Gustav Dobos's research while affiliated with University of Duisburg-Essen and other places

Publications (276)

Article
Background: Acupuncture is frequently used to treat the side effects of cancer treatment, but the safety of this intervention remains uncertain. The current meta-analysis was conducted to assess the safety of acupuncture in oncological patients. Methods: The PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Scopus databases were search...
Article
Zusammenfassung Hintergrund Pflanzliche Arzneimittel finden in Deutschland traditionell sehr häufig Anwendung. Ihre Nutzung beruht auf einem jahrhundertelangen Erfahrungsschatz. Historische Quellen werden jedoch bei der wissenschaftlichen Untersuchung pflanzlicher Arzneimittel häufig außer Acht gelassen. Das Ziel der vorliegenden narrativen Übersic...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The present study presents long-term results of stress-related outcomes of a prospective RCT that evaluated effects of a ten-week comprehensive lifestyle-modification program (LSM) in patients with inactive ulcerative colitis (UC). In addition, exploratory results of a sub-study applying a laboratory stress protocol (Trier Social Stress...
Article
Full-text available
This meta-analysis systematically reviewed the evidence on standardized acceptance-/mindfulness-based interventions in DSM-5 anxiety disorders. Randomized controlled trials examining Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT), and Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) were searched via PubMed, Central, P...
Article
Full-text available
Among women, breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer worldwide. Sleep problems impair 40–70% of breast cancer survivors. This randomized controlled trial evaluates the effect of auricular acupuncture on sleep quality in breast cancer survivors suffering from insomnia. Fifty-two female breast cancer survivors with insomnia (mean age 55.7...
Article
Background Prior research presented inconsistent results with less, equal or higher vaccination rates among patients using complementary medicine. Given that complementary medicine includes a wide range of therapies, variable vaccination patterns may occur within consultations with different professions. This analysis aims to to evaluate difference...
Article
Full-text available
Yoga is frequently used for back pain relief. However, evidence was judged to be of only low- or moderate. To assess the efficacy and safety of yoga in patients with low back pain a meta-analysis was performed. Therefore Medline/PubMed, Scopus, and the Cochrane Library was searched to May 26 2020. Only randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing...
Article
Full-text available
Background Cancer registries usually assess data of conventional treatments and/or patient survival. Beyond that, little is known about the influence of other predictors of treatment response related to the use of complementary therapies (CM) and lifestyle factors affecting patients’ quality and quantity of life. Methods INTREST is a prospective c...
Article
Introduction The reduction of obesity is an important challenge for health policy. Although dietary interventions are widely available, patient adherence is usually low. A promising alternative is yoga. We hypothesized that weight reduction through yoga is mediated by aspects related to eating habits as well as physical aspects. Methods This is an...
Article
ZUSAMMENFASSUNG Onkologisch tätige Ärzte und Ärztinnen vermeiden es häufig, mit ihren Patienten das Thema komplementäre Therapien anzuschneiden, da sie sich selbst nicht ausreichend informiert fühlen. Das kann sich ungünstig auf die langfristige Interaktion zwischen Arzt und onkologisch Erkranktem auswirken, der – so besagen es die Zahlen – höchstw...
Article
Full-text available
Periods of fasting and refeeding may reduce cardiometabolic risk elevated by Western diet. Here we show in the substudy of NCT02099968, investigating the clinical parameters, the immunome and gut microbiome exploratory endpoints, that in hypertensive metabolic syndrome patients, a 5-day fast followed by a modified Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertens...
Article
Full-text available
Background Patients frequently use treatments complementary to standard primary care. This prospective cohort-study examined the use, benefits, and safety of Craniosacral Therapy (CST). Methods Consecutive out-patients utilizing CST from 2015 to 2019 were asked to provide anonymized data on symptom intensity, functional disability, and quality of...
Article
Background Breast cancer is one of the leading cancers in women in the Western world. Cancer treatment, especially chemotherapy, is often associated with physical and psychosocial side effects. Objective To improve the quality of life and manage side effects, a new integrative mind-body-medicine group concept for breast cancer patients receiving c...
Article
Zusammenfassung Hintergrund: Der Einsatz von Phytotherapeutika hat in den letzten Jahren auch in der Behandlung psychiatrischer Erkrankungen erheblich an Bedeutung gewonnen. Methodik: Dieser narrative Überblick fasst die bisherige Evidenzlage zu Wirkungen und Nebenwirkungen pflanzlicher Arzneimittel bei der Behandlung von depressiven Störungen, Ang...
Article
Background Diagnosis, treatment and survival of cancer are associated with a complex set of stress factors. To promote emotional and physical well-being and also reduce psychological stress, mind–body therapies are often used in integrative cancer treatment.ObjectivesA survey of the state of evidence and fields of application of mind–body medicine...
