Ignace Glorieux's research while affiliated with Vrije Universiteit Brussel and other places

Publications (126)

Article
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Previous research has shown that a prolonged recall period is associated with lower data quality in time-diary research. In these studies, the recall period is roughly estimated on the basis of the period between the assigned diary day and the agreed collection day. Because this is so rudimentary, little is known about the duration of the mean reca...
Article
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Due to the diversification and fragmentation of working time arrangements, the organisation of working weeks now differ substantially from each other. To account for week-to-week variability in working time estimates in time diary research, it is important that respondents keep their time diaries on designated registration days. At the same time, t...
Article
In 2019, a Belgian women’s organisation experimented with a 30-hour work week for all of their full-time employees. This work time reduction was an excellent opportunity to study these female employees’ wishes, expectations and experienced reality concerning their extra non-work time. Their wishes and expectations – as well as how these relate to t...
Article
Studies that analyse people's perceptions of their living environment as an explanatory factor for residential mobility are scarce at best. The study presented in this article addresses this deficit by investigating how people's perceptions of cities as living environments influence their relocation behaviour within metropolitan areas. After gather...
Article
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Active participation of the elderly is a recognized response to address the societal and individual challenges of rising life expectancy such as releasing the pressure of age-related public spending, reducing social isolation and improving well-being. How much time older people devote to active participation and whether their time allocation is ass...
Article
When everyday life becomes ever more permeated by digital technologies, many older people join ICT trainings to improve their digital skills. Given that digital skills include more than the command of technology (for instance, changing social practices) teaching ICT to people who grew up long before internet and social media can be challenging. The...
Article
How teachers spend their working time is crucial for the quality of teaching and teachers' well-being. For this reason, teacher surveys generally measure the number of hours worked. By comparing estimates from survey questions and time-diaries, we argue that commonly used survey methods are prone to bias. We use results of a unique, large-scale stu...
Article
The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the division of household labour could continue to lock down or start to break gender roles. Using time-use data of n = 473 individuals collected during the lockdown restrictions in Belgium from March to May 2020, we analyse the gendered division of routine and non-routine household labour in absolute time use...
Article
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In 2019, Femma vzw, a Belgian women’s organisation, as an experiment, implemented a 30-hour workweek within the organisation. For a period of 12 months, all full-time employees switched from a 36-hour workweek to a 30-hour workweek. During this experiment, a longitudinal time-use study into the impact of the working time reduction on the working li...
Article
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Like other surveys, time use surveys are facing declining response rates. At the same time paper-and-pencil surveys are increasingly replaced by online surveys. Both the declining response rates and the shift to online research are expected to have an impact on the representativeness of survey data questioning whether they are still the most suitab...
Experiment Findings
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In 2019, the employees of Femma experimented with a 30-hour workweek. All full-time employees changed to a 30-hour full-time week. In this report we summarise the findings of the impact of shorter working hours on paid work, unpaid work, leisure, social life and health. This research is based on time-use research.
Preprint
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Dit rapport beschrijft de verschillende motieven om het Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest al dan niet te verlaten. Hiervoor werd gebruik gemaakt van data verzameld bij 1.056 blijvers (nog altijd woonachtig in het BHG) en vertrekkers (verhuisd tijdens de afgelopen twee jaar naar een woonplaats buiten het BHG). Gebruikmakend van logistische regressie bl...
Article
Research on leisure and time poverty has mainly focused on the duration of time and on the profile of the time poor. Using the 2013 Flemish Time-Use Data, this article investigates the influence of multiple dimensions of time wealth on leisure activities and leisure patterns for the working population. The four temporal dimensions used are leisure...
Technical Report
In het voorjaar van 2019 organiseerde de onderzoeksgroep TOR een grote surveybevraging bij 10.000 (ex-)Brusselaars omtrent hun verhuismotieven. Deze survey vond plaats binnen het kader van het BRUXODUS-project, een project dat gefinancierd wordt door Innoviris binnen het ANTICIPATE-programma. Een representatief staal van 10.000 (ex-)Brusselaars tu...
Article
This paper investigates why non-attendees of museums in Flanders (Belgium) do not visit and how these reasons for not attending are related to gender. The hierarchical constraints framework is applied to non-attendees using the 2014 Participation Survey (N = 2707). Both interested and non-interested non-attendees are included in the analyses. Findi...
Article
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Background: Regular physical activity decreases the risk for numerous non-communicable diseases. The World Health Organization has suggested physical activity (PA) guidelines that, based on previous research, would provide health benefits to those who comply. The first guideline for health benefits suggests 150 min of moderate PA or equivalent per...
