H.J. Eysenck's research while affiliated with Bond University and other places

Publications (69)

Article
Full-text available
Some 8059 healthy women (mean age 58 years) were studied in 1973 with the aim of establishing the presence or absence of a variety of physical and psychological risk factors for mammary cancer. Mortality was established in 1988. factor predictors were highly significant. Physical risk factors were more predictive than psychological ones, but both i...
Article
Full-text available
The factorial similarity of Psychoticism (P), Extraversion (E), Neuroticism (N), and Social Desirability (L), as measured by the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire, was assessed using gender- specific data collected from 34 countries. As in an earlier study using data from 24 countries (Eysenck et al., 1985), the Kaiser-Hunka-Bianchini (KHB) procedu...
Article
Bates and Eysenck (1993), used a 3rd-order cubic polynomial curve fitting procedure on correct-response probabilities computed from the trial record of individual research participants (N = 70) in an inspection time (IT) task. They demonstrated that this methodology produced estimates of IT that, when correlated with full-scale IQ scores (assessed...
Article
We report the results of a prospective study of a random sample of 1353 elderly but healthy men and women who were followed up for a period of 10 yr, when mortality and cause of death were ascertained. Overall results have been reported elsewhere for mortality from cancer, coronary heart disease and other causes; here we are concerned with the pers...
Article
Using three samples of applicant data, encompassing over 2300 participants, the Concept Model 5.2 Occupational Personality Questionnaire (OPQ) was examined for scale discriminability at the item, scale and factorial level. Item analysis and maximum likelihood factor analysis indicated that the OPQ questionnaire provided good, low complexity measure...
Article
This article introduces a new personality inventory dealing with self-regulation. This is in some ways the opposite of neuroticism, and measures personal autonomy or independence, particularly as far as emotional dependence is concerned. Our concern was the relation between self-regulation and health, and large samples of healthy men and women were...
Article
In this study, 6,386 males and 5,990 females, with a mean age of 55 years, constituting a random sample, were administered questionnaires by interviewers relating to amount of self-regulation and drinking status. They were then followed up over a 20-yr. period, and health status (living well, chronically ill, or deceased) was ascertained. It was hy...
Article
Full-text available
This study examines the predictive accuracy of four different methods of administration of a questionnaire designed to predict cancer and coronary heart disease (CHD) in healthy probands. The method of administration uses the establishment of trust and the explanation of questions as variables in all four possible combinations, i.e. trust and expla...
Article
-This study reports on the gender differences in the responses ro 34 questions comprising the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire, as recorded by 508 males and 873 females who constituted the American standardization group for he questionnaire. The mean difference on the resulting M-F scale is statistically significant, being 2.28f 0.30 for the Briti...
Article
The performance of 88 smokers and non-smokers was assessed on reaction time, inspection time, and choice reaction time tasks. In addition personality measures and the evoked potential string length measure of brain efficiency were recorded. Intelligence was measured in a subsample of 70 subjects. Smokers deprived of nicotine for a minimum of 2 hr s...
Article
Comments on the argument by J. Schedler et al (see record 1994-09623-001 ) that standard mental health scales appear unable to distinguish between genuine mental health and the illusion of mental health created by psychological defenses. It is asserted that Schedler et al misstate the psychometric position and fail to demonstrate the superiority of...
Article
Two hundred subjects provided data from within three separate studies that attempted to replicate correlations between averaged evoked potential (AEP) indices and psychometric IQ. In addition, AEP zero-cross analysis was undertaken as a specific test of a proposition made within the Weiss quantum theory of intelligence. Measures of AEP variability,...
Article
We have tested the hypothesis in this study that different methods of administering a questionnaire produce differential approximations to truthful admission of undesirable personality traits and behaviours. Four different methods of administration produced different levels of trust and understanding, using the current prediction among healthy subj...
