Hannah Moshontz's research while affiliated with University of Wisconsin–Madison and other places

Publications (29)

Article
Full-text available
Significance Communicating in ways that motivate engagement in social distancing remains a critical global public health priority during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study tested motivational qualities of messages about social distancing (those that promoted choice and agency vs. those that were forceful and shaming) in 25,718 people in 89 countries...
Preprint
Goal disengagement has been well studied in contexts where giving up is generally adaptive, and understudied in more ordinary situations. 1,201 American adults described up to five New Year’s resolutions and reported on their goal pursuit after six months and one year. Explicit goal disengagement was very rare and occurred in less than 7% of goals...
Article
Replication—an important, uncommon, and misunderstood practice—is gaining appreciation in psychology. Achieving replicability is important for making research progress. If findings are not replicable, then prediction and theory development are stifled. If findings are replicable, then interrogation of their meaning and validity can advance knowledg...
Article
Background: Successful long-term recovery from Opioid Use Disorder requires continuous lapse risk monitoring and appropriately using and adapting recovery-supportive behaviors as lapse risk changes. Available treatments often fail to support long-term recovery by failing to account for the dynamic nature of long-term recovery. Objective: This pr...
Preprint
Successful long-term recovery from Opioid Use Disorder requires continuous lapse risk monitoring and appropriately using and adapting recovery-supportive behaviors as lapse risk changes. Available treatments often fail to support long-term recovery by failing to account for the dynamic nature of long-term recovery. This protocol paper describes res...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Successful long-term recovery from opioid use disorder (OUD) requires continuous lapse risk monitoring and appropriate use and adaptation of recovery-supportive behaviors as lapse risk changes. Available treatments often fail to support long-term recovery by failing to account for the dynamic nature of long-term recovery. OBJECTIVE The...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic has increased negative emotions and decreased positive emotions globally. Left unchecked, these emotional changes might have a wide array of adverse impacts. To reduce negative emotions and increase positive emotions, we tested the effectiveness of reappraisal, an emotion-regulation strategy that modifies how one thinks about...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic has increased negative emotions and decreased positive emotions globally. Left unchecked, these emotional changes might have a wide array of adverse impacts. To reduce negative emotions and increase positive emotions, we tested the effectiveness of reappraisal, an emotion-regulation strategy that modifies how one thinks about...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic has increased negative emotions and decreased positive emotions globally. Left unchecked, these emotional changes might have a wide array of adverse impacts. To reduce negative emotions and increase positive emotions, we tested the effectiveness of reappraisal, an emotion-regulation strategy that modifies how one thinks about...
Article
Full-text available
Posting preprints online allows psychological scientists to get feedback, speed dissemination, and ensure public access to their work. This guide is designed to help psychological scientists post preprints and manage them across the publication pipeline. We review terminology, provide a historical and legal overview of preprints, and give guidance...
Article
Full-text available
Writing manuscripts collaboratively affords both opportunities and challenges: Collaborative papers can benefit from the expertise, perspectives, and collective effort of the group but can lack coherence or be produced inefficiently. When collaborations are large, involving tens or hundreds of researchers, there are more and different opportunities...
Preprint
Replication, an important, uncommon, and misunderstood practice, is making a comeback in psychology. Achieving replicability is a necessary but not sufficient condition for making research progress. If findings are not replicable, then prediction and theory development are stifled. If findings are replicable, then interrogation of their meaning and...
Article
According to prior work, persistent goal pursuit is a continuous process where persisting is a matter of resisting the urge to give up. In everyday goals, however, persistence is often episodic, and its causes are more complex. People pause and resume pursuit many times. Whether people persist reflects more than will power and motivation, it also r...
Chapter
Recent methodological reforms have succeeded in improving the rigor, accessibility, and transparency of psychological science, but these advances have not successfully proliferated certain subfields, including clinical psychology. Large-scale, crowdsourced collaborations offer clinical psychological scientists a way to conduct rigorous research on...
Preprint
Psychological scientists are increasingly using machine learning to advance applied or basic science goals. Cross-validation is commonly used for training, selecting, and evaluating machine learning algorithms. Although cross-validation is often described as a tool that necessarily prevents overly optimistic estimates of a final model’s performance...
