Gregory Bateson's scientific contributions

Citations

... General systems theory originated by that name largely in the middle of the twentieth century (even though the ideas are at least four millennia old and appear in Vedic scriptures; Macy, 1991). Informing and developing this paradigm of general systems theory was a remarkable confluence of similar and compatible ideas from multiple disciplines including, but not limited to (in alpha-order), biology (von Bertalanffy, 1967(von Bertalanffy, , 1968(von Bertalanffy, /1928, communication (Bateson, 1972(Bateson, , 1979, economics (Boulding, 1956), mathematics (Wiener, 1954(Wiener, /1950(Wiener, , 1961(Wiener, /1948, and philosophy (Lâszló, 1972a, b;Whitehead, 1978). Ludwig von Bertalanffy (1901-1972, a biologist and a founder of general systems theory, describes equifinality as follows: ...