Hirotsugu Ueshima's research while affiliated with Shiga University of Medical Science and other places

Publications (869)

Article
Aims The potential effect of alcohol consumption on coronary heart disease (CHD) remains unclear. We used the variant rs671 in the aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 gene (ALDH2) as an instrument to investigate the causal role of alcohol intake in subclinical and clinical CHD. Methods We conducted two Mendelian randomization studies: a cross-sectional study...
Article
Objective: We aimed to investigate the effect of ambulatory blood pressure (BP) on aortic valve calcification (AVC) and coronary artery calcification (CAC), which are subclinical atherosclerotic diseases. Methods: In this population-based, cross-sectional study, we assessed office BP, mean ambulatory BP (24-h, awake, and asleep), and variability...
Article
Aims/introduction: To examine the association between diabetes and prediabetes at baseline, and disability, mortality over a 22-year period among middle-aged Japanese adults. Materials and methods: Participants consisted of 1,788 adults aged 45-64 years at baseline from the cohort study National Integrated Project for Prospective Observation of...
Article
Background: An association between a high intake of marine-derived n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) with a lower risk of coronary heart disease was previously reported. However, the association between n-3 PUFAs and cerebrovascular lesions remains unclear. We evaluated this association in a general-population-based sample of Japanese me...
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Background High levels of participation in leisure-time and household physical activity lower the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), although it is unclear whether the number of activity types is related to new-onset CVD. We aimed to evaluate the effect of the amount of leisure-time physical activity and the number of types of leisure-time physi...
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Aims: High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) associates with atherosclerotic diseases such as stroke. However, previous results on the association between hsCRP levels and functional disability were controversial. Methods: We analyzed 2,610 men and women who did not exhibit functional disability or death within the first 3 years of the base...
Article
Background: Premature atrial contractions (PACs) are predictors of atrial fibrillation, stroke, and cardiovascular mortality. The present study aimed to assess relevant factors for PACs among a general population of Japanese men.Methods and Results:This study conducted a population-based, cross-sectional study among 517 men, aged 40-79 years, with...
Article
Aim: To examine the trends in the management of patients with diabetes over an 18-year period in Japan. Participants and methods: We recorded the height, body mass, laboratory data, diabetes treatment, and screening status of diabetic complications from the data collected during the Shiga Diabetes Clinical Survey, which has been performed every...
Article
Objective: This study aimed to investigate the incidence rates and predictors of lower limb fractures in a general Japanese population. Methods: NIPPON DATA is a nationwide, long-term, prospective cohort study of individuals who participated in the National Cardiovascular Survey Japan and the National Nutrition Survey in 1990. Overall, 3,134 ind...
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Background Equol, an isoflavone (ISF)-derived metabolite by the gut microbiome in certain individuals termed as equol-producers, might be the key anti-atherogenic component of ISFs. Our objective was to determine the association between equol-producing status and aortic atherosclerosis assessed as aortic calcification (AC). Methods This population...
Article
Introduction: Since the 1960s, the stroke morality rate in Japan has declined significantly. Although several risk factors for stroke have become more evident due to increasingly Westernized lifestyle, there have been no population-based registry data on recent time trends in stroke incidence in Japan. The purpose of this study is to determine the...
Article
Increased ventricular premature complexes (VPCs) are associated with a higher risk of cardiac morbidities. However, little information is available on the risk factors of Western general populations. Therefore, we aimed to assess the frequency and associated factors of VPCs in healthy general Japanese men. We conducted a population-based cross-sect...
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The double burden of malnutrition refers to the co-occurrence of overweight and obesity and undernutrition. Eating quickly has been linked to overweight and obesity. However, no study has examined the association between eating speed and undernutrition. This retrospective, cross-sectional study analyzed data from 3529 community-dwelling residents....
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Background Lifetime risk is an informative estimate for driving lifestyle and behavioral changes especially for young adults. The impact of composite risk factors for cardiovascular disease on lifetime risk stratified by sex has not been investigated in the Japanese population, which has a much lower mortality of coronary heart disease compared wit...