Preprint
Making work freely available online allows psychological scientists to get feedback on scholarly work in progress, speed dissemination of work, and ensure public access to completed work. Public access to research (Open Access) manifests core scientific values. Most scholars support Open Access, and most publishers in psychology allow it. Yet, most...
Article
Although most people present themselves as possessing prosocial traits, people differ in the extent to which they actually act prosocially in everyday life. Qualitative data that were not ostensibly collected to measure prosociality might contain information about prosocial dispositions that is not distorted by self‐presentation concerns. This pape...
Article
Full-text available
The performance and well-being of university students is influenced by many factors, including self-control and affect regulation, but little is known about how these factors relate. We therefore analyzed data from a multi-site research project that assessed trait self-control, affect regulation, and anxiety in a longitudinal cohort design ('N' = 1...
Article
The open science movement is rapidly changing the scientific landscape. Because exact definitions are often lacking and reforms are constantly evolving, accessible guides to open science are needed. This paper provides an introduction to open science and related reforms in the form of an annotated reading list of seven peer-reviewed articles, follo...
Preprint
Full-text available
Writing manuscripts collaboratively affords both opportunities and challenges: Collaborative papers can benefit from the expertise, perspectives, and collective effort of the group but can also lack coherence or be produced inefficiently. When collaborations are large, involving ten or hundreds of researchers, there are more and different opportuni...
Preprint
According to stereotype threat theory, the possibility of confirming a negative group stereotype can evoke feelings of threat, leading people to underperform in the very domains in which they are stereotyped as lacking ability. This theory has immense theoretical and practical implications, but many studies supporting it include small samples and v...
Preprint
Though most people present themselves as possessing prosocial traits, people differ in the extent to which they actually act prosocially in everyday life. Researchers use a variety of approaches to capture prosocial traits, including manually coding themes in qualitative data (i.e., participants’ descriptions of their personal strivings). This pape...
Preprint
The performance and well-being of university students is influenced by many factors, including self-control and affect regulation, but little is known about how these factors influence one another. To better understand how these factors interact to impact student well-being, we analyzed data from a multi-site research project that assessed self-con...
Preprint
We describe the data management bylaws for the Psychological Science Accelerator (PSA), a distributed network of laboratories dedicated to completing large-scale collaborative behavioral science projects. Our bylaws are organized around the principles of ethical data use, security, accuracy, usability, transparency. We describe how these embodied t...
Preprint
Few scientific developments are as divisive as the increasingly popular Open Science movement. Because exact definitions are lacking and reforms are constantly evolving, accessible guides to Open Science are needed. This paper provides an introduction to Open Science and related reforms in the form of an annotated reading list of 8 peer-reviewed ar...
Preprint
Achieving most goals in everyday life requires persistence. Despite an abundance of relevant theoretical and empirical work, no theory details the universal causes of persistence (and non-persistence) across all goal types and settings. To address this gap in the literature, we introduce the Continuing and Returning Model of persistence. To begin,...
Article
Full-text available
Concerns about the veracity of psychological research have been growing. Many findings in psychological science are based on studies with insufficient statistical power and nonrepresentative samples, or may otherwise be limited to specific, ungeneralizable settings or populations. Crowdsourced research, a type of large-scale collaboration in which...
Preprint
Concerns have been growing about the veracity of psychological findings. Many findings in psychological science are based on studies with insufficient statistical power and non-representative samples, or may otherwise be limited to specific, ungeneralizable settings or populations. Large-scale collaboration, in which one or more research projects a...
Preprint
Self-regulation is the means by which people manage goal-directed behavior. The many processes that constitute self-regulation are numerous and complex - themselves the focus of fields of research. In this chapter, we provide a review of individual differences that relate to self-regulation, including traits directly relevant to self-regulation and...

Citations

... Replicating prior studies on a global scale, I found that women, younger individuals, and less educated individuals tend to have higher COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy. In doing so, I identified groups that may particularly benefit from behavioral nudges (Campos-Mercade et al., 2021;Legate et al., 2022;Milkman et al., 2021;Pennycook et al., 2020) and evidence-based communication about This document is copyrighted by the American Psychological Association or one of its allied publishers. ...
