Glòria Garrabou's research while affiliated with Instituto de Salud Carlos III and other places

Publications (139)

Article
Objectives To analyze the clinico-serological and histological phenotype of patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) with associated myopathy. Methods From November 2002 to September 2020, 52 patients with SSc underwent a muscle biopsy for suspected myopathy. We established two subgroups according to the histological findings based on the presence o...
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The objective of this study is to describe the alterations occurring during the neurodegenerative process in skin fibroblast cultures from C9orf72 patients. We characterized the oxidative stress, autophagy flux, small ubiquitin-related protein SUMO2/3 levels as well as the mitochondrial function in skin fibroblast cultures from C9orf72 patients. Al...
Article
Many patients experiencing a rare disease remain undiagnosed even after genomic testing. Reanalysis of existing genomic data has shown to increase diagnostic yield, although there are few systematic and comprehensive reanalysis efforts that enable collaborative interpretation and future reinterpretation. The Undiagnosed Rare Disease Program of Cata...
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Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) affects 5-10% of newborns and increases the risks of intrauterine demise, neonatal morbidity, and death. In their recent publication, Yeste et al. found the benefits of hydroxytyrosol supplementation on brain remodeling from an IUGR pig model. Additionally, we found a significant decrease in phenolic alcohol (...
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The quantification of mitochondrial respiratory chain (MRC) enzymatic activities is essential for diagnosis of a wide range of mitochondrial diseases, ranging from inherited defects to secondary dysfunctions. MRC lesion is frequently linked to extended cell damage through the generation of proton leak or oxidative stress, threatening organ viabilit...
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Neurodegenerative diseases, such as Parkinson’s disease, are heterogeneous disorders with a multifactorial nature involving impaired bioenergetics. Stem-regenerative medicine and bioenergetics have been proposed as promising therapeutic targets in the neurologic field. The rationale of the present study was to assess the potential of human-derived...
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Background: Ganciclovir/valganciclovir is currently indicated during the first 6 months of life in symptomatic children with congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. However, this treatment may have the potential to induce mitochondrial toxicity due to off-target inhibition of DNA-polymerases. Similar anti-HIV drugs have been associated with mi...
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Background Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) encodes 37 genes necessary for synthesizing 13 essential subunits of the oxidative phosphorylation system. mtDNA alterations are known to cause mitochondrial disease (MitD), a clinically heterogeneous group of disorders that often present with neuropsychiatric symptoms. Understanding the nature and frequency of...
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CIBER (Center for Biomedical Network Research; Centro de Investigación Biomédica En Red) is a public national consortium created in 2006 under the umbrella of the Spanish National Institute of Health Carlos III (ISCIII). This innovative research structure comprises 11 different specific areas dedicated to the main public health priorities in the Na...
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Accelerated ageing is implicated in the pathogenesis of respiratory diseases as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but recent evidence indicates that the COPD can have roots early in life. Here we hypothesise that the accelerated ageing markers might have a role in the pathobiology of young COPD. The objective of this study was to compar...
Article
Background Mitochondrial diseases (MD) are genetic metabolic disorders that impair normal mitochondrial structure or function. The aim of this study was to investigate the status of circulating cell-free mitochondrial DNA (ccfmtDNA) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), together with other biomarkers (growth differentiation factor-15 [GDF-15], alanine, and...
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Pathogenic variants in the mitochondrial tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase gene (YARS2) were associated with myopathy, lactic acidosis, and sideroblastic anemia (MLASA). However, patients can present mitochondrial myopathy, with exercise intolerance and muscle weakness, leading from mild to lethal phenotypes. Genes implicated in mtDNA replication were studie...
Preprint
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Background: Neurodegenerative diseases, such as Parkinson’s disease, are heterogeneous disorders with multifactorial nature involving impaired bioenergetics; that are on the rise with the increasing global population and average lifespan. Without definite therapeutic options, both stem regenerative medicine and bioenergetics have been proposed as p...
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The intervention with the Mediterranean diet (MD) pattern has evidenced short-term anti-inflammatory effects, but little is known about its long-term anti-inflammatory properties at molecular level. This study aims to investigate the 3-year effect of MD interventions compared to low-fat diet (LFD) on changes on inflammatory biomarkers related to at...
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Meteorin-like/Meteorin-β (Metrnl/Metrnβ) is a secreted protein produced by skeletal muscle and adipose tissue that exerts metabolic actions that improve glucose metabolism. The role of Metrnβ in cardiac disease is completely unknown. Here, we show that Metrnβ-null mice exhibit asymmetrical cardiac hypertrophy, fibrosis, and enhanced signs of cardia...
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Alcoholic cardiomyopathy (ACM) resulting from chronic alcohol misuse is one of the main contributors leading to heart failure and cardiovascular mortality. Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) is a well‐established cardioprotective factor. We aimed to study the role of FGF21 in experimentally induced models and clinical affected patients with cardia...
