Harro van Asselt's research while affiliated with University of Eastern Finland and other places

Publications (198)

Article
To achieve the Paris Agreement’s temperature goal, fossil fuel production needs to undergo a managed decline. While some frontrunner countries have already begun to adopt policies and measures restricting fossil fuel supply, an outstanding question is how international cooperation in support of a managed decline of fossil fuel production could take...
Article
Economic analysis has produced ample insights on how international trade and climate policy interact (1). Trade presents both opportunities and obstacles, and invites the question of how domestic climate policies can be effective in a global economy integrated through international trade. Particularly problematic is the potential relocation of prod...
Article
Decarbonizing global steel production requires a fundamental transformation. A sectoral climate club, which goes beyond tariffs and involves deep transnational cooperation, can facilitate this transformation by addressing technical, economic and political uncertainties.
Article
Full-text available
The Anthropocene requires of us to rethink global governance challenges and effective responses with a more holistic understanding of the earth system as a single intertwined social-ecological system. Law, in particular, will have to embrace such a holistic earth system perspective in order to deal more effectively with the Anthropocene's predicame...
Article
The European Union's (EU) proposed Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM) underscores that the introduction of climate-motivated trade measures is no longer just a matter of academic debate. With countries ramping up domestic climate action at different speeds and levels of ambition, the likelihood of other countries following the EU's lead and...
Article
Fossil fuel subsidy reform is a sensible climate change mitigation option, yet government support for fossil fuel production and consumption remains high. International efforts to phase out fossil fuel subsidies can be strengthened by distinguishing between different subsidies, taking into account their climate impacts and the feasibility of reform...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The five-yearly Global Stocktake (GST) plays an essential role in the overall ambition mechanism of the Paris Agreement on climate change by ‘assess[ing] the collective progress towards achieving the purpose of this Agreement and its long-term goals’. While the Katowice climate conference set out the broad parameters for the design and implementati...
Article
To achieve the long-term temperature goals set by the 2015 Paris Agreement and avert climate disruption, fossil fuel production cannot continue to proceed unabated. This dawning realisation has led to calls to ‘leave fossil fuels in the ground’. While a growing body of scholarship on ‘supply-side climate policies’ shows how policies curbing fossil...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines the Global Climate Action Agenda (GCAA) and discusses options to improve sub‐ and non‐state involvement in post‐2020 climate governance. A framework that stimulates sub‐ and non‐state action is a necessary complement to national governmental action, as the latter falls short of achieving low‐carbon and climate‐resilient developm...
Article
Full-text available
Cambridge Core - Environmental Policy, Economics and Law - Governing the Climate-Energy Nexus - edited by Fariborz Zelli
Chapter
Full-text available
Frank Biermann & Rakhyun E. Kim (editors)
Chapter
Given the regulatory gap in earth system governance, numerous new governance initiatives, such as multilateral clubs, private certification schemes, and multi-stakeholder forums, have emerged to tackle transboundary environmental challenges. This plethora of different governance initiatives has led to a significant increase in the institutional com...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change presents unique challenges for legal education. As a subject matter, it is technically complex and normatively contested, evolves at a dynamic pace and crosses established boundaries between academic disciplines, branches of law, and levels of jurisdiction. Still, it has, by now, firmly entered the legal curriculum through general an...
Article
Full-text available
Achieving the goals of the Paris Agreement on climate change requires support from the international trade system. The ways in which international trade policy could support climate policy, including legal changes at the World Trade Organization, procedural changes in institutions and practices, and use of plurilateral and regional trade agreements...
Article
Full-text available
Background This article presents the main findings from a meta-analysis of how climate change mitigation policy evaluations have been undertaken in the European Union (EU) and six of its Member States: Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Greece and the United Kingdom. It aims to provide insights into how policy evaluations are carried out and...