Article
Aims: The roles of urinary albumin, eGFRcystatin (eGFRcys), and eGFRcreatinine (eGFRcre) in the progression of coronary artery calcification (CAC) remain unclear. Therefore, the present study investigated the relationship between kidney function and CAC progression. Methods: A total of 760 Japanese men aged 40-79 years were enrolled in this popu...
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Background: Both physical and psychological factors have been associated with functional disability. However, the associations between stress-coping strategies and future functional disability remain unclear. Methods: We analyzed 2,924 participants who did not have incidence of functional disability or death within the first 3 years of the basel...
Article
Background Elevated resting heart rate (RHR) is associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and all-cause mortality. However, the findings of cohort studies differed. Thus, the impact of RHR on CVD mortality might be different according to the background of the population. Therefore, we examined the relationship of RHR and CV...
Article
Background Healthy life expectancy (HLE) is an important measure of an ageing society. We estimated HLE based on combinations of smoking, blood pressure (BP), and body mass index (BMI) in the Japanese population using a multistate life table. Methods A nationwide cohort study of Japan was performed using NIPPON DATA90 (N = 6,676) with the Katz Act...
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Background Premature atrial contractions (PACs) are known predictor of atrial fibrillation; however very little has been revealed on its factors among Asian general population. We assessed the frequency of higher PAC counts and its association with relevant factors in general Japanese men. Methods We have conducted a population based cross section...
Article
Background Little is known about the relationships between higher-level functional capacity (HLFC) and mortality, and its gender difference. Methods NIPPON DATA90 is the cohort study of the National Cardiovascular Survey of Japan in 1990. We followed up 1824 Japanese adults over 65 years who were independent in basic activities of daily living in...
Article
Background:Using a population-based stroke registry system, we evaluated the relationship between ambient temperature parameters and stroke incidence in a Japanese population. Methods and Results:We analyzed data from the Takashima Stroke Registry, which records all stroke occurrences in Takashima City, Japan. The study period of 8,401 days was div...
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Background Lower socioeconomic status (SES) may be related to inactivity lifestyle; however, the association between SES and physical inactivity has not been sufficiently investigated in Japan. Methods The study population is the participants of NIPPON DATA2010, which is a prospective cohort study of the National Health and Nutrition Survey 2010 i...
Article
Background: Basic and instrumental activities of daily living (BADL, IADL) are known predictors of mortality. However, the relationship between higher-level functional capacity (HLFC) and mortality and related sex differences have rarely been investigated. Methods: A prospective population-based cohort study was conducted in 1,824 older residents (...
Article
Objective: Hypertension and intracranial artery stenosis (ICAS) are closely related; however, few studies have compared the strength of the relationship between strictly measured office and out-of-office blood pressure (BP) measurements. The relationship of day-by-day or short-term variability in BP to asymptomatic ICAS also remains unclear. Meth...
Article
Background:Risk factors for atherosclerotic disease including dyslipidemia have been shown to be associated with aortic valve calcification (AVC). Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)-measured lipoprotein particles, low-density and high-density lipoprotein particles (LDL-p, HDL-p) in particular, have emerged as novel markers of atherosclerotic disease;...
Article
Introduction: Those who are considered to be low risk in short term such as 10 year risk actually have high risk of cardiovascular disease for the remaining lifespan at younger age. Absolute risk of Lifetime risk (LTR) is more useful and understandable for lay audience compared with short term risk or relative risk. CKD (Chronic Kidney Disease) is...
Article
Background: Soy isoflavones (ISFs) are regularly consumed in Japan and other Asian countries where some studies showed a significant inverse association of ISFs intake with incident coronary heart disease (CHD). However, a US randomized clinical trial did not find ISFs as anti-atherogenic. This discrepancy may be due to the higher capacity of peopl...
Article
Background: Few studies have compared accurately measured office, self-measured home, and ambulatory blood pressure (BP) for asymptomatic intracranial artery stenosis (ICAS). Relationship of day-by-day or short-term variability in BP to asymptomatic ICAS remains unclear. Objectives: To examine the association of office, home (mean value and day-by-...