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Idiopathic Parkinson’s disease (iPD) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are chronic, multisystemic, and degenerative diseases associated with aging, with eventual epidemiological co-morbidity and overlap in molecular basis. This study aims to explore if metabolic and mitochondrial alterations underlie the previously reported epidemiologic and clin...
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Neuromuscular diseases (NMDs) are a heterogeneous group of acquired or inherited rare disorders caused by injury or dysfunction of the anterior horn cells of the spinal cord (lower motor neurons), peripheral nerves, neuromuscular junctions, or skeletal muscles leading to muscle weakness and waste. Unfortunately, most of them entail serious or even...
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According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the global nutrition report shows that whilst part of the world's population starves, the other part suffers from obesity and associated complications. A balanced diet counterparts these extreme conditions with the proper proportion, composition, quantity, and presence of macronutrients, micronutrie...
Preprint
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Background. Idiopathic Parkinson’s disease (iPD) and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) are chronic, degenerative, multisystemic and age-related diseases, with eventual epidemiological co-morbidity and potential overlap in molecular basis. This study aims to explore if metabolic and mitochondrial alterations underlie the suggested epidemiologic and cl...
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Background: Mitochondrial genome has been used across multiple fields in research, diagnosis, and toxicogenomics. Several compounds damage mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), including biological and therapeutic agents like the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) but also its antiretroviral treatment, leading to adverse clinical manifestations. HIV-infected...
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Sporadic inclusion body myositis (sIBM) is an inflammatory myopathy associated, among others, with mitochondrial dysfunction. Similar molecular features are found in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM), underlying potential comorbidity. This study aims to evaluate common clinical and molecular hallmarks among sIBM, AD, and...
Article
Objective Anoctamin 5 (ANO5) is a putative intracellular calcium-activated chloride channel. Recessive mutations in ANO5 may present from asymptomatic hyperCKemia and exercise-induced myalgia to proximal and/or distal muscle weakness. Here we describe the clinical, pathological, and molecular findings of three unrelated patients with ANO5-related m...
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The term neuromuscular disorder (NMD) includes many genetic and acquired diseases and differential diagnosis can be challenging. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) is especially useful in this setting given the large number of possible candidate genes, the clinical, pathological, and genetic heterogeneity, the absence of an established genotype-pheno...
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Recessive HACE1 mutations are associated with a severe neurodevelopmental disorder (OMIM: 616756). However, the physiopathologycal bases of the disease are yet to be completely clarified. Whole-exome sequencing identified homozygous HACE1 mutations (c.240C>A, p.Cys80Ter) in a patient with brain atrophy, psychomotor retardation and 3-methylglutaconi...
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Glucocerebrosidase (GBA) mutations are the most important genetic risk factor for the development of Parkinson disease (PD). GBA encodes the lysosomal enzyme glucocerebrosidase (GCase). Loss-of-GCase activity in cellular models has implicated lysosomal and mitochondrial dysfunction in PD disease pathogenesis, although the exact mechanisms remain un...
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Parkinson’s disease (PD) is the second most prevalent neurodegenerative disorder worldwide affecting 2–3% of the population over 65 years. This prevalence is expected to rise as life expectancy increases and diagnostic and therapeutic protocols improve. PD encompasses a multitude of clinical, genetic, and molecular forms of the disease. Even though...
Preprint
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Mitochondrial respiratory states and rates MitoEAGLE Task Group
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PRKN encodes an E3-ubiquitin-ligase involved in multiple cell processes including mitochondrial homeostasis and autophagy. Previous studies reported alterations of mitochondrial function in fibroblasts from patients with PRKN mutation-associated Parkinson's disease (PRKN-PD) but have been only conducted in glycolytic conditions, potentially masking...
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Context: Classical antiretroviral agents may acutely impact on metabolic, mitochondrial, renal and hepatic function in HIV-infected and uninfected persons. Fusion and integrase inhibitors are supposed to be safer, but have been scarcely investigated. To avoid any interference with HIV or other antiretrovirals, we assessed markers of these toxiciti...
Article
3‐Methylglutaconic aciduria (3‐MGA‐uria) syndromes comprise a heterogeneous group of diseases associated with mitochondrial membrane defects. Whole‐exome sequencing identified compound heterozygous mutations in TIMM50 (c.[341G>A];[805G>A]) in a boy with West syndrome, optic atrophy, neutropenia, cardiomyopathy, Leigh syndrome, and persistent 3‐MGA‐...
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Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is an obstetric complication characterised by placental insufficiency and secondary cardiovascular remodelling that can lead to cardiomyopathy in adulthood. Despite its aetiology and potential therapeutics are poorly understood, bioenergetic deficits have been demonstrated in adverse foetal and cardiac develop...
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Background Mitochondrial toxicity related to maternal combined antiretroviral treatment (cART) may have an impact on the heart of HIV-exposed uninfected (HEU) fetuses. Our objective was to evaluate fetal cardiovascular and mitochondrial biomarkers in HIV pregnancies. Methods Prospective cohort including 47 HIV-infected and 47 non HIV-infected preg...
