Gustavo R. Spinelli's research while affiliated with Instituto de Limnología "Dr. Raúl A. Ringuelet" and other places

Publications (163)

Article
Oropouche fever is an emerging zoonotic disease caused by Oropouche virus (OROV). It has two distinct transmission cycles, with the anthropophilic biting midge Culicoides paraensis (Goeldi) (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) being the primary vector in the urban cycle. Species identification of Culicoides typically has been carried out on the basis of morp...
Article
Bluetongue virus (BTV) causes a viral, non-contagious disease that mainly affects sheep, cattle, and wild and farmed ruminants causing damage to these animals and significant economic losses. Culicoides insignis Lutz, the major BTV vector in South America, is one of the most abundant species in Argentina and commonly associated with cattle farms. T...
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Five new Neotropical species in the predaceous midge genus Macrurohelea Ingram & Macfie are described: M. bassoi, M. donatoi, M. morenoi, M. sirii, and M. ventanensis, n. spp. and the previously unknown males of M. kuscheli Wirth and M. monotheca Spinelli & Grogan are described from specimens collected in several localities of Argentina and Chile....
Article
A new species, Leptoconops (Proleptoconops) chacoensis, is described and photographed from a female collected in a forest area of the Chaco province, Argentina. This is the first record of the subgenus L. (Proleptoconops) Clastrier from the Neotropical region south of Mexico, and the new species is compared with L. (P.) werneri Wirth & Atchley from...
Article
We describe and illustrate a new Neotropical predaceous midge, Parabezzia carlae Huerta, Spinelli and Grogan, new species (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) from males collected by Malaise trap in La Union, Ayutla de los Libres, state of Guerrero, Mexico. We also report a second record of P. alexanderi Wirth from Veracruz, Mexico. A key to the known specie...
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Palpomyia auakua, a new predaceous midge in the Palpomyia distincta group, is described and illustrated from females collected with Malaise trap in a cloud forest at 1470 m. in Tlanchinol, Hidalgo, Mexico. This new species is compared with three Neotropical species, Palpomyia paulistensis Lane and P. castanea Macfie from Brazil, and P. yamana Spine...
Article
Two species in the predaceous midge genus Paryphoconus Enderlein, P. inesae sp. n. and P. flavidus (Johannsen), are described from adults, pupae and larvae. Immatures were collected in Brazilian Amazonia using pipettes and plastic trays where “kinon”, macrophytes and wet sand were placed and raised in the laboratory to adults. All described stages...
Article
The following two new species of biting midges of Culicoides Latreille are described and photographed: Culicoides carbonelli Spinelli & Martínez from Uruguay, and C. dellapei Spinelli, Ronderos & Díaz from Argentina. Culicoides crucifer Clastrier, 1968 and C. hoffmani Fox, 1946 are diagnosed and newly recorded from Argentina, and the studied specim...
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Background: We assessed the impact of two long-term interventions (insecticide spraying and insecticide-impregnated dog collars), previously directed against sand flies, on the abundance and distribution of mosquitoes (Culicidae) and biting midges (Ceratopogonidae). Both groups are of medical and veterinary importance in Brazil. Our objective was t...
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Background We assessed the impact of two sand fly insecticide interventions (insecticide spraying and insecticide-impregnated dog collars) on the peridomestic abundance and distribution of mosquitoes (Culicidae) and biting midges (Ceratopogonidae) in western São Paulo (Brazil) in a long-term (42-month) evaluation. Both of these dipteran groups are...
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The first description of the fourth instar larva and pupa of Palpomyia mapuche Spinelli, Grogan & Ronderos and the pupa of P. subfuscula Ingram & Macfie are provided, as well as the redescription of the pupa of P. subaspera (Coquillett). Studied specimens were collected in lotic environments of Argentinian Patagonia, in Neuquén and Chubut Provinces...