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Among individuals with hypertension, the prevalence of secondary hypertension has been reported to be ≈10%. More than half of individuals with secondary hypertension have associated hyperaldosteronism. However, given the current clinical environment, these patients often remain undiagnosed. We hypothesized that the urinary sodium/potassium ratio (N...
Article
Funding Acknowledgements Type of funding sources: Public grant(s) – National budget only. Main funding source(s): H20–Junkankitou [Seishuu]–Ippan–013; H23–Junkankitou [Seishuu]–Ippan–005; H26-Junkankitou [Seisaku]-Ippan-001; H29–Junkankitou–Ippan–003 and 20FA1002 OnBehalf EPOCH-JAPAN Introduction Absolute risk of Lifetime risk (LTR) is useful est...
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Background: It has been pointed out that prolonged television (TV) viewing is one of the sedentary behaviors that is harmful to health; however, the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and prolonged TV viewing time has not been sufficiently investigated in Japan. Methods: The study population are the participants of NIPPON DATA2010, w...
Article
Background: Few studies have compared factors related to cognitive function among people with similar genetic backgrounds but different lifestyles. Objective: We aimed to identify factors related to lower cognitive scores among older Japanese men in two genetically similar cohorts exposed to different lifestyle factors. Methods: This cross-sec...
Article
Aims: The utility of carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) as a marker for coronary heart disease is under heavy debate. This is predominantly due to the lack of a standard definition of cIMT, leading to inconsistent results. We investigated and compared the relationships of five different measures of cIMT with coronary calcium. Methods: Japanese m...
Article
Aim: The relationship of blood pressure (BP) indexes (systolic blood pressure [SBP], diastolic blood pressure [DBP], pulse pressure [PP], mean arterial pressure [MAP]) to subclinical cerebrovascular diseases (SCVDs) remains unclear. This study aimed to elucidate the relationship of four BP indexes measured at two visits on SCVDs assessed by magneti...
Article
Background Non-fasting triglycerides (TG) are considered a better predictor of cardiovascular disease (CVD) than fasting TG. However, the effect of non-fasting TG on fatal CVD events remains unclear. In the present study, we aimed to explore the relationship between non-fasting TG and CVD mortality in a Japanese general population. Methods A total...
Article
Several studies have reported a J-shaped relationship between alcohol consumption and coronary heart disease (CHD) risk. However, the mechanisms of this relationship remain unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the relationships of alcohol consumption with established CHD risk factors and with macro-/micro-nutrient intake among Japanese people. Par...
Article
Background:This study assessed sex-specific time-associated changes in the impact of risk factors on coronary artery disease (CAD) mortality in a general population over long-term follow-up. Methods and Results:A prospective longitudinal cohort study was conducted on representative Japanese populations followed up for 29 years. Data from 8,396 part...
Article
The clinical implications of alcohol consumption have been extensively examined; however, its effects on brain structures in apparently healthy community-dwellers remain unclear. Therefore, we investigated the relationship between alcohol consumption and brain grey matter volume (GMV) in community-dwelling Japanese men using voxel-based morphometry...
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The consumption of red meat has been recommended for individuals with reduced kidney function. However, red meat intake was recently suspected to increase cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. We evaluated the association of red meat intake with CVD mortality risk in Japanese with/without reduced kidney function. Overall, 9112 participants of a Japane...
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Background and aims Dysfunctional high-density lipoprotein (HDL) is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) beyond HDL concentrations. Recently, a novel method has been introduced to measure LOX-1 ligand containing apolipoprotein AI (LAA), which is an indicator of various types of modified HDL with binding capacity to LOX-1 and related to im...
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Exercise habits are known as a protective factor for a variety of diseases and thus recommended worldwide; however, few studies have examined long-term effects of exercise habits on mortality. We continuously monitored death status in a nationwide population sample of 7,709 eligible persons from the National Integrated Project for Prospective Obser...
