Honorata Mazepus's research while affiliated with Leiden University and other places

Publications (25)

Article
Political scientists have studied extensively the gap between winners and losers of democratic elections with regard to satisfaction with democracy. We ask whether the winner–loser gap extends beyond the political domain to subjective health and well-being as well. Building on insights from biology and coalitional psychology, we hypothesize that wi...
Preprint
Effective enforcement is essential for international cooperation. Accordingly, the European Union (EU) has developed a number of formal tools for enforcing its laws and policies in the members states. The application of these tools, however, has been slow, timid and uneven. One of the possible reasons for this is the fear that enforcement by supran...
Preprint
Humanitarian interventions carried out by some national governments can help prevent or alleviate mass atrocities abroad. However, such interventions are arguably rendered less likely when domestic public support (as distinct from international endorsement) is absent or weak. This article focuses on public domestic support for different types of mi...
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At the beginning of 2020, COVID-19 became a global problem. Despite all the efforts to emphasize the relevance of preventive measures, not everyone adhered to them. Thus, learning more about the characteristics determining attitudinal and behavioral responses to the pandemic is crucial to improving future interventions. In this study, we applied ma...
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Changing collective behaviour and supporting non-pharmaceutical interventions is an important component in mitigating virus transmission during a pandemic. In a large international collaboration (Study 1, N = 49,968 across 67 countries), we investigated self-reported factors associated with public health behaviours (e.g., spatial distancing and str...
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Why do people disseminate fake news online? We investigate this question by focusing on the effect of perceived conflict on the endorsement of fake news in the context of a regional conflict between Russia and the West as experienced by Ukrainian citizens. In our survey experiment, a sample of Ukrainians (N= 1,615) was randomly assigned to read neg...
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Winners and losers of elections have different stakes in protecting democratic institutions. We provide new evidence for the effects of partisanship and economic performance on support for checks and balances and acceptance of their infringement. Using survey data from 26 European countries, we show that voters who feel close to a political party t...
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What is the importance of linkages between civil society and external actors? In this article we map the landscape of civil society organisations in Belarus and Ukraine linked to the EU or Russia. Compiling an extensive dataset of organisations, we identify which domains they belong to. We find that linkages with Russia prevail in the culture domai...
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In democracies, losing free and fair elections is a normal part of politics, and the consent of losers is needed for the survival of democratic government itself. But being on the losing side of the electoral contest can trigger important changes in the political and social attitudes, and even in the life outlook and subjective well-being of citize...
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This study analyses official Russian foreign policy discourses to contribute to our understanding of how Russia portrays its role in world politics and vis-à-vis neighbouring states. Building on previous studies, we offer a new, comprehensive analysis of Foreign Policy Concepts and the annual Presidential Address to the Federal Assembly during Pres...
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The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic is a devastating global health crisis. Without a vaccine or effective medication, the best hope for mitigating virus transmission is collective behavior change and support for public health interventions (e.g., physical distancing, physical hygiene, and endorsement of health policies). In a large-scale international co...
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In democracies, majority-rule voting is an esteemed rule for collective decisions, but its hazards have recently become apparent after a series of controversial referendums and ascendant populist leaders. Here, we investigate people’s judgments about when voting is appropriate for collective decisions across five countries with diverse cultures and...
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State capacity declines with democratization, yet high state capacity supports the stability of both democracies and autocracies. Ukraine has been a paradigmatic example of capacity decline in democratization and Belarus of an authoritarian regime with high capacity. We set out to discover which aspects of state capacity might contribute to opening...
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This article identifies patronage networks in three Ukrainian regions and develops some ideas on the relation between these networks, economic and political openness, and the provision of public goods. The research represents a rich empirical study linking business and politics in three regions (Kharkiv, Mykolaiv, and Ivano-Frankivsk) with differen...
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Governments worldwide are regularly faced with severe weather conditions and disasters caused by natural hazards. Does the way in which governments respond to disasters affect their legitimacy? The current study investigated how evaluations of authorities were influenced by four aspects of a governmental response to a hypothetical disaster. In a su...
Chapter
This chapter considers whether and how political legitimacy is relevant for policy capacity. A growing body of literature shows that across societies, legitimacy increases compliance with court rulings, laws, and policies, and raises satisfaction with distribution of outcomes. Hence, political legitimacy seems to be an important component of policy...
Article
This article evaluates two theoretical approaches to the popularity and resilience of authoritarianism in Russia, namely political culture and social contract theory. These approaches are two of the most important theories of Russian politics and also reflect the general divide in comparative and post-communist politics between political-cultural a...
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Because the legitimacy of political authorities exists only in the eyes of citizens, this study investigates which criteria citizens use to decide that an authority is legitimate. By comparing ideas about what makes political authorities legitimate, this study in five European democracies and hybrid regimes illuminates the ‘demand side of political...
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Despite the growing body of research on ‘hybrid regimes’, few studies address the issue of their domestic legitimacy. Targeting this gap in the literature, this article explores the legitimation strategies of three hybrid regimes around the globe: Russia, Venezuela, and Seychelles. Although these countries differ markedly in almost every aspect tha...