Article
Full-text available
Extract: In this study, we have looked at the long-term health effects of a type of stress probably more severe than any yet studied in this connection, namely being sent to a Hitlerian concentration camp, living there for a lengthy period of time, and having members of one's family killed. There are many written testimonies to the incredible suffe...
Article
We have tested the hypothesis in this study that different methods of administering a questionnaire produce differential approximations to truthful admission of undesirable personality traits and behaviours. Four different methods of administration produced different levels of trust and understanding, using the current prediction among healthy subj...
Article
We have tested the hypothesis in this study that different methods of administering a questionnaire produce differential approximations to truthful admission of undesirable personality traits and behaviours. Four different methods of administration produced different levels of trust and understanding, using the current prediction among healthy subj...
Article
String length of the brain evoked potentials (EPs) to an inspection time (IT) task was inversely related to IQ and mental speed as measured by the multidimensional aptitude battery IQ test and inspection time (IT) and reaction time (RT) measures of performance speed in a sample of 70 subjects. This findings is opposite to the relationship found in...
Article
A replication was undertaken of our previous work relating the conduction parameters of variability and velocity of the electrically stimulated peripheral median nerve to psychometric test IQ and EPQR Psychoticism. Once again, we failed to find any significant correlation between measures of nerve conduction velocity and IQ. Further, we failed to r...
Article
This paper reports on the 1982-1986 follow-up of two samples of healthy persons first studied in 1972 and followed up in 1982 when mortality and cause of death were established (N = 2,146). Both were related to stress and personality type according to clearly elaborated theories, and results were very much in accordance with theory. The second foll...
Article
In this paper an attempt is made to answer certain questions and criticisms concerning the concept of psychoticism (P) as a dimension of personality. The points addressed are: (1) Is it reasonable to talk about psychosis as a unitary concept, rather than about separate, unrelated disorders (schizophrenia, manic-depressive disorder)? (2) Is such a c...
Article
An attempt to replicate the Hendrickson (Hendrickson & Hendrickson, 1980, 1982) paradigm and results was undertaken on 40 subjects. The Hendrickson “rules for replication were also empirically examined with regard to their basis in fact rather than presumption. In addition to computing the specific Hendrickson measures of string, variability, and c...
Article
This is a reply to the Costa and McCrae article entitled: “Four ways five factors are basic” [(1992) Personality and Individual Differences, 13(6), 653–665]. This article takes up the challenge and discusses four major criticisms of the 5-factor model. The first criticism relates to the level of the hierarchical model of personality at which differ...
Article
Alcohol consumption is a well-known risk factor for cancer, coronary heart disease (CHD), and various other diseases. It is here suggested that motivational factors may be important in mediating any effects of drinking on health. In particular, the hypothesis was tested that drinking to drown one's sorrows (S-type) was much more a risk factor than...
Article
The EPQ was administered to 592 male and 562 female subjects, mainly non-students, together with a 43-item Machiavellianism scale slightly altered from the original, and with several newly written items added. Detailed factorial analyses disclosed that the M scale measured a single, clearly defined factor which correlated positively with P and E, a...
Article
538 males and 529 females completed the translated Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ) in Russia. Factor comparisons all exceeded 0.95 except that for Psychoticism (P) for females which was 0.92. We may, therefore, assume that the factors of Extraversion (E), Neuroticism (N) and Social Desirability or Lie scale (L) are measuring the same in Rus...
Article
This short paper introduces a number of reports of studies which lend support to the hypothesis that many children in the U.S.A. and the U.K. suffer from vitamin and mineral deficiencies which keep their I.Q. below optimum level, and that suitable supplementation can help them approach that level more closely.
Article
615 schoolchildren were examined on multiple measures of intelligence, randomly assigned to one of four treatment groups for 12 weeks, and post-tested on the same measures of intelligence. One cohort received placebos while the other three were given different strength vitamin-mineral supplements. The trial was completed under ‘blind’ conditions, i...
Article
Risk factors for cancer have been found in the past to act synergistically in a number of studies. However, these studies were not always designed to test the hypothesis of synergism, and have sometimes failed to equate for important variables, which might influence the results. The present study tests the hypothesis that psychosocial variables and...
