Hyun-Jin Kim's research while affiliated with Dharmais Hospital National Cancer Center and other places

Publications (633)

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Objectives Cardiac troponin-I (cTnI) is a representative marker of myocardial injury. Elevation of cTnI is frequently observed in patients with hypertensive crisis, but few studies have examined its prognostic significance in hypertensive crisis. We aimed to determine whether cTnI could predict all-cause mortality in patients with hypertensive cris...
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Background Focused evaluations on potential sex differences in the angiographic findings of the coronary arteries are scarce. This study was performed to compare the angiographic extent and localization of coronary stenosis between men and women. Methods A total of 2348 patients (mean age 62.5 years and 60% women) with stable chest pain undergoing...
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Background: The association between a history of pregnancy and liver fibrosis remains unclear. Herein, we investigated the association between reproductive factors, including a history of pregnancy and liver fibrosis, in postmenopausal Korean women. Methods: This study used nationally representative, population-based data collected from the Kore...
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Ambient air pollution is one of the most important global health issues. Although several studies have been reported the associations between air pollution and brain function or structure, impact of the air pollution on cerebral small vessel disease (cSVD) have rarely been explored in Asian adult population. We evaluated the association between exp...
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Background: Lipid emulsion (LE) is effective in treating intractable cardiac depression induced by the toxicity of highly lipid-soluble drugs including local anesthetics. However, the effect of LE on chloroquine-evoked cardiac toxicity remains unclear. This study aimed to examine the effect of Lipofundin MCT/LCT, an LE, on the cardiotoxicity cause...
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Abstract Significant associations between air pollution (AP) and insulin resistance (IR) have been reported in limited populations or certain patient groups, but few studies have addressed this association in the general population, especially in Asians. Although abdominal fat is a major contributor to IR, previous studies have not fully controlled...
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Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a deadly disease regardless of sex, and a few therapeutic approaches have been fully developed at advanced stages, even if some strategies have durable clinical benefits, such as immunotherapy and chemotherapy. Ganoderma lucidum has been recognized as an organism that suppresses tumors and inflammation; however, the molec...
Preprint
BACKGROUND In 2018, breast cancer was the second most common cancer worldwide. Pathology reports provide important information for optimal treatment decision making. OBJECTIVE To elucidate the deployment of deep learning data extraction methods for pathology reports in a single institute, we investigated the performance of methods between regular...
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Background: Glioma stem cells (GSCs) have been reported to contribute to tumor initiation and relapse, therapy resistance, and intra-tumoral heterogeneity of glioblastoma multiforme. Therefore, inhibiting GSCs presents a critical therapeutic tactic to suppress the aggressiveness of tumors. Methods: In this study, we examined the effects of 7β-22...
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Infiltrating tumor-associated macrophages (TAM) are known to impede immunotherapy against glioblastoma (GBM), however, TAMs are heterogeneous, and there are no clear markers to distinguish immunosuppressive and potentially immune-activating populations. Here we identify a subset of CD169 ⁺ macrophages promoting an anti-tumoral microenvironment in G...
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Protein expression with a fusion partner followed by the removal of the fusion partner via in vitro processing with a specific endoprotease is a favored method for the efficient production of intact recombinant proteins. Due to the high cost of commercial endoproteases, this process is restricted to laboratories. Kex2p is a membrane-bound serine pr...
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Glioblastoma (GBM) is one of the most dangerous brain tumors in humans. The median survival of patients with GBM is <18 months. Glioma stem-like cells (GSCs), a small subpopulation of cells with stem cell-like characteristics found within GBM, are regarded as the main cause of GBM malignancy. Therefore, targeting GSCs presents an important therapeu...
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The prevalence of diabetes mellitus continues to increase worldwide, and it is a well-established cardiovascular risk factor. Hypertension is also an important cardiovascular risk factor to be controlled and is common among patients with diabetes mellitus. Optimal blood pressure (BP) goals have been the subject of great debate in the management of...