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Background Following the long-term (42-month) evaluation of residual insecticide (co-located with sand fly pheromone) and insecticide-impregnated dog-collars in a randomised control trial (RCT) against leishmaniasis, we assessed the impact of these interventions on the peridomestic abundance and distribution of mosquitoes (Culicidae) and midges (Ce...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: We assessed the impact of two sand fly insecticide interventions (insecticide spraying and insecticide-impregnated dog collars) on the peridomestic abundance and distribution of mosquitoes (Culicidae) and biting midges (Ceratopogonidae) in western São Paulo (Brazil) in a long-term (42-month) evaluation. Both of these dipteran groups are...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: We assessed the impact of two sand fly insecticide interventions (insecticide spraying and insecticide-impregnated dog collars) on the peridomestic abundance and distribution of mosquitoes (Culicidae) and biting midges (Ceratopogonidae) in Western São Paulo (Brazil) in a long-term (42-month) evaluation. Both of these Dipteran groups are...
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We document the first records of biting midges in the genus Dasyhelea Kieffer (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) from Curaçao: Dasyhelea azteca Huerta & Grogan, D. bahamensis (Johnson), D. cincta (Coquillett), D. corinneae Gosseries, D. flavifrons (Guérin-Méneville) and D. grisea (Coquillett). The following six new species of Dasyhelea are described from t...
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Most plant species depend upon insect pollination services, including many cash and subsistence crops. Plants compete to attract those insects using visual cues and floral odor which pollinators associate with a reward. The cacao tree, Theobroma cacao, has a highly specialized floral morphology permitting pollination primarily by Ceratopogonid midg...
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En Argentina, la distribución de la enfermedad del Virus de la Lengua Azul se encuentra restringida al noreste del país. En la región Neotropical el principal vector sería Culicoides insignis Lutz. El objetivo de este trabajo fue determinar la fluctuación poblacional de C. insignis en la ciudad de Posadas y también la influencia de las variables cl...
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The fourth instar larva and the pupa of Bezziachilensis Spinelli & Ronderos, 2001 are described for the first time. The immature stages were collected from macrophytes and filamentous algae in streams of the Patagonian steppe, in the provinces of Neuquén and Chubut, Argentina. The described stages were photographed and illustrated with a phase-cont...
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Se redescriben ambos sexos de la hasta ahora especie Holártica, Afrotropical y Oriental, Forcipomyia (Synthyridomyia) murina (Winnertz, 1852), y la especie se registra por primera vez en Argentina (provincias de Salta, La Rioja, Santiago del Estero, Córdoba, Corrientes, Buenos Aires y Río Negro). Forcipomyia (S.) calchaqui Spinelli & Marino, 1997 y...
Article
Seven new species of Downeshelea Wirth and Grogan 1988 – D. casimirensis, D. costaricensis, D. eclectica, D. jarina, D. litorale, D. marambaia and D. moravia – are described and illustrated based on male and female specimens from Central and South America. The new species are compared with their similar congener D. multilineata (Lutz). A redescript...
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The fourth instar larva and pupa of Culicoides trilineatus Fox (Diptera, Ceratopogonidae), a species considered as potential vector of the bluetongue virus in Central and South America, are described, illustrated, and photomicrographed for the first time by using binocular, phase-contrast, and scanning electron microscopy. The immatures were collec...
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ABSTRACT A new monotypic genus and species of predaceous midge from the southernmost area of the Argentinean Yungas, Yungahelea australis Spinelli and Ronderos, is described and illustrated from male and female adults. It belongs to a group containing the Ceratopogonini genera Parabezzia Malloch, Diaphanobezzia Ingram and Macfie, Spinellihelea Bork...
Article
Adults of two new species of biting midges in the subgenera Lepidohelea Kieffer and Metaforcipomyia Saunders of the genus Forcipomyia Meigen, F. (L.) ivani sp. nov. and F. (M.) aidae sp. nov., are described from specimens collected in Imbabura province, Ecuador at 2, 320 meters above sea level. Color photographs and illustrations are provided of ma...
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Even though many globally important tropical agroforestry crops are partially or completely dependent on insect pollination, the conditions influencing pollinator abundance in these systems are often incompletely understood. This is particularly the case for cocoa midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae), which are essential for cocoa pollination and thus...
Article
Two new species of Dasyhelea Kieffer, D. yunga and D. allegrae, placed in the grisea and mutabilis species groups respectively, are described, illustrated and photographed based on pupae and male and female adults. In addition, the immatures of D. azteca are described for the first time. The specimens were collected in the southernmost area of the...
Article
A new species of biting midge, Forcipomyia (Euprojoannisia) bibaana, is described and illustrated from an adult male collected in the state Oaxaca, Mexico. The first records of Forcipomyia (E.) mortuifolii Saunders, F. (Lasiohelea) cornuta Saunders and F. (L.) stylifer (Lutz) are provided from Mexico as well as the first record of F. (L.) anitae Hu...
