Hermann-Josef Rothkötter's research while affiliated with Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg and other places

Publications (152)

Article
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The sensitivity of pigs to deoxynivalenol (DON) might be increased by systemic inflammation (SI), which also has consequences for hepatic integrity. Liver lesions and a dys-regulated gene network might hamper hepatic handling and elimination of DON whereby the way of initiation of hepatic inflammation might play an additional role. First and second...
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IntroductionThe connection between internal organs and the superficial segments via the head and Mackenzie zones is well known. The question arises whether or not this connection is responsible for back pain caused by surgery of visceral organs.Materials and methodsOne thousand consecutively admitted patients over a period of five years were retros...
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Background: Decompression of the anterior interosseous nerve can be performed in an open operative exploration or endoscopically. Using an endoscopic decompression superficial anatomical landmarks serve as reference point. The aim of the study was to determine the location of the distribution of the median nerve in relation to the elbow joint in o...
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Background: The COVID-19 pandemic hit the German education system unexpectedly and forced its universities to shift to Emergency Remote Teaching (ERT). The Data Integration Center (DIC) of the University Hospital Magdeburg and the Institute of Biometry and Medical Informatics (IBMI) has developed a concept based on existing structures that can be q...
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Introduction and objectives: The Covid-19 pandemic has created major challenges for university teaching. At the beginning of the summer semester 2020, teaching at the Medical Faculty in Magdeburg was almost completely online. Also the course in macroscopic anatomy had to be replaced by virtual e-learning offers. Methods: Videos and photo presentati...
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Background: The prevalence of chronic pelvic pain of 11.8% in the general population underlines the importance of this disease. However, the specific diagnostics and therapy of the muscles of this region are not yet part of the standard examination. The following study examines the effects of specific diagnostics and therapy on myofascial chronic...
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The sensitivity of pigs to deoxynivalenol (DON) might be influenced by systemic inflammation (SI) which impacts liver. Besides following acute-phase proteins, our aim was to investigate both the hepatic fractional albumin (ALB) synthesis rate (FSR) and the ALB concentration as indicators of ALB metabolism in presence and absence of SI induced by LP...
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Low concentration of LPS can be detected in healthy mammals without triggering systemic inflammation. Here we analysed the influence of the mycotoxin deoxynivalenol (DON) on very low LPS concentrations and the role of DON in the physiology of pigs challenged with high artificial LPS dosage mimicking septic shock. Pigs were fed for 29 d with DON-con...
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Deoxynivalenol (DON) is a toxin found in cereals as well as in processed products such as pasta, and causes substantial economic losses for stock breeding as it induces vomiting, reduced feeding, and reduced growth rates in piglets. Oxidative phosphorylation, TCA-cycle, transcription, and translation have been hypothesized to be leading pathways th...
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Introduction: This article is part of the Focus Theme of Methods of Information in Medicine on the German Medical Informatics Initiative. Similar to other large international data sharing networks (e.g. OHDSI, PCORnet, eMerge, RD-Connect) MIRACUM is a consortium of academic and hospital partners as well as one industrial partner in eight German ci...
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The aim of this study was to investigate the potential modulatory effect of E. coli lipopolysaccharides (LPS) on residues of deoxynivalenol (DON), de-epoxy-deoxynivalenol (DOM-1), zearalenone (ZEN) and its metabolites α-zearalenol (α-ZEL), β-zearalenol (β-ZEL), zearalanone (ZAN), α-zearalanol (α-ZAL) and β-zearalanol (β-ZAL) after pre- or post-hepa...
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Introduction: This article is part of the Focus Theme of Methods of Information in Medicine on the German Medical Informatics Initiative. Similar to other large international data sharing networks (e.g. OHDSI, PCORnet, eMerge, RD-Connect) MIRACUM is a consortium of academic and hospital partners as well as one industrial partner in eight German cit...
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The aim of the present study was to examine the role of chronic deoxynivalenol (DON) exposition on the liver morphology and function in combination with pre- and post-hepatic lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stress in young pigs fed for 4 weeks with a DON-contaminated diet (4.59 mg/kg feed). At the end of the experiment, LPS (7.5 μg/kg BW) was administered...
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This study aimed to investigate a potential modulatory effect of E. coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on the kinetics of deoxynivalenol (DON) and zearalenone (ZEN) after pre- or post-hepatic LPS administration to unravel the putative role of the liver. Fifteen barrows were fed a diet containing mycotoxin-contaminated maize (4.59 mg DON/kg feed, 0.22 mg...