Research
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In opdracht van de Minister van Onderwijs Hilde Crevits onderzocht de onderzoeksgroep TOR van de Vrije Universiteit Brussel de tijdsbesteding en taakbelasting van Vlaamse leraren. 9.596 leraren uit het basis- en secundair onderwijs hielden hiervoor gedurende een week hun tijdsbesteding bij via de MOTUS-app. Geprojecteerd op een volledig kalenderjaa...
Research
Full-text available
In opdracht van de Minister van Onderwijs Hilde Crevits onderzocht de onderzoeksgroep TOR van de Vrije Universiteit Brussel de tijdsbesteding en taakbelasting van Vlaamse leraren. 9.596 leraren uit het basis- en secundair onderwijs hielden hiervoor gedurende een week hun tijdsbesteding bij via de MOTUS-app. Geprojecteerd op een volledig kalenderjaa...
Technical Report
Full-text available
In opdracht van de Minister van Onderwijs Hilde Crevits onderzocht de onderzoeksgroep TOR van de Vrije Universiteit Brussel de tijdsbesteding en taakbelasting van Vlaamse leraren. 9.596 leraren uit het basis-en secundair onderwijs hielden hiervoor gedurende een week hun tijdsbesteding bij via de MOTUS-app. Geprojecteerd op een volledig kalenderjaar...
Article
Research from recent years reports that physical inactivity is a major risk factor for global mortality. Several societal trends in the last decades are likely to have contributed to the increasing prevalence of sedentary lifestyles. Physical activity throughout the day has become much less self-evident and much more a matter of personal effort. It...
Technical Report
From 10 May to 30 June 2017, the Research Group TOR – Department of Sociology organised a research project allowing PhD-students to evaluate their PhD-trajectories. This project was called the PhD-survey. This report describes the technical details of this survey. Chapter 1 describes the organisation of the fieldwork. In chapter 2, the response ra...
Research
In 2017, the Central PhD Office of the Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB) organized a pilot study at several faculties to measure the working conditions of the PhD candidates. Together with the par-ticipating Doctoral Schools and participating faculties, the Central PhD Office aimed at gaining more insight into the needs of the PhD candidates and to...
Article
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Background: Traditionally, time-use data have been used to inform a broad range of economic and sociological research topics. One of the new areas in time-use research is the study of physical activity (PA) and physical activity energy expenditure (PAEE). Time-use data can be used to study PAEE by assigning MET values to daily activities using the...
Article
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Everyday life is neither the result of mundane, common-sense, habitual human behaviour as theorized by the agency-centred approach of methodological individualism nor the sheer result of the conformation to temporal norms of the structural approach of social holism. In fact, everyday life is marked by a rhythmic, temporal structure that is brought...
Chapter
Long-held associations between women, home, food, and cooking are beginning to unravel as, in a growing number of households, men are taking on food and cooking responsibilities. At the same time, men's public foodwork continues to gain attention in the media and popular culture. The first of its kind, Food, Masculinities, and Home focuses specific...
Article
Contemporary fatherhood comprises active parenting: emotional involvement and more time spent on parenting activities. The latter is often explained by fathers’ response to a higher demand for childcare as the result of mothers’ employment schedules. Whereas time-use surveys are widely used to analyze fathers’ parenting time, only a few studies ful...
Research
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Onze maatschappij houdt ons graag een ideaalbeeld voor van een gezonde levensstijl, waarbij voldoende fysieke activiteit een centrale rol speelt. Er worden heel wat initiatieven ondernomen om sport actief te promoten binnen alle lagen van de bevolking. Kijk maar naar het ‘active ageing’ concept van de Europese Unie waarbij ouderen aangemoedigd word...
Research
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In deze nota belichten we sociologisch interessante verschillen in sportparticipatie. We gaan dieper in op verschillen naar geslacht, leeftijd, gezinssituatie, opleidingsniveau, armoederisico en arbeidspositie. Voor de beroepsactieve bevolking bekijken we of we verschillen in sportparticipatie zien naargelang de uurrooster waarin men werkt. We make...
Article
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Deze tekst geeft een globale beschrijving van de tijdsbesteding van de Belgen, anno 2013. Het tijdsbestedingsonderzoek 2013 (TBO’13) werd uitgevoerd door de Algemene Directie Statistiek – Statistics Belgium (AD Statistiek) van de FOD Economie. Gelijkaardig tijdsbestedingsonderzoek werd uitgevoerd in 1999 (TBO’99) en in 2005 (TBO’05). AD Statistiek...
Article
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Het is een veel gehoord dagelijks tijdsprobleem: we hebben het druk en enkel een flexibele omgang met de tijd maakt dat we ons hoofd boven water kunnen houden. De 24 uurs economie doet ons werken op niet-standaard werktijden, er is minder tijd voor collectieve maaltijden en de nacht wordt gekoloniseerd door werk of uitgesteld kijken naar de TV. Met...
