Henri Pirenne's scientific contributions

Publication (1)

Article
Nearly a century after it was first published in 1925, Medieval Cities remains one of the most provocative works of medieval history ever written. Here, Henri Pirenne argues that it was not the invasion of the Germanic tribes that destroyed the civilization of antiquity, but rather the closing of Mediterranean trade by Arab conquest in the seventh...

Citations

... We include city FE and century FE. Results are very similar when adding the full set of controls, including the spatial lag As described by Pirenne (2014) and Parker (2004), communal institutions often evolved from within the city, and were guided by the aspiration of the urban middle classes to gain freedom and independence from external influence (primarily in opposition to the Church or an external Lord). In some cases, autonomy and freedom were granted in order to encourage new settlements during periods of intense migration (Bartlett, 1994). ...