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Aims: We aimed to develop and validate risk prediction models to estimate the absolute 10-year risk of death from coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke, and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Methods: We evaluated a total of 44,869 individuals aged 40–79 years from eight Japanese prospective cohorts to derive coefficients of risk equations using cohort-s...
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Introduction Inverse associations of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and atherosclerosis with osteoporosis and bone mineral density (BMD) have been reported in post-menopausal women and elderly men. We aimed to investigate an association between vetebral bone density (VBD) and coronary artery cacification (CAC) in an international multi-ethnic cohort...
Article
Background: The Japan Multi-institutional Collaborative Cohort (J-MICC) study was launched in 2005 to examine gene-environment interactions in lifestyle-related diseases, including cancers, among the Japanese. This report describes the study design and baseline profile of the study participants. Methods: The participants of the J-MICC Study were...
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Conventional office blood pressure (OBP) and home blood pressure (HBP) measurements are often inconsistent. The purpose of this research was (1) to test whether strictly measured OBP values with sufficient rest time before measurement (st-OBP) is comparable to HBP at the population level and (2) to ascertain whether there are particular determinant...
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Background Plant-based diets are associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular diseases; however, little is known how the healthiness of the diet may be associated with blood pressure (BP). We aimed to modify three plant -based diet indices: overall plant-based diet index (PDI), healthy PDI (hPDI), and unhealthy PDI (uPDI) according to country-spe...
Article
Objective: The prognostic implication of isolated systolic hypertension (ISH), defined as SBP at least 140 mmHg and DBP less than 90 mmHg, among young-to-middle-aged adults remains controversial. We examined the association of ISH with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in adults aged 30-49 years. Methods: In a prospective cohort of representativ...
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Lifetime risk is an informative estimate to motivate people to change lifestyle behaviors, especially from a younger age, in public health education. The impact of the combination of hypertension and diabetes on the lifetime risk of cardiovascular mortality has not been investigated in Asian populations. A pooled analysis of individual data from ni...
Article
Background and aims To examine whether smoking habits, including smoking amount and cessation duration at baseline, are associated with atherosclerosis progression. Methods At baseline (2006–08, Japan), we obtained smoking status, amount of smoking and time since cessation for quitters in a community-based random sample of Japanese men initially a...
Article
Aim: Lifetime risk (LTR) indicates the absolute risk of disease during the remainder of an individual's lifetime. We aimed to assess the LTRs for coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality associated with blood pressure (BP) and total cholesterol levels in an Asian population using a meta-analysis of individual participant data because no previous stud...
Article
Aims: P-wave terminal force in lead V1 (PTFV1) is an electrocardiogram marker of increased left atrial pressure and may be a noninvasive and early detectable marker for future cardiovascular events in the general population compared to serum B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) concentration. The clinical significance of PTFV1 in the contemporary gener...
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A lower-than-recommended potassium intake is a well-established risk factor for increased blood pressure. Although the Japanese diet is associated with higher sodium intake and lower potassium intake, few studies have examined the source foods quantitatively. Studies on dietary patterns in association with potassium intake will be useful to provide...
Article
Background: Blood pressure (BP) indexes (systolic blood pressure [SBP], diastolic blood pressure [DBP], pulse pressure [PP], mean arterial pressure [MAP]) shows association with subclinical cerebrovascular diseases (SCVDs). Although various studies reported this association, there are still controversy in the effect size of long period versus short...
Article
Background: Major reasons for long-term care insurance certification in Japan are stroke, dementia and fracture. These diseases are reported to be associated with calcium intake. This study examined the association between calcium intake and impaired activities of daily living (ADL) using the data from NIPPON DATA90, consisting of representative sa...
Article
Aim: Coronary artery calcification (CAC) is an independent predictor of stroke and dementia, in which subclinical cerebrovascular diseases (SCVDs) play a vital pathogenetic role. However, few studies have described the association between CAC and SCVDs. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the clinical relationship between CAC and SCVDs i...