Article
Two new Neotropical species of the predaceous midge genus Austrohelea Wirth & Grogan, A. sirii n. sp. and A. spinosa n. sp., and the previously known A. shannoni (Wirth & Blanton) are described, illustrated and photomicrographs provided of male and female specimens collected from several localities in Argentine and Chilean Patagonia. The similariti...
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Two new species of Dasyhelea Kieffer, Dasyhelea jorgei Diaz, Felippe-Bauer & Spinelli sp. nov. and Dasyhelea mineira Diaz, Felippe-Bauer & Spinelli sp. nov. are described, illustrated and photographed from Peru and Brazil respectively, based on male and female adults. These species are typical members of mutabilis species group and are compared wit...
Article
The pupae of four Neotropical species of Heteromyia Say, H. clavata Williston, H. chaquensis Duret and Lane, H. correntina Duret and Lane and H. orellana (Roback) are described, photographed and illustrated using dissecting and compound microscope Nikon Eclipse E200, and a key is presented for their identification. The adult male genitalia of H. ch...
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The fourth instar larva and pupa of Atrichopogon delpontei Cavalieri and Chiossone are described for the first time. The immatures were collected from stream margins in the northern Brazilian states Rondônia and Piauí, and subsequently reared to adults. Larvae and pupae are illustrated and photomicrographed. Details on the rearing process and feedi...
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We provide descriptions, photographs and illustrations of 13 new species and new records of eight other species of biting midges in the genus Dasyhelea Kieffer from Guadeloupe. Included are the first Guadeloupe records of D. bermudae Wirth & Williams, D. caribbeana Spinelli & Wirth, D. cincta (Coquillett), D. flavifrons (Guérin-Méneville), D. grise...
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Culicoides insignis Lutz is incriminated as a vector of bluetongue virus (BTV) to ruminants in America. In South America, almost all countries have serological evidence of BTV infections, but only four outbreaks of the disease have been reported. Although clinical diseases have never been cited in Argentina, viral activity has been detected in catt...
Article
The predaceous midge genus Brachypogon Kieffer is presently known in Mexico by Brachypogon (Brachypogon) fuscivenosus (Lutz, 1914), B. (B.) bimaculatus Spinelli & Grogan, 1998, B. (B.) woodruffi Spinelli & Grogan, 1998 and B. (Isohelea) cuacuahuitlus Huerta & Borkent, 2005. In this contribution a new species, Brachypogon (Brachypogon) ginue, is des...
Article
The predaceous genus Stilobezzia Kieffer is a large, diverse group of Ceratopogonidae that is worldwide in distribution except for Antarctica and some islands (Borkent 2014). Adult females are important predators on other small insects, and the immature stages are found in a wide variety of aquatic and semiaquatic habitats, including streams, lakes...
Article
The pupae of the predaceous midges, Pachyhelea pachymera (Williston, 1900) and Clastrieromyia dycei Spinelli and Grogan, 1986, are redescribed and illustrated using modern terminology from specimens collected in Buenos Aires and Entre Ríos Provinces, Argentina, and Artigas Department, Uruguay. Both species exhibit elongated, thin anteromedial sensi...
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A new species from Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil, Dasyhelea eloyi Díaz & Ronderos, is described, illustrated and photomicrograph as larva, pupa and male and female adults based on examination with binocular and scanning electron microscopes. This new species, a typical member of the Dasyhelea grisea species group, is compared with the most similar conge...
Article
This revision of the midges in the subgenus Psilokempia Enderlein of Atrichopogon Kieffer provides a brief description of the subgenus, diagnoses, descriptions, illustrations and a key to adult males and females of the 17 species from the Neo-tropical region, as well as distributional records of both new and previously described species. Six new sp...
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We provide the first records of 8 species of biting midges in the genus Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) in a wide latitudinal gradient of the Yungas Ecoregion in Argentina and the Chaco Ecoregion in Bolivia, including a map of their distribution, and an updated checklist of species in the study area. Additional locality records were obtained...