Article
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On entend souvent parler du problème de temps au quotidien : nous menons un rythme de vie effréné et seule une gestion plus flexible du temps nous permet de garder la tête hors de l'eau. Notre économie tournant 24 heures sur 24 nous contraint à travailler selon des horaires non conventionnels et à consacrer moins de temps aux repas collectifs, tand...
Technical Report
In 1999 and 2004 the Research Group TOR performed a time-use study. These studies were, for the first time in the history of Flemish time-use research, a chance to study changes in time-use of people living in Flanders. The Research Group TOR decided to repeat this study every five year. To maintain that goal, funding for time-use research was need...
Article
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Research on the combination of work and family life and how this differs for men an women has been subject to three important developments over the last decade: (1) demographic trends including the increase in ‘new’ forms of cohabiting and evolutions in women’s labour market participation, (2) methodological innovations in measuring time-use and ti...
Conference Paper
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Time-use research often requires great effort of the participants and is more expensive than conventional data collection techniques. These two factors inhibit the adoption of this specific form of research. To resolve these issues, the Research Group TOR is in the process of translating the classic pen-and-paper research to an online registration...
Article
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The question when people work is almost always reduced to the question how much people work on (non-)standard working hours. In this contribution, we applied optimal matching techniques using Belgian data from a weekly work grid (n 1⁄4 6330) to identify individuals’ work timing patterns, offering a richer analyt- ical approach than most previous st...
Chapter
Onderzoek naar de verdeling van arbeids- en gezinstaken tussen mannen en vrouwen is de afgelopen 10 jaar onderhevig geweest aan drie belangrijke ont- wikkelingen. Naast demografische trends waaronder toenemende ‘nieuwe’ vor- men van samenleven en evoluties in de arbeidsmarktdeelname van vrouwen, zijn er methodologische vernieuwingen die het meten v...
Conference Paper
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In the last 15 years an increasing number of studies argued that the disutility that we usually attach to travel can be reduced by attributing useful or enjoyable activities to journeys. Multitasking while travelling may fundamentally change the way travel time is valued in the assessment of transport projects and policies. While conventional trave...
Conference Paper
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Disruptions in public transport may have a significant impact on the travel behaviour of passengers especially for those who have no access to other modes of transport. In this paper, we investigate the impact of a one-day preannounced national general strike in Belgium on the travel behaviour of residents of the Flanders region. Our aim was to det...
Article
This article aims to uncover the extent to which convenience foods have become embedded in today's diets. The paper focuses on households' food expenditures, collected by Statistics Belgium in 2005. The results show that households' reliance on (semi-) convenience food items and away-from-home consumption clearly differs over the life-course and am...
Article
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OBJECTIVE This article examines the diverse ways in which young adults develop both their professional career and family life in the years immediately after they complete their education. Building a career and starting a family often occur simultaneously in this stage of life. By studying the simultaneous developments in these life domains, we can...
Article
The interdisciplinary Time Use Observatory workshops learned that transportation research and social sciences strive for the same multi-day time-diary data in order to make interferences about human habitual (travel) behavior. It also is learned that when it comes to the mathematics and analytics involved both disciplines are miles apart, though bo...
Article
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This article analyses the early career occupational mobility of people from a Turkish or Moroccan descent in Flanders (Belgium). Previous research showed that second-generation migrants are less successful than natives when entering the labour market. We compare the progress in socio-economic status (SES) that youngsters of native and non-native de...
Article
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Laurijssen, I., I. Glorieux (2015): Beroepsmobiliteit in de vroege arbeidsloopbaan van Turkse en Marokkaanse allochtonen. Over.Werk. Tijdschrift van het Steunpunt WSE, 25, 2: 121-126 - TOR 2015/20.
Article
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Time-use surveys are internationally highly valued methods for capturing daily behaviour. Their combination of questionnaires and paper-and-pencil time-diaries (among others in Europe) or telephone interview yesterday- method (in USA) through which respondents (re)construct their daily activities (i.e. what and when) together with contextual inform...
Article
One of the most fundamental, but also controversial, food trends of the past years is convenience food. This article investigates the underexplored relationship between the heterogeneity in (convenience) food consumption (a feature of a food culture's cuisine) and meal patterns (characteristics of a food culture's structure). This study hopes to il...
Article
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In psychiatry, the social zeitgeber theory argues that social life provides important social cues that entrain circadian rhythms. Disturbance of these social cues might lead do dis-entrainment of circadian rhythms and evoke somatic symptoms that increase the risk of mood disorders. In preventing and treating patients with bipolar disorders, the Int...