Article
Although heavy alcohol consumption has been identified as a risk factor for adverse cognitive functioning, it currently remains unclear whether moderate alcohol consumption exerts similar effects. Observational studies previously reported the potential benefits of moderate alcohol consumption on cognition, particularly in the elderly; however, thes...
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Aims: Ectopic fat accumulation is related to insulin resistance and diabetes mellitus (DM). However, the effect of fatty liver on DM in non-obese individuals has not been clarified. We investigated whether liver fat accumulation assessed by computed tomography (CT) is associated with the incidence of DM. Methods: In a prospective population-base...
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Background/objectives: The association between carbohydrate intake and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk has been investigated, but whether the quality of carbohydrate is more important than its amount is not known. We examined the associations between intake of dietary fibre (DF), carbohydrate, available carbohydrate, and starch with long-term CV...
Article
Background: While being obese in mid-life is associated with an increased risk of dementia and cognitive decline in late-life, being obese in late-life is shown to be associated with a lower risk of these outcomes in some studies. This phenomenon is known as the "obesity paradox", but the underlying reasons and potential sex difference have not be...
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Abstract Background The gender-specific characteristics of individuals at an increased risk of developing depression currently remain unclear despite a higher prevalence of depression in women than in men. This study clarified socioeconomic and lifestyle factors associated with an increased risk of subclinical depression in general Japanese men and...
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Background Oral health is thought to be associated with diet quality, and socioeconomic status (SES) affects both oral health and diet. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the number of teeth and dietary intake as well as nutritional biomarker, considering the subjects’ SES. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional analy...
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Objective This cross-sectional study examined whether contrasting distributions of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)-measured lipoproteins contribute to differences in the prevalence of subclinical atherosclerosis measured using coronary artery calcium (CAC) between the two groups of middle-aged males: the US-residing Caucasian (US-White) and Japan-...
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Background: Results from observational studies regarding associations between fish (including shellfish) intake and cardiovascular disease risk factors, including blood pressure (BP) and BMI, are inconsistent. Objective: To investigate associations of fish consumption and associated urinary metabolites with BP and BMI in free-living populations....
Article
In Asian countries, a major source of salt intake is from seasoning or table salt added at home. However, little is known about the adverse effects of salt intake evaluated according to household unit. We investigated the relationship between household salt intake level and mortality from all-cause and cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Participants i...
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Background Many studies have reported the J-shaped relationship between alcohol consumption and coronary heart disease (CHD) risk; therefore, light-drinkers is generally recognized to be associated with the lower risk of CHD. However, the mechanisms of lower risk for CHD in light-drinkers are still unclear. Alcohol drinking status is likely to be a...
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Introduction Calcific aortic valve disease (CAVD) is one of the most common heart diseases worldwide, and its prevalence has increased in developed countries along with aging populations. Subclinical CAVD is characterized by aortic valve calcification (AVC) that may lead to aortic stenosis. AVC shares the same risk factors with atherosclerotic dise...
Conference Paper
Background Cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk prediction models are primarily used in clinical settings, but may also have potential applications in population health. For example, these models can be used to estimate 10-year CVD mortality within a region. In order to expand the applications of such models, we developed a CVD risk prediction model f...
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Background Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a global health problem. Physical activity (PA) is a known modifiable risk factor for MetS and individual MetS components. However, the role of PA could differ between sub-populations due to differences in the variability of PA and other MetS risk factors. To examine these differences, multi-country studies w...
Conference Paper
Background Healthy life expectancy (HLE) is an important indicator of population health. Although the distribution of risk factors within populations has shifted during the past few decades (e.g., smoking rates have declined in developed countries), little is known if these changes affect population HLE. Our study aimed to estimate the impact of di...
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Background and Purpose— Few community-based studies have reported the prevalence of intracranial artery stenosis (ICAS) assessed with magnetic resonance angiography. The aim was to determine the prevalence of ICAS using magnetic resonance angiography in a general population of Japanese men and to investigate the associations between ICAS and conven...