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We studied the constancy of the relationship between rectal and intraabdominal temperature as well as their linkage to inflammatory markers (leucocyte counts, kynurenine-to-tryptophan ratio (Kyn–Trp ratio), tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) in healthy and in pigs exposed to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and/or deoxynivalenol (DON). Barrows (n = 44) w...
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The intestinal porcine epithelial cell line IPEC-J2, cultured under the air–liquid interface (ALI) conditions, develops remarkable morphological characteristics close to intestinal epithelial cells in vivo. Improved oxygen availability has been hypothesised to be the leading cause of this morphological differentiation. We assessed oxygen availabili...
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Vascular variations of visceral arteries are common and usually asymptomatic, but they become important in patients suffering from gastroin-testinal bleeding and undergoing diagnostic angi-ography or an invasive vascular catheter intervention or operative procedure. In our institute about 200 anatomical specimens were dissected in the last ten year...
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Histomorphometry and cell proliferation are markers of intestinal development, which we depinvestigated in pigs from weaning to slaughter at 5 different alonsmall intestinal sites. Furthermore, the impact of age enteral deoxynivalenol (DON) exposure on intestinal (P morphology and proliferation was studied. Postweaning albepigs of 4 categories (1,...
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Weaning triggers an adaptation of the gut function including luminal lactate generation by lactobacilli, depending on gastrointestinal site. We hypothesized that both lactobacilli and lactate influence porcine intestinal epithelial cells. In vivo experiments showed that concentration of lactate was significantly higher in gastric, duodenal and jeju...
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We studied the interaction between deoxynivalenol (DON)-feeding and a subsequent pre- and post-hepatic immune stimulus with the hypothesis that the liver differently mediates the acute phase reaction (APR) in pigs. Barrows (n = 44) were divided into a DON-(4.59 mg DON/kg feed) and a control-diet group, surgically equipped with permanent catheters p...
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Previous studies have shown that chronic oral deoxynivalenol (DON) exposure modulated Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced systemic inflammation, whereby the liver was suspected to play an important role. Thus, a total of 41 barrows was fed one of two maize-based diets, either a DON-diet (4.59 mg DON/kg feed, n = 19) or a control diet...
Article
The porcine intestinal epithelium is a primary target for mycotoxin deoxynivalenol (DON) and lipopolysaccharides (LPS). Although epithelial cells are exposed to these toxins mainly from the luminal-chyme compartment an exposure from the blood side resulting from systemic absorption cannot be excluded. Thus, we investigated the effect of DON and LPS...
Article
The immunodominant MART-126(27)-35 epitope, liberated from the differentiation antigen MART-1/Melan-A, has been frequently targeted in melanoma immunotherapy, but with limited clinical success. Previous studies suggested that this is in part due to an insufficient peptide supply and epitope presentation, since proteasomes containing the immunosubun...
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The pig shows genetical and physiological resemblance to human, which predestines it as an experimental animal model especially for mucosal physiology. Therefore, the intestinal epithelial cell lines 1 and J2 (IPEC-1, IPEC-J2)-spontaneously immortalised cell lines from the porcine intestine-are important tools for studying intestinal function. A mi...
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Lumbar dorsal pain is a problem that must be taken seriously and is part of many people's everyday lives. Not only does it cause high costs for the health system, it also frequently leads to inability to work. The significance of the myofascial system is still not taken seriously enough in therapy and clinical diagnostics, when treating dorsal pain...
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The mycotoxin deoxynivalenol (DON) and lipopolysaccharides (LPS) are reported to act synergistically in the animal organism. Thus, we tested the hypothesis that systemic co-exposure of DON and LPS aggravates the impact of the individual toxin on leukocyte counts in vivo and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) ex vivo. Growing barrows were fed...
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Pigs might be exposed to lipopolysaccharides (LPS) and deoxynivalenol (DON) at the same time, and both toxins are thought to interactively affect the intestinal barrier, the innate immune system, and the xenobiotics metabolism. Hence, we aimed at examining the single and combined effects of both toxins on nutrient digestibility and DON metabolism....
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Infection with Helicobacter pylori results often in chronic gastritis, gastric ulcers or even gastric tumor development. Little is known about the initial interaction between gastric epithelial cells and H. pylori. The aim of the present study was to analyze the initial host contact to the bacteria. Monolayers of the human gastric epithelial cell l...