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The first description of the larva and pupa of Alluaudomyia amazonica Spinelli & Wirth and a detailed redescription of the larva and pupa of A. schnacki Spinelli are provided. Studied specimens were collected in the Corrientes and Buenos Aires provinces, Argentina, from habitats associated with aquatic ferns, those of A. amazonica with Salvinia bil...
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A new species of predaceous midge, Austrosphaeromias setosa sp. nov., is described and illustrated from adult males and females collected in the Patagonian-Andean region of Argentina and Chile. Based on examination of the type species of Austrosphaeromias Spinelli, 1997 and recently collected specimens from near the type-locality, the female and pr...
Article
Adult males and pupae of Culicoides guarani Ronderos & Spinelli and Parabezzia brasiliensis Spinelli & Grogan are fully described and illustrated with a modern criterium from material recently collected in the vicinities of the city of Posadas in Misiones province, Argentina. Both species are compared with their most similar congeners. Besides, Bez...
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Four new species of predaceous midges of the genus Parabezzia Malloch are described and illustrated based on female specimens from southeastern Brazil. Two species are recorded for the first time from Brazil, Parabezzia costalis Wirth from Rio de Janeiro State and P. balseiroi Spinelli & Grogan from Rio Grande do Sul State.
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Larva and pupa of the Patagonian species Culicoides lacustris Ronderos are described in detail with phase-contrast microscope at oil immersion and scanning electron microscope. Studied specimens were collected in a wetland, alongside to the Provincial Route 12, between the cities of Esquel and Gualjaina in the Chubut Province. They are compared wit...
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In this revision of the Patagonian predaceous midges of Stilobezzia (Acanthohelea) (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae), the seven previously known species, Stilobezzia bicinctipes Ingram and Macfie, S. hirsuta I. and M, S. ornaticrus I. and M, S. patagonica I. and M, S. rava I. and M, S. succinea I. and M. and S. varia I. and M. are redescribed, illustrated...
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A new species, Dasyhelea pseudopollinosa Diaz & Ronderos sp. nov., is described from Brazil, illustrated and photographed as pupae and male and female adults. The male of D. paulistana Forattini & Rabello, 1957 is described for the first time, and the pupa and female adult are redescribed. Pupae of both species were collected from mats of floating...
Article
The fourth instar larva of Stilobezzia punctulata Lane is described for the first time and the one of Stilobezzia fiebrigi Kieffer is redescribed. They are illustrated and photomicrographed from material collected in different aquatic environments of the province of Corrientes, Argentina. Both species show features typical to carnivorous-predatory...
Article
A new species of the Palpomyia tibialis group, Palpomyia ryszardi, is described from male and female specimens and from their pupal exuviae from material collected in the vicinities of Iquitos in Peruvian Amazonia. The adult is compared with the most similar Neotropical congener, Palpomyia pseudolacustris SPINELLI & DIPPOLITO, and the pupa with the...
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We provide new records of biting and predaceous midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) from Guadeloupe in the subfamily Ceratopogoninae, including descriptions and illustrations of three new predaceous species in the genera, Parabezzia Malloch, Stilobezzia Kieffer and Palpomyia Meigen, respectively, and the first records of the New World predaceous genu...
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Brachypogon biradialis from southern Argentina and Chile and Brachypogon tico from Costa Rica, are described and illustrated from female specimens. They are provisionally placed in the genus Brachypogon although not exactly fitting in any of the already recognized subgenera of this genus.
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The following two new species of Culicoides from the Argentinean Yungas are described, illustrated and placed to subgenus or species group and compared with related congeners: Culicoides calchaqui Spinelli & Veggiani Aybar and Culicoides willinki Spinelli & Veggiani Aybar. Culicoides daedaloides Wirth & Blanton is recorded for the first time for Ar...
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The pupa of Culicoides crucifer Clastrier is described, illustrated and photomicrographed by using binocular microscope and phase-contrast microscopy from material collected in an artificial container in Manaus, Brazil. The pupa shows features typical of pupae occurring in calm and clean waters, and it is compared with its similar congeners of the...
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Bezzia galesa Spinelli, a new Patagonian species, is described in all stages and illustrated by using binocular, phase-contrast and scanning electron microscopy. Immatures were collected associated to submerged filamentous algae in an unnamed pond in western Chubut province, Argentina, and reared to adults in the laboratory. Adults and immatures of...