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Fibroblast growth factor‐21 (FGF21) is an endocrine factor that contributes to multiple pathophysiological processes, mainly via its action as a metabolic regulator and cardioprotective agent. Recent studies have shown increased circulating FGF21 levels in hypertensive patients and in mouse models of hypertension. However, the relevance of FGF21 in...
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Background and purpose: Mitochondria possess their own source of cAMP, i.e., soluble adenylyl cyclase (sAC). Activation or expression of the mitochondrial sAC promotes mitochondrial function. Estrogen receptor signaling plays an essential role in the regulation of mitochondrial function. We aimed to determine whether 17β-estradiol may affect mitoc...
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Background: Mutations in leucine rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) are the most common cause of familial Parkinson's disease (PD). Mitochondrial and autophagic dysfunction has been described as etiologic factors in different experimental models of PD. We aimed to study the role of mitochondria and autophagy in LRRK2 G2019S -mutation, and its relationsh...
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In the context of pregnancy, mitochondrial toxicity may be manifested and exclusively restricted to the carrying mother (maternal toxicity) or may be translated into the embryo (fetal toxicity). This chapter describes the mechanisms of action and potential secondary mitochondrial effects of drugs currently used in clinical practice during pregnancy...
Article
Background: Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is associated with cardiovascular remodeling persisting into adulthood. Mitochondrial bioenergetics, essential for embryonic development and cardiovascular function, are regulated by nuclear effectors as sirtuins. A rabbit model of IUGR and cardiovascular remodeling was generated, in which heart m...
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Mitochondrial involvement plays an important role in neurodegenerative diseases. At least one-third of adult carriers of a FMR1 premutation (55-200 CGG repeats) are at risk of presenting an adult-onset neurodegenerative disorder known as fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome (FXTAS). In an attempt to provide new insights into the mechanisms i...
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Background: HIV infection and HAART trigger genetic and functional mitochondrial alterations leading to cell death and adverse clinical manifestations. Mitochondrial dynamics enable mitochondrial turnover and degradation of damaged mitochondria, which may lead to apoptosis. Objectives: To evaluate markers of mitochondrial dynamics and apoptosis...
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Background: The antibiotic linezolid is a ribosomal inhibitor with excellent efficacy. Despite reduction in the administration period to 28 days, side effects usually of hematologic or neuropathic origin are still reported due to secondary inhibition of mitochondrial protein synthesis. Susceptibility to linezolid toxicity remains unknown. Objective...
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Objective To determine potential mitochondrial and oxidative alterations in colon biopsies from idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder (iRBD) and Parkinson's disease (PD) subjects. Methods Colonic biopsies from 7 iRBD subjects, 9 subjects with clinically diagnosed PD, and 9 healthy controls were homogenized in 5% w/v mannitol. Citrate synthase (CS...
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Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10 ) plays a crucial role in mitochondria as an electron carrier within the mitochondrial respiratory chain (MRC), and is an essential antioxidant. Mutations in genes responsible for CoQ10 biosynthesis (COQ genes) cause primary CoQ10 deficiency, a rare and heterogeneous mitochondrial disorder with no clear genotype-phenotype associ...
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Introduction MELAS syndrome – myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes – is a maternally-inherited mitochondrial cytopathy related to several mitochondrial DNA mutations, with the A3243G mutation in tRNALeu gene being the most frequent of them. Patients and methods Apart from its typical symptomatology, patients usually e...
Article
Introduction: MELAS syndrome -myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes- is a maternally-inherited mitochondrial cytopathy related to several mitochondrial DNA mutations, with the A3243G mutation in tRNA(Leu) gene being the most frequent of them. Patients and methods: Apart from its typical symptomatology, patients usual...
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Background Metabolic alterations play a role in the development of inflammatory myopathies (IMs). Herein, we have investigated through a multiplex assay whether proteins of energy metabolism could provide biomarkers of IMs. MethodsA cohort of thirty-two muscle biopsies and forty plasma samples comprising polymyositis (PM), dermatomyositis (DM) and...
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Objective: To determine whether mitochondrial, oxidative and apoptotic abnormalities in placenta derived from Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) containing zidovudine (AZT) could be associated with adverse perinatal outcome. Design: Cross-sectional, controlled, observational study. Methods: We studied...
Data
Figure S1 Western Blotting results of COXII, COXIV, Caspase3 and β‐actin in HIV‐infected and treated or uninfected pregnant women (patients and controls, respectively) at first trimester of gestation (1T) and at delivery (D).
Data
The axonal presence in a colonic sample is shown in the image from confocal microscopy after immunohystochemistry (PGP.9.5 antibody).
Data
Table S1 Raw data of mitochondrial DNA, protein synthesis, mitochondrial respiratory chain activity of complex II+III and apoptotic rate of caspase‐3 activation in HIV‐infected and treated or uninfected pregnant women.