Gregory Baldi's research while affiliated with Western Illinois University and other places

Publications (15)

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The Scottish National Party (SNP) has emerged as one of the most successful national-regional parties in Europe. Yet the SNP was a fringe group for most of its history, with limited organization and electoral viability. What explains its ascent? Drawing on archival research and interviews with former party officials, this article argues that key de...
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This chapter completes the British case study by tracing the institutional effects of the discursive shift discussed in the previous chapter. It first examines how by the mid-1960s the central government, which included individual members of the Labour Party who served as mobile carriers of the new discourse’s ideas, would set into motion a process...
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This chapter examines the West German system during the 1950s and early 1960s and considers how support for the differentiated school system continued during this period in the FRG just as similar arrangements were being called into question in Britain and other Western European countries. It argues that this continuity was rooted in a “freezing” o...
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This chapter begins with a brief historical sketch of Britain’s pre-World War II general education system before it turns to the origins and implementation of the tripartite system established by the Education Act 1944. It argues that the design of the system was shaped by a dominant interwar discourse of fixed ability associated with a set of prom...
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This chapter analyzes the causes and impact of a shift in the dominant education policy discourse that occurred in Britain in the 1950s. It documents how a new generation of academics primarily in the field of educational sociology challenged the scientific basis of the educational psychologists’ prewar assumptions regarding the fixed nature of abi...
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This chapter provides an overview of policy developments in German and British general education in recent years. For Britain, it considers the politics associated with the rise of alternative mechanisms of differentiation, such as school choice and the introduction of new school types, as well as the ongoing debates over the place of grammar schoo...
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This chapter first provides a brief historical overview of the “traditional” German system from its creation in the early nineteenth century to its near dismantling during the Nazi era. It then examines how a discourse coalition led by government advisory groups, conservative politicians, and secondary school professionals that shared many of the B...
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This chapter outlines how a challenge to the German fixed-ability discourse in education would eventually come to the FRG. Driven by new thinking about the relationship between education and economics and research conducted largely by a younger generation of social scientists, this counter discourse would by the mid-1960s help elevate education pol...
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This concluding chapter provides a brief overview of the primary empirical findings in the historical case studies and considers them in addressing two general questions related to welfare states and institutions raised in the book’s opening chapters. The first asks to what extent leading conceptions of welfare state development and variation apply...
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This chapter provides an overview of the variation in the dependent variable of the study, the organization of the contemporary British and German general education systems. It also includes an organizational sketch of the selective British tripartite system that was established after the Second World War but was reformed in most of the country in...
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This chapter begins with an overview of three primary categories of explanation offered in comparative research on education for the formation and development of European education systems: macro-sociological, comparative welfare state, and partisan ideology. It then outlines the book’s explanatory framework for the British and German cases, which...
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Full-text available
How do the states in Western Europe turn outsiders into insiders? This article examines that question by introducing a new qualitative framework that we term national membership conditionality structures (MCS). This framework includes not only status acquisition rules, such as those governing naturalisation and settlement, but also, crucially, civi...
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This article seeks to explain why Britain reformed its early post-war policy of placing students in separate secondary schools on the basis of perceived ability while Germany has retained the practice. While recent accounts of skill formation have stressed the role of producer groups in shaping the development of education and training systems in a...
Article
Deindustrialization is regularly invoked in studies of advanced capitalism, yet a consideration of both its historical causes and its differential impacts on political outcomes in countries over time remains elusive. Adopting a historical institutional approach, this paper seeks to link the origins and effects of deindustrialization in Britain and...

Citations

... On the other hand, 'in the recent era of transnational population movements, national governments have harnessed both new and existing instruments to (re)assert state authority over the regulation of membership' [68] (p. 1153). ...
... So wurde das Konzept der organisationalen Pfadabhängigkeit, auf dem diese Arbeit beruht, rund nach 10 Jahren von seinen Gründervätern positiv ‚evaluiert' und der Ursprungsartikel mit dem Academy of Management Review's Decade Award in 2019 ausgezeichnet. (Baldi 2012). Erst mit der 9 ...