Article
User behaviour plays a key role in the energy demand of residential buildings, and its importance will only increase when moving towards nearly Zero-Energy homes. However, little detailed information is available on how users interact with their homes. Due to the lack of information, user behaviour is often included in building performance simulati...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
User behaviour plays a key role in the energy demand of residential buildings, and its importance will only increase when moving towards nearly Zero-Energy homes. However, little detailed information is avail-able on how users interact with their homes. Due to the lack of infor-mation, user behaviour is often included in building performance sim-ul...
Article
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Dit artikel onderzoekt de verschillende trajecten die jongvolwassenen doorlopen op het vlak van werk en gezin in hun eerste jaren na schoolverlaten. De uitbouw van een carrière en het starten van een gezin gaan vaak hand in hand in deze levensfase. Door de ontwikkelingen in deze levensdomeinen samen te bekijken, willen we een beter inzicht krijgen...
Article
In recent years, there has been a growing interest among urban and transport planners in the accessibility levels of different societal groups within an urban region. The interest stems in part from the concern that inadequate spatial and temporal planning may foster social exclusion by giving rise to accessibility limitations that bear disproporti...
Chapter
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Studiekeuzes van jongens en meisjes: Erg traditioneel en nauwelijks verandering sinds 50 jaar De afgelopen decennia hebben jonge vrouwen hun achterstand op het vlak van scholing meer dan ingehaald. Op dit moment kennen jonge vrouwen een vlottere schoolloopbaan en zijn over het algemeen hoger opgeleid dan hun mannelijke leeftijdsgenoten. Mannen en...
Article
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Paid work is assumed to have a latent function of creating regular activity. This contribution investigates whether this regularity creating mechanism of paid work passes over to other activities as well. We introduce an indicator of daily routine that allows us to express what percentage of time spent on different activities is done so every day a...
Article
Cet article étudie les emplois du temps respectifs des femmes et des hommes en Belgique, et pose la question de leur convergence. L'accent est mis sur la répartition de la charge de travail, à savoir le travail rémunéré, le travail ménager et les soins et l'éducation des enfants. Nous avons constaté une tendance vers une répartition de plus en plus...
Article
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During the French Revolution and inspired by the Enlightenment, an attempt was made to replace the Gregorian calendar (which was based on ‘irrational’ overlapping cycles linked to religious celebrations) by the Republican calendar (which was based on ‘rational’ clearly nested cycles in accordance with the metric system). Although the starting point...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
User behaviour plays a key role in the energy demand of residential buildings, and its importance will only increase when moving towards nearly-zero-homes. However, little information is available on how users interact with their homes. Due to the lack of informa-tion, user behaviour is often included in building per-formance simulations through on...
Article
Full-text available
Healthy sleep habits include sufficient sleep, regular bedtimes and established sleep routines. The responsibilities of paid and unpaid work that arise during the daytime are assumed to haunt us at night as well, eventually affecting these sleep habits. A long-term comparison of sleep duration from 1966 and 1999 time-diary data shows that sleep dur...
Article
Promoting the well-being of young people is one of the main policy goals of youth policies in many Western countries. Yet a clear and distinct definition of the concept of well-being is not available. This paper discusses the measurement of well-being in Belgian youth research and factors influencing the well-being of adolescents. The paper also ex...
Article
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In this article, we examined how women adjust their professional careers after the first childbirth. Reducing the hours of paid work is one way of reconciling work with family responsibilities. An alternative strategy consists of finding a job that integrates with family life more easily. We define jobs with better opportunities for positive role-c...
Article
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In this article we consider the consequences of work-family reconciliation, in terms of the extent to which the adjustment of the labour market career to family demands (by women) contributes to a better work-life balance. Using the Flemish SONAR-data, we analyse how changes in work and family conditions between the age of 26 and 29 are related to...
Article
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De tijd die partners binnen een gezin samen doorbrengen is van belang voor de kwaliteit van het samenleven. Een systematische review van de literatuur toont dat deze tijd gedefinieerd is als de tijd die partners aan dezelfde activiteit besteden, ‘samen doen’, terwijl het evengoed kan zijn dat partners verschillende activiteiten doen en toch hun tij...
Chapter
Iedereen is meer dan ooit voorspelbaar. Onze samenleving is geëvolueerd van een samenleving met weinig keuzes, naar een samenleving waarin we niet meer weten wat te kiezen. Is dit de uiteindelijke bevrijding van het individu? Nee! Iedereen is voorspelbaar. Niet omdat we geloven, gehoorzamen of tradities volgen, maar omdat het ons wordt aangepraat....
Article
Cooking is one of the basic activities in our lives. However, people frequently feel they fall short of time to cook when facing problems with the temporal organization of daily life. How people think about home cooking is considered to be important for the time they spend on preparing meals. It is assumed that the meaning of cooking differs for di...