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Abstract The goal of this survey was to analyze the spatio-temporal distribution patterns of Culicoides Latreille species (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) and their relationship with environmental variables in Salta, northwestern Argentina. Culicoides were collected monthly from January 2003 through December 2005. The influence of the climatic variables...
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A new species, Stilobezzia ( Acanthohelea) longisternalis, collected in the Nothofagus forest of the Nahuel Huapi National Park (Argentina) is described, photographed and illustrated based on the examination of male and female adults. The new species can be easily recognized by the elongate and narrow posteromedian projection of the male sternite 9...
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Examination of the type-series and non-type specimens of the Patagonian biting midge, Forcipomyia (Forcipomyia) multipicta Ingram & Macfie (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae), revealed considerable variation in wing patterns of both sexes. One pattern includes several distinct light spot areas, whereas another pattern (e.g, in the holotype) only features ma...
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A new species from the Neotropical Region, Stilobezzia (Stilobezzia) pseudopunctulata Cazorla & Ronderos, is described and illustrated based on male and female adults and pupal exuviae. Adults were collected in the Argentinian provinces of Chaco, Formosa, Corrientes and Buenos Aires, and in Santa Cruz, Bolivia. The pupa was collected from mats of f...
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Culicoides insignis and C. venezuelensis are documented for the first time from Salta province, C. guttatus from Salta and Tucumán provinces, and C. austroparaensis, C. biestroi, C. fernandoi, and C. foxi from Misiones province. The geographical distributions of C. lahillei, C. brasilianum, C. dureti and C. pseudoheliconiae are extended to Chaco an...
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The first Argentina records of four species of biting and predaceous midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) are provided from the Iberá wetlands in Corrientes Province: Forcipomyia (Euprojoannisia) unica Bystrak and Wirth, Echinohelea blantoni Wirth, Neobezzia fittkaui Wirth and Ratanaworabhan and Paryphoconus grandis Macfie. This is the first record of...
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The pupal exuvia of Mallochohelea termophila (Spinelli) is redescribed, photographed and illustrated mainly based on the type–series. Pupae of the type–series were collected with forceps from a thermal stream and were attached to rocks about 200 m from the spring head. Pupae from Uruguay were collected with a dipper in lotic and lentic environments...
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The Costa Rican species of the subgenus Forcipomyia (Metaforcipomyia) Saunders are revised, primarily based on males. Fourteen new species are described and illustrated, F. (M.) pluvialis Malloch is redescribed, and a key to males and females is provided. One new species of the subgenus Forcipomyia (Saliohelea) Wirth & Ratanaworabhan is described a...
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Borkent (2012) recognized 44 Neotropical species of Culicoides Latreille in the subgenus Hoffmania Fox. Of these, 33 belong to the C. guttatus species group and 11 to the C. hylas species group. One species in the latter group, Culicoides baniwa Felippe-Bauer, was recently described based on a female specimen collected in São Gabriel da Cachoeira,...
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In the revision of the Ceratopogonini of the World, Wirth & Grogan (1988) placed the species of the Monohelea multilineata group in the new genus Downeshelea, which includes 33 species (Borkent, 2011), most of them known from the New World. Borkent and Spinelli (2000, 2007) listed 18 species from the Neotropical Region and Felippe-Bauer and Silva (...
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The pupa of Parabezzia balseiroi Spinelli & Grogan was described and illustrated using binocular microscope, camera lucida and digital photographs. Pupae were captured along a stream margin in the Parque Provincial E. Tornquist Reserve, Sierra de la Ventana, Buenos Aires province, Argentina. Also, additional pupae were observed, measured and photog...
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Bezzia ventanensis Spinelli, a new Neotropical species, is described and illustrated based on pupae and adults. Pupae were collected from muddy water from the edge of a stream margin in Sierra de la Ventana, Buenos Aires province, Argentina. Specimens were carried back to the laboratory and conditioned in vials until adult emergence. This new speci...
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Stilobezzia enigma, a new Neotropical species, is described and illustrated from larvae, pupae and adults. Larvae and pupae were collected from internodes of two bamboo species, Guadua chacoensis (Rojas) and Guadua trinii (Ness) Ness ex Rupr (Bambuseae) in Misiones province, Argentina, and were examined in the laboratory with a scanning electron mi...