Article
Background Therapies from traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) are increasingly being integrated into western treatment concepts within the framework of integrative oncology. The focus is on reducing side effects caused by oncological treatment, improving the quality of life and promoting a healthy lifestyle. The aim is not to achieve a cure but to s...
Article
Full-text available
Patients with ulcerative colitis suffer from impaired health-related quality of life (HrQoL). Comprehensive lifestyle-modification might increase HrQoL and decrease disease activity. Ninety-seven patients in clinical remission with impaired HrQoL were randomly assigned to a 10 week comprehensive lifestyle-modification program (LSM; n = 47; 50.28 ±...
Article
Full-text available
Background: To investigate the diagnostic performance of simultaneous 18F-fluoro-deoxyglucose ([18F]-FDG) PET/MR enterography in assessing and grading endoscopically active inflammation in patients with ulcerative colitis. Methods: 50 patients underwent PET/MR 24 h before ileocolonoscopy. Inflammatory activities of bowel segments were evaluated wit...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Chronic non-specific low back pain is a major public health problem. Evidence supports the effectiveness of exercise as an intervention. Due to a paucity of direct comparisons of different exercise categories, medical guidelines were unable to make specific recommendations regarding the type of exercise working best in improving chroni...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Cancer screenings can considerably reduce cancer mortality. There is limited information on the association between complementary medicine use and adherence to recommended cancer screenings. In this study, the potential associations between uptake of cancer screening and consultations with complementary medicine practitioners or mind-bo...
Article
Full-text available
Background and Aims Histological remission has arisen as the optimal treatment outcome in ulcerative colitis (UC). The aim of this retrospective study was to explore the diagnostic performance of the noninvasive fecal biomarkers calprotectin (FC) and lactoferrin (FL) compared to the histological indices Nancy Index (NI) and Riley Index (RI). Metho...
Conference Paper
12066 Background: Among females, breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer worldwide. Sleep problems impair 40 to 70 % of breast cancer survivors. The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to evaluate the effect of ear acupuncture on sleep quality in breast cancer survivors. Methods: Fifty-two female breast cancer survivors (mean ag...
Article
Full-text available
Background Cardiovascular diseases ( CVDs ) and their risk factors need guideline‐oriented treatment to provide the best benefit for patients. These guidelines include recommendations for regular checkups, realized by general medical practitioners. In addition, individuals with CVD or CVD risk factors tend to use complementary methods for their con...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Worldwide breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in women and often associated with a profound physiological stress reaction. Mind-body medicine modalities have been proven effective in reducing stress symptoms. This article will cover the prevalence of MBM use in women with and without breast cancer in the US population and de...
Preprint
Full-text available
Periods of fasting and refeeding may reduce cardiometabolic risk elevated by Western diet. We show that in hypertensive metabolic syndrome (MetS) patients (n=35), a 5-day fast followed by a modified DASH diet (Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension) reduced systolic blood pressure (SBP), antihypertensive medication need, and body-mass index (BMI) at...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: To systematically assess the evidence of Craniosacral Therapy (CST) for the treatment of chronic pain. Methods: PubMed, Central, Scopus, PsycInfo and Cinahl were searched up to August 2018. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effects of CST in chronic pain patients were eligible. Standardized mean differences (SMD) and...
Article
Objective: Yoga positively affects health-related quality of life and disease activity in ulcerative colitis. The underlying modes of action remain unclear. Within the present study we hypothesized that patients´ perceived stress mediates the effects of yoga on health-related quality of life and disease activity. Methods: This is a secondary ana...
Article
Full-text available
The efficacy of Pelargonium sidoides preparation EPs 7630 in the common cold (CC) was assessed by performing meta-analyses of randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials. Mean differences (MD) and risk ratios (RR) with their 95% confidence intervals (CI) were computed. Five trials with a total of 833 patients were included. All trials had a...
Article
Background: Sleep problems affect physical and emotional well-being as well as immune system function. Evidence has demonstrated an improvement in sleep problems in patients with cancer through the use of mind-body medicine (MBM). In the current study, the authors sought to elucidate the prevalence of sleep problems and the use of MBM in adult can...
Article
Background: Yoga practice is becoming increasingly popular around the world, yet little is known regarding why people adopt the practice of yoga or how their reasons for practice change with continued practice. Furthermore, whether those who practice different types of yoga have different motives remains unknown. Methods: To address these issues,...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Migraine and tension-type headache often occur comorbid with temporomandibular disorder; occlusal splint therapy is the most common treatment for temporomandibular disorder. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of occlusal splint therapy on headache symptoms in patients with migraine and/or tension-type headache comorbid wit...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives As clinical practice guidelines vary widely in their search strategies and recommendations of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) for depression, this overview aimed at systematically summarising the level 1 evidence on CAM for patients with a clinical diagnosis of depression. Methods PubMed, PsycInfo and Central were searched...
