Guido Maria Cavallera's research while affiliated with Università degli Studi G. d'Annunzio Chieti e Pescara and other places

Publications (9)

Article
Background This study aimed to validate the Italian version of the Morningness-Eveningness questionnaire for adolescents by Lancry and Arbault. Material/Methods The Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire by Lancry and Arbault was translated from French into Italian by using forward-backward translation. Students aged 11–15 years old were enrolled f...
Article
Background Yoga is a psychophysical, spiritual science of holistic living, aiming towards body and mind development; it can influence well-being, cognitive processes, personality (Gunas), psychophysiological parameters, and human health. Since it has been observed that Morningness-Eveningness disposition is associated with personality, and that per...
Article
Full-text available
We used the Big Five Questionnaire (BFQ; Caprara, Barbaranelli, & Borgogni, 1993) with swimmers engaged in indoor practice at the leisure level (50 male, 50 female) to measure whether personality traits are associated with swimming. We also examined the concept that scores on some personality traits can have a reciprocal closely intermingled influe...
Article
Full-text available
In 1948 the famous French neurologist Théophile Alajouanine published the article “Aphasia and artistic realization”, a landmark in the field of research about aphasia, which discussed the case of the composer Maurice Ravel (1875–1937). Since then, many researchers have explored the final illness of the composer. In 2003 Medical Science Monitor pub...
Article
Morningness-eveningness personality and creative thinking were investigated in a sample of young people who play recreational sports. Results showed that male participants were more eveningness-oriented than females; evening types had lower scores in creative thinking, although these were not statistically significant; the elaboration factor of the...
Article
An important area of study has examined cognitive aspects of morningness-eveningness orientation. Optimal times of efficiency in participants classified as Morning and Evening types are of great importance for understanding their cognitive abilities. The present review covers the last two decades (1990-2009), during which the important review by Ta...
Article
The article investigates central aspects of Morningness–Eveningness personality, focusing on recent literature in this field from 1995. A review was written by Kerkhof (1985) about interindividual differences in the human circadian system, where the author reviewed previous studies which had dealt with some aspects of Morningness–Eveningness person...
Article
The goal of this study was to investigate associations of morning and evening personality types with personality dimensions in a convenient sample of 60 men and 60 women, ages 18 to 29 years. A short form of the Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire and a personality questionnaire Come mi vedo (How I see myself), based on the 5-factor model of pers...
Article
This exploratory study investigates the relationship between morning and evening types and creative thinking as defined by Guilford’s factorial hypothesis. The research was carried out on a sample of 120 subjects, 52 males and 68 females aged between 19 and 76. The data show that evening-disposition is correlated with the ability to apply divergent...

Citations

... Circadian dissonance was assessed with the sleep chronotype questionnaire at baseline [18,19]. Two items of the scales were used to identify the circadian dissonance: 1) "what time do you usually go to bed in the past one month?" ...
... Este hallazgo, difiere de lo expresado en la literatura (e.g. De Miguel Negredo, 2005;Schmitt et al., 2008;Schmitt et al., 2017;Weisberg et al., 2011), siendo que, en general, suelen encontrarse diferencias entre hombres y mujeres para el resto de los rasgos del MCF, tanto en población general (Barra Almagiá et al., 2019;Costa et al., 2001;Sánchez y Ledesma, 2013;Schmitt et al., 2017), como en deportistas (Cavallera et al., 2013;González Hernández et al., 2014). Es probable es que estas discrepancias puedan deberse a las características de los atletas en sí mismas, es decir, a que las características de personalidad de quienes practican deportes se asemejen entre sí, minimizando las diferencias que comúnmente se atribuyen al sexo en la población general, lo cual ha sido sugerido por otros autores (Carazo Vargas y Araya Vargas, 2010;Garcés de Los Fayos Ruiz et al., 2002). ...
... Sublimation is a mature defense style associated with the Big Five personality traits of openness, emotional stability, and extraversion [53]. High levels of openness [8,54] and emotional stability [54] are associated with morningness. Although no relationship between extraversion and morningness has been described [33,35], several studies have found significant associations between lower levels of extraversion and morningness [55,56]. ...
... The potential of game playing to facilitate creativity has recently begun to receive attention from creativity researchers. Prior research has examined the positive effect of motor skill games, role playing games, and videogames on creativity (Squire, 2006;Williams et al., 2006;Hamlen, 2009;Hutton and Sundar, 2010;Cavallera et al., 2011;Jackson et al., 2011;Lupu, 2012;Chung, 2013;Balance-Herrera et al., 2019). Cognitive stimulation and physiological arousal have accounted for the positive link between game playing and creativity. ...
... .." 3 The Bolero was composed before the onset of any symptoms. 12 Maurice Ravel was small in stature with a large head, the same as Manuel de Falla, and he suffered from a medical condition which was deteriorating his health progressively (aphasia, apraxia, agraphia, amusia, slowing of memory, and mental processes). Other physicians sustained Maurice Ravel was affected not by a pure amusia, but by a perceptive amusia. ...
... This individual characteristic reflects differences between people regarding the time of day they prefer to sleep and undertake activities. Chronotype, also termed morningness-eveningness, is usually defined as a continuum between extreme morningness and extreme eveningness, with three chronotypes distinguished: the morning ('larks', M-type), the evening ('owls', E-type), and the neither type (N-type) in between them 5 . The M-type individuals, in contrast to the E-types, wake up and perform mentally and physically (including athletic performance) at their best in the earlier (morning) hours and they find it difficult to stay awake in the late-night hours 6,7 . ...
... Daily preference as part of the sleep-wake cycle shows considerable individual differences within the continuum between extreme morning and extreme evening preference (Natale & Cicogna, 2002). Distinguishing between three categories (aka chronotypes) -morning, neither or intermediate, and evening -, is also widespread in the literature (Adan, 1994;Gaspar-Barba et al., 2009;Giampietro & Cavallera, 2007;Ong et al., 2007). Chronotype is primarily determined by internal (including genetic) factors (Archer et al., 2003); however, it is also influenced by environmental zeitgebers (e.g. ...
... Por lo tanto, existe un efecto de sincronía entre el momento del día para realizar actividades intelectuales y el cronotipo, es decir, una asociación positiva entre la orientación circadiana y el momento del día en el que se alcanzan los máximos valores de desempeño. Numerosos trabajos de laboratorio con jóvenes encuentran sincronía en distintas pruebas escolares y cognitivas (Cavallera, Boari, Giudici y Ortolano, 2011;Itzek-Greulich, Randler y Vollmer, 2016;Van der Vinne et al.,2015). Si la asociación entre el rendimiento académico y los cronotipos se debe a diferencias en su personalidad o en los estilos cognitivos asociados a cada cronotipo, los diferentes rendimientos deberían observarse en todos los momentos del día. ...
... Personality may theoretically influence the nature of one's diurnal preference. Indeed, various personality traits are differentially associated with a greater preference for the morning or evening [4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17]. However, the literature remains sparse, often yielding mixed outcomes, perhaps due to methodological differences concerning the sample populations and scales used. ...