Article
A theory is presented relating the consumption of stimulant and depressant drugs to cancer and coronary heart disease, with stress/personality acting as an intermediary. The predictions from the theory that large-scale consumption of Coca-Cola would prevent cancer and promote coronary heart disease was tested and found to be supported by the result...
Article
In this article we consider the effectiveness of creative novation behaviour therapy in preventing cancer and coronary heart disease in disease-prone probands, and also its effectiveness in extending life for patients suffering from terminal cancer. In all cases, suitably matched controls are provided as part of the general methodology, and results...
Article
This paper describes a novel method of behaviour therapy applied to cancer-prone and coronary heart disease-prone patients in a prophylactic manner, to reduce the probability of their dying of cancer or coronary heart disease. The treatment can also be applied to patients already suffering from cancer in order to prolong their lives. The methods us...
Article
34 male patients suffering from cancer of the mouth or pharynx were studied with reference to their personality type, smoking and drinking habits, and compared with a healthy sample of 1706 men. The three risk factors showed a strong tendency to be related to cancer only in combination, adding new evidence to the theory that risk factors in cancer...
Article
A study of the prediction of cancer and coronary heart disease on the basis of coffee consumption and personality shows that in cancer-prone probands (diagnosed on the basis of a personality inventory) coffee consumption was related to low incidence of cancer and high incidence of coronary heart disease, while diazepam showed the opposite trend. In...
Chapter
The theory that stress and emotional turmoil cause cancer has been debated for decades. Recent experimental, psychological and epidemiological literature indicates that the development of some forms of cancer can be related to certain cognitive, emotional and behavioral characteristics such as helplessness, depression, denial and inability to expre...
Article
One-hundred and nine adult subjects were tested on two occasions using a set of computer administered letter series problems. Using methods introduced by Furneaux [In Eysenck, H. J. (Ed.), Handbook of abnormal psychology. New York: Basic Books, 1961], response times were analysed in order to provide estimates of item difficulties based on time to c...
Article
34 male patients suffering from cancer of the mouth or pharynx were studied with reference to their personality type, smoking and drinking habits, and compared with a healthy sample of 1706 men. The three risk factors showed a strong tendency to be related to cancer only in combination, adding new evidence to the theory that risk factors in cancer...
Article
Results are reported for 3 groups of healthy male probands, 318 in each group, matched for age and personality type on the Personality-Stress Questionnaire. One group was actively engaged in sports, one had discontinued former sporting activities, and one group had never taken part in regular sports. Follow-up after 13 yr. showed lowest mortality i...
Article
Recent work by Grossarth-Maticek and Eysenck has suggested that there are personality traits which in combination can predict cancer in healthy probands with 81% accuracy. Many critics have considered this result "too good to be true." It is shown that earlier studies have given results not very different in accuracy, suggesting that such a critici...
Article
Examined mortality from cancer, coronary heart disease, and other causes for 954 healthy male probands (mean age 56 yrs) matched for age and personality type. The relationship between sport activity and sclerosis in the fundus of the eye was also examined. Personality inventories were administered at the beginning of the study; after 13 yrs, the he...
Article
It has been shown repeatedly that behaviour therapy fulfils a useful prophylactic function in the prevention of cancer and coronary heart disease. The present study investigates the effects of orthodox psychoanalytic treatment on the eventual probability of death from cancer and coronary heart disease in probands treated by psychoanalysis for over...
Article
The construction of a new Personality-Stress Inventory is discussed, based on previous research and other types of inventory constructed on the same principles. Scores on the inventory divide people into six types, selectively prone to different types of disease. The instrument is administered twice, with six months intervening, and changes in the...
Article
Examined the relationships between averaged sensory nerve action potentials (ASNAPs), scores on the Advanced Progressive Matrices (APM) and the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ), and parameters computed from a choice reaction time (RT) task in 44 Ss (aged 18–41 yrs). ASNAP variability was correlated negatively with ability as measured by the...
