Hamish Russell's research while affiliated with South Western Sydney Local Health District and other places

Publications (10)

Article
Full-text available
Background The proportion of women undergoing induction of labour (IOL) has risen in recent decades, with significant variation within countries and between hospitals. The aim of this study was to review research supporting indications for IOL and determine which indications are supported by evidence and where knowledge gaps exist. Methods A syste...
Article
Aim During pregnancy, some women have a low glucose level on the 75 g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). The implications of this are unclear and there is no guideline on how to manage these women. Method We recruited pregnant women with a glucose level <3.5 mmol/L at 1- or 2-h during a screening antenatal OGTT. These women (Group 1) underwent se...
Article
Aims: In this study, we assessed changes in prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in a region with diverse cultural backgrounds in Australia under the new World Health Organization (WHO) diagnostic criteria, with reference to the woman's ethnicity, age and pre-pregnant body mass index (BMI). Methods: We recorded results of all 75-gra...
Article
Aims: Erratic blood glucose levels (BGL) are commonly observed amongst patients with diabetes mellitus during hospital admission. Patients on insulin therapy often do not have their doses titrated adequately by their team doctors during admission, and insulin is well-known to be a high risk medication prone to administration error. The aim of this...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background: Poor glycaemic control in hospital patients is associated with worse clinical outcomes. Most professional organizations recommend a glucose target between 5 to 10 mmol/L for hospitalized people yet few studies have assessed local in-patient glycaemic profiles.
Article
Background Micro-albuminuria has been established as a marker for micro-vascular disease. Spot urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR), even in the high normal range, predicts future cardiovascular events. The value of UACR in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) during pregnancy is uncertain.AimThe objectives of this study were to asses...
Article
We evaluated maternal weight gain in women with gestational diabetes, and assessed their compliance with the Institute of Medicine (IOM) weight gain targets. Only 28% of women achieved the IOM targets, with 40% gaining inadequate weight. Those who gained inadequate weight did not suffer any increase in adverse pregnancy outcomes.
Article
In this retrospective study, pregnant women with type 1 diabetes under the care of diabetes specialists pre-conception were found to have better glycaemic control and pregnancy outcomes than those not under specialist care prior to pregnancy. These differences were not seen in women with type 2 diabetes. The study showed that tight glycaemic contro...
Article
This study was designed to document the factors influencing therapeutic decisions in the management of diabetes in relation to stage of medical career. An anonymous survey was distributed among medical students, resident medical officers (RMOs) and general practitioners (GPs) presenting a hypothetical case of a 58 year old patient with sub-optimall...

Citations

... The NEBI included the indications for induction that, as showed by a recent systematic review (Coates D), need further adequately powered trials to demonstrate the benefit of terminating pregnancy compared with expectant management. These are the following: gestational diabetes mellitus under metabolic control with diet (GDM), mild cholestasis of pregnancy (with bile acids <40 mmol/L) [15], obesity [16], medically assisted procreation, isolated polyhydramnios/oligohydramnios, and suspected macrosomia [5]. ...
... Only a few studies evaluated the effect of hypoglycemia in OGTT performed during pregnancy with small sample sizes and conflicting results, especially regarding neonatal birthweights. For example, while one study demonstrated no differences in neonatal outcomes, another study found lower birthweights and Apgar scores for neonates in the reactive hypoglycemia group [8][9]. Therefore, in this study, we aimed to evaluate the maternal and neonatal outcomes, especially neonatal birthweights, in gravidas with at least one hypoglycemic value on OGTT. ...
... 12 . Since the original model was developed, and with altered diagnostic criteria, GDM has increased with up to a doubling in prevalence, 13 without improved outcomes and there is a need to identify those women within this cohort at highest risk. 14 Also, given ethnicity is a well-established risk factor for the diagnosis of GDM, 15 there is a need to . ...
... Like paper-based bedside observation charts (Chatterjee et al., 2005;Preece et al., 2013), insulin forms have typically been developed by clinicians for use in their own hospital or regional health service, resulting in substantial design differences between institutions (Christofidis et al., 2012). Nevertheless, only a handful of publications describe the clinician-led development and implementation of a subcutaneous insulin chart (Cheung et al., 2011;Lehnbom et al., 2009;McIver et al., 2009;Rushmer and Voigt, 2008;Wong et al., 2016). In each of these studies, a chart was developed and introduced at one or more clinical sites, with data collected before and after implementation (without the use of a control site). ...
... In pregnancy, since the GFR increases, as the pregnancy progresses, the rate of urinary albumin excretion increases considerably with the advancing trimester. 20,21 The values of UACR are not very well defined in gestation and vary with gestation, 22 so a clear cut distinction about the rise in ACR cannot be made. ...
... 9 An Australian cohort reported that more than 45% of pregnant women with normal or low pre-gestational BMI did not reach the target weight recommended by IOM in 2009. 21 Less than recommended GWG was close to 20% in overweight GDM women, and close to 28% in those with obesity. 9 It is well known that not only prepregnancy BMI but also GWG have impact on birth weight. ...
... There were 36 included studies conducted through March 2019, all of which were conducted in high income countries [35]. Of the included studies 18 were prospective cohort studies [31,[36][37][38][39][40][41][42][43][44][45][46][47][48][49][50][51][52], 16 were retrospective cohort studies [29,32,33,49,[53][54][55][56][57][58][59][60][61][62][63][64][65], one was a trial [66], and one was a case control study [67]. The number of participants of cohort studies were 8199 women, among whom 3213 received PCC followed by antenatal care, whilst 4986 only received antenatal care. ...
... During the study period, the diagnostic criteria for gestational diabetes were consistent with the Australian Diabetes in Pregnancy Society guidelines [15], which required fasting plasma glucose (FPG) ≥ 5.5 mmol/L or 2-h glucose ≥ 8 mmol/L following a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). However, the standard procedure for gestational diabetes screening varied markedly across Australia during this period [16]. In 2005, local primary care guidelines were developed, which recommended a random blood glucose level at each pregnancy visit, and if the level was ≥5.0 mmol/L, a fasting blood glucose level was offered [17]. ...