... Our study also has several important strengths. This is the first study examining whether the effect of regulating negative emotion on IGT performance is moderated by gender, (Ford et al., 2017, Halperin & Gross, 2011, McRae & Gross, 2020, Wang et al., 2021 to the field of decision-making. Furthermore, we implemented robust analysis on our data: primarily analysis of variance examining the effect of condition and gender on individual blocks of performance and negative emotional scores, and ultimately to explore the mechanisms involved in the effect of condition on IGT performance (considering gender and negative emotion scores), a multi group path analyses testing the hypothesized direct and indirect pathways of these effects. ...
... Social scientists, like their counterparts in more established fields such as chemistry, physics, and biology, strive to uncover predictable regularities about the world. However, psychology, economics, management, and related fields have become embroiled in controversies as to whether the claimed discoveries are reliable (1)(2)(3)(4)(5)(6)(7)(8)(9)(10)(11). When reading a research report, is it sensible to assume the finding is a true positive rather than a false positive (12,13)? ...
... In this article, r-WOM is referred to as the eminent source of information provided by AI-based recommendations (Longoni & Cian, 2020) that can be disseminated by virtual assistant platforms like chatbots (Bustard et al., 2019). After sharing content, r-WOM can obtain extra context-based information from the clients' earlier communications such as patterns, sensor data from private devices, and contact/support relationships, which personalizes content to a superior scale than e-WOM (Moshontz et al., 2021;. The difference between r-WOM and e-WOM/WOM is that in the former, the content is created and distributed by virtual assistants, machines, or robots, but in the latter two humans do everything. ...
... Nearly 1.6 billion students in more than 190 countries have been affected by the disruptions brought about by the global pandemic United Nations, 2020;K. Wang et al., 2021;Yamada et al., 2021). Due to school closures, educational institutions shifted to a study-fromhome set-up. Aside from the modes of teaching and learning, teachers' mental health was also affected by the COVID-19. For instance, recent evidence showed that teachers experienced psychological stress due to the lack or absence of the followin ...
... In recent years, it has become very common in neuroimaging to publish papers as preprints, on servers such as bioRxiv, medRxiv, PsyArXiv or OSF (see Table S1), prior to peer review in scientific journals. Preprints are publicly available, expedite the process of releasing new findings, and also, importantly, allow authors to get feedback on their paper from a broader audience prior to final publication (Moshontz et al. 2021). There are also initiatives for open community reviews of preprints, such as PREreview. ...
... This asymmetry partially results from the late introduction of the multi- 3 We note that the Alignment Forum was created in 2018 34 . ple authors feature to the Alignment Forum 1 , but might also reflect the Alignment Forum's focus on speed of communication, which disincentivizes large collaborations 38 . Alternatively, the larger number of authors on arXiv articles might also reflect inflation of (unjustified) authorship on research articles 39,40 . ...
... Social scientists, like their counterparts in more established fields such as chemistry, physics, and biology, strive to uncover predictable regularities about the world. However, psychology, economics, management, and related fields have become embroiled in controversies as to whether the claimed discoveries are reliable (1)(2)(3)(4)(5)(6)(7)(8)(9)(10)(11). When reading a research report, is it sensible to assume the finding is a true positive rather than a false positive (12,13)? ...
... At least three processes or groups of processes are crucial in this regard: Processes of goal setting involve individuals choosing from a plenitude of potential goals, weighing their advantages and disadvantages, and commiting to goals that they consider both feasible and valuable (e.g., Gollwitzer, 1990). Processes of goal pursuit (or goal striving) require individuals deploying goal-conducive means (Shah & Kruglanski, 2003), and that they remain persistent or return to goal pursuit in the face of conflicting impulses, shifting priorities, interruptions, and obstacles (Moshontz & Hoyle, 2019). If goal pursuit does not go as planned and a goal turns out to be unfeasible or of low value, processes of goal disengagement may become relevant (e.g., Wrosch et al., 2003). ...
... When doing so, you have the option to link the preprint with an existing OSF project if you have one. Moshontz et al. (2020) includes a detailed description of how and why researchers should post preprints. As mentioned, you can post a preprint at different points of the publication timeline. ...