Article
How will the Paris Agreement drive countries to address climate change? One expectation of the Agreement is that transparency will stimulate countries to increase the ambition of their pledges by revealing information on Parties’ climate efforts. To this end, the Agreement introduced a new ‘enhanced transparency framework’ (ETF) to report and revie...
Article
Full-text available
To be effective and secure participation, a global climate change agreement needs to be perceived as fair by the countries involved in it. The Paris Agreement approached differentiation of countries’ responsibilities to address climate change by departing from the rigid distinction between industrialised and developing countries through the inclusi...
Article
The Paris Agreement advances a heterogeneous approach to international climate cooperation. Such an approach may be undermined by carbon leakage—the displacement of emissions from states with more to less stringent climate policy constraints. Border carbon adjustments offer a promising response to leakage, but they also raise concerns about their c...
Article
Full-text available
The production and consumption of fossil fuels need to decrease significantly to meet the 2015 Paris Agreement's ambitious climate change goals. However, fossil fuels continue to receive significant amounts of government support. Although reforming fossil fuel subsidies can yield climate change mitigation benefits, the specific international and do...
Article
The Paris Agreement on Climate Change: Analysis and Commentary, edited by Daniel Klein, María Pía Carazo, Meinhard Doelle, Jane Bulmer and Andrew Higham Oxford University Press, 2017, 480 pp, £80 hb, £34.99 pb ISBN 9780198789338 hb, 9780198803768 pb - Volume 8 Issue 2 - Harro van Asselt
Technical Report
Full-text available
Are we doing enough to address climate change? Are countries living up to their promises? Are some doing better than they pledged? Transparency is key for answering these questions. This ecbi Pocket Guide traces the evolution of transparency arrangements under the UNFCCC right up to the transparency framework under the Paris Agreement. It addresses...
Article
If the Paris Agreement’s 2°C goal is to be achieved, unprecedented efforts across all areas of socioeconomic activity are needed. National climate policy measures with direct or indirect trade implications stand the risk of colliding with the rules and requirements put forward by international trade agreements. Leaving the fate of climate measures...
Article
Full-text available
Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris Agreement stand as milestone diplomatic achievements. However, immense discrepancies between political commitments and governmental action remain. Combined national climate commitments fall far short of the Paris Agreement's 1.5/2°C targets. Similar political ambition gaps persist across various areas of...
Technical Report
The Paris Agreement requires its parties to make plans to fight climate change and enhance their ambitions over time. The ultimate goal is to limit the global average temperature increase to well below 2°C and pursue efforts to stay below 1.5°C. To achieve this, improved energy efficiency, a substantial scale-up in the production of renewable energ...
Book
Fossil fuel subsidies strain public budgets, and contribute to climate change and local air pollution. Despite widespread agreement among experts about the benefits of reforming fossil fuel subsidies, repeated international commitments to eliminate them, and valiant efforts by some countries to reform them, they continue to persist. This book helps...
Chapter
Full-text available
The Politics of Fossil Fuel Subsidies and their Reform - edited by Jakob Skovgaard August 2018
Article
The Politics of Fossil Fuel Subsidies and their Reform - edited by Jakob Skovgaard August 2018
Article
The Politics of Fossil Fuel Subsidies and their Reform - edited by Jakob Skovgaard August 2018
Chapter
The Politics of Fossil Fuel Subsidies and their Reform - edited by Jakob Skovgaard August 2018
Chapter
Full-text available
The Politics of Fossil Fuel Subsidies and their Reform - edited by Jakob Skovgaard August 2018
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Full-text available
The Politics of Fossil Fuel Subsidies and their Reform - edited by Jakob Skovgaard August 2018
Chapter
The Politics of Fossil Fuel Subsidies and their Reform - edited by Jakob Skovgaard August 2018
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Full-text available
This chapter discusses the current and potential contribution of the trade regime to the identification and reform of fossil fuel subsidies. It analyses in particular how different types of fossil fuel subsidies do and do not intersect with existing trade rules. The chapter then offers thoughts on why fossil fuel subsidies have not been challenged...