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Aspergillus oryzae (A. oryzae) is an important starter in the fermentation of koji and moromi. However, the effect of different A. oryzae strains on the quality of moromi has rarely been studied. For this reason, this study analyzed the physicochemical properties, enzyme activity, sensory quality, and metabolite profiles of moromi samples fermented...
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Background Although a growing body of evidence suggests air pollution is associated with low serum vitamin D status, few studies have reported whether obesity status affects this relationship. The aim of this study was to identify associations between ambient air pollution exposure, obesity, and serum vitamin D status in the general population of S...
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Hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) is used for medicinal purposes owing to its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities. We evaluated the protective effect of nanovesicles isolated from hemp plant parts (root, seed, hemp sprout, and leaf) in dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis in mice. The particle sizes of root-derived nanovesicles (RNVs), see...
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Despite the recognized importance of antitumor immunity, our understanding of brain tumor immunity is poor. Orthotopic injection models have been widely used for immunological analyses. However, these models have limitations in analysis of antitumor immunity because the approach involves drilling skulls and injecting tumor cells, which can induce a...
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Background Evidence suggests that low individual vitamin D levels enhance adverse effects associated with air pollution on mental health conditions. The aim of this study was to identify associations between ambient air pollution exposure, mental health, and serum vitamin D status in the general population of South Korea. Methods We included natio...
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Strawberries were ground and heated under oxygen-free condition using a specially designed device, and compared with the berries processed at atmospheric condition. The complete inactivation of oxidative enzymes and microorganisms were found in both samples. The heating without oxygen led to higher concentrations of anthocyanins and organic acids t...
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Cigarette smoke (CS) is the major factor in the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the third leading cause of death worldwide. Furthermore, although Ca-mellia sinensis (CN) has been known as an anti-inflammatory material, the effect of CN has not yet been known on pulmonary inflammation in COPD. Thus, we investigated the p...
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Background Microscopic hematuria is associated with increased risk of developing chronic kidney function impairment and even death. However, data on the long-term mortality risk associated with microscopic hematuria among patients with hypertensive crisis are scarce. We hypothesized that microscopic hematuria at initial presentation in patients wit...
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Phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) is a key enzyme in mammals that maintains the phenylalanine (Phe) concentration at an appropriate physiological level. Some genetic mutations in the PAH gene lead to destabilization of the PAH enzyme, leading to phenylketonuria (PKU). Destabilized PAH variants can have a certain amount of residual enzymatic activity...
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This study was conducted to evaluate the protective effect of Juglans regia (walnut, Gimcheon 1ho cultivar, GC) on high-fat diet (HFD)-induced cognitive dysfunction in C57BL/6 mice. The main physiological compounds of GC were identified as pedunculagin/casuariin isomer, strictinin, tellimagrandin I, ellagic acid-O-pentoside, and ellagic acid were i...
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Sulfur is an essential nutrient required for plant growth and metabolism, and plays an important role in relieving stress. Nutrient deficiency is one of the main factors that negatively affect crop growth, quality, and yield. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of sulfur nutrients on the growth and metabolites of lettuce after treatment with tw...
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High salt intake is positively linked to many health problems, but the effect of mineral-rich sea salt (SS) has rarely been studied. To better understand the physiological effects of SS intake, the changes in general characteristics, metabolites, steroid hormones, and gut microbiota of SS-fed rats were investigated. Male rats were fed either a norm...
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Background: Previous studies suggested that mercury may be linked to thyroid cancer due to its bioaccumulation in the thyroid gland, but no studies have been evaluated the association between mercury exposure and thyroid cancer risk. We examined the relationship between mercury exposure and thyroid cancer risk, with the potential modification of h...
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Background Data regarding very severe acute hypertension, a serious problem in emergency departments (EDs), are scarce. We investigated the clinical characteristics, practice patterns, and long-term prognoses of patients presenting to the ED with very severe acute hypertension. Methods Cross-sectional study data were obtained from a single regiona...
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In this study, the Search Your Mind (S.Y.M., 心) project aimed to collect prospective digital phenotypic data centered on mood and anxiety symptoms across psychiatric disorders through a smartphone application (app) platform while using both centralized and decentralized research designs: the centralized research design is a hybrid of a general pros...