Article
In this study, 6796 males aged between 45 and 55 years were interviewed andasked questions concerning eight possible objects of prejudice, and given a series of questions concerning their attribution to one of four personality types. It was shown that all sources of prejudice correlated positively together, and that each was related in a similar ma...
Article
50 patients suffering from terminal mammary cancer and visceral metastases received chemotherapy, and in addition half of them received psychotherapy, while half did not. A lymphocyte count was undertaken seven times in all, once before initiation of chemotherapy, the others after six applications of the therapy. As hypothesized, the 25 women who r...
Article
Of 528 men, those 72 who derived information from the media, showed a lower rate of survival, i.e., more deaths from cancer, coronary heart disease, etc. Stress increased by constant repetition of evil consequences of smoking might constitute a self-fulfilling prophecy.
Article
A group of 113 smokers of normally distributed IQ was tested on two occasions on a choice reaction time task and the newly introduced ‘odd-man-out’ task. Performance on these two tasks was found to correlate significantly with IQ and personality variables as measured by the WAIS-R intelligence test and the EPQ and IVE. The effect of smoking on thes...
Article
A group of 5,977 persons was interviewed concerning attitudes towards smoking and smokers. Prejudice against smoking was significantly related to prejudice against various racial, religious and political groups and was noted in personality types previously found to be characteristically prejudiced. Mortality was much greater in prejudiced nonsmoker...
Article
Two large-scale applications of the EPQ were carried out on U.S. samples and the dimensions of personality resulting from factor analyses of the resulting matrices of intercorrelations compared with similar data obtained from the original standardization groups of the EPQ in England. It is concluded that very similar factor structures obtained in t...
Article
The EPQ was administered to 99 Ss, and a handwriting sample provided by each. A professional graphologist undertook to analyse the handwritings, and fill in the EPQ as she thought would have been done by the respondents. Significant correlations were only obtained for the P category; neither E, nor N, nor the L scale showed significant correlations...
Article
Two samples of adult subjects of reasonably average intelligence were given IQ tests and a series of RT tests using 0, 1, 2, and 3 bits of information in a Hick paradigm. Both series showed negative correlation between IQ on the one hand, and RT and σRT, on the other, confirming earlier work. On the other hand, there was no evidence of correlation...
Article
This study attempts to investigate the relationship between personality, stress and disease, particularly cancer and cardiovascular disease, both from the correlational and the causal points of view. It is concluded that there is good ecidence linking these diseases with different patterns of personality, and that these links suggest a causal relat...
Chapter
Any discussion of the measurement of intelligence is likely to be handicapped by the many different meanings the term has assumed in psychology, to say nothing of popular discourse. It is useful to distinguish the three major meanings of the term, which are shown in Figure 1. Intelligence A is the genotypic, biological underlay of all cognitive act...

Citations

... For example, there is evidence showing that Gf is influenced by nutritional quality (e.g. Eysenck & Schoenthaler, 1997;Lynn, 2009), by nutritional and health programs in developing countries (Glewwe & King, 2001;Whaley et al., 2003), by brain size (Rushton & Ankney, 2009), and by mental speed associated with white matter in brain (Jensen, 2006), while non-biological environmental and personality factors seem to exert stronger influence on academic performance than Gf (Rindermann & Neubauer, 2000). Moreover, studies using longitudinal growth modeling showed that Gf predicts academic achievement and the rate of change in learning and achievement (Primi et al., 2010). ...
... One caveat however is that administration of the SIRI scales is intended for use in face-to-face interviews, whereas our data were gathered via a questionnaire mailed out to participants. It is possible that this variation from the standard administration procedure may account for our failure to find the claimed association between the Type 1 personality-stress score and cancer mortality, although the corresponding expected associations were found for both Type 2 and Type 4 (see Grossarth-Maticek, Eysenck & Barrett, 1993;Grossarth-Maticek, Eysenck & Boyle, 1995b). In addition, it is possible that the reduction of number of items down to just five items per scale, may have reduced predictive validities which may account for the lack of an observed association between Type 1 and cancer mortality. ...