Chapter
Full-text available
The Politics of Fossil Fuel Subsidies and their Reform - edited by Jakob Skovgaard August 2018
Chapter
The Politics of Fossil Fuel Subsidies and their Reform - edited by Jakob Skovgaard August 2018
Chapter
The Politics of Fossil Fuel Subsidies and their Reform - edited by Jakob Skovgaard August 2018
Article
The Politics of Fossil Fuel Subsidies and their Reform - edited by Jakob Skovgaard August 2018
Chapter
The Politics of Fossil Fuel Subsidies and their Reform - edited by Jakob Skovgaard August 2018
Chapter
The Politics of Fossil Fuel Subsidies and their Reform - edited by Jakob Skovgaard August 2018
Chapter
The Politics of Fossil Fuel Subsidies and their Reform - edited by Jakob Skovgaard August 2018
Chapter
The Politics of Fossil Fuel Subsidies and their Reform - edited by Jakob Skovgaard August 2018
Article
Reducing fossil fuel supply is necessary to meet the Paris Agreement goal to keep warming ‘well below 2°C’, yet the Agreement is silent on the topic of fossil fuels. This article outlines reasons why it is important that Parties to the Agreement find ways to more explicitly address the phasing out of fossil fuel production under the UNFCCC. It desc...
Article
Applying carbon charges, not trade tariffs, to imports would bolster the Paris Agreement, argue Michael Mehling and colleagues. Applying carbon charges, not trade tariffs, to imports would bolster the Paris Agreement.
Book
Full-text available
Climate change governance is in a state of enormous flux. New and more dynamic forms of governing are appearing around the international climate regime centred on the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Some appear to be emerging spontaneously, producing a more dispersed pattern of governing, which Nobel Prize laureate E...
Chapter
Full-text available
Climate change governance is in a state of enormous flux. New and more dynamic forms of governing are appearing around the international climate regime centred on the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). They appear to be emerging spontaneously from the bottom up, producing a more dispersed pattern of governing, which Nob...
Chapter
Full-text available
Climate change governance is in a state of enormous flux. New and more dynamic forms of governing are appearing around the international climate regime centred on the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). They appear to be emerging spontaneously from the bottom up, producing a more dispersed pattern of governing, which Nob...
Chapter
Climate change governance is in a state of enormous flux. New and more dynamic forms of governing are appearing around the international climate regime centred on the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). They appear to be emerging spontaneously from the bottom up, producing a more dispersed pattern of governing, which Nob...
Chapter
Climate change governance is in a state of enormous flux. New and more dynamic forms of governing are appearing around the international climate regime centred on the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). They appear to be emerging spontaneously from the bottom up, producing a more dispersed pattern of governing, which Nob...
Chapter
Full-text available
Climate change governance is in a state of enormous flux. New and more dynamic forms of governing are appearing around the international climate regime centred on the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). They appear to be emerging spontaneously from the bottom up, producing a more dispersed pattern of governing, which Nob...
Chapter
Climate change governance is in a state of enormous flux. New and more dynamic forms of governing are appearing around the international climate regime centred on the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). They appear to be emerging spontaneously from the bottom up, producing a more dispersed pattern of governing, which Nob...
Chapter
Climate change governance is in a state of enormous flux. New and more dynamic forms of governing are appearing around the international climate regime centred on the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). They appear to be emerging spontaneously from the bottom up, producing a more dispersed pattern of governing, which Nob...
Research
Full-text available
The European Union (EU) has been advocating climate policy ambitions from the very beginning of the international climate regime. Climate action to support the implementation of the Paris Agreement (2015) involves nearly all fields of national and international policy-making. In this research paper, we look into the role of trade policy in this res...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Are we doing enough to address climate change? Are countries living up to their promises? Are some doing better than they pledged? Transparency is key for answering these questions. This ecbi Pocket Guide traces the evolution of transparency arrangements under the UNFCCC right up to the transparency framework under the Paris Agreement. It addresses...