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A revision of the Neotropical predaceous midges allied to Stilobezzia (Acanthohelea) edwardsi Ingram & Macfie from Argentinean and Chilean Patagonia is presented. Stilobezzia (Acanthohelea) edwardsi and Stilobezzia (Acanthohelea) furva Ingram & Macfie are redescribed and illustrated, and the distribution of both species is expanded. The male of S....
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Culicoides insignis Lutz and Culicoides paraensis Goeldi are known bluetongue virus and filariasis (caused by Mansonella ozzardi Manson) vectors, respectively. Bluetongue virus appears to be restricted to northeastern Argentina, while filariasis is endemic in the subtropical mountain forest of the Argentine northwest. With the objective of characte...
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The previously unknown pupa and adult male of Neobezzia fittkaui Wirth & Ratanaworabhan (Diptera, Ceratopogonidae). The pupa of Neobezzia fittkaui Wirth & Ratanaworabhan, 1972, collected from a mat of floating fern (Salvinia auriculata Aubl., Salviniaceae) in Ilha da Marchantaria near Manaus, Brazil and the reared adult male are described, photogra...
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Two new species of the predaceous midge genus Amerohelea Grogan and Wirth are described and illustrated from Argentina: Amerohelea paranaensis, Gaddi, Spinelli and Grogan, new species, from the subtropical forest zone of Misiones Province, and Amerohelea xerophila, Gaddi, Spinelli and Grogan, new species, from arid regions in San Luis, Cordoba and...
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Paryphoconus peruvianus, a new species from Peruvian Amazonia is described and illustrated from female and male specimens collected at light in the Department of Cuzco. The species is compared with its similar congener P. anomalicornis Kieffer. Furthermore, P. anomalicornis, P. fusciradialis Spinelli y Wirth and P. oliveirai Lane are firstly record...
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A list of the most common phytotelmata and their Culicidae and Ceratopogonidae inhabitants from Iguazú National Park, Misiones Province, Argentina, is presented, and biological and behavioral observations are also included. Species of Poaceae, Bromeliaceae, Apiaceae, Araceae, Urticaceae, Marantaceae, and Arecaceae, were identified as phytotelmata....
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Six new species of Dasyhelea Kieffer, 1911 from Argentinean and Chilean Patagonia are described and illustrated based on adults. Five of these species do not belong to any of the recognized groups found in the Americas. The remaining one, Dasyhelea pabloi sp. nov. is a typical member of the leptobranchia group and is the first record of a species f...
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Paryphoconus peruvianus, a new species from Peruvian Amazonia is described and illustrated from female and male specimens collected at light in the Department of Cuzco. The species is compared with its similar congener P. anomalicornis Kieffer. Furthermore, P. anomalicornis, P. fusciradialis Spinelli y Wirth and P. oliveirai Lane are firstly record...
Article
Two new species of the subgenus Atrichopogon (Meloehelea) from Patagonia, Atrichopogon (M.) macrodentatum from the Nothofagus forests, and A. (M.) monomorphicus from steppe areas in the ecotone with forests, are described and a key of the Patagonian species of the subgenus is provided.
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Se presenta una lista de las fitotelmata más comunes y los Culicidae y Ceratopogonidae que las habitan, del Parque Nacional Iguazú, Misiones, Argentina; además de observaciones biológicas y de comportamiento. Especies de Poaceae, Bromeliaceae, Apiaceae, Araceae, Urticaceae, Marantaceae, y Arecaceae, fueron identificadas como fitotelmata. Fueron rec...
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The fourth instar larva and pupa of Culicoides debilipalpis Lutz, 1913 are described, illustrated, and photomicrographed from material collected in tree-holes of Salix sp. in Entre Rios Province, Argentina by using binocular, phase-contrast, and scanning electron microscopy. Measurements of instars I-IV are also presented. The larva shows features...
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A new species of Culicoides of the subgenus Diphaomyia Vargas from high altitudes of the Andes in Colombia is described and photographied. The species is compared with its similar congener Culicoides marinkellei Wirth & Lee. Data on the collecting site and notes on the species daily activity are also provided.
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The subgenus Stilobezzia (Acanthohelea) Kieffer is newly recorded from several provinces of northern Argentina and Paraguay, and the following four new species are described, and illustrated: S. (A.) guarani, S. (A.) monopicta, S. (A.) paranaense and S. (A.) xerophila. These species are compared with similar congeners.