Hulda Solrun Gudmundsdóttir's research while affiliated with Aarhus University and other places

Publications (3)

Article
The purpose of the study was to investigate psychological distress and the prevalence of PTSD among Icelandic parents of chronically ill children, and the potential effects of social support on distress, at two points in time. The Impact on Family scale (IFS), the Trauma Symptom Checklist (TSC), the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ) and the Crisis...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of the study was to investigate Wallander and Varni’s (1998) disability-stress coping model in a sample of 105 Icelandic parents of chronically ill children. The Revised Adult Attachment Scale (RAAS), the Attributional Scale (AS), the Defence Style Questionnaire (DSQ), the Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC), the World Assumption scale (WAS)...

Citations

... Engaged coping (e.g., problem solving, cognitive restructuring) is proven to be more effective for good psychosocial adjustment, including anxiety and depression, than disengaged or passive coping (e.g., self-criticism, social withdrawal; Compas et al., 2012;Edgar & Skinner, 2003). Several personal (e.g., temperament), family (e.g., parentchild relationship) and environmental factors (e.g., practical and emotional support from others) have an effect on parents' coping style (Guðmundsd ottir et al., 2006) and are therefore important determinants to address in an intervention. When engaged coping can be reached, parents will likely have better psychosocial adjustment and outcomes and more capability to manage their child's illness effectively. ...
... The sample size was planned to be 300 families which would allow detection of a small-to-medium effect on symptoms of PTSD (Cohen's d = 0.32). 34 To accommodate a concurrent trial, we reduced the number to 100 families and 185 parents, an assumed power of 80% and a significance of 5%, which we estimated would allow detec- In secondary analyses, we examined the effect of the intervention on three PTSD symptom dimensions, intrusion, avoidance and hypervigilance. Logistic regression models were fitted, the correlation being taken into account with two random effects (subject and family) to examine the parents' odds of exceeding the cut-off scores for symptoms of PTSD, depression and anxiety 36 with the same covariates as in the linear mixed models. ...