... In his autobiography, Eysenck reported correlations between 0.30 and 0.40 in a study undertaken with children (Eysenck, 1997b). While failures to replicate Hendrickson and Hendrickson's findings initially were thought to be due to subtle differences in methodology used across different laboratories (Barrett & Eysenck, 1992a), there were also failures to replicate within the same institution from which the original findings had been obtained (Barrett & Eysenck, 1992b). ...
... Personality may influence health through at least two non-exclusive processes.The first predisposes the individual to behaviours that include both unhealthy (such as alcohol,tobacco, and other drug consumption) and healthy habits (e.g. physical exercise or good diet).The second influences by means of the person"s coping style that indirectly affects health, whichis in all likelihood mediated by hormonal and physiological factors related to the immunologicaland cardiovascular systems (Eysenck, 1991;Ader, 1991). ...
... 3,4 The validity of selfreported hypertension assessed in a validation study among randomly selected participants was also found to be accurate in this cohort. 5 Finally, lack of data for metabolic syndrome was seen to be a limitation. We are not sure why such data would be needed in investigating the relation between alcohol intake or diet and incident gout. ...
... A pesar de la terminología clínica con la que se designan dos de sus tres dimensiones, éste es un modelo de personalidad 'normal', por lo que puntuaciones elevadas en tales dimensiones no son un indicador de psicopatología, aunque sí de vulnerabilidad a padecer tales tipos de trastornos en condiciones críticas. Los cuestionarios principales con los que se ha evaluado el modelo han sido el 'Eysenck Personality Questionnaire -Revised' (EPQ-R;Eysenck et al., 1985) y el 'Eysenck Personality Profiler' (EPP;Eysenck et al., 1992;Eysenck y Eysenck, 1994) y las versiones reducida (EPP-SF; Eysenck et al., 1996) y revisada (EPP-SFr; Petrides et al., 2003) de éste, las cuales además de evaluar las tres dimensiones básicas también evalúan los tres rasgos más relevantes que las configuran. La característica distintiva de la 'Extraversión' (E) es la afabilidad en el trato personal y la facilidad para el establecimiento de relaciones. ...
... Los resultados de estos estudios indican que la supresión emocional tiene un valor predictivo significativo en relación con la incidencia de pacientes con cáncer (Grossarth-Maticek, Kanazir, Schmidt y Vetter, 1982a). Este mismo grupo de investigadores reportó que la tendencia a suprimir emociones era altamente predictiva de mortalidad en pacientes con cáncer (Grossarth-Maticek, Bastiaans y Kanazir, 1985;Grossarth-Maticek, Eysenck y Vetter, 1988a, 1988b. Existe un amplio número de estudios de investigación realizados últimamente, los cuales corroboran estos resultados. ...
... It involves grasping truths, relationships, facts, and meanings through knowledge and the gathering of information (Buchko, 2019, p. 40). According to Eysenck and Barrett (1985), there are three kinds of intelligence: biological (the factors that influence it are genetics, physiology, and biochemistry), psychometric (family upbringing, culture, education and socioeconomic status) and social (family background, health, culture factors, experience etc.) intelligence. These types emphasize the possibility of extending the concept of intelligence to other types. ...
... The Dutch version (Sanderman, Arrindell, Ranchor, Eysenck, & Eysenck, 1991) of the Eysenck Personality questionnaireneuroticism subscale (EPQ-N; Eysenck & Eysenck, 1975) was used to assess neuroticism. This self-report questionnaire includes 22 items that can be answered with yes (1) or no (0). ...
... Within those groups of subjects that were more or less representative the hypothesised cancer-prone, heart-diseaseprone and mixed types were each found in about a fifth of subjects. The rest were categorised as having the healthy autonomous personality (Grossarth-Maticek et al., 1988b;. ...