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Exposure to particulate matter (PM) has been linked with the severity of various diseases. To date, there is no study on the relationship between PM exposure and tendon healing. Open Achilles tenotomy of 20 rats was performed. The animals were divided into two groups according to exposure to PM: a PM group and a non-PM group. After 6 weeks of PM ex...
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Sargassum horneri is a well-known edible brown alga that is widely abundant in the sea near China, Korea, and Japan and has a wide range of bioactive compounds. Fucosterol (FST), which is a renowned secondary metabolite in brown algae, was extracted from S. horneri to 70% ethanol, isolated via high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), followed...
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To evaluate the biological effects of Porphyra tenera (P. tenera), we tried to confirm the possibility that the intake of P. tenera could modulate cognitive and intestinal functions in PM2.5-induced cognitive decline mice. P. tenera attenuated PM2.5-induced learning and memory impairment through antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects by regulati...
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Objective: Propranolol is used to treat several cardiovascular diseases; however, toxic doses of propranolol cause severe myocardial depression and cardiac arrest. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of lipid emulsion (LE) on cardiotoxicity induced by toxic doses of propranolol in H9C2 rat cardiomyoblast cell line and to elucidate the...
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Carbohydrate-restricted diets and intermittent fasting (IF) have been rapidly gaining interest among the general population and patients with cardiometabolic disease, such as overweight or obesity, diabetes, and hypertension. However, there are limited expert recommendations for these dietary regimens. This study aimed to evaluate the level of scie...
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Although vasodilators are widely used in patients with vasospastic angina (VA), few studies have compared the long-term prognostic effects of different types of vasodilators. We investigated the long-term effects of vasodilators on clinical outcomes in VA patients according to the type of vasodilator used. Study data were obtained from a prospectiv...
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To confirm the therapeutic effect of the water extract from Ecklonia cava (WEE) against PM2.5-induced systemic health damage, we evaluated gut health with a focus on the microbiota and metabolites. Systemic damage in mice was induced through PM2.5 exposure for 12 weeks in a whole-body chamber. After exposure for 12 weeks, body weight and food intak...
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Microbiota is essential to the development and functional maturation of the immune system. The effects of the gut microbiota on myeloid cells remote from the gut, especially the skin remain unclear. Transcriptomic analysis revealed that type I interferon (IFN) signaling was down-regulated in the skin of germ-free mice compared to that in specific p...
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Background Carbohydrate-restricted diets and intermittent fasting (IF) have been rapidly gaining interest among the general population and patients with cardiometabolic disease, such as overweight or obesity, diabetes, and hypertension. However, there are limited expert recommendations for these dietary regimens. This study aimed to evaluate the le...
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Carbohydrate-restricted diets and intermittent fasting (IF) have been rapidly gaining interest among the general population and patients with cardiometabolic disease, such as overweight or obesity, diabetes, and hypertension. However, there are limited expert recommendations for these dietary regimens. This study aimed to evaluate the level of scie...
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This study was conducted to examine the effect of porcine placenta extract mixture (pPEM, enzymatic/acidic extract = 1/3) on alcoholic hepatotoxicity after pPEM dosing with alcohol in rats. The experimental groups were normal, control, silymarin, three pPEM (590, 1771, and 2511 mg/kg/day, po), and silymarin (100 mg/kg/day, po) groups (n = 10). Alco...
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Introduction: Although previous genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have identified genetic susceptibility loci for abdominal adiposity, GWASs on Asian samples remain scarce. Therefore, we performed a GWAS for abdominal adipose tissue depots in a Korean population. Methods: A total of 1,937 Korean men were included in the study. Areas of abd...
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Phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) is the key enzyme in phenylalanine metabolism, deficiency of which is associated with the most common metabolic phenotype of phenylketonuria (PKU) and hyperphenylalaninemia (HPA). A bulk of PKU disease-associated missense mutations in the PAH gene have been studied, and the consequence of each PAH variant vary immens...