Article
Full-text available
Background: While yoga is increasingly used for health purposes, its safety has been questioned. The aim of this cross-sectional survey was to analyze yoga-associated adverse effects and their correlates. Methods: A cross-sectional anonymous national online survey among German yoga practitioners (n = 1702; 88.9% female; 47.2 ± 10.8 years) was co...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Distortion of taste sensations is a common chemotherapy-induced side effect; however, treatment evidence is limited. Pilot data indicated that acupuncture might be able to improve symptoms of dysgeusia. Thus, the aim of this study is to investigate the effects and side effects of hypoglossal acupuncture in the treatment of dysgeusia in...
Article
Background: Being a major health risk and very prevalent in the population, sleep problems are an important health care issue. Methods: We used the 2017 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) to study the prevalence of sleep problems and the use of mind body medicine (MBM) among individuals with sleep problems in a representative sample of the...
Article
Background and purpose: This prospective observational study aimed to investigate the effects of an interdisciplinary multimodal integrated care program in patients with chronic migraine and/or tension-type headache. Materials and methods: Patients (n = 158) underwent inpatient, outpatient and/or semi-stationary treatment including conventional...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Yoga seems to exert its effect against arterial hypertension mainly through the associated breathing and meditation techniques, and less so through yoga postures. The goal of this trial was to compare the blood pressure-lowering effect of yoga interventions with and without yoga postures in patients with arterial hypertension. Methods...
Article
Zusammenfassung Komplementäre Therapien in der Pädiatrie können eine sinnvolle Ergänzung zur konventionellen Medizin darstellen. Aufgrund der hohen Nutzung und Nachfrage pflanzlicher Arzneimittel unter Kindern und Jugendlichen ist die Implementierung von Phytotherapie in den klinischen Alltag einer Akutklinik für Kinder- und Jugendmedizin ein sinnv...
Article
Full-text available
Background Neural Therapy (NT) is a common complementary treatment approach using injections with short-acting local anesthetics to treat pain and chronic diseases. However, little is known about the underlying mechanisms and the domains of treatment response. This study therefore analyzed patient experiences following NT injections with procaine....
Article
In terms of integrative oncology, complementary medicine is used additionally to conventional mainstream medicine, while alternative medicine is used instead of established medical treatment. The alternative treatment of breast cancer leads to an increased mortality risk and should not be recommended. Sound information about complementary medicine...
Article
Objective: To test the efficacy of Gua Sha therapy in patients with chronic low back pain. Methods: 50 patients with chronic low back pain (78% female, 49.7 ± 10.0 years) were randomized to two Gua Sha treatments (n = 25) or waitlist control (n = 25). Primary outcome was current pain intensity (100-mm visual analog scale); secondary outcome measure...
Article
Background: While yoga can improve health-related variables and health behavior, different yoga styles and practice components appear to be associated with specific health outcomes. The aim of this study was to explore the connection between yoga use, health, and health behaviors across different yoga styles. Methods: A cross-sectional anonymous on...
Article
Full-text available
Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) has not been systematically institutionalized in pediatric hospital care in Germany so far. For the responsible implementation and systematic evaluation of CAM in pediatric care, a model project was initialized in three different pediatric hospitals in Germany, one of them being the "Kinderkrankenhaus St...
Article
Background Integrative medicine has gained increasing attention from patients, healthcare professionals, and the scientific community. Evidence-based literature is constantly increasing. Therefore, obstetric and gynecologic patients expect proficient integrative medicine counseling and treatment. Objective This study investigated which practice-or...
Article
Background: In the United States there is an increasing use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) as well as integrative medicine (IM) in pediatrics. This study investigates the extent of knowledge and practical application of and attitudes towards the use and integration of CAM/IM therapies in two German pediatric clinics. Methods: A sem...
Article
Full-text available
Mind-Body-Medizin ist ein Teil der Komplementärmedizin. Im Gegensatz zur Konzentration auf die Erkrankung in der Schulmedizin liegt bei der Mind-Body-Medizin der Fokus darauf, Gesundheit zu entwickeln und zu erhalten. Eingesetzte Verfahren sind unter anderem Yoga, progressive Muskelrelaxation und Meditation.
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of integrated whole-body positron emission tomography (PET)/magnetic resonance (MR) enterography in patients with Crohn's disease (CD). Methods: Fifty patients with known CD and recurrent symptoms underwent ileocolonoscopy (reference standard) as well as PET/MR enterography. Seven ileocolonic segme...
Article
Background Mindfulness-based stress reduction/cognitive therapy are frequently used for pain-related conditions, but their effects on headache remain uncertain. This review aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of mindfulness-based stress reduction/cognitive therapy in reducing the symptoms of chronic headache. Data sources and study selection...
Article
Aim: The aim of this cross-sectional analysis was to identify sociodemographic, and health related predictors for fasting use among patients of a large integrative internal medicine ward. Methods: A cross-sectional analysis was conducted among patients being referred to a hospital for internal and integrative medicine. Patients' ever-use of fasting...