Citations

... Recent research which has also used this data and originated from the same international collaboration project (ICSMP) have used advanced machine-learning algorithms, established measurement equivalence of the moral identity internalization and symbolization sub-scales across the 67 countries included in the data set [39]. The original paper of Van Bavel et al. [31] reported a two-factor model (Internalization and Symbolization), with acceptable internal consistency. ...
... Each team collected the data in their own country. The resulting datasets were then collated and analyzed altogether, and are available online (Azevedo et al., 2022). The study received an umbrella ethics approval from the University of Kent. ...
... This decisive and systematically implemented set of interventions contributed to rapid mitigation in 2020 (Tang et al. 2020). The Chinese people willingly cooperate with government public health orders, which may be a reflection of national identity and culture, specifically collectivism, which may incline them to adopt COVID-19 prevention behaviors Van Bavel et al. 2021). Since the COVID-19 outbreak in China, social media such as Weibo and WeChat have become some of the most used sources for Chinese people to obtain information on the pandemic. ...
... (b) #Perf-Match: Given an undirected bipartite graph H(V 1 , V 2 , E), where |V 1 | = |V 2 |, compute the number of perfect matchings 6 ...
... The ruling elites are the most important, but the latter two categories cannot be underestimated either, as they can speak to the shape of foreign policy linkages (cf. Mazepus et al. 2021). ...
... For instance, Belarus-the country with both the largest multivariate and bivariate rating discrepancy-is a stable and ethnically homogeneous country with powerful state institutions (Way 2005) and a high capacity to control the society (Silitski 2005). Its public apparatus is characterised by low autonomy and a lack of impartiality, and its public services are broad ranging but qualitatively deficient (Dimitrova et al. 2021). Given these characteristics, it is unlikely a coincidence that Belarus has relatively high scores with SFI (0.84) and HSI (0.68) but much lower scores with QOG (0.36), CPI (0.16), WGI (0.24), Content courtesy of Springer Nature, terms of use apply. ...
... For trade, the analysis by Langbein, Gazizullin and Naumenko (2021) studies the link between trade liberalisation and political and economic openings. Theoretically, they develop the argument that trade liberalisation helps to consolidate the power position of rent-seeking elites who restrict access to economic and political resources (see also Mazepus et al., 2020). In effect, instead of promoting economic opening, trade liberalisation in a LAO can further consolidate the existing regime. ...
... Leaders can rally support for a cause and influence group dynamics and norms, as well as influence means of seeking support . Research examining the influence of leadership in disaster scenarios has shown that fairness is a central tenet to public appraisals of governmental response, with fairness in distribution of resources, fairness in the following of procedures and its direct benefit to the individual being cited as the most important factors in appraising leadership legitimacy (Mazepus & van Leeuwen, 2020). Several commentaries on the capacity for leaders to influence the key outcomes during the pandemic have called for leaders to evoke and foster a shared sense of identity with the community in order to inspire and reinforce collective action Jetten et al., 2020;Reicher & Stott, 2020;Vignoles et al., 2021). ...
... For background, seeFeldmann and Mazepus (2018). 4 See alsoKliment (2014),Cadier and Light (2015, p. 205),Mendras (2015),Stoner and McFaul (2015, pp. ...
... Reflecting the assumption that a wide variety of skills and competences is crucial for achieving policy capacity, the concept has remained broadly defined as, for instance, in Painter and Pierre's (2005: 2) influential definition of policy capacity as the ability of states 'to marshal the necessary resources to make intelligent choices about and set strategic directions for the allocation of scarce resources to public ends'. The broad definitions of policy capacity have resulted in empirical research which has addressed a wide range of analytical, management and political capacities being activated in policy making with a substantial part of the literature addressing the analytical skills and resources available to government (Bajpai & Chong, 2019;Fobé et al., 2018;Howlett, 2015;Mazepus, 2018;Olejniczak et al., 2018;Peters, 2015;Wellstead et al., 2011;Williams & McNutt, 2013;Woo et al., 2015). ...