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Metabolic diseases (MDs), including cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and diabetes, occur when the body’s normal metabolic processes are disrupted. Behavioral risk factors such as obesity, physical inactivity, and dietary habits are strongly associated with a higher risk of MD. However, scientific evidence strongly suggests that balanced, healthy diet...
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Citrus fruits undergo significant metabolic profile changes during their development process. However, limited information is available on the changes in the metabolites of Citrus unshiu during fruit development. Here, we analyzed the total phenolic content (TPC), total carotenoid content (TCC), antioxidant activity, and metabolite profiles in C. u...
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This study aimed to decipher the association among the physicochemical properties, sensory quality, and germination rate of rice samples stored at different storage conditions and for different durations (stored at 10, 20, and 30 °C for 8 months). The germination rate of the samples varied from 0.3 to 98.7%. A reduced germination rate increased the...
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The induction of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress has been reported as a key contributor to the cardiotoxicity of doxorubicin. Previous in vitro and in vivo studies suggest that sacubitril/valsartan, a novel angiotensin receptor–neprilysin inhibitor, could be effective against doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity. However, the precise mechanisms are...
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Background and Objective: There is increasing interest in preventing periodontitis using natural products. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of Colocasia antiquorum var. esculenta (CA) varnish on the oral microbiome and alveolar bone loss in a mouse periodontitis model. Materials and Methods: Antibacterial activity against Por...
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Scope: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), including ulcerative colitis (UC), is a chronic recurrent inflammatory disease of the digestive tract and increases the risk of colon cancer. Method and results: In this study, we evaluated the effects of dietary intervention with freeze-dried plum (FDP), a natural antioxidant and anti-inflammatory fruit...
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Background The association between renal function and all-cause mortality in patients with hypertensive crisis remains unclear. We aimed to identify the impact of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) on all-cause mortality in patients with hypertensive crisis visiting the emergency department (ED). Methods This retrospective study included...
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Background Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is the fear of social situations where a person anticipates being evaluated negatively. Changes in autonomic response patterns are related to the expression of anxiety symptoms. Virtual reality (VR) sickness can inhibit VR experiences. Objective This study aimed to predict the severity of specific anxiety s...
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Body mass index (BMI) is used to measure body fat. We investigated the association between BMI and long-term clinical outcomes in patients with acute severe hypertension who visited the emergency department (ED). Cross-sectional study data were obtained from a single regional emergency medical center, including patients with elevated initial systol...
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Home blood pressure (HBP) is useful to decide whether blood pressure (BP) is controlled. However, applying HBP to daily clinical practices is still challenging without easy access to the average HBP. Therefore, we developed a simple method to make a quick decision regarding the controlledness of HBP through high BP counts. We simulated 100 cases of...
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The aim of this study was to examine the effects of lipid emulsions on carnitine palmitoyltransferase I (CPT-I), carnitine acylcarnitine translocase (CACT), carnitine palmitoyltransferase II (CPT-II), and the mitochondrial dysfunctions induced by toxic doses of local anesthetics in H9c2 rat cardiomyoblasts. The effects of local anesthetics and lipi...
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With the recent rapid increase in obesity worldwide, metabolic syndrome (MetS) has gained significant importance. MetS is a cluster of obesity-related cardiovascular risk factors including abdominal obesity, atherogenic dyslipidemia, high blood pressure and impaired glucose tolerance. MetS is highly prevalent and strongly associated with an increas...
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Lung inflammation and fibrosis are common side effects of radiotherapy that can lead to serious reduction in the quality of life of patients. However, no effective treatment is available, and the mechanisms underlying its pathophysiology are poorly understood. Irradiation increases formyl peptide receptor 2 (FPR2) expression in lung tissue, and FPR...
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Women underestimate the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). It is essential to assess and raise awareness regarding CVD among women to reduce disease burden and mortality. Therefore, we investigated the awareness regarding CVD among Korean women. We conducted a nationwide survey between December 2020 and January 2021 among a representative sample...