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Infection with Helicobacter pylori results often in chronic gastritis, gastric ulcers or even gastric tumor development. Little is known about the initial interaction between gastric epithelial cells and H. pylori. The aim of the present study was to analyze the initial host contact to the bacteria. Monolayers of the human gastric epithelial cell l...
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Helicobacter pylori, a class I carcinogen, induces a proinflammatory response by activating the transcription factor nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) in gastric epithelial cells. This inflammatory condition could lead to chronic gastritis, which is epidemiologically and biologically linked to the development of gastric cancer. So far, there exists no...
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The numerous pores in the basement membrane (BM) of the intestinal villi are essential for the communication of enterocytes with cells in the lamina propria, an important mechanism for the induction of intestinal immune responses. The intestinal epithelial barrier is affected by the mycotoxin deoxynivalenol (DON) from both the apical (luminal) and...
Article
Colonization of the gastric epithelium by Helicobacter pylori induces the transcription factor nuclear factor of kappa light polypeptide gene enhancer in B-cells (NF-κB) and the innate immune response. Virulent strains of H. pylori carry a cag pathogenicity island (cagPAI), which encodes a type IV secretion system (T4SS). Recent publications have s...
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Possible interactions between the Fusarium toxin deoxynivalenol and lipopolysaccharides on in vivo protein synthesis were investigated in selected porcine tissues. A total of 36 male castrated pigs (initial weight of 26 kg) were used. 24 pigs were fed a control diet and 12 a Fusarium-contaminated diet (chronic oral deoxynivalenol, 3.1 mg/kg diet) f...
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The systemic effects of the Fusarium toxin deoxynivalenol (DON) and of bacterial lipopolysaccharides (LPS) were studied in male castrated pigs (40.4±3.7kg) infused intravenously with either DON or LPS alone (100μg DON/kg/h, 7.5μg/LPS/kg/h), or together (100μg DON plus 7.5μg/LPS/kg/h). The Control group received a saline infusion (n=6/treatment, 24h...
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The in vivo effects of the Fusarium toxin deoxynivalenol (DON) on albumin and fibrinogen synthesis in pigs and metabolic activity of porcine peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were studied alone or in combination with lipopolysaccharides (LPS) in order to examine proposed synergistic effects of both substances. A total of 36 male castrated p...
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Background: Aneurysms of visceral arteries are rare, but in case of rupture, they are potentially life threatening. In addition, there is a broad spectrum of the anatomic variability for the arterial supply of the liver. Methods: Based on a real but very rare clinical case, including its diagnostic management and short-term course, the extraordi...
Article
Lipopolysaccharides (LPS), a cell wall component of gram-negative bacteria, and deoxynivalenol (DON), a prevalent Fusarium-derived contaminant of cereal grains, are each reported to have detrimental effects on the liver. A potentiating toxic effect of the combined exposure was reported previously in a mouse model and hepatocytes in vitro, but not i...
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We investigated a proposed synergistic effect of deoxynivalenol (DON) and lipopolysaccharides (LPS) on small intestinal architecture and epithelial barrier integrity in pigs. Crypt depth and intestinal cell proliferation were analyzed, as well as expression of zonula occludens protein-1 (ZO-1) and β-catenin of the apical junction complex along the...
Article
The plasma elimination kinetics of the Fusarium toxin deoxynivalenol (DON) was investigated in male castrated pigs (40.4±3.7kg) when infused intravenously either alone (100μg/kg/h, n=6) or together with lipopolysaccharides (LPS, 7.5μg/kg/h, n=6). The maximum DON concentration after one hour of infusion was significantly higher by 61% in the DON+LPS...
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The intestinal epithelial cell layer represents the border between the luminal and systemic side of the gut. The decision between absorption and exclusion of substances is the quintessential function of the gut and varies along the gut axis. Consequently, potentially toxic substances may reach the basolateral domain of the epithelial cell layer via...
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Soya is considered to be one of the eight most significant food allergens. Among the allergenic soya proteins determined to date, P34 has been identified as one of the immunodominant soya antigens. Sensitisation to a specific food antigen like P34 generally follows the transit of intact antigens across the intestinal barrier and usually occurs in i...
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The aim of this study was to examine the effects of a control diet (CON) or a Fusarium toxin contaminated diet (FUS) with and without HS (CON-HS and FUS-HS, respectively) on pigs during a 10-week growth trial starting at 35.1±3.2 kg live weight (n=12/group). Moreover, 2 additional choice feeding groups were included to test the ability of the pigs...
Chapter
Der Fuß überträgt die Last des Körpers über die Fußwurzelknochen einerseits auf die Ferse, andererseits über Vermittlung der distalen Fußwurzelknochen auf die Mittelfußknochen und damit auf den Fußballen und die Zehen. Klinisch werden Talus und Kalkaneus als Rückfuß, Zehen und Mittelfußknochen als Vorfuß bezeichnet (Abb. 25.1).
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Die Articulatio (Art.) talocruralis – oberes Sprunggelenk (OSG; Abb. 1.1) – stellt im Prinzip ein Scharniergelenk zwischen der Malleolengabel und der Trochlea tali dar. Weitere Bewegungsmöglichkeiten entstehen zum einen durch die dynamische Verbindung zwischen Tibia und Fibula bei der Bildung der Malleolengabel, außerdem führt die Form der Trochlea...
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The specific function of the epithelium as critical barrier between the intestinal lumen and the organism's internal microenvironment is reflected by permanent maintenance of intercellular junctions and cellular polarity. The intestinal epithelial cells are responsible for absorption of nutritional components, facing mechanical stress and a changin...
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Deoxynivalenol (DON) is a Fusarium derived mycotoxin, often occurring on cereals used for human and animal nutrition. The intestine, as prominent barrier for nutritional toxins, has to handle the mycotoxin from the mucosa protected luminal side (apical exposure), as well as already absorbed toxin, reaching the cells from basolateral side via the bl...
Article
The Fusarium derived mycotoxin deoxynivalenol (DON) is frequently found in cereals used for human and animal nutrition. We studied effects of DON in non-transformed, non-carcinoma, polarized epithelial cells of porcine small intestinal origin (IPEC-1 and IPEC-J2) in a low (200 ng/mL) and a high (2000 ng/mL) concentration. Application of high DON co...
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The in vitro effects of deoxynivalenol (DON), de-epoxy-DON, DON-sulfonate (DONS) and sodium metabisulfite (Na(2)S(2)O(5), SBS) on porcine peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), and on the Intestinal Porcine Epithelial Cell lines IPEC-1 and IPEC-J2 were examined by using the MTT assay. In addition, an uncontaminated and a DON contaminated tritic...
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As a result of the European ban of in-feed growth-promoting antibiotics, new strategies are being developed to increase the resistance to disease in farm animals. In pig production, this is of particular importance during the weaning transition when piglets are subjected to major stressful events, making them highly sensitive to digestive disorders...
Article
Antigen-presenting cells (APCs) in the small intestinal mucosa perform dual functions of maintaining tissue homeostasis and of protecting against intestinal pathogens as key inducers of both innate and adaptive immune responses. Intestinal APCs are thus important regulators of intestinal immunity and also potential target cells for mucosal adjuvant...
Article
In pigs slices of autologous lymph nodes were implanted in the subcutaneous fat, under the muscular fascia or under the kidney capsule to study the regeneration of autotransplanted lymph node tissue. The regenerated nodules consisted of all the normal compartments found in lymph nodes and there was evidence that afferent lymphatics reached these no...
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Medical students were asked in a questionnaire to evaluate the importance of all their courses and lectures with respect to their relevance to training to become a doctor. This survey was carried out at the end of the undergraduate curriculum. As the response rate was over 90% (n = 323) the data are undoubtedly representative. There was wide variat...
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In pigs little is known about the role of innate immune defence in bacterial infections of the respiratory tract, despite their major role in pig production. In the present study we characterized and compared in vitro and in vivo activation of immune markers of different pig breeds 7 days before, and 4 and 21 days after an experimental aerosol infe...
Data
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Summary of significant differences in the intensity of immune marker expression between the pig breeds. The data provided show statistically significant differences in the immune marker expression between the pig breeds.
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Branched beta-1,3/1,6-glucans (scleroglucan) were produced by cultivation of Sclerotium rolfsii ATCC 15205. Regioselective hydrolysis at the beta-1,3-linkage of the cell-free and purified polysaccharide was performed in borosilicate glass bottles at pH 5, 121 degrees C, and 1 bar for 72 h. The mixture was divided into four molar mass fractions by s...
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Airborne infections are a substantial economic problem for pig production. Within the frame of the BMBF-supported networks FUGATO and FUGATO-plus the consortia IRAS and RePoRI are searching for genetic modifiers of susceptibility to airway infections in pigs. Piglets of breeding lines Pietrain, Hampshire, German Landrace, Large White were exposed t...