)—an action directed to protect important constit...
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Judges, just like “ordinary people,” are subject to routine incentives; i.e. according to Benjamin Barton, they are driven by the same combination of incentives, experiences, and cognitive biases that drive the rest of us. This includes the justices of the Supreme Court. Therefore, justices presumably strive to reduce the difficulty, the sameness a...
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A prática judicial depara-se com uma tensão marcante entre a discricionariedade normativa e as capacidades institucionais do judiciário. Isso significa que há gradações de clareza nos diplomas legais que podem exigir maior ou menor grau de especialização dos atores responsáveis por sua aplicação. Surgem problemas dessa